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    Experimental study of dynamic imbibition during water flooding of naturally fractured reservoirs

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 174 , 2019 , Pages 1-13 ; 09204105 (ISSN) Harimi, B ; Masihi, M ; Mirzaei Paiaman, A ; Hamidpour, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Abstract
    Capillary imbibition is an important recovery mechanism in naturally fractured reservoirs when water-filled fractures surround water-wet matrix blocks. A large amount of studies of imbibition process is simply total or partial immersion of nonwetting phase saturated rock in aqueous wetting phase. However, water advance in fractures during water flooding or water encroachment from an active aquifer introduces time dependent boundary conditions where invariant exposure of rock surface to water is not representative. In this work, a laboratory simulated matrix-fracture system was used to investigate different aspects of imbibition in the presence of fracture fluid flow (namely dynamic... 

    A new scaling relationship for water imbibition into the matrix: Considering fracture flow

    , Article Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects ; Vol. 36, issue. 12 , Dec , 2010 , p. 1267-1275 ; ISSN: 15567036 Ardakany, M. S ; Shadizadeh, S. R ; Masihi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Spontaneous imbibition of water into the matrix is the most important mechanism for oil recovery in water wet fractured porous media. If the water is in contact with matrix and it is not flowing, the process is called static imbibition. The effect of rock and fluid properties, and boundary conditions on static imbibition are studied and formulated for scaling of the laboratory data to the reservoir scale. In reality, there is a continuous flow in a fracture; incorporating the effect of fracture flow into the scaling formulations is an unresolved issue in the modeling of the capillary imbibition recovery from the matrix. In this article, a new mathematical equation is developed to scale... 

    An approach for the estimation of dynamic imbibition capillary pressure curves

    , Article Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects ; Vol. 36, issue. 9 , Dec , 2010 , p. 1007-1017 ; ISSN: 15567036 Shojaadini Ardakany, M ; Shadizadeh, S.R ; Masihi, M ; Kharrat, R ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Capillary pressure is one of the most important parameters for reservoir engineering studies. Although different experimental methods are devised to measure capillary pressure, these methods do not represent the physics of fluid flow, which happens at reservoir conditions. Thus, it is attempted to extract the capillary pressure from spontaneous imbibition data, the common mechanism of oil production in water wet porous media. In this work, a new approach is developed to obtain the imbibition capillary pressure curve by using spontaneous water imbibition data in oil-water-rock systems. Comparison of calculated imbibition capillary pressure curves by the new approach with experimental values... 

    Scaling of counter-current imbibition recovery curves using artificial neural networks

    , Article Journal of Geophysics and Engineering ; Volume 15, Issue 3 , 2018 , Pages 1062-1070 ; 17422132 (ISSN) Jafari, I ; Masihi, M ; Nasiri Zarandi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Physics Publishing  2018
    Abstract
    Scaling imbibition curves are of great importance in the characterization and simulation of oil production from naturally fractured reservoirs. Different parameters such as matrix porosity and permeability, oil and water viscosities, matrix dimensions, and oil/water interfacial tensions have an effective on the imbibition process. Studies on the scaling imbibition curves along with the consideration of different assumptions have resulted in various scaling equations. In this work, using an artificial neural network (ANN) method, a novel technique is presented for scaling imbibition recovery curves, which can be used for scaling the experimental and field-scale imbibition cases. The... 

    Index for characterizing wettability of reservoir rocks based on spontaneous imbibition recovery data

    , Article Energy and Fuels ; Vol. 27, issue. 12 , November , 2013 , p. 7360-7368 ; ISSN: 08870624 Mirzaei-Paiaman, A ; Masihi, M ; Standnes, D. C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    An index for characterizing wettability of reservoir rocks is presented using slope analysis of spontaneous imbibition recovery data. The slope analysis is performed using the known exact analytical solution to infinite acting period of counter-current spontaneous imbibition. The proposed theoretically based wettability index offers some advantages over existing methods: (1) it is a better measure of the spontaneous imbibition potential of rock (because the magnitude is directly proportional to the imbibition rate); (2) there is no need for forced displacement data; (3) there is no need for waiting until the spontaneous imbibition process ceases completely; and (4) the data needed to run the... 

    A new approach to counter-current spontaneous imbibition simulation using Green element method

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Vol. 119, issue , 2014 , p. 163-168 Bagherinezhad, A ; Pishvaie, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    This paper develops a two dimensional Green element simulator based on a "compatibility-equation" algorithm for simulation of counter-current spontaneous imbibition (COUCSI) process. The Green element method is a novel computational approach based on the boundary integral theory, which is regarded as a hybrid combination of both boundary and finite element methods. The superiority of the Green element method in modeling of two phase water/oil flow is at the core of this paper. The developed simulator within the context of this proposition is explored to predict the oil recovery from a one dimensional single matrix block. The results are then compared with the experimental data, and they... 

    Index for characterizing wettability of reservoir rocks based on spontaneous imbibition recovery data

    , Article Energy and Fuels ; Volume 27, Issue 12 , November , 2013 , Pages 7360-7368 ; 08870624 (ISSN) Mirzaei Paiaman, A ; Masihi, M ; Standnes, D. C ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    An index for characterizing wettability of reservoir rocks is presented using slope analysis of spontaneous imbibition recovery data. The slope analysis is performed using the known exact analytical solution to infinite acting period of counter-current spontaneous imbibition. The proposed theoretically based wettability index offers some advantages over existing methods: (1) it is a better measure of the spontaneous imbibition potential of rock (because the magnitude is directly proportional to the imbibition rate); (2) there is no need for forced displacement data; (3) there is no need for waiting until the spontaneous imbibition process ceases completely; and (4) the data needed to run the... 

    Experimental study on enhanced oil recovery by low salinity water flooding on the fractured dolomite reservoir

    , Article Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering ; Volume 40, Issue 5 , 2021 , Pages 1703-1719 ; 10219986 (ISSN) Ebrahimzadeh Rajaee, S ; Gerami, S ; Safekordi, A. A ; Bahramian, A. R ; Ganjeh Ghazvini, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Iranian Institute of Research and Development in Chemical Industries  2021
    Abstract
    Enhanced Oil Recovery from carbonate reservoirs is a major challenge especially in naturally fractured formations where spontaneous imbibition is a main driving force. The Low Salinity Water Injection (LSWI) method has been suggested as one of the promising methods for enhanced oil recovery. However, the literature suggests that LSWI method, due to high dependence on rock mineralogy, injected and formation water salt concentration, and complexity of reactions is not a well-established technology in oil recovery from carbonate reservoirs. The underlying mechanism of LSWI is still not fully understood. Due to lack of LSWI study in free clay dolomite fractured reservoir, and to investigate of... 

    Incorporation of viscosity scaling group into analysis of MPMS index for laboratory characterization of wettability of reservoir rocks

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology ; Volume 7, Issue 1 , 2017 , Pages 205-216 ; 21900558 (ISSN) Mirzaei Paiaman, A ; Saboorian Jooybari, H ; Masihi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2017
    Abstract
    Wettability is a key parameter affecting petrophysical properties of reservoir rocks. Mirzaei-Paiaman et al. (Energy Fuels 27:7360–7368, 2013) presented an index (referred to as MPMS) for laboratory characterization of wettability of native- or restored-state reservoir rock samples. To use this index two counter-current spontaneous imbibition (COUCSI) experiments are needed, one on the native- or restored-state core sample and another on the strongly water-wet (SWW) reference system. Slope analysis of recovery data in these two systems gives inputs for determination of MPMS index. The two systems must have the same pore structure, initial water saturation, and viscosity ratio. The case of... 

    Experimental investigation of matrix wettability effects on water imbibition in fractured artificial porous media

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 86-87 , 2012 , Pages 165-171 ; 09204105 (ISSN) Rezaveisi, M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Rostami, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Spontaneous water imbibition into the matrix blocks is known as the main mechanism for increased oil recovery from naturally fractured oil reservoirs. The rate of oil recovery and its ultimate value is mostly affected by wettability of the rocks and their pore structure. Oil viscosity also greatly influences the rate of oil recovery. A novel experimental model was utilized to study the imbibition mechanism under different wettability conditions. Matrix blocks made from different grain types and size distributions of glass beads were saturated with two different types of synthetic oil, to mimic the oil-saturated matrixes. The wetting characteristic of the models used in this study were... 

    Selecting a Surfactant for Wettability Alteration In Iranian Carbonate Reservoirs

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zangeneh Var, Alireza (Author) ; Bastani, Daruoosh (Supervisor) ; Badakhshan, Amir (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Fractured carbonate reservoirs are mostly oil-wet to intermediate-wet. Due to the negative capillary pressure of the matrix poor spontaneous imbibition of reservoir brine occurs in such reservoirs, and water flooding leads into early break through due to the high conductivity of the fracture network. Some surfactants have the ability to change the wettability of rock matrix toward water-wet state by adsorbing onto the rock surface. The phenomenon can result in spontaneous imbibition improvement and thereby increasing water flooding efficiency and recovery from fractured carbonate reservoirs. In this thesis the effect of some surfactants on the wettability of Iranian carbonate reservoir rocks... 

    Experimental Investigation of Oil Production by Low IFT Dynamic Imbibition

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Harimi, Behrouz (Author) ; Masihi, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Imbibition process is known to be an important recovery mechanism in naturally fractured reservoirs with water-wet matrix blocks that are imposed to water influx from an active aquifer or water flooding. Matrix blocks which are subjected to water flooding or water invasion from active aquifers do not become immersed in water at once, but they experience gradual rising of water in fracture. But most of imbibition studies are performed under conditions of totally immersed cores in static aqueous phase. Surfactants are known to reduce residual oil saturation by decreasing interfacial tension (IFT) between oil and water. On the other hand, considerable reduction of IFT due to surfactant... 

    Pore Network Model of Two Phase Flow in low permeable carbonate Rock

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Nowroozi, Hojjat (Author) ; Bozorgmehry, Ramin (Supervisor) ; Pishvaie, Mahmoud Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Development of pore network models for real porous media requires a detailed understanding of physical processes occurring on the microscopic scale and a complete description of porous media morphology. In this study, the microstructure of porous media has been represented by three dimensional networks of interconnected pores and throats which are designed by an object oriented approach. Afterwards, the connectivity of the system has been optimized by an optimization algorithm. To validate the methodology, a network of a carbonate sample is constructed. In this model, the geometrical characteristics of the pores and throats, such as their shapes, effective radii and lengths, are selected... 

    An Experimental Investigation of Three-Phase Flow of water-Oil-Gas Mixture Through Water-wet Sandstone

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Javanbakht, Leila (Author) ; Masihi, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Accurate prediction of relative permeability for various reservoir rocks at various saturation conditions has been of concern for a long time in petroleum industry. Relative permeability is known as one of the most significant parameters in simulation of actual multi-phase flow through porous media during life-time of a hydrocarbon reservoir. In addition, it plays important role in oil production and well completion. Direct experimental measurement in order to determine relative permeability of porous rock has long been recorded in petroleum related literature. However, empirical methods for determining relative permeability are becoming more widely used, particularly with the advent of... 

    Simulation of Spontaneous Capilary Imbibition and Gravity Effects on Oil Recovery in Naturally Fractured Reservoirs  

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bassirian, Mostaafa (Author) ; Jamshidi, Saeed (Supervisor) ; Bozorgmehri, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Oil reservoirs, have integrated identity; that is they consist of different parameters such as wettablity, initial water saturation, capillary and gravity forces, etc. which are related to each other and affect ultimate recovery simultaneously. In fractured reservoirs, other parameters such as fractures and complex geological structures are also considered  among  important  parameters  which  affect  ultimate  recovery.  Due  to  large  amount  of reserves,  fractured  reservoirs  are  subject  to  different  studies  and  simulations.  In  this  research, different  parameters  which  affect  ultimate  recovery  in  fractured  reservoirs,  are  studied  and simulated. Different  studies ... 

    An Experimental Study of Oil Production under Spontaneous Co-current Imbibition and Effective Parameters Influencing the Process in Low IFT

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hamidpour, Esmaeil (Author) ; Massihi, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Capillary Imbibition is an important mechanism in producing oil from matrix blocks in fractured reservoirs. In a water-wet fractured reservoir, if the rise of water level in fracture is in a way that at all the moments the water front in fracture is lower than that in the matrix block we expect co-current imbibition. Iranian reservoirs have large matrix blocks and co-current imbibition can be expectable. Till this time, not many investigations have been done on co-current imbibition in and out of our country, Iran. In this thesis, an experimental investigation on co-current imbibition will be done for different conditions. The main goal of this thesis is the study of co-current imbibition in... 

    Analytical and Experimental Investigation of Scaling the Static and Dynamic Imbibition in Fractured Reservoirs

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mirzaei-Paiaman, Abouzar (Author) ; Masihi, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In imbibition process, as one of the main mechanisms of recovery from naturally fractured reservoirs, a wetting fluid enters matrix blocks and produces nonwetting phase from blocks as result of interaction between capillary, gravity and viscous forces. Depending on various characteristics of system different types of imbibition like counter-current spontaneous imbibition, cocurrent spontaneous imbibition and dynamic counter-current imbibition could occur. In order to predict recovery from matrix blocks scaling equations can be used. In this thesis suitable scaling equations are presented for different types of imbibition by using analytical solutions. The studies cases are counter-current... 

    Experimental Investigation of Surface Properties and Wettability Using Super Gas Wetting Surface Modified Multi-Nano-Composites

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shayesteh, Mohammad (Author) ; Ghazanfari, Mohammad Hossein (Supervisor) ; Fakhroueian, Zahra (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Recently, the researchers try to identify the application of nanofluids for wettability alteration. Changing the wettability of reservoirs, which gas injects to them, to gas wet can lead to enhanced oil recovery. Although several studies have been conducted to introduce proper nanofluids for altering the wettability of reservoirs to gas wet, there is not enough study to investigate the application of nanocomposites for wettability alteration of carbonate reservoirs. In this study, 20 nanoparticles with different compositional structures were synthesized, and then various nanofluids were prepared for the experimental survey. Also, the potential of these nanofluids for wettability alteration... 

    Scaling equations for oil/gas recovery from fractured porous media by counter-current spontaneous imbibition: From development to application

    , Article Energy and Fuels ; Vol. 27, issue. 8 , July , 2013 , p. 4662-4676 ; ISSN: 08870624 Mirzaei-Paiaman, A ; Masihi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Spontaneous imbibition, the capillary-driven process of displacing the nonwetting phase by the wetting phase in porous media, is of great importance in oil/gas recovery from matrix blocks of fractured reservoirs. The question of how properly scaling up the recovery by counter-current spontaneous imbibition has been the subject of extensive research over decades, and numerous scaling equations have been proposed. As a convention, the scaling equations are usually defined analytically by relating the early time squared recovery to squared pore volume. We show this convention does not apply to common scaling practices and, if used, causes nontrivial scatter in the scaling plots. We explain that... 

    Scaling equations for oil/gas recovery from fractured porous media by counter-current spontaneous imbibition: From development to application

    , Article Energy and Fuels ; Volume 27, Issue 8 , 2013 , Pages 4662-4676 ; 08870624 (ISSN) Mirzaei Paiaman, A ; Masihi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Spontaneous imbibition, the capillary-driven process of displacing the nonwetting phase by the wetting phase in porous media, is of great importance in oil/gas recovery from matrix blocks of fractured reservoirs. The question of how properly scaling up the recovery by counter-current spontaneous imbibition has been the subject of extensive research over decades, and numerous scaling equations have been proposed. As a convention, the scaling equations are usually defined analytically by relating the early time squared recovery to squared pore volume. We show this convention does not apply to common scaling practices and, if used, causes nontrivial scatter in the scaling plots. We explain that...