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    Modern sciences in religious Iran: An assessment of the educated Iranians’ attitude toward biological evolution

    , Article Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta, Filosofiia i Konfliktologiia ; Volume 38, Issue 1 , 2022 , Pages 110-121 ; 25422278 (ISSN) Masigol, H ; Tumanian, T. G ; Azadegan, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Saint Petersburg State University  2022
    It is often assumed that there is a confrontation between science and Islam, especially in religious communities. Biological evolution is often one of the constant sources of contention due to its metaphysical implications. Although there are some empirical data showing low acceptance of evolution and understanding its basic principles in Sunni-majority countries, there has been a categorical lack of data about Iran as the most influential Shiite-majority state. Therefore, in order to reach a better understanding of the culture and world-view of Iranians, we implemented two established questionnaires and phone interviews to assess educated Iranians’ attitude toward evolution. We reach an... 

    The Role of the Religion in the Assessment of Scientific Theories

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Momeni, Mohamad Reza (Author) ; Golshani, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    The problem of science-religion relation is considered here, considering realism and the cognitive status of religious statements and accepting the existence of common issues between science and religion. Different approaches have been adopted to explain this relation. One of the approaches which have been proposed in recent years has been the issue of religious science, which is considered to solve incompatible issues between science and religion. The possibility of religious science is one of the important problems that have attracted the mind of some Muslim scholars and some devoted Muslims. Some motivation could be mentioned for bringing in this issue, like the removal of conflict... 

    Propose a New Theory about Religious Language Problem

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Toossi Saeidi, Massoud (Author) ; Hosseini, Hassan (Supervisor)
    During last century, one of the most important philosophy of religious field issues, especially after 1950 was religious language. In other words, one of the most important and affective problems which could attract philosophers was religious language problem. This issue also has a history resume. Ask about religious language, at least could be seen by philosophers of Abrahamic religion like Islam and Christian. However, during last century due to philosophic attention to the language, religious language became for another time, an important problem. In this thesis, first of all, a geographic view of questions and answers will be caught by reviewing theories, from past until now. This would... 

    The Role of Religion in the Human Encounter with Technology

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kazemi, Reza (Author) ; Taqavi, Mostafa (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, with the help of a literature review in philosophy of technology including the writings of analytical philosophers, Marcuse, Feenberg & Heidegger & with the help of a definition of Religion provided by Roy Clouser & supplementing it with the additional condition of Non-naturalism, we have tried to develop an all-inclusive theory about the implications of religious beliefs for encountering and coming to a right relation with Technology and its essence in its different layers. For this, after we have obtained in the first chapter, the system of terms and concepts needed for a more precise discussion, from a literature review of the analytical philosophy of technology, in the... 

    Justification of religious beliefs in Pragmatic encroachment

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Parchebaf Dowlati, Alireza (Author) ; Taheri Khoramabadi, Ali (Supervisor)
    In epistemology, pragmatic encroachment is a theory of justification that, unlike the purist theories, emphasizes the importance of pragmatic factors in the formation of justified beliefs. This theory determines the amount of justification necessary to obtain a justified belief by considering the pragmatic consequences of a belief. In this way, this theory becomes increasingly important in religious beliefs; because (not) believing in religious beliefs will have many practical results. This thesis examines pragmatic encroachment and its effects on religious beliefs. Firstly, I will describe the theory of pragmatic encroachment and its dimensions as one of the theories of justification. Then... 

    Examination and Critique of Susan George’s Ideas Concerning the Relation of Religion and Technology

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hajikazem, Hojjatollah (Author) ; Taghavi, Mostafa (Supervisor)
    This article investigate about Susan George’s ideas concerning the relation of religion and technology and examine her point of view. George, searches synergy between religion and technology and tries to develop basis of artificial intelligence by religion. She provide answers to some philosophical concerns about technology through religion and tries to prove that technological morality needs religion. We show that some of her Assumptions is not through her conclusions. George, notices to the help of technology to religion for providing a new expression. We examine her clams about relation between technology and Islam  

    Methodology of Religious ScienceWith Respect to Dr.Golshani’s Theory of Religious Scienceand Dr.Khosropanah’s Hikmai-Ejtihadi’s Pattern on Humanities

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahemi, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Golshani, Mehdi (Supervisor) ; Khosropanah, Abdolhossien (Co-Advisor)
    If we accept that there is a thing called “religious Science”, then we should accept that, all of its scientific elements should be based on, or be compatible with religion (in its general meaning). So, here is the question: Is there a particular “religious methodology” required for the “religious science”? Does “religious”, as an adjective also applies to methodology of science? Anyway, if we want to generate “religious science” based on religious foundations, we should characterize our position about “methodology of religious science”. Negligence of this important subject would cause a theoretical vacuum in discussions about religious science. In this thesis, after explaining some general... 

    Studying The Theory of Imagination World (with Emphasis on the Corbin's Perspective)and its Role in Explaining the Relationship Between Science and Religion

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zand Karimkhany, Vahid (Author) ; Hosseini, Hassan (Supervisor)
    This research aims to define a two-level causality by using the imagination world, in which every phenomenon, in addition to having a material cause, has an imagination cause, and of course, these two causes are the manifestation of a single thing in two different worlds; That is, everything that exists in the material world is another face of the phenomena of the imagination world. This research is presented in an introduction, two parts and a conclusion. The first part deals with Henry Corbin and his research on the imagination world, and the second part is dedicated to the role of imagination world in explaining the relationship between science and religion. In the first part, after a... 

    The Correlation between Science & Abrahamic Religions (Emphasizing on Evolutionary Biology & Islam)

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Farahmand, Maryam (Author) ; Tagavi, Mustafa (Supervisor) ; Miandari, Hassan (Supervisor)
    While the science–religion debate on human creation has been widely explored in the Muslim world، Iranian Muslim opinions have been missed in the mainstream literature. To see whether they follow the lead of the majority of Muslim thinkers or not، here is an overview of the Qur’anic Perspective of Iranian Muslim Scholars. After reviewing the previously categorized approaches of Muslims encountering evolution mentioned in the literature، this thesis will survey the Qur’anic verses related to the biological creation of man with the “scientific-lexical” method of all possible states. Afterward، the views of the most-cited Iranian scholars، such as Saḥābī، Ṭabāṭabā’ī، Muṭahharī، and Jawādī، will... 

    Social robotics, education, and religion in the islamic world: an iranian perspective

    , Article Science and Engineering Ethics ; Volume 26, Issue 5 , 2020 , Pages 2709-2734 Alemi, M ; Taheri, A. R ; Shariati, A ; Meghdari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media B.V  2020
    The social impact of robotics applied to domains such as education, religion, nursing, and therapy across the world depends on the level of technology as well as the culture in which it is used. By studying how robots are used in Iran, a technologically-savvy country with a long history and a rich culture, we explore their possible impact on interrelated areas of religious and ethical features in education in an Islamic society. To accomplish this task, a preliminary exploratory study was conducted using two social robots as teaching assistants in Islamic religion classes for 42 elementary students. More than 90% of the participants in the study absolutely preferred the robot-assisted... 

    Muslim scholars and technological volition

    , Article Technology in Society ; Volume 61 , 2020 Ravanbakhsh, R ; Taqavi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    What purpose, according to Muslim scholars, should technological development serve? To answer this question, first we explain the views of seven Muslim scholars who have theorized about technology from an Islamic viewpoint. We then set out Carl Mitcham's fourfold analysis of technology, and summarize the views of philosophers of technology on technological volition. This places us in a position to classify Muslim scholars' opinions on technological development under seven broad headings, namely: meeting human beings' needs, implementation of an Islamic culture and lifestyle, serving human beings, serving nature, understanding the splendor of creation, providing personal and social happiness,... 

    Broken promises or promises in vacuum?

    , Article Archives of Iranian Medicine ; Volume 11, Issue 5 , September , 2008 , Pages 559-560 ; 10292977 (ISSN) Mansouri, R ; Sharif University of Technology