Search for: graphitic-carbon-nitrides
Synthesis, Characterization and Photocatalytic Application of ZnO/g- C3N4 Composite Nanorods Fabricated by Combined Sol Gel-Hydrothermal Methods, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Moshfegh, Alireza
Because of the working conditions of semiconductors at ambient temperature and pressure, degradation of organic pollutants through semiconductors photocatalysis has attracted the interest of many researchers. Because of its large exciton binding energy,high chemical and physical stability,high electron and hole mobility, and low cost; zinc oxide, an n-type semiconductor with 3.2 eV direct band gap, is widely used in applications such as photocatalysts, solar cells, and light-emitting diodes. Among various morphologies of ZnO, 1D nanostructures such as nanowires and nanorods have recieved much attention due to their high surface to volume ratio. However, the application of ZnO as a...
Synthesis, Characterization, and Enhanced Optical/Electronic Properties of g-C3N4 Nanosheets for Water Remediation, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Moshfegh, Alireza ; Asgari, Reza ; Naseri, Naimeh
A global concern has arisen owing to rapid industrial development and population growth, resulting in energy scarcity and earth pollution. In this regard, developing green and sustainable methods for producing clean energy and solving environmental pollution problems have absorbed enormous attention. Among various auspicious strategies, semiconductor photocatalysis has been widely studied in recent years owing to its capabilities to obtain hydrogen as an energy carrier, to remove organic pollutants, and to reduce CO2 emission by converting solar energy into chemical energy. Recently, a metal-free semiconductor photocatalyst based on graphitic carbon nitride, g-C3N4, has received much...
Synthesis and Photocatalytic Performance Study of Ag/Polydopamine Graphitic Carbon Nitride Nanocomposite, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Madaah Hosseini, Hamid Reza
Developing an efficient visible-light-driven photocatalyst is believed to be a practical solution for clean energy and environmental remediation. The present study aimed to broaden current knowledge of the graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4)-based plasmonic photocatalysts by decorating polydopamine-grafted g-C3N4 (PDA/g-C3N4) with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). The ternary nanocomposite was prepared using a facile synthesis method, while XPS and electron microscopy measurements confirmed the homogenous dispersion of AgNPs on PDA/g-C3N4. It was revealed that AgNPs successfully reduced the recombination rate of photoinduced electron-hole charge carriers. The calculated bandgap energy was...
Graphitic carbon nitride nanosheet/metal-organic framework heterostructure: Synthesis and pollutant degradation using visible light, Article Materials Chemistry and Physics ; Volume 269 , 2021 ; 02540584 (ISSN) ; Mahmoodi, N. M ; Kazemeini, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2021
The construction of binary and ternary heterojunctions has gathered attention in water remediation applications. Herein, g-C3N4, MIL-101(Fe), and MIL-101(Fe)/g-C3N4 binary composite were synthesized by in-situ growth of MIL-101(Fe) crystals along with the nanosheets of g-C3N4. The materials have been characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM, EDS, DRS, PL, and BET/BJH. The highest degradation efficiency achieved using MIL-101(Fe)/g-C3N4 nanocomposite was 99.3% while the pristine g-C3N4 degraded only 40% of the pollutants by photocatalyst dosage = 0.005 g, pH = 4.8, and irradiation time = 90 min condition. This enhanced photocatalytic performance might be attributed to improved optical properties and...
Synthesis of the Graphitic Carbon Nitride/Iron Oxide Nanocomposite, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Sadrnezhad, Khatiboleslam
The g-C3N4/Fe2O3 nanocomposite was produced by the combustion synthesis. The product was characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller study (BET), Ultraviolet-visible analysis (UV-vis) and photoluminescence measurement (PL). Effect of iron nitrate on stability and photocurrent density under simulated visible-light irradiation was determined. The highest photocurrent density obtained (4.25 μA/Cm2) was twelve times the pure g-C3N4. This improvement was due to a bandgap decrease, the specific surface area increase, reduction of the electron-hole recombination, and...
Copper Oxide/g-C3N4 Nanocomposites: Synthesis and Optical and Photocatalytic Properties Investigation, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Sadrnezhaad, Khatiboleslam
Herein, cupric oxide (CuO)/graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) is synthesized under microwave irradiation for enhanced photoelectrochemical (PEC) performance and photostability. A facile, one-pot method was utilized to directly deposit the nanocomposite onto FTO from a solution containing copper precursor and urea. Possible mechanisms of CuO/g-C3N4 formation and PEC performance improvement were examined via XRD, FTIR, FESEM, XPS, UV-Vis, and PL. Controlled amounts of urea determined the morphological evolution of CuO and the formation of a protective carbon layer, while its excess quantity converted to g-C3N4 in the presence of CuO. Through heat treatment of the nanocomposite, carbon-doped...
Degradation of Organic Pollutants in Water by Advanced Oxidation Process Using MIL-based Nanostructured Catalyst, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Kazemini, Mohammad ; Mahmoodi, Nyaz Mohammad
Octahedral crystals of Fe-Metal-organic frameworks like Fe-MIL-101, which is the most stable and active metal-organic frameworks; in combination with graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets could significantly enhance the photocatalytic activity of g-C3N4 for inorganic dye degradation under the irradiation of visible light application. This appropriate cocatalyst modifies the performance of semiconductor via suppressing the recombination of photo-induced carriers and since the synthesized composite prepared by in-situ procedure possesses close contact between each other, the migration of electrons in the photocatalytic reaction will be continued, so the degradation process via the active species...
Synthesis and Study of Photocatalytic Properties of g-C3N4/TiO2 Nanocomposite, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Sadrnezhaad, Khatiboleslam
In this research, synthesis and characterization of photocatalytic properties of g-C3N4 / TiO2 nanocomposite was carried out. The target of research was to increase the photocatalytic properties of g-C3N4. So at first, g-C3N4 was synthesized from melamine precursor via thermal pyrolysis. Then, TiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized via sol – gel method. g-C3N4 / TiO2 nanocomposite with heterojunction structure was synthesized in one step by thermal pyrolysis of certain amounts of melamine precursor and TiO2 nanoparticles mixture in 550 ℃. Characterization of synthesized samples was carried out by XRD, FT-IR, UV-Vis, PL, BET, DLS and FE-SEM tests. Characterization results showed that g-C3N4,...
Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4)-based photocatalysts for solar hydrogen generation: Recent advances and future development directions, Article Journal of Materials Chemistry A ; Volume 5, Issue 45 , 2017 , Pages 23406-23433 ; 20507488 (ISSN) ; Samadi, M ; Pourjavadi, A ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Ramakrishna, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Royal Society of Chemistry 2017
Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) is a metal-free conjugated polymer constructed from two-dimensional sheets with a bandgap energy of 2.7 eV, which makes it an applicable and efficient visible-active photocatalyst for H2 production. In the present study, the basic concepts and principles of photocatalytic water splitting have been discussed, and a guide for the selection of appropriate photocatalysts, focusing on the g-C3N4 nanomaterials, has been proposed. Our approach is mainly concentrated on evaluating two factors, namely the solar-to-hydrogen (STH) conversion and apparent quantum yield (AQY) for different photocatalysts, to provide an in-depth analysis and a framework for solar H2...
Adsorption of pollutant cations from their aqueous solutions on graphitic carbon nitride explored by density functional theory, Article Journal of Molecular Liquids ; Volume 260 , 15 June , 2018 , Pages 423-435 ; 01677322 (ISSN) ; Shamkhali, A. N ; Tafazzoli, M ; Parsafar, G ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2018
In this study, adsorption of important pollutant cations on the surface of graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) was investigated by density functional theory. The calculations indicated that N6 cavity surrounded by triazine units is the most probable adsorption site on this surface. The structural optimizations also predicted a planar surface for Cr3+, and Ni2+/g-C3N4 systems while the structure of the surface for other systems indicated a considerable distortion with strong dependency on the cation size. Also, g-C3N4 surface exhibited the high adsorption energies for Cr3+, As3+, and Sb3+ ions in the gas phase. However, formation energies of the metal-aquo complexes of these cations indicated...
Two-dimensional porous graphitic carbon nitride C6N7 monolayer: first-principles calculations, Article Applied Physics Letters ; Volume 119, Issue 14 , 2021 ; 00036951 (ISSN) ; Faraji, M ; Fadlallah, M. M ; Abdolhosseini Sarsari, I ; Jappor, H. R ; Fazeli, S ; Ghergherehchi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
American Institute of Physics Inc 2021
The fabrication of the C6N7 monolayer [Zhao et al., Sci. Bull. 66, 1764 (2021)] motivated us to discover the optical, structural, mechanical, and electronic properties of the C6N7 monolayer by employing the density functional theory (DFT) method. We find that the shear modulus and Young's modulus of the C6N7 monolayer are smaller than the relevant values of graphene. However, Poisson's ratio is more significant than that of graphene. Applying the PBE (HSE06) functional bandgap of the C6N7 monolayer is 1.2 (1.97) eV, and the electronic dispersion is almost isotropic around the Γ point. C6N7 is more active in the ultraviolet region as compared to the visible light region. This study provides...
Theoritical Investigation of Metallic Cations and Gas Adsorption on Surface of Carbon Nanostructures, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Tafazoli, Mohsen ; Shamkhali, Amir Nasser
Carbon nanostructures are of great importance in scientific and industrial research. Two case of the important two-dimensional carbon nanostructures are graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) and graphene. In the first part of this work, adsorption of important heavy metal cations including Hg+2, Ag+, Cr+3, Pb+2, Cu+2, Ni+2, Cd+2, Tl+, Sb+3, Zn+2 and As+3 on the surface of (g-C3N4) was investigated by density functional theory (DFT). The main purpose of this theoretical study is to evaluate the ability of g-C3N4 to adsorb pollutant cations. The most prominent result of this work was the ability of g-C3N4 for effective adsorption of As+3 and Sb+3 ions from aqeous solutions. Also, another...
Nanocarbon-based Nanocatalyst Design & Synthesis for Hydrogen Sulfide Removal from Gas Feed, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Baghalha, Morteza ; Eskandari, Mohammad Mehdi
well known metal-free nanostructure carbon-based catalyst, mesoporous graphitic carbon nitride, with diverse morphologies were synthesized by using ethylendiamine/carbontetrachloride as a precursor, SBA-15 and SBA-15 nanorod as hard templates. We have investigated morphology effect on the catalytic performance. The catalysts were characterized by means of low angle and wide angle XRD, BET, FT-IR, CHNOS, FE-SEM analysis. Because of high surface area, pore volume and high nitrogen content, which acts as lewis basic site, for the first time, carbon nitride is chosen for selective catalytic oxidation of hydrogen sulfide to sulfure. Reaction was taken place in a fixed-bed reactor and at...
Photocatalytic Degradation of Organic Pollutants in the Presence of Nanocomposites Based on Graphitic Carbon Nitride under Visible Light Illumination, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Hamzehlouyan, Tayebeh ; Rahman Setayesh, Shahrbanoo
The susceptible light-harvesting and tremendous reduction capability along with the potentiality (photo)electrochemical merits of the thiospinels like CuCo2S4 (CCS) bring forth appreciably an advancement in efficacious photocatalytic reactions. However, scant oxidation potential originated from 3p orbitals of sulfur atoms puts a damper on their performance and is even conducive to self-oxidation. In this research, the surfactant/template free of hierarchical CCS thiospinels was synthesized using solvothermal sulfidation of the affordable glycerate-based CuCo-alkoxide and successfully was embedded with Z-scheme V2O5 deposited on wrinkled g-C3N4 lamella (VO-UCN) in the interest of developing...
Oxidized graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets as an effective adsorbent for organic dyes and tetracycline for water remediation, Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Volume 809 , 2019 ; 09258388 (ISSN) ; Villar Rodil, S ; Paredes, J. I ; Zaker Moshfegh, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2019
Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) is promising as adsorbent for water remediation as its chemical structure allows a variety of mechanisms to interact with wastewater pollutants. However, several issues, such as low specific surface area and insufficient dispersibility in water, have to be tackled to achieve a competitive performance in such use. Previous attempts to improve the features of g-C3N4as an adsorbent have relied on carbon doping and exfoliation in the solid phase by thermal expansion. Here, we demonstrate that exfoliation in the liquid phase by a combination of oxidation and sonication allows preparing g–C3N4–based materials with improved dispersibility in water, increased...
Fast and ultra-sensitive voltammetric detection of lead ions by two-dimensional graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) nanolayers as glassy carbon electrode modifier, Article Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation ; Volume 134 , 2019 , Pages 679-687 ; 02632241 (ISSN) ; Jalilian, P ; Rezvani, E ; Kakavand, A ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2019
Recently, graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) has attracted great interest for photo(electro)chemical applications such as sensing, solar energy exploitation, photocatalysis, and hydrogen generation. This paper presents the potential application and benefits of g-C3N4 nanolayers as a green and highly efficient electrode modifier for the detection of trace lead ions in drinking water and urban dust samples. Carbon nitride nanosheets with a thickness of ∼6 A° and lateral of 100–150 nm were prepared through high-temperature polymerization of melamine followed by sonication-assisted liquid exfoliation. A glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was modified by a thin layer of g-C3N4 through drop casting and...
Sonophotocatalytic degradation of sulfadiazine by integration of microfibrillated carboxymethyl cellulose with Zn-Cu-Mg mixed metal hydroxide/g-C3N4 composite, Article Separation and Purification Technology ; Volume 245 , 2020 ; Khataee, A ; Vahid, B ; Karimi, A ; Golizadeh, M ; Ritala, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2020
This research aimed to prepare a recoverable sonophotocatalyst, in which microfibrillated carboxymethyl cellulose (MFC) acted as the Zn-Cu-Mg-mixed metal hydroxide/graphitic carbon nitride (MMH/g-C3N4) carrier. The characteristics of bare and composite sonophotocatalysts were analyzed by the XRD, FT-IR, BET, DRS, PL and FE-SEM equipped with the EDX mapping. The performance of prepared composites (MMH/g-C3N4@MFC) with various weight ratios of the MMH/g-C3N4 was studied for the sonophotocatalytic degradation of sulfadiazine (SDZ) as the model emerging contaminant. 93% of SDZ was degraded using the most effective catalyst (MMH/g-C3N4@MFC3) with 15% weight ratio of the MMH/g-C3N4 under the...
One-pot microwave synthesis of hierarchical C-doped CuO dandelions/g-C3N4 nanocomposite with enhanced photostability for photoelectrochemical water splitting, Article Applied Surface Science ; Volume 530 , 2020 ; Siavash Moakhar, R ; Soleimani, F ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Masudy Panah, S ; Katal, R ; Seza, A ; Ghane, N ; Ramakrishna, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2020
Cupric oxide (CuO) is a semiconductor of choice for photocathode in photoelectrochemical (PEC) applications due to its great sunlight absorption capability. However, photocorrosion is the main drawback of CuO. Herein, CuO/graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) with a unique microstructure, enhanced PEC performance, and considerable photostability is synthesized under microwave irradiation. A facile, one-pot method is utilized to directly deposit the nanocomposite onto fluorine-doped tin oxide from a solution containing copper precursor and urea. Possible mechanism of CuO/g-C3N4 formation through this novel method is investigated. It is elucidated that controlled amounts of urea critically...
Enhanced photocatalytic activity of ZnO/g-C3N4 nanofibers constituting carbonaceous species under simulated sunlight for organic dye removal, Article Ceramics International ; Volume 47, Issue 18 , 2021 , Pages 26185-26196 ; 02728842 (ISSN) ; Samadi, M ; Pourjavadi, A ; Ramakrishna, S ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2021
Semiconductor-based photocatalysis is an efficient approach for degradation of organic pollutants. In this context, ZnO/g-C3N4 composite nanofibers containing carbonaceous species with different concentrations of g-C3N4 nanosheets (x = 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 10 wt%) noted as ZnO/carbon/(x wt%) g-C3N4 are prepared by electrospinning technique. For preparation of the composite nanofibers, bulk g-C3N4 is exfoliated to nanosheets, and then it is mixed with polyvinyl alcohol and appropriate zinc acetate content followed by electrospinning process. Thermal annealing of the as spun zinc acetate/poly(vinyl alcohol)/g-C3N4 nanosheets sample under N2 atmosphere leads to the formation of carbonaceous species...