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    Assessment of characteristic boundary conditions based on the artificial compressibility method in generalized curvilinear coordinates for solution of the euler equations

    , Article Computational Methods in Applied Mathematics ; 2017 ; 16094840 (ISSN) Parseh, K ; Hejranfar, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The characteristic boundary conditions are applied and assessed for the solution of incompressible inviscid flows. The two-dimensional incompressible Euler equations based on the artificial compressibility method are considered and then the characteristic boundary conditions are formulated in the generalized curvilinear coordinates and implemented on both the far-field and wall boundaries. A fourth-order compact finite-difference scheme is used to discretize the resulting system of equations. The solution methodology adopted is more suitable for this assessment because the Euler equations and the high-accurate numerical scheme applied are quite sensitive to the treatment of boundary... 

    Preconditioned characteristic boundary conditions based on artificial compressibility method for solution of incompressible flows

    , Article Journal of Computational Physics ; Volume 345 , 2017 , Pages 543-564 ; 00219991 (ISSN) Hejranfar, K ; Parseh, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The preconditioned characteristic boundary conditions based on the artificial compressibility (AC) method are implemented at artificial boundaries for the solution of two- and three-dimensional incompressible viscous flows in the generalized curvilinear coordinates. The compatibility equations and the corresponding characteristic variables (or the Riemann invariants) are mathematically derived and then applied as suitable boundary conditions in a high-order accurate incompressible flow solver. The spatial discretization of the resulting system of equations is carried out by the fourth-order compact finite-difference (FD) scheme. In the preconditioning applied here, the value of AC parameter... 

    Wideband maximally flat fractional-delay allpass filters

    , Article Electronics Letters ; Volume 46, Issue 10 , May , 2010 , Pages 722-723 ; 00135194 (ISSN) Jahani Yekta, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    The maximally flat (MF) fractional-delay (FD) allpass filter, also known as Thiran's allpass filter, is one of the most popular IIR FD systems which is typically deployed in its causal forms. It is shown that if this causality constraint is removed, MFFD allpass filters with considerably wider bandwidths can be obtained. In many applications this extra bandwidth is worth having a non-causal system  

    Influence of Darcy number on the onset of convection in a porous layer with a uniform heat source

    , Article International Journal of Thermal Sciences ; Volume 47, Issue 8 , August , 2008 , Pages 1020-1025 ; 12900729 (ISSN) Nouri Borujerdi, A ; Noghrehabadi, A. R ; Rees, D. A. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    This note considers the effect of different Darcy numbers on the onset of natural convection in a horizontal, fluid-saturated porous layer with uniform internal heating. It is assumed that the two bounding surfaces are maintained at constant but equal temperatures and that the fluid and porous matrix are in local thermal equilibrium. Linear stability theory is applied to the problem, and numerical solutions obtained using compact fourth order finite differences are presented for all Darcy numbers between Da = 0 (Darcian porous medium) and Da → ∞ (the clear fluid limit). The numerical work is supplemented by an asymptotic analysis for small values Da. © 2007 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights... 

    Numerical Simulation Cavitating Flows Using Compact Finite-difference Scheme

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shokri, Maryam (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the study, the simulation of two-dimensional cavitating flows is performed by applying a high-order accurate numerical method to the preconditioned, homogenous, multiphase Navier-Stokes equations. The baseline differential equations system is comprised of the mixture volume, mixture momentum and constituent volume fraction equations. A coordinate transformation is applied and the resulting system of governing equations in curvilinear coordinates is discretized using a fourth-order compact finite-difference scheme. The high-order accurate numerical scheme employing the suitable linear and nonlinear filters to account for density jumps across the cavity interface is shown to yield an... 

    Numerical Simulation of Incompressible Flows over two Dimensional Geometries by Means of Immersed Boundary Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahmardi, Armin (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Two-dimensional incompressible flow analysis is one the most important applied issues in engineering and applied science field. Numerical solution of governing equations of flow requires exact computational grid generation.In complex geometries, generation of the grid which is coincident to the body is very difficult and time consuming. Immersed boundary method is an appropriate superseded method of body conformal grid generation in flow field numerical solution. In this method a grid which is not coincidentto bodyis generated and flow field properties are modified on points adjacent to the boundary of the object (Ghost Cell Method) to satisfy boundary conditions.
    The purpose of this... 

    Numerical Solution of Hypersonic Axisymmetric Flows Including Real Gas Effects Using Compact Finite-Difference Scheme

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khodadadi, Polin (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Abstract

    The numerical solution of the parabolized Navier-Stokes (PNS) equations for accurate computation of hypersonic axisymmetric flowfield with real gas effects is obtained by using the fourth-order compact finite-difference method. The PNS equations in the general curvilinear coordinates are solved by using the implicit finite-difference algorithm of Beam and Warming type with a high-order compact accuracy. A shock fitting procedure is utilized in the compact PNS scheme to obtain accurate solutions in the vicinity of the shock. To stabilize the numerical solution, numerical dissipation term and filters are used. The main advantage of the present formulation is that the basic flow variables... 

    The effects of proportional loading, plane stress, and constant thickness assumptions on hydro-mechanical deep drawing process

    , Article International Journal of Mechanical Sciences ; Volume 53, Issue 5 , 2011 , Pages 329-337 ; 00207403 (ISSN) Taghipour, E ; Assempour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The goal of this study is to evaluate the effects of proportional loading, plane stress, and constant thickness assumptions on hydro-mechanical deep drawing (HDD) by developing analytical models. The main model includes no simplifying assumption, and then each of the mentioned assumptions is considered in a specific model. The interrelationships between geometrical and mechanical variables are obtained in the finite difference form based on the incremental strain theory, thereby being solved by Broyden algorithm. Published experimental and FE results are used for evaluation of the results obtained in the present work. The results of models under proportional loading, plane stress, and... 

    Investigating the propagation noise in PWRs via closed-loop neutron-kinetic/thermal-hydraulic noise calculations

    , Article Annals of Nuclear Energy ; Volume 80 , 2015 , Pages 101-113 ; 03064549 (ISSN) Malmir, H ; Vosoughi, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    Abstract
    Neutron noise induced by propagating thermal-hydraulic disturbances (propagation noise for short) in pressurized water reactors is investigated in this paper. A closed-loop neutron-kinetic/thermal-hydraulic noise simulator (named NOISIM) has been developed, with the capability of modeling the propagation noise in both Western-type and VVER-type pressurized water reactors. The neutron-kinetic/thermal-hydraulic noise equations are on the basis of the first-order perturbation theory. The spatial discretization among the neutron-kinetic noise equations is based on the box-scheme finite difference method (BSFDM) for rectangular-z, triangular-z and hexagonal-z geometries. Furthermore, the finite... 

    Simulation of wellbore stability with thermo-hydro-chemo-mechanical coupling in troublesome formations: an example from Ahwaz oil field, SW Iran

    , Article Arabian Journal of Geosciences ; Volume 8, Issue 1 , 2015 , Pages 379-396 ; 18667511 (ISSN) Rafieepour, S ; Jalayeri, H ; Ghotbi, C ; Pishvaie, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Wellbore stability is a main concern in drilling operation. Troublesome drilling issues are chemically active formations and/or high-pressure–high-temperature environments. These are mainly responsible for most of wellbore instabilities. Wellbore failure is mostly controlled by the interaction between active shales and drilling fluid in shale formations. The factors influencing this interaction consist of fluid pressure, temperature, composition of drilling fluid, and exposure time. In this paper, a non-linear fully coupled chemo-thermo-poroelasticity model is developed. At first, a fully implicit finite difference model is presented to analyze the problem, and then, it is verified through... 

    Evaluation of behaviors of earth and rockfill dams during construction and initial impounding using instrumentation data and numerical modeling

    , Article Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering ; Volume 9, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 709-725 ; 16747755 (ISSN) Rashidi, M ; Haeri, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this study, the behavior of gavoshan dam was evaluated during construction and the first impounding. A two-dimensional (2D) numerical analysis was conducted based on a finite difference method on the largest cross-section of the dam using the results of instrument measurements and back analysis. These evaluations will be completed in the case that back analysis is carried out in order to control the degree of the accuracy and the level of confidence of the measured behavior since each of the measurements could be controlled by comparing it to the result obtained from the numerical model. Following that, by comparing the results of the numerical analysis with the measured values, it is... 

    A moving-mesh finite-volume method to solve free-surface seepage problem in arbitrary geometries

    , Article International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics ; Volume 31, Issue 14 , 2007 , Pages 1609-1629 ; 03639061 (ISSN) Darbandi, M ; Torabi, S. O ; Saadat, M ; Daghighi, Y ; Jarrahbashi, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    The main objective of this work is to develop a novel moving-mesh finite-volume method capable of solving the seepage problem in domains with arbitrary geometries. One major difficulty in analysing the seepage problem is the position of phreatic boundary which is unknown at the beginning of solution. In the current algorithm, we first choose an arbitrary solution domain with a hypothetical phreatic boundary and distribute the finite volumes therein. Then, we derive the conservative statement on a curvilinear co-ordinate system for each cell and implement the known boundary conditions all over the solution domain. Defining a consistency factor, the inconsistency between the hypothesis... 

    Development of a 2-D 2-group neutron noise simulator for hexagonal geometries

    , Article Annals of Nuclear Energy ; Volume 37, Issue 8 , 2010 , Pages 1089-1100 ; 03064549 (ISSN) Malmir, H ; Vosoughi, N ; Zahedinejad, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this paper, the development of a neutron noise simulator for hexagonal-structured reactor cores using both the forward and the adjoint methods is reported. The spatial discretisation of both 2-D 2-group static and dynamic equations is based on a developed box-scheme finite difference method for hexagonal mesh boxes. Using the power iteration method for the static calculations, the 2-group neutron flux and its adjoint with the corresponding eigenvalues are obtained by the developed static simulator. The results are then benchmarked against the well-known CITATION computer code. The dynamic calculations are performed in the frequency domain which leads to discarding of the time... 

    Enhanced finite difference scheme for the neutron diffusion equation using the importance function

    , Article Annals of Nuclear Energy ; Volume 96 , 2016 , Pages 412-421 ; 03064549 (ISSN) Vagheian, M ; Vosoughi, N ; Gharib, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2016
    Abstract
    Mesh point positions in Finite Difference Method (FDM) of discretization for the neutron diffusion equation can remarkably affect the averaged neutron fluxes as well as the effective multiplication factor. In this study, by aid of improving the mesh point positions, an enhanced finite difference scheme for the neutron diffusion equation is proposed based on the neutron importance function. In order to determine the neutron importance function, the adjoint (backward) neutron diffusion calculations are performed in the same procedure as for the forward calculations. Considering the neutron importance function, the mesh points can be improved through the entire reactor core. Accordingly, in... 

    Comparison of finite difference schemes for water flow in unsaturated soils

    , Article World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology ; Volume 40 , 2009 , Pages 21-25 ; 2010376X (ISSN) Taheri Shahraiyni, H ; Ataie Ashtiani, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    Flow movement in unsaturated soil can be expressed by a partial differential equation, named Richards equation. The objective of this study is the finding of an appropriate implicit numerical solution for head based Richards equation. Some of the well known finite difference schemes (fully implicit, Crank Nicolson and Runge-Kutta) have been utilized in this study. In addition, the effects of different approximations of moisture capacity function, convergence criteria and time stepping methods were evaluated. Two different infiltration problems were solved to investigate the performance of different schemes. These problems include of vertical water flow in a wet and very dry soils. The... 

    Revealing electrical stresses acting on the surface of protoplast cells under electric field

    , Article European Journal of Mechanics, B/Fluids ; Volume 76 , 2019 , Pages 292-302 ; 09977546 (ISSN) Dastani, K ; Moghimi Zand, M ; Hadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    When cells exposed to an electric field, localized changes in the distribution of the electric field will be induced and these changes in turn lead to electrical stresses on cell surface. The electrical stresses play a key role in the cell membrane structural changes which leads to important phenomena like hydrophilic pores formation on the cell membrane resulting in the cell permeability. In this work, protoplast cell interaction with direct current (DC) electric field is investigated. The electrical stresses acted on the cell membrane in the presence of electric field are investigated numerically by a modified finite difference method, fast Immersed Interface Method (IIM). Exact solution... 

    Implementation of high-order compact finite-difference method to parabolized Navier-Stokes schemes

    , Article International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids ; Volume 58, Issue 6 , 2008 , Pages 659-685 ; 02712091 (ISSN) Esfahanian, V ; Hejranfar, K ; Mahmoodi Darian, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    The numerical solution to the parabolized Navier-Stokes (PNS) and globally iterated PNS (IPNS) equations for accurate computation of hypersonic axisymmetric flowfields is obtained by using the fourth-order compact finite-difference method. The PNS and IPNS equations in the general curvilinear coordinates are solved by using the implicit finite-difference algorithm of Beam and Warming type with a high-order compact accuracy. A shock-fitting procedure is utilized in both compact PNS and IPNS schemes to obtain accurate solutions in the vicinity of the shock. The main advantage of the present formulation is that the basic flow variables and their first and second derivatives are simultaneously... 

    Numerical Analysis of Stresses and Steady State Creep Strain Rates Fields of a Short Fibre Composite

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghavami, Ali (Author) ; Abedian, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    A finite difference technique is developed to predict the second stage creep displacement rates and stress analysis of a short fiber metal matrix composite subjecting to a constant axial load. The exponential law is adopted to describe the matrix creep behavior. Also, a method for prediction of interfacial debonding at fiber/matrix interface is developed using a stress based method. The obtained results could greatly help to better understand the flow pattern of matrix material and the load transfer mechanism between fiber and matrix. The stress components and strain rates are also validated by the available FEM and experimental results  

    Localization of a Postulated Noise in VVER-1000 Reactor Core Using Neutron Noise Analysis Methods

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Malmir, Hessam (Author) ; Vosoughi, Naser (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this thesis, localization of a postulated noise from limited neutron detectors sparsely distributed throughout the core of a typical VVER-1000 reactor is investigated. For this purpose, developing a 2-D neutron noise simulator for hexagonal geometries based on the 2-group diffusion approximation, the reactor dynamic transfer function is calculated. The box-scheme finite difference method is first developed for hexagonal geometries, to be used for spatial discretisation of both 2-D 2-group static and noise diffusion equations. Using the discretised static equations, a 2-D 2-group static simulator (HEXDIF-2) is developed which its results are benchmarked against the well-known CITATION... 

    Development of a model for Hydro-Mechanical Deep Drawing Process to Analyze the Effects of Assumptions and Parameters

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taghipour, Ehsan (Author) ; Assempour, Ahmad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    It is the goal of this thesis to develop an analytical model for the hydro-mechanical deep drawing (HDD) process of an axisymmetric sheet metal with the fixed gap method to evaluate the effects of some assumptions such as: proportional loading, plane stress, and constant thickness conditions. The effect of parameters on the HDD process is also studied. The main model is developed with considering the normal stress and part thickness change, non-proportional loading, bending and unbending effects at the top of the cup wall. The interrelationships between geometrical and mechanical variables are obtained in the finite difference form based on the incremental strain theory, thereby being solved...