Search for: technology-adoption
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    Explore Reasons for Rejection of Agricultural Technologies in Underdeveloped Areas with Water Scarcity Problem

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Choobchian, Pooria (Author) ; Kiamehr, Mehdi (Supervisor) ; Maleki, Ali (Supervisor)
    Respect to increasing water scarcity in the world, it is necessary to ameliorate agriculture methods in order to efficiency enhancement. However, it seems that in underdeveloped counties faced with the water problem, barriers exist which prevent farmers from adopting new technologies. For researching this problem, drop pressure technology studied in Salmas County locate in West Azerbaijan state in Iran. The purpose of this research is to explore factors of lack of diffusion of new agricultural technologies in underdeveloped areas with water scarcity problem. The research problem is that notwithstanding government facilities, the diffusion rate of drop pressure technology in this area is very... 

    Extraction of Factors Affecting Nonacceptance of Electric Motorcycles in Tehran Using Theory of Planned Behavior

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Madadpour, Ali (Author) ; Kiamehr, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Air and sound pollution in metropolises is a problem vexing every class of citizens, rich and poor. Extensive research has been carried out in recent decades resulting in strict and ever-expanding environmental regulations for automotive and other polluting industries to reduce emissions. Unfortunately, despite significant progress in emission reduction technologies, growth in population along with the number of vehicles on city roads, has intensified related health problems of citizens. As a result, a recent trend has been started around the world with the goal of development and wide-spread use of zero emission vehicles like electric vehicles in metropolises. One variety of electric... 

    Technology planning system for the Iranian petroleum industry: lessons learned from sanctions

    , Article Technological Forecasting and Social Change ; Volume 122 , 2017 , Pages 170-178 ; 00401625 (ISSN) Hoshdar, F ; Ghazinoory, S ; Arasti, M ; Fassihi, S. F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Iran's petroleum industry is facing challenges including maturity of hydrocarbon fields, growing population of the nation that demands additional revenues from petroleum exports, and international economic sanctions that have limited access to technology sources. Restrictions from international technology providers have led managers of the industry enterprises to try to develop their needed technologies inside the country. The Ministry of Petroleum has supervised this and as a result, a technology planning systems has been developed and implemented since 2009. In this paper, an overview of the Iranian petroleum industry is provided from a technology planning perspective. The focus has been... 

    Optimal deployment of renewable electricity technologies in Iran and implications for emissions reductions

    , Article Energy ; Volume 91 , 2015 , Pages 882-893 ; 03605442 (ISSN) Aryanpur, V ; Shafiei, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    In this paper, special focus is paid to the long-term adoption of renewable electricity technologies and their implications for emissions reductions in Iran. MESSAGE, as a bottom-up energy supply optimization model, is used to assess the lowest-cost technology options. The potential impacts of transitioning to a renewable electricity supply are quantified, and the investment requirement to achieve a low-carbon generation mix is estimated. Alternative scenarios are defined to evaluate the impact of fossil fuel prices, the carbon tax and government incentives on the utilization of renewable resources, national renewable targets, and emissions reductions. The prioritization of non-hydro... 

    Optimal policy of energy innovation in developing countries: Development of solar PV in Iran

    , Article Energy Policy ; Volume 37, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 1116-1127 ; 03014215 (ISSN) Shafiei, E ; Saboohi, Y ; Ghofrani, M.B ; Sharif University of Technology
    The purpose of this study is to apply managerial economics and methods of decision analysis to study the optimal pattern of innovation activities for development of new energy technologies in developing countries. For this purpose, a model of energy research and development (R&D) planning is developed and it is then linked to a bottom-up energy-systems model. The set of interlinked models provide a comprehensive analytical tool for assessment of energy technologies and innovation planning taking into account the specific conditions of developing countries. An energy-system model is used as a tool for the assessment and prioritization of new energy technologies. Based on the results of the... 

    Impact of innovation programs on development of energy system: case of Iranian electricity-supply system

    , Article Energy Policy ; Volume 37, Issue 6 , 2009 , Pages 2221-2230 ; 03014215 (ISSN) Shafiei, E ; Saboohi, Y ; Ghofrani, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    The paper presents further experiments with an extended version of a comprehensive model for assessment of energy technologies and research and development (R&D) planning to evaluate the impact of innovation programs on development of Iranian electricity-supply system. This analytical instrument is a model of energy R&D resource allocation with an explicit perspective of developing countries which has been linked to a bottom-up energy-systems model. Three emerging electricity generation technologies of solar PV, wind turbine and gas fuel cell are considered in the model and the impact of innovation programs on cost-reducing innovation for them is examined. The main results provided by the...