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    Numerical investigation into the effects of geometrical and loading parameters on lateral spreading behavior of liquefied layer

    , Article Acta Geotechnica ; 2013 , Pages 1-13 ; 18611125 (ISSN) Pak, A ; Seyfi, S ; Ghassemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Numerical simulation of liquefaction-induced lateral spreading in gently sloped sandy layers requires fully coupled dynamic hydro-mechanical analysis of saturated sandy soil subjected to seismic loading. In this study, a fully coupled finite element model utilizing a critical-state two-surface-plasticity constitutive model has been applied to numerically investigate the effects of surface/subsurface geometry on lateral spreading. Using a variable permeability function with respect to excess pore pressure ratio is another distinctive feature of the current study. The developed code has been verified against the results of the well-known VELACS project. Lateral spreading phenomenon has been... 

    Numerical investigation of a portable incinerator: A parametric study

    , Article Processes ; Volume 8, Issue 8 , 2020 Pour, M. S ; Hakkaki Fard, A ; Firoozabadi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2020
    Abstract
    The application of incinerators for the municipal solid waste (MSW) is growing due to the ability of such instruments to produce energy and, more specifically, reduce waste volume. In this paper, a numerical simulation of the combustion process with the help of the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) inside a portable (mobile) incinerator has been proposed. Such work is done to investigate the most critical parameters for a reliable design of a domestic portable incinerator, which is suitable for the Iranian food and waste culture. An old design of a simple incinerator has been used to apply the natural gas (NG), one of the available cheap fossil fuels in Iran. After that, the waste height,... 

    Numerical Analysis of An Annular Gas Turbine Combustor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gandomi, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Farshchi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The goal of this research is the simulation of the annular combustion chamber of the turbine engine utilized by liquid fuel. The achievement to this goal will lead to create numerical tools for parametric study, analysis and combustion chamber designing.For this reason simple geometry has been considered. This simplicity of geometry causes to facilitate in parametric study and decrease in saving time for modeling and meshing. This combustion chamber is a simplified model of engine CF6. In recent study, the k – ε realizable model has been used for turbulence modeling. For non-adiabatic condition, chemical reaction is dissolved by utilizing probability density function along with laminar... 

    A novel multigeneration system driven by a hybrid biogas-geothermal heat source, Part I: Thermodynamic modeling

    , Article Energy Conversion and Management ; Volume 177 , 2018 , Pages 535-562 ; 01968904 (ISSN) Rostamzadeh, H ; Ghavami Gargari, S ; Shekari Namin, A ; Ghaebi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Abstract
    Hybrid renewable energy heat sources provide more sustainable energy resources with high maintenance for high-efficient power plants. Multigeneration systems driven by a hybrid renewable source are proved as cutting-edge technologies in recent studies. In this study, a novel multigeneration system driven by a hybrid biogas-geothermal heat source is proposed and simulated. To demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed multigeneration system, first and second laws analysis are employed as the most effective tools for performance assessment of the systems. It is found that the proposed multigeneration system can produce overall heating capacity, overall cooling capacity, net output power,... 

    Numerical investigation of stability of deep excavations supported by soil-nailing method

    , Article Geomechanics and Geoengineering ; 2019 ; 17486025 (ISSN) Pak, A ; Maleki, J ; Aghakhani, N ; Yousefi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    Deep excavation in urban areas can cause instability problems due to significant settlement at the ground surface and large movements at the excavation facing walls. One of the most popular methods used to stabilise these excavations is utilising soil-nailing method. This method has also been widely used to stabilise natural slopes and earth retaining structures. Because of the complexity involved in the mechanism of this stabilising system due to interacting effects of the soil, nails, grout and shotcrete, numerical modelling with high accuracy should be used to analyse the behaviour of the soil-nailed walls. Considering all aspects of soil-structure interaction in the present research, a... 

    Numerical investigation of stability of deep excavations supported by soil-nailing method

    , Article Geomechanics and Geoengineering ; 2019 ; 17486025 (ISSN) Pak, A ; Maleki, J ; Aghakhani, N ; Yousefi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    Deep excavation in urban areas can cause instability problems due to significant settlement at the ground surface and large movements at the excavation facing walls. One of the most popular methods used to stabilise these excavations is utilising soil-nailing method. This method has also been widely used to stabilise natural slopes and earth retaining structures. Because of the complexity involved in the mechanism of this stabilising system due to interacting effects of the soil, nails, grout and shotcrete, numerical modelling with high accuracy should be used to analyse the behaviour of the soil-nailed walls. Considering all aspects of soil-structure interaction in the present research, a... 

    Parametric Study of Shallow Foundations Settlement Due to Liquefaction Phenomenon on a Two-Layered Soil

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ayoubi, Peyman (Author) ; Pak, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Settlement and tilt of structures due to liquefaction of subsoil layers is a major cause of damage during earthquake. Among different soil profile type, two layered soil is very common which was reported many times in differen earthquakes. Settlement of structures was measured by means of empirical methods before which were not viable because they do not consider different effective parameters. Consequently, different experimental studies performed to shed light on different aspects of liquefaction phenomena. In these studies, researchers consider some of the main parameters which have effect on the soil, otherwise, they neglected some important factors. So, numerical procedure is more... 

    On the Parametric Analysis of Structural Response of Base Plate Connections through FEM

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khodaei, Sina (Author) ; Mofid, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Base plate is one of the important and sensitive elements of a structure which roles as a connector of force and moment in column to foundation joint and prevents from stress concentration in the joint area. As until now there has been several numerical and experimental researches conducted about base plate connections, but in practice for design, base plate is considered as a cantilever beam which undertakes compressive force and bending moment. In this method of design many important factors such as separation and deflection of base plate, interaction of base plate with bolts and foundation aren’t taken into consideration. Therefore there is an urgent need to design base plates considering... 

    Parametric Study of Unbonded Post Tensioned Precast Concrete Structural Walls Under Lateral Loading

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sadeghi, Omid (Author) ; Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The use of unbonded post-tensioned precast concrete walls with horizontal joints as the primary lateral load resisting system in seismic zones has been considered in several previous studies. These walls are constructed by post-tensioning precast wall panels across horizontal joints using post-tensioning steel which is not bonded to the concrete. The behavior of the unbounded post-tensioned precast structural wall under lateral loads strongly depends on base panel geometry and concrete confinement properties. In this research an analytical parametric investigation on base panel design parameters is conducted using DRAIN-2DX software. Fiber beam-column elements are used to represent the... 

    Thermal-economic Modeling and Optimization of Ground-Coupled Heat Pump System for Various Climatic Conditions of Iran

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tabarjafar Gholibisheh, Hamzeh (Author) ; Abbaspour Tehrani Fard, Madjid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The optimal design of a ground-coupled heat pump (GCHP) system with vertical ground heat exchanger (VGHX) includes thermal modeling of the system and selection of optimal design parameters is presented in this research. Then, by applying Nelder-Mead optimization algorithm, an objective function (Total Annual Cost which is the sum of annual investment and operating costs of the system) is defined and minimized, exposed to specified design constraints. Also, Genetic Algorithm is used to verify the optimal design process. In order to evaluate the accuracy of a presented model, the optimum values of a heat pump design parameters includes saturated temperature/pressure of a condenser and... 

    Parametric Study on Seismic Performance of Spherical RC Domes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gholamrezaie, Amir (Author) ; Vafaei, Abolhassan (Supervisor) ; Mofid, Massoud (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    The present parametric study discusses the effective factors on seismic performance of spherical RC domes. For this perpose, a series of domes with different spans, a variety of contact angles (the angle between the bottom of the sphere and the center of the sphere), openings with different areas and various support condition are studied. Then the value of response modification factor and it's components is determined to take into account the effect of each component. The results obtained indicated that the response modification factor increases as the contact angle enhances. However, the span of domes insignificantly affects the value of response modification factor.also analysis on domes... 

    Parametric Study of Simple Column-Base Connections under Cyclic Loading

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghaffari Cherati, Amir (Author) ; Mofid, Massoud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Column-base connections are one of the most important elements in steel structures which connect the steel frame to the foundation. Therefore, in structures erected in seismic areas, these connections are critical to convey cyclic inertia forces to the frame. In this research the author performed a parametric study utilizing Finite Elements Method (FEM) to investigate the connection’s cyclic behavior. Primarily, the modeling method is verified and calibrated by the use of available experimental data. Afterwards, the parametric computer models are made. Though some researchers have investigated similar connection types, some components’ parameters like the column’s dimensions have not been... 

    Modeling of in Plane Behavior of Retrofitted Adobe Walls with Finite Element Method under Cyclic Loading

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammad Panah, Hossein (Author) ; Bakhshi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Ghannad, Mohammad Ali (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Statistical studies indicate the fact that in Iran, like many other developing countries, a significant percentage of buildings are made of traditional materials and most of them are adobe buildings especially in rural areas. Furthermore, geological data indicates that Iran is located in alps-Himalayas seismic zone and exposed by destructive earthquakes and adobe buildings suffer the most damages comparing with other type of the structures. According to these explanations, this research deals with adobe buildings behavior and provides solutions for reinforcing them and improving the seismic response of these buildings. These studies include numerical modeling with finite elements methods by... 

    Investigating of the Behavior of the Column Base Plate with Eccentirisity Using FEM

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moeini, Amin (Author) ; Vafaei, Abolhassan (Supervisor) ; Mofid, massoud (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Base plate is one of the crucial elements in steel structures which transfer force from column to foundation and also prevent stress concentration in jointing area between them. For investigating the behavior of base plate under different caseloads such as axial, transverse and earthquake loads, it is necessary to consider all the involved elements including column, base plate, foundation, anchor rods and also interaction between these elements. In this study the connection between column and base plate, base plate and foundation are analyzed thoroughly. The behavior of base plate with a box type column with and without stiffener under the static loads is analyzed using finite element... 

    Analytical and Parametric Study of Telescopic Lead Shear Damper

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Homaei, Hossein (Author) ; Eskandari, Morteza (Supervisor) ; Arghavani, Jamal (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    This research studies behavior and implementing of telescopic lead shear damper in structures. Telescopic lead shear damper (TLSD) is a type of metallic yielding dampers that can dissipated energy with usage of shear yielding of lead. TLSD is made from behind act of two lead shear damper (LSD) like a telescope. Lead shear damper composed of two coaxial steel pipes where their interfacial gap is filled with pure lead. The interface of lead and steel pipes are roughened in a threaded form to guarantee the no-slip condition across the interface. Due to stable and fat force displacement hysteresis loops of TLSD, this device can be used in structures subjected to wind, seismic, and other dynamic... 

    Numerical Optimization and Parametric Study of Cooperative Salvo Attack Using Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shahadati, Mohammad (Author) ; Saghafi, Fariborz (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research work, several guidance laws have been utilized and validated, considering the contraints on the missslie seeker angle and maximum acceleration, in order to simultaneously intercept the so-called Close-in Weapon System (CIWS) by multiple missiles. First of all, the existing guidance laws for salvo-attack are reveiwed. Then, a simulation program has been developed and validated for the misslie and CIWS as a five and two degrees of freedom systems, respectively. Optimization of the system is then carried out by the method of Particle Swarm Optimization, considering the given constraints. In the next step, for the improvement of the optimized guidance law, paramertic study has... 

    Numerical Modeling of the Dynamic Behavior of Piles and Pile Groups Due to Liquefaction- Induced Lateral Spreading

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pakzad, Amin (Author) ; Haeri, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The phenomenon of lateral spreading occurs as a consequence of earthquakes induced liquefaction in grounds with mild slopes or ending to an opening. This phenomenon has caused many damages to deep foundations and associated structures. Therefore, it is necessary to study and estimate the forces which may be induced by lateral spreading to these structures. Due to the complex mechanism of the effect of lateral spreading on the piles, various tests have been carried out in the form of shaking table as well as centrifuge tests. According to the results of these tests, the forces applied to the piles are significant and can cause crucial damages to deep foundations. On the other hand, because... 

    Design, modeling and optimization of a novel two DOF polymeric electro-thermal micro-actuator

    , Article Applied Mechanics and Materials ; Vol. 307 , 2013 , pp. 112-116 ; ISSN: 16609336 ; ISBN: 9783037856598 Sheikhbahaie, R ; Alasty, A ; Salarieh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this paper, design, simulation and optimization of a novel electrothermally-activated polymeric microactuator capable of generating combination of bidirectional lateral and rotational motions are presented. The composite structure of this actuator is consisted of a symmetric meandered shape silicon skeleton, a SU8 thermal expandable polymer and a thin film chrome layer heater. This actuator is controlled by applying appropriate voltages on its four terminals. With the purpose of dimension optimization, a numerical parametric study is executed. The modeled actuator which is 1560 ?m long, 156 ?m wide and 30 ?m thick, demonstrates a remarkable lateral displacement of 23 ?m at power... 

    Investigation of effective parameters on the performance of the helium liquefaction cycle

    , Article International Journal of Heat and Technology ; Volume 37, Issue 4 , 2019 , Pages 1009-1018 ; 03928764 (ISSN) Larijani, M. A ; Eslami, M ; Afshin, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    International Information and Engineering Technology Association  2019
    Abstract
    Due to its unique properties, helium has wide application in different industries and scientific fields, which has turned it into a strategic material. Helium liquefaction plants include wide temperature range from 300 k to 4.2 k, so these plants have high energy consumption. A lot of studies have done to optimize the operation of these cycles. In this research, an exergy analysis is performed for a liquid helium production plant. The optimal performance of 3 and 4 stage cycles is extracted using parametric study and the results are compared with those of Collins dual-expander cycle. The results show that by increasing the number of cooling stages, not only the compressor optimum discharge... 

    Investigation of effective parameters on the performance of the helium liquefaction cycle

    , Article International Journal of Heat and Technology ; Volume 37, Issue 4 , 2019 , Pages 1009-1018 ; 03928764 (ISSN) Larijani, M. A ; Eslami, M ; Afshin, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    International Information and Engineering Technology Association  2019
    Abstract
    Due to its unique properties, helium has wide application in different industries and scientific fields, which has turned it into a strategic material. Helium liquefaction plants include wide temperature range from 300 k to 4.2 k, so these plants have high energy consumption. A lot of studies have done to optimize the operation of these cycles. In this research, an exergy analysis is performed for a liquid helium production plant. The optimal performance of 3 and 4 stage cycles is extracted using parametric study and the results are compared with those of Collins dual-expander cycle. The results show that by increasing the number of cooling stages, not only the compressor optimum discharge...