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    Efficiency-effectiveness assessment of national innovation systems: comparative analysis

    , Article Journal of Science and Technology Policy Management ; 2021 ; 20534620 (ISSN) Bakhtiar, A ; Ghazinoory, S. S ; Aslani, A ; Mafi, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Emerald Group Holdings Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present and evaluate the performance of innovation systems by considering two indicators of efficiency and effectiveness. The scope of the evaluation is globally and due to the situation of each country, the suggested strategies are proposed to maintain the status quo or move toward the desired situation for countries. Design/methodology/approach: The approach is to compare and benchmark the countries in terms of the efficiency and effectiveness of their innovation system. The Global Innovation Index report’s input-to-output ratio and the global competitiveness report are used for the assessment. Findings: The findings indicate that countries such as... 

    Assessing the performance of energy innovation systems: towards an established set of indicators

    , Article Energy Research and Social Science ; Volume 40 , 2018 , Pages 159-176 ; 22146296 (ISSN) Miremadi, I ; Saboohi, Y ; Jacobsson, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Abstract
    Energy innovation is essential for tackling climate change. However, an established set of indicators, that can support policy makers in their design of policy mixes, has not been developed for evaluating the performance of energy innovation systems. The purpose of this study is, therefore, to list and classify a large set of indicators of the performance of energy innovation systems at sectoral and technological levels. 120 listed indicators are evaluated using four usefulness criteria, demonstrating significant weaknesses in the available indicators. The indicators are also classified according to an innovation process categorization to see if they cover all aspects of an innovation system... 

    Moderating role of innovation culture in the relationship between organizational learning and innovation performance

    , Article Learning Organization ; Volume 26, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 289-303 ; 09696474 (ISSN) Ghasemzadeh, P ; Nazari, J. A ; Farzaneh, M ; Mehralian, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Emerald Group Publishing Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    Purpose: Different studies have analyzed the relationship between organizational learning (OL) and innovation performance (IP). However, the question of how innovation culture (IC) affects the relationship between OL and IP remains unexplored. This study aims to examine the impact of IC on the relationship between OL and various dimensions of IP, including product, process and objective innovation. Design/methodology/approach: A research model was developed and performed based on the relevant literature in the field of OL, IC and IP. The hypotheses are tested with the data collected from companies operating in an intensive knowledge-based industry. Findings: Based on the results of 625... 

    Introducing a Framework for Measuring Open Innovation in Iran Defense Industry

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Arjeini, Hossein (Author) ; Souzanchi Kashani, Ebrahim (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    New century came with changes in a series of global macro trends, especially a greater dispersion of knowledge, which undermines the effectiveness of innovation based on internal R&D. Many of successful organizations responded to this problem by opening their borders to exchange ideas and make cooperation with external actors in their innovation activities, which is known as "open innovation". Innovation in the defense industry, which always deals with challenges to keep its readiness alive, is traditionally based on internal R&D. These industries, as well as civilian industries, face the new macro trends including budget cut and knowledge dispersion, which reduces the effectiveness of their... 

    A macro analytic success model for Entrepreneurial university

    , Article World Applied Sciences Journal ; Volume 27, Issue 8 , 2013 , Pages 1049-1056 ; 18184952 (ISSN) Fateh rad, M ; Mansourian, F ; Lotfi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    One of the new forming world discipline feature is knowledge based innovation. World new discipline, vitality condition is to establish new science and technology and suitable utility from that. Therefore, the new era witness those grand variations in university systems and for more utilization process in national, regional and international economical development. In this context, traditional university variation and conversion to Entrepreneurial University and holding and creating idea and supporting it to transform in final product or service is concerned, which means knowledge-based entrepreneurship. Thus, this university can develop knowledge-based staff and has nontraditional processes... 

    Innovation in regulated electricity networks: Incentivising tasks with highly uncertain outcomes

    , Article Competition and Regulation in Network Industries ; Volume 21, Issue 2 , 2020 , Pages 166-192 Poudineh, R ; Peng, D ; Mirnezami, S. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Traditional regulatory models of natural monopoly network utilities are designed to incentivise cost-efficiency, subject to the firm achieving a certain level of reliability. With the rise of decarbonisation as a key policy goal, facilitating innovation in electricity networks has become of vital importance. Innovation and cost-efficiency may overlap and exhibit the same risk profile. However, we show that when there is a difference in their risk profile, incentivising these two tasks using the same incentive scheme is ineffective. This means incentive regulations need to be enhanced with additional modules that take into account the level of risk to which companies are exposed to for their... 

    Analysis of Success Factors in Technological Cooperations in Nanotech Industry-a Multiple Case Study

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Malekifar, Mehdi (Author) ; Sheikhzadeh, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Innovative small tech companies are required to often have cooperation with large companies in order to scale-up and commercialize their products. Such cooperation is referred as “Technological Cooperation” since it relies on development and commercialization of technology. In this research, as a multiple-case study in the arena of nanotechnology, five cases of technological cooperation are analyzed and key successful factors are identified. In this endeavor, 15 comprehensive interviews were conducted with both small tech companies and technology applicant companies, including experts of Nanotechnology Innovative Council (INIC) – playing the role of a mediator. Due to lack of a comprehensive... 

    Investigating the Effect of Innovation Partnerships on Iranian Firms Innovation Performance and Compare It in Different Industries Based on National Innovation Survey

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khatami, Mohsen (Author) ; Maleki, Ali (Supervisor) ; Souzanchi Kashani, Ebrahim (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The thesis attempts to investigate one of the factors influencing enterprise innovation, namely, innovation cooperation, its types and its diversity by using the data of about 2,500 companies in different fields of industry of national innovation survey that had been collected in 1395 hijri. In this research, firstly, by reviewing the literature on the field of innovative cooperation and the performance of enterprise innovation, the model of the association of colleagues with innovation performance has been extracted. In the following, it answers to this question is whether the cooperation with colleagues is essentially affecting the innovation performance of Iranian firms or not? The... 

    Development of a Model for Assessing the Optimal Allocation of Innovation Resources in the Energy Technologies and Knowledge Flow

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Miremadi, Iman (Author) ; Saboohi, Yadollah (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Energy innovation is essential for tackling climate change. However, an established set of indicators, that can support policy makers in their design of policy mixes, has not been developed for evaluating the performance of energy innovation systems. So, one of the purpose of this study is to list and classify a large set of indicators of the performance of energy innovation systems at sectoral and technological levels. 120 listed indicators are evaluated using four usefulness criteria, demonstrating significant weaknesses in the available indicators. The indicators are also classified according to an innovation process categorization to see if they cover all aspects of an innovation system... 

    Diffusion of innovations over multiplex social networks

    , Article Proceedings of the International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence and Signal Processing, AISP 2015, 3 March 2015 through 5 March 2015 ; 2015 , Pages 300-304 ; 9781479988174 (ISBN) Ramezanian, R ; Magnani, M ; Salehi, M ; Montesi, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2015
    Abstract
    The ways in which an innovation (e.g., new behaviour, idea, technology, product) diffuses among people can determine its success or failure. In this paper, we address the problem of diffusion of innovations over multiplex social networks where the neighbours of a person belong to one or multiple networks (or layers) such as friends, families, or colleagues. To this end, we generalise one of the basic game-theoretic diffusion models, called networked coordination game, for multiplex networks. We present analytical results for this extended model and validate them through a simulation study, finding among other properties a lower bound for the success of an innovation. While simple and leading... 

    Innovative performance of iranian knowledge-based firms: large firms or SMEs?

    , Article Technological Forecasting and Social Change ; Volume 122 , 2017 , Pages 179-185 ; 00401625 (ISSN) Noori, J ; Bagheri Nasrabadi, M ; Yazdi, N ; Babakhan, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The debate over innovativeness of large firms and SMEs, which was bolded by Schumpeter, still continues under mixed empirical evidences. There are several implications for this debate including policy orientation in support of large firms or SMEs. But there is a scarce of studies in developing countries and no such study in Iran yet. The present study has explored the proportionality of increase of innovation activity versus firm size within 522 Iranian knowledge-based firms categorized in 9 industries. Innovation activity was measured by R&D expenditure while firm size stood for number of employees. Using log–log regression in the first phase, it was found that R&D expenditure confirms a... 

    The promotion of innovation in regulated network industries

    , Article International Review of Environmental and Resource Economics ; Volume 15, Issue 1-2 , 2021 , Pages 137-174 ; 19321465 (ISSN) Mirnezami, S. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Now Publishers Inc  2021
    Abstract
    The capital intensive network industries such as electricity and gas delivery infrastructures exhibit natural monopoly characteristics because of their high economy of scale relative to the size of the market. Due to the absence of direct competition in these regulated industries, infrastructure providers hardly undertake the appropriate level of innovation activities to optimise the operation and continuity of their services; a review is provided to show how different countries support innovation in the network industries. As innovation activities are costly and risky undertakings, a relevant query is how to incentivise innovation through economic regulations. This paper models three... 

    A Framework For Developing Corporate Innovation Strategy; PATSA Group Case Study

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tajeddin, Hamed (Author) ; Kermanshah, Ali (Supervisor) ; Isaaei, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    There has been a lively debate between two major strategist groups in innovation strategy literature. The first, with Ansoff being the protagonist, pose a rational approach in describing a corporate innovation strategy formulation process while the other group, with Mintzburg as the protagonist, prescribe an incremental approach.It seems that in continuous change and uncertainty, rational approach can weakly predict the reality and one can claim that in such situations incremental approach is more effective than rational approach. Based on the review of literature and consequent classification, most of the strategies that are named as innovation strategies in literature use rational... 

    Innovation policy, scientific research and economic performance: The case of Iran

    , Article Development Policy Review ; Volume 38, Issue 3 , 2020 , Pages 387-407 HamidiMotlagh, R ; Babaee, A ; Maleki, A ; Isaai, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Blackwell Publishing Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Motivation: Why, despite substantial investment in science and technology infrastructure during the last two decades, has Iran performed relatively poorly in terms of innovation and economic output? The investment has been wide-ranging, from the inclusion of science and technology in the National Development Plans to the impressive growth in the number of science and technology parks and incubators. Iran is among the top five countries in terms of science and engineering graduates, and Iran's scientific publications are among the world's fastest-growing. Purpose: This study attempts to discover the reasons for this poor performance despite the investment. Approach and Method: This is a... 

    Weak Fialure of Engineered Innovation Networks: The Analysis and Explanation of the Phenomena Based on Process Approach and by Using Knowledge Base Concept

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Nilforoushan, Hadi (Author) ; Arasti, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    This document, is the thesis on the field of science and technology policy. The subject is the analysis and explanation of engineered innovation networks based on process approach and by using knowledge base concept. The failure of networks is one of the causes of the failure in the innovation systems, so the analysis of the phenomena would be very important for innovation policy makers for networking. The two main questions of this study are:
    a) How do engineered innovation networks fail in the initiation stage?
    b) How could we explain this process by using the concept of the knowledge base of innovative activities? During this study, which has beed done based on the... 

    Evolution of innovation system literature: Intellectual bases and emerging trends

    , Article Technological Forecasting and Social Change ; Volume 146 , 2019 , Pages 68-80 ; 00401625 (ISSN) Souzanchi Kashani, E ; Roshani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2019
    Abstract
    The evolution of innovation system literature is scrutinized to delineate the conceptual trends over the past 30 years. We applied the Sigma index which is supposed to include not only the frontier contributions in the field but also the intellectual bases conveying transformative concepts. Our examination shows that after the establishment of the National Innovation System (NIS)as a principal framework, Regional IS literature emerged as a main branch during the period of 2002–2007, while Technological IS developed as the second main branch from 2007 to 2012. Surprisingly, Sectoral IS has not yet generated a separate constellation, whereas the period after 2012 mainly witnessed the emergence... 

    The Effect of Bureaucracy on the Integration of Technical Knowledge and Market Knowledge in the Process of Product Development

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sadeghi, Mostafa (Author) ; Kiamehr, Mehdi (Supervisor) ; Maleki, Ali (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research, the effect of organizational Bureaucracy on the integration of technical knowledge and market knowledge in the process of developing new products, along with other factors mentioned in previous literature, has been studied. To this purpose, a questionnaire was prepared which measured both the degree of integrity and the effect of bureaucracy on integrity. This questionnaire was completed by marketing and research and development managers of 39 innovative companies in the field of information and communication technology (ICT). Regression analysis was used for data analysis. The results of this research show that bureaucracy as an organizational factor, along with other... 

    To ABC or not?

    , Article Public Roads ; Volume 75, Issue 3 , 2011 ; 00333735 (ISSN) Doolen, T. L ; Tang, B ; Saeedi, A ; Emami, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) and Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) encourage the use of various Accelerated Bridge Construction (ABC) strategies, which can help reduce onsite construction time, minimize traffic and environmental impacts, improve work zone safety, and deliver longer lasting and more durable bridges. ABC approaches include the application of technical innovations and management techniques. The decision to use ABC must be made on a project-by-project basis as each bridge location is unique, and factors constraining each project are different. Toward this end, FHWA developed a qualitative decision making framework called... 

    Cause-and-effect relationships affecting distribution loss management

    , Article IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, ISGT Europe, 11 October 2010 through 13 October 2010 ; October , 2010 ; 9781424485109 (ISBN) Ghofrani Jahromi, Z ; Ehsan, M ; Masjed Jamei, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    There are a lot of parameters which are decisive in distribution loss management, such as demand value, energy price, etc. In this paper the cause-and-effect relationships among some of these variables are clearly described. The study demonstrates how a variable in the model will change, if an alteration in one of the other variables occurs. The power system variables considered in this study include energy and loss prices, generation and demand values, distribution loss, distribution system age, number of customers connected to the smart grid, distribution network revenue, and so forth. The smart grid impacts can be studied from two different aspects: 1) the communication infrastructure... 

    Does knowledge base complexity affect spatial patterns of innovation? An empirical analysis in the upstream petroleum industry

    , Article Technological Forecasting and Social Change ; Volume 143 , 2019 , Pages 273-288 ; 00401625 (ISSN) Maleki, A ; Rosiello, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2019
    Abstract
    Using network analysis, we investigate if an industry's complex and integrated knowledge base leads to a higher spatial concentration (or dispersal)of innovative activities. This is important because the extant literature provides competing claims about how knowledge base complexity impacts on the spatial distribution of industrial innovation. To help empirically resolve this issue, we draw on longitudinal data (1970–2010)on the upstream petroleum industry and build indexes of entropy and complexity to render knowledge base dynamics, assess the spatial concentration of innovation, and study industry structural transformations. We first find a correlation – once a crucial distinction between...