Numerical investigation of a portable incinerator: A parametric study

Pour, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology | 2020

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.3390/PR8080923
  3. Publisher: MDPI AG , 2020
  4. Abstract:
  5. The application of incinerators for the municipal solid waste (MSW) is growing due to the ability of such instruments to produce energy and, more specifically, reduce waste volume. In this paper, a numerical simulation of the combustion process with the help of the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) inside a portable (mobile) incinerator has been proposed. Such work is done to investigate the most critical parameters for a reliable design of a domestic portable incinerator, which is suitable for the Iranian food and waste culture. An old design of a simple incinerator has been used to apply the natural gas (NG), one of the available cheap fossil fuels in Iran. After that, the waste height, place of the primary burner, and the flow rate of the cooling air inside the incinerator, as the main parameters of the design, are investigated. A validation is also performed for the mesh quality test and the occurrence of the chemical reactions near the burner of the incinerator. Results proved that the numerical results have less than 5% error compared to the previous experimental and numerical approaches. In addition, results show that by moving the primary burner into the secondary chamber of the incinerator, the temperature and the heating ability of the incinerator could be affected dramatically. Moreover, it has been found that by increasing the flow rate of the cooling air inside the incinerator to some extent, the combustion process is improved and, on the other hand, by introducing more cooling air, the evacuation of the hazardous gases from the exhaust is also improved. © 2020 by the authors
  6. Keywords:
  7. Combustion ; Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) ; Parametric study ; Portable incinerator
  8. Source: Processes ; Volume 8, Issue 8 , 2020
  9. URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2227-9717/8/8/923