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    Investigating the Knowledge, Usage and Attitude of Exporters to the Support Programs of the Trade Promotion Organization of Iran

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohamadiara, Saeed (Author) ; Mashayekhi, Ali Naghi (Supervisor)
    In this study, we seek to evaluate the three factors of knowledge level, the rate of use and attitude of exporting companies to the services provided by Iran Trade Promotion Organization. A questionnaire was used to collect information and data from 68 active companies in different industries of the country. Questions are about the 8 support packages officialy provided by the trade promotion organization to help exporters. In this research, we first studied the importance of the subject and the theories presented in this regard, and then we examined the similar studies conducted in other countries. Afterwards, we describe the tools used to collect information and present the results of the... 

    Growth through export: evidence from Iran’s manufacturing plants

    , Article Journal of Economic Studies ; Volume 47, Issue 1 , 23 January , 2020 , Pages 111-131 Yousefi, K ; Madnanizdeh, S. A ; Sobhani, F. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Emerald Group Publishing Ltd  2020
    Purpose: Does the long-term growth rate of a firm increase by exporting? If yes, how large is that increase in a developing economy? The paper aims to discuss this issue. Design/methodology/approach: The authors incorporate data from the manufacturing plants in Iran as a developing economy for 2003–2011 to address this question. Using fixed effect panel and propensity score matching method, the authors examine whether exportation can affect a firm’s growth rate to test for the learning to grow hypothesis. Findings: The findings document that: not only the exporters are larger and more productive than non-exporters, but they also grow faster in size and productivity measures as well.... 

    Thermal degradation kinetics and modeling study of ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (Uhmwp)/graphene nanocomposite

    , Article Molecules ; Volume 26, Issue 6 , 2021 ; 14203049 (ISSN) Jafari, I ; Shakiba, M ; Khosravi, F ; Ramakrishna, S ; Abasi, E ; Teo, Y. S ; Kalaee, M ; Abdouss, M ; Ahmad Ramazani, S. A ; Moradi, O ; Ghomi, E. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2021
    The incorporation of nanofillers such as graphene into polymers has shown significant improvements in mechanical characteristics, thermal stability, and conductivity of resulting polymeric nanocomposites. To this aim, the influence of incorporation of graphene nanosheets into ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) on the thermal behavior and degradation kinetics of UHMWPE/graphene nanocomposites was investigated. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis revealed that graphene nanosheets were uniformly spread throughout the UHMWPE’s molecular chains. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) data posited that the morphology of dispersed graphene sheets in UHMWPE was exfoliated. Non-isothermal... 

    Power-law compensator design for plants with uncertainties: Experimental verification

    , Article Electronics (Switzerland) ; Volume 10, Issue 11 , 2021 ; 20799292 (ISSN) Kapoulea, S ; Psychalinos, C ; Elwakil, A. S ; Tavazoei, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2021
    A power-law compensator scheme for achieving robust frequency compensation in control systems including plants with an uncertain pole, is introduced in this work. This is achieved through an appropriate selection of the compensator parameters, which guarantee that the Nyquist diagram of the open-loop system compensator-plant crosses a fixed point independent of the plant pole variations. The implementation of the fractional-order compensator is performed through the utilization of a curve-fitting-based technique and the derived rational integer-order transfer function is realized on a Field-Programmable Analog Array device. The experimental results confirm that the the phase margin is well... 

    Network autoregressive model for the prediction of covid-19 considering the disease interaction in neighboring countries

    , Article Entropy ; Volume 23, Issue 10 , 2021 ; 10994300 (ISSN) Sioofy Khoojine, A ; Shadabfar, M ; Hosseini, V. R ; Kordestani, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI  2021
    Predicting the way diseases spread in different societies has been thus far documented as one of the most important tools for control strategies and policy-making during a pandemic. This study is to propose a network autoregressive (NAR) model to forecast the number of total currently infected cases with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Iran until the end of December 2021 in view of the disease interactions within the neighboring countries in the region. For this purpose, the COVID-19 data were initially collected for seven regional nations, including Iran, Turkey, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. Thenceforth, a network was established over these countries, and the... 

    Factors Explaining the Intention of Iranian Apparel Smes to Initiate Export and Internationalization

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tajik, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Kiamehr, Mahdi (Supervisor)
    Researches on internationalization and export have categorized all factors as internal and external and most of them try to explain this behavior by studying external factors. Recent study in this field have shown that simply promoting specific behavior is not enough, and it is important to try to change the attitudes of managers toward internationalization. Utilizing Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), this research tries to understand the relationship between attitudes of managers and internationalization behavior of an organization. the explicit objective of this research is to determine the factors which influence the organization behavior on internationalization (specifically indirect... 

    The Impact of Export Subsidy on Export: Case Study of Some Agricultural Products

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kiani, Mortezaa (Author) ; Vesal, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Export subsidy is one of the important issues among the various trade policies in developing countries. For more than a century, various effects of export subsidies have been studied in literature and different results have been presented. In this study, the effect of export subsidy of several agricultural products on their weight and export price has been investigated. In 2015 and 2016, respectively, potatoes and five groups of dairy products were subject to cash subsidies. The results of the research show that the growth of potato’s weight has been affected by the subsidy and has increased. Also, according to the results, the effects of the decrease in export price growth can be seen, and... 

    A Study of Iran Gas Export Markets and Strategic Proposal for Entering

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimi, Maryam (Author) ; Kermanshah, Ali (Supervisor)
    Possessing second place among gas reserve owner countries worldwide, Iran enjoys a very particular position in energy supply field. The crude oil is about to be replaced by natural gas in fuel sector because of growing demand for natural gas along with depletion of crude oil reserves. Some other drivers to this change are the increase in the known reserves of natural gas, the need to monetize stranded gas reserves and the environmental pressure to minimize the flaring of associated gas and carbon dioxide emissions. In such conditions the optimum consumption of these national abundant resources results in obtaining considerable revenues and strong presence of Iran in world consumption... 

    Is Exporting Improve the Performance of Plant?« Evidence from Iranian Industrial Exporters»

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Heidari, Mostafa (Author) ; Madanizadeh, Ali (Supervisor)
    The purpose of this research is compare some indicators of size, performance and productivity between exporter and non-exporter plants. For this purpose and, to answer questions of research we use from the industrial plants dataset (1382_1390). We obtain some stylized facts from the dataset then test evidence from data with econometric methods. In this dataset there are information about property, management, sales (domestic/foreign), inputs (domestic/foreign) and information about labor force, capital, investment of plant and many other variety information about plant. The results of my research show that always exporter in most measures of performance, size and productivity advantages... 

    Economic Cooperation Organization: Ex-post Impact and Potentials on Intra-group Trade in Non-Oil Industries Using Gravity Model

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mesgari, Iman (Author) ; Abedini, Javad (Supervisor)
    International trade arrangements have been considerably developed in recent decadees. Especially, one can note the role of these factors in economic development and improvement of life standards in member countries. In the meantime, Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) was established in 1985, by Iran, Pakistan and Turkey and then extended by seven other countries: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Improving economic development and intra-group trade of member countries is one of the main objectives for the group. The purpose of this research is to estimate the ex-post effects of ECO on the intra-group trade of member countries.... 

    Heterogeneity of trade patterns in high-tech goods across established and emerging exporters: A panel data analysis

    , Article Emerging Markets Finance and Trade ; Volume 49, Issue 4 , Dec , 2013 , Pages 4-21 ; 1540496X (ISSN) Abedini, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    This study aims to identify underlying fundamental factors behind high-tech exports by the established and emerging countries, separately. The author also examines whether the two export patterns converge over time. Based on the gravity approach, a generalized method of moments panel estimator is applied to rigorously address the endogeneity problem in both static and dynamic versions of the model. In addition, the nonstationary and cointegrating features of variables are discussed. The author finds that high-tech exports from the emerging countries are mainly based on foreign direct investment inflows and participation in the international production chain, as well as a high degree of... 

    Addressing the growth failure of the oil economies: The role of financial development

    , Article Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance ; Volume 46, Issue 5 , 2007 , Pages 726-740 ; 10629769 (ISSN) Nili, M ; Rastad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The oil exporting countries have experienced a relatively continuous fall in GDP per capita over the last 30 years. This is in spite of benefiting from a more than average of the rest of the world investment rate. The findings of this paper, report a lower level of financial development for the oil economies when compared with the rest of the world. We will show in this paper that the higher rate of investment of the oil economies can be explained mainly by the oil revenues and surprisingly, financial development has a net dampening effect on investment for these economies. The paper also shows that the weakness of financial institutions, contributes to the poor performance of economic... 

    Exergy analysis of a bio-system: Soil–plant interaction

    , Article Entropy ; Volume 23, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 1-28 ; 10994300 (ISSN) Ledari, M. B ; Saboohi, Y ; Valero, A ; Azamian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2021
    This paper explains a thorough exergy analysis of the most important reactions in soil– plant interactions. Soil, which is a prime mover of gases, metals, structural crystals, and electrolytes, constantly resembles an electric field of charge and discharge. The second law of thermodynamics reflects the deterioration of resources through the destruction of exergy. In this study, we developed a new method to assess the exergy of soil and plant formation processes. Depending on the types of soil, one may assess the efficiency and degradation of resources by incorporating or using biomass storage. According to the results of this study, during different processes from the mineralization process... 

    Providing a Framework for Demonstrating the Organizational Capabilities of Knowledge-based Firms and Analyzing Iran's Knowledge-based Exports based on it: A Case Study in the Field of Chemical Technology

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Samadi, Mitra (Author) ; Souzanchi Kashani, Ebrahim (Supervisor) ; Mirnezami, Reza (Supervisor)
    The purpose of this study is to provide a framework to demonstrate the organizational capabilities of chemical knowledge-based firms and analyze the relationship between these capabilities and exports. For this purpose, by combining 18 different output-based indicators, a model that includes six technological, manufacturing, research and development, marketing, organization and finance capabilities, was designed. Finally, in addition to analyzing the relationship between exports and the level of capabilities of knowledge-based firms, a comparison between the two groups of export and non-export firms and the analysis of these firms' current export situation was made in the period 2015-2018.... 

    A Study of Challenges and Opportunities in Entering the Arab States of Persian Gulf's Market

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yousefian, Maria (Author) ; Askariazad, Mohammad Hossein (Supervisor)
    As the Business environment becomes more and more competitive, companies are forced to push themselves to use their capabilities in order to gain success. The success of the companies depends on their business knowledge and the strategies they use to compete in global market. The purpose of this study is to examine the attitude of consumers towards Beem products in Iran and the potential customers’ attitude toward home appliance product in Arab State of Persian Gulf (ASPG) in order to define the most proper strategy of adaptation to enter into an international market and increase the market share in a new environment. Quantitative methods have been chosen for gathering data. Two sets of... 

    The Feasibility Study of Micronized Powder Plant for Exporting (UNIDO METOD)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology (Author) ; Hooshmand, Mahmoud (Supervisor)
    This thesis deals with the development of a hypothetical micronized powder factory and trying to test and engage in this hypothetical development of the following plant, it considers following factors:
    1-Domestic & International market
    2-Plant location
    3-Plant design & development
    b.technology & equipment
    c.human resource
    4-raw material
    5-shipping & transport
    To evaluate above factors the UNIDO methodology is used in this research work. The UNIDO methods are using a process by which feasibility studies of production facilities or plant are base on. After reviewing a variety of factors, ranging from financial... 

    Modeling jumps in organization of petroleum exporting countries basket price using generalized autoregressive heteroscedasticity and conditional jump

    , Article Investment Management and Financial Innovations ; Volume 13, Issue 4 , 2016 , Pages 196-202 ; 18104967 (ISSN) Bahramgiri, M ; Gharaati, S ; Dolatabadi, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    LLC CPC Business Perspectives 
    This paper uses autoregressive jump intensity (ARJI) model to show that the oil price has both GARCH and conditional jump component. In fact, the distribution of oil prices is not normal, and oil price returns have conditional heteroskedasticity. Here the authors compare constant jump intensity with the dynamic jump intensity and evidences demonstrate that oil price returns have dynamic jump intensity. Therefore, there is strong evidence of time varying jump intensity Generalized Autoregressive Heteroscedasticity (GARCH) behavior in the oil price returns. The findings have several implications: first, it shows that oil price is highly sensitive to news, and it does settle around a trend in... 

    Calculating Sustainable Level of Government Expenditures and Non-Oil Primary Deficit in Iran

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Azizirad, Marieh (Author) ; Nili, Massoud (Supervisor)
    Fiscal sustainability in Iran is essential for the government to make sure to sustain its current policies in the long run without defaulting on liabilities or expenditures. On the other hand, fiscal sustainability in Iran, as an oil-exporting country, is essential to prevent fluctuations in macro economy in short run due to fluctuations in oil price. In this paper, by simulating two models, the sustainable level of government expenditures and primary non-oil budget deficit are calculated. The first model shows the optimal use of oil revenues. In the second model government decides to cut using oil revenues in budget; based on this aim, the revenues allocated to expenditures and saving are... 

    Role of Oil in Financial Development-economic Growth Volatility Nexus

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mehriary, Elnaz (Author) ; Nili, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Madanizadeh, Ali (Supervisor)
    In this research, we investigate the role of oil and degree of dependence to it on nexus between financial development and growth volatility. The link between financial development and growthvolatility has been the focus of extensive literature, but no empirical study has been investigated the role of oilin relationship between financial development and growth fluctuations. By using information of 78 developing countries (11 oil exporting and 67 non-oil countries) during 1983-2008, we construct a dynamic model. Difference GMM technique is used to estimate the model. Our findings show that negative impact of financial development on volatility of GDP, Investment and Consumptiongrowth is... 

    Reengineering of Customs Exports Processes, Case Study

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abniki, Mahdi (Author) ; Akbari Jokar, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Sensitivity and importance of exports of goods and services has led countriesto identify its tools and factors in order todeveloptheirexports. One of the mostimportant factorsin the development ofexports of goodsandservices, is the customsformalities.Dueto the high volumeof trade and the increasingspeed ofbusiness,Customsisalsoinevitablybe transformed, Because the Customsclients, expect as fast as they trade their goods, the Customs formalities done.In this research , we have tried to improve the customs export procedures, in accordance with the objectives and outlined prospects for foreign trade space provided. Thus, while recognizing the duties and customs policies and the study of the...