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    Efficiency-effectiveness assessment of national innovation systems: comparative analysis

    , Article Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management ; 2021 ; 20534620 (ISSN) Bakhtiar, A ; Ghazinoory, S. S ; Aslani, A ; Mafi, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Emerald Group Holdings Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present and evaluate the performance of innovation systems by considering two indicators of efficiency and effectiveness. The scope of the evaluation is globally and due to the situation of each country, the suggested strategies are proposed to maintain the status quo or move toward the desired situation for countries. Design/methodology/approach: The approach is to compare and benchmark the countries in terms of the efficiency and effectiveness of their innovation system. The Global Innovation Index report’s input-to-output ratio and the global competitiveness report are used for the assessment. Findings: The findings indicate that countries such as... 

    Efficiency-effectiveness assessment of national innovation systems: comparative analysis

    , Article Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management ; Volume 13, Issue 3 , 2022 , Pages 625-651 ; 20534620 (ISSN) Bakhtiar, A ; Ghazinoory, S. S ; Aslani, A ; Mafi, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Emerald Group Holdings Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present and evaluate the performance of innovation systems by considering two indicators of efficiency and effectiveness. The scope of the evaluation is globally and due to the situation of each country, the suggested strategies are proposed to maintain the status quo or move toward the desired situation for countries. Design/methodology/approach: The approach is to compare and benchmark the countries in terms of the efficiency and effectiveness of their innovation system. The Global Innovation Index report’s input-to-output ratio and the global competitiveness report are used for the assessment. Findings: The findings indicate that countries such as... 

    Assessing the performance of energy innovation systems: towards an established set of indicators

    , Article Energy Research and Social Science ; Volume 40 , 2018 , Pages 159-176 ; 22146296 (ISSN) Miremadi, I ; Saboohi, Y ; Jacobsson, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Abstract
    Energy innovation is essential for tackling climate change. However, an established set of indicators, that can support policy makers in their design of policy mixes, has not been developed for evaluating the performance of energy innovation systems. The purpose of this study is, therefore, to list and classify a large set of indicators of the performance of energy innovation systems at sectoral and technological levels. 120 listed indicators are evaluated using four usefulness criteria, demonstrating significant weaknesses in the available indicators. The indicators are also classified according to an innovation process categorization to see if they cover all aspects of an innovation system... 

    Moderating role of innovation culture in the relationship between organizational learning and innovation performance

    , Article Learning Organization ; Volume 26, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 289-303 ; 09696474 (ISSN) Ghasemzadeh, P ; Nazari, J. A ; Farzaneh, M ; Mehralian, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Emerald Group Publishing Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    Purpose: Different studies have analyzed the relationship between organizational learning (OL) and innovation performance (IP). However, the question of how innovation culture (IC) affects the relationship between OL and IP remains unexplored. This study aims to examine the impact of IC on the relationship between OL and various dimensions of IP, including product, process and objective innovation. Design/methodology/approach: A research model was developed and performed based on the relevant literature in the field of OL, IC and IP. The hypotheses are tested with the data collected from companies operating in an intensive knowledge-based industry. Findings: Based on the results of 625... 

    Introducing a Framework for Measuring Open Innovation in Iran Defense Industry

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Arjeini, Hossein (Author) ; Souzanchi Kashani, Ebrahim (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    New century came with changes in a series of global macro trends, especially a greater dispersion of knowledge, which undermines the effectiveness of innovation based on internal R&D. Many of successful organizations responded to this problem by opening their borders to exchange ideas and make cooperation with external actors in their innovation activities, which is known as "open innovation". Innovation in the defense industry, which always deals with challenges to keep its readiness alive, is traditionally based on internal R&D. These industries, as well as civilian industries, face the new macro trends including budget cut and knowledge dispersion, which reduces the effectiveness of their... 

    A macro analytic success model for Entrepreneurial university

    , Article World Applied Sciences Journal ; Volume 27, Issue 8 , 2013 , Pages 1049-1056 ; 18184952 (ISSN) Fateh rad, M ; Mansourian, F ; Lotfi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    One of the new forming world discipline feature is knowledge based innovation. World new discipline, vitality condition is to establish new science and technology and suitable utility from that. Therefore, the new era witness those grand variations in university systems and for more utilization process in national, regional and international economical development. In this context, traditional university variation and conversion to Entrepreneurial University and holding and creating idea and supporting it to transform in final product or service is concerned, which means knowledge-based entrepreneurship. Thus, this university can develop knowledge-based staff and has nontraditional processes... 

    Innovation in regulated electricity networks: Incentivising tasks with highly uncertain outcomes

    , Article Competition and Regulation in Network Industries ; Volume 21, Issue 2 , 2020 , Pages 166-192 Poudineh, R ; Peng, D ; Mirnezami, S. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Traditional regulatory models of natural monopoly network utilities are designed to incentivise cost-efficiency, subject to the firm achieving a certain level of reliability. With the rise of decarbonisation as a key policy goal, facilitating innovation in electricity networks has become of vital importance. Innovation and cost-efficiency may overlap and exhibit the same risk profile. However, we show that when there is a difference in their risk profile, incentivising these two tasks using the same incentive scheme is ineffective. This means incentive regulations need to be enhanced with additional modules that take into account the level of risk to which companies are exposed to for their... 

    Analysis of Success Factors in Technological Cooperations in Nanotech Industry-a Multiple Case Study

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Malekifar, Mehdi (Author) ; Sheikhzadeh, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Innovative small tech companies are required to often have cooperation with large companies in order to scale-up and commercialize their products. Such cooperation is referred as “Technological Cooperation” since it relies on development and commercialization of technology. In this research, as a multiple-case study in the arena of nanotechnology, five cases of technological cooperation are analyzed and key successful factors are identified. In this endeavor, 15 comprehensive interviews were conducted with both small tech companies and technology applicant companies, including experts of Nanotechnology Innovative Council (INIC) – playing the role of a mediator. Due to lack of a comprehensive... 

    Investigating the Effect of Innovation Partnerships on Iranian Firms Innovation Performance and Compare It in Different Industries Based on National Innovation Survey

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khatami, Mohsen (Author) ; Maleki, Ali (Supervisor) ; Souzanchi Kashani, Ebrahim (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The thesis attempts to investigate one of the factors influencing enterprise innovation, namely, innovation cooperation, its types and its diversity by using the data of about 2,500 companies in different fields of industry of national innovation survey that had been collected in 1395 hijri. In this research, firstly, by reviewing the literature on the field of innovative cooperation and the performance of enterprise innovation, the model of the association of colleagues with innovation performance has been extracted. In the following, it answers to this question is whether the cooperation with colleagues is essentially affecting the innovation performance of Iranian firms or not? The... 

    Development of a Model for Assessing the Optimal Allocation of Innovation Resources in the Energy Technologies and Knowledge Flow

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Miremadi, Iman (Author) ; Saboohi, Yadollah (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Energy innovation is essential for tackling climate change. However, an established set of indicators, that can support policy makers in their design of policy mixes, has not been developed for evaluating the performance of energy innovation systems. So, one of the purpose of this study is to list and classify a large set of indicators of the performance of energy innovation systems at sectoral and technological levels. 120 listed indicators are evaluated using four usefulness criteria, demonstrating significant weaknesses in the available indicators. The indicators are also classified according to an innovation process categorization to see if they cover all aspects of an innovation system... 

    Diffusion of innovations over multiplex social networks

    , Article Proceedings of the International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence and Signal Processing, AISP 2015, 3 March 2015 through 5 March 2015 ; 2015 , Pages 300-304 ; 9781479988174 (ISBN) Ramezanian, R ; Magnani, M ; Salehi, M ; Montesi, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2015
    Abstract
    The ways in which an innovation (e.g., new behaviour, idea, technology, product) diffuses among people can determine its success or failure. In this paper, we address the problem of diffusion of innovations over multiplex social networks where the neighbours of a person belong to one or multiple networks (or layers) such as friends, families, or colleagues. To this end, we generalise one of the basic game-theoretic diffusion models, called networked coordination game, for multiplex networks. We present analytical results for this extended model and validate them through a simulation study, finding among other properties a lower bound for the success of an innovation. While simple and leading... 

    Innovative performance of iranian knowledge-based firms: large firms or SMEs?

    , Article Technological Forecasting and Social Change ; Volume 122 , 2017 , Pages 179-185 ; 00401625 (ISSN) Noori, J ; Bagheri Nasrabadi, M ; Yazdi, N ; Babakhan, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The debate over innovativeness of large firms and SMEs, which was bolded by Schumpeter, still continues under mixed empirical evidences. There are several implications for this debate including policy orientation in support of large firms or SMEs. But there is a scarce of studies in developing countries and no such study in Iran yet. The present study has explored the proportionality of increase of innovation activity versus firm size within 522 Iranian knowledge-based firms categorized in 9 industries. Innovation activity was measured by R&D expenditure while firm size stood for number of employees. Using log–log regression in the first phase, it was found that R&D expenditure confirms a... 

    The promotion of innovation in regulated network industries

    , Article International Review of Environmental and Resource Economics ; Volume 15, Issue 1-2 , 2021 , Pages 137-174 ; 19321465 (ISSN) Mirnezami, S. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Now Publishers Inc  2021
    Abstract
    The capital intensive network industries such as electricity and gas delivery infrastructures exhibit natural monopoly characteristics because of their high economy of scale relative to the size of the market. Due to the absence of direct competition in these regulated industries, infrastructure providers hardly undertake the appropriate level of innovation activities to optimise the operation and continuity of their services; a review is provided to show how different countries support innovation in the network industries. As innovation activities are costly and risky undertakings, a relevant query is how to incentivise innovation through economic regulations. This paper models three... 

    Employee commitment to innovation performance: investigating the role of knowledge acquisition and knowledge sharing

    , Article International Journal of Systematic Innovation ; Volume 7, Issue 1 , 2022 , Pages 1-17 ; 20777973 (ISSN) Sedighi, M ; Sarcheshmeh, B. S ; Bagheri, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Society of Sytematic Innovation  2022
    Abstract
    Organisational commitment is suggested as a remarkable variable in shaping employees’ attitudes toward knowledge management practices. Customer trust in services is established during a long-time relationship with a firm and improves the accuracy of information shared with employees. To put it in other words, customer trust is what a service company needs to maintain its competitive advantage. On the other hand, high employee turnover reflects a substantial loss of knowledge. In the present study, the impact of organisational commitment on employees’ retention, knowledge acquisition, and sharing was examined regarding the moderating roles of leader-member exchange and innovation climate. The... 

    A Framework For Developing Corporate Innovation Strategy; PATSA Group Case Study

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tajeddin, Hamed (Author) ; Kermanshah, Ali (Supervisor) ; Isaaei, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    There has been a lively debate between two major strategist groups in innovation strategy literature. The first, with Ansoff being the protagonist, pose a rational approach in describing a corporate innovation strategy formulation process while the other group, with Mintzburg as the protagonist, prescribe an incremental approach.It seems that in continuous change and uncertainty, rational approach can weakly predict the reality and one can claim that in such situations incremental approach is more effective than rational approach. Based on the review of literature and consequent classification, most of the strategies that are named as innovation strategies in literature use rational... 

    Innovation policy, scientific research and economic performance: The case of Iran

    , Article Development Policy Review ; Volume 38, Issue 3 , 2020 , Pages 387-407 HamidiMotlagh, R ; Babaee, A ; Maleki, A ; Isaai, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Blackwell Publishing Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Motivation: Why, despite substantial investment in science and technology infrastructure during the last two decades, has Iran performed relatively poorly in terms of innovation and economic output? The investment has been wide-ranging, from the inclusion of science and technology in the National Development Plans to the impressive growth in the number of science and technology parks and incubators. Iran is among the top five countries in terms of science and engineering graduates, and Iran's scientific publications are among the world's fastest-growing. Purpose: This study attempts to discover the reasons for this poor performance despite the investment. Approach and Method: This is a... 

    The impact of technological and social capabilities on innovation performance: a technological catch-up perspective

    , Article Technology in Society ; Volume 68 , 2022 ; 0160791X (ISSN) Fakhimi, M ; Miremadi, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    The literature on technological capabilities has highlighted the effects of innovation on economic growth. However, further analysis is required to determine how innovation factors affect the technological catch-up process outputs. The main purpose of the present study is therefore to determine the impacts of innovation-building factors (i.e., technological and social capabilities) on the innovation outputs. The role of market and innovation financing in technological catch-up has also been investigated. Partial least squares structural equation modeling has been employed to identify which factors have the most significant effects on this process. We have extracted twelve hypotheses from the... 

    Weak Fialure of Engineered Innovation Networks: The Analysis and Explanation of the Phenomena Based on Process Approach and by Using Knowledge Base Concept

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Nilforoushan, Hadi (Author) ; Arasti, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    This document, is the thesis on the field of science and technology policy. The subject is the analysis and explanation of engineered innovation networks based on process approach and by using knowledge base concept. The failure of networks is one of the causes of the failure in the innovation systems, so the analysis of the phenomena would be very important for innovation policy makers for networking. The two main questions of this study are:
    a) How do engineered innovation networks fail in the initiation stage?
    b) How could we explain this process by using the concept of the knowledge base of innovative activities? During this study, which has beed done based on the... 

    A Comprehensive Review of Studies Conducted in Entrepreneurship Education in Order to Achieve a Codified Framework

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Emamjome, Fatemeh Sadat (Author) ; Feyzbakhsh, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the current situation and considering the economic conditions, entrepreneurship and self-employment are important factors of business growth. To prepare people in this field, there is a need for effective training that can motivate people. Identifying the effective methods and different dimensions of the entrepreneurship education framework that can lead to setting up a successful program for training people and facilitate the way to achieve the goal of education is one of the important goals of this research. By studying the literature from 2010 onwards, this research systematically examined 96 articles and tried to improve the framework of entrepreneurship education that was stated in... 

    Performance Analysis of Innovation Ecosystems: Case Study of Sharif Innovation District

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Varedi Koulaei, Mohammad Ali (Author) ; Miremadi, Iman (Supervisor) ; Vesal, Mohammad (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    With the expansion of knowledge-based economics literature in the last two decades in the country, the analysis and evaluation of the performance of policies applied in this field, especially the concept of innovation and technology ecosystems, is of particular importance. One of the leading branches in this field is the Sharif Innovation District, which is centered on Sharif University of Technology and has always been a important platform for implementing innovative policies in the country. In this research, we analyzed the development of Sharif innovation district. This research is a qualitative research with thematic analysis research method and inductive approach. To carry out the...