Search for: acetic-acid
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    Multicomponent nanoparticles as means to improve anaerobic digestion performance

    , Article Chemosphere ; Volume 283 , 2021 ; 00456535 (ISSN) Baniamerian, H ; Ghofrani Isfahani, P ; Tsapekos, P ; Alvarado Morales, M ; Shahrokhi, M ; Angelidaki, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Sufficient quantity of trace metals is essential for a well performing anaerobic digestion (AD) process. Among the essential trace elements in active sites of multiple important enzymes for AD are iron and nickel ions. In the present study, iron and nickel in the form of Fe2O3 and NiO were coated on TiO2 nanoparticles to be used in batch and continuous operation mode. The effect of TiO2, Fe2O3–TiO2, and NiO–TiO2 nanoparticles on each step of AD process was assessed utilizing simple substrates (i.e. cellulose, glucose, acetic acid, and mixture of H2–CO2) as well as complex ones (i.e. municipal biopulp). The hydrolysis rate of cellulose substrate increased with higher dosages of the coated... 

    Dna-Rna hybrid (R-loop): From a unified picture of the mammalian telomere to the genome-wide profile

    , Article Cells ; Volume 10, Issue 6 , 2021 ; 20734409 (ISSN) Rassoulzadegan, M ; Sharifi Zarchi, A ; Kianmehr, L ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI  2021
    Local three-stranded DNA/RNA hybrid regions of genomes (R-loops) have been detected either by binding of a monoclonal antibody (DRIP assay) or by enzymatic recognition by RNaseH. Such a structure has been postulated for mouse and human telomeres, clearly suggested by the identification of the complementary RNA Telomeric repeat-containing RNA “TERRA”. However, the tremendous disparity in the information obtained with antibody-based technology drove us to investigate a new strategy. Based on the observation that DNA/RNA hybrids in a triplex complex genome co-purify with the double-stranded chromosomal DNA fraction, we developed a direct preparative approach from total protein-free cellular... 

    Effect of slow biodegradable substrate addition on biofilm structure and reactor performance in two MBBRs filled with different support media

    , Article Environmental Technology (United Kingdom) ; Volume 41, Issue 21 , 2020 , Pages 2750-2759 Ashrafi, E ; Allahyari, E ; Torresi, E ; Andersen, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2020
    In this study, two moving-bed biofilm reactors (MBBR1 and MBBR2) filled with different size of carrier media (Kaldnes K1 and Kaldnes K1 micro, respectively) were subjected to soluble (sugar and sodium acetate (Ac)) substrate and mixture of soluble and particulate (particulate potato starch (PS)) substrate in a very high organic loading rate (12 kgCOD/m3·d) at different temperatures (26 and 15°C, in MBBR1 and MBBR2, respectively). The effects of carrier type and substrate on biofilm structure and reactor performance have been studied. Starch was removed by adsorption at the biofilm surface and hydrolyzed which caused substrate gradient in MBBR1, however, hydrolyzed uniformly within biofilm in... 

    Design, synthesis and application of imidazole-based organic dyes in dye sensitized solar cells

    , Article Journal of Electronic Materials ; Volume 49, Issue 6 , 2020 , Pages 3735-3750 Nabavi, S. M. J ; Alinezhad, H ; Hosseinzadeh, B ; Ghahary, R ; Tajbakhsh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Metal-free D–D–π–A type dyes (i.e., Car-Cy, Car-Rh, Dpa-Cy, and Dpa-Rh) were designed and synthesized for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). In the structure of the sensitized dyes, an imidazole ring is connected to a carbazole or diphenylamine moiety as a donor while cyanoacetic acid or rhodanine-3-acetic acid was introduced as an acceptor/anchor. The molecular structures of D–D–π–A type dyes were characterized using IR, NMR and MS spectral data. The optical, electrochemical, theoretical, light harvesting property, HOMO/LUMO levels, redox behavior, and photovoltaic properties of the synthesized dyes were evaluated. Among the fabricated photovoltaic devices based on the prepared dye, Dpa-Cy... 

    Generic extraction medium: From highly polar to non-polar simultaneous determination

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 1066 , 2019 , Pages 1-12 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Zeinali, S ; Khalilzadeh, M ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Sample preparation for non-target analysis is challenging due to the difficulty in the extraction of polar and non-polar analytes simultaneously. Most commercial solid sorbents lack the proper comprehensiveness for extraction of analytes with different physiochemical properties. A possible key is the combination of hydrophobic polymer and hydrophilic surface functional groups in solid based extraction methods in order to generate the susceptibility for retaining both polar and non-polar analytes. To pursue this goal, in this study, four polar groups including [sbnd]NH 2 , [sbnd]NO 2 , [sbnd]COOH, and [sbnd]COCH 3 were chemically bound to Amberlite XAD-4 substrate in order to prepare a... 

    Investigation of the impact of synthesized hydrophobic magnetite nanoparticles on mass transfer and hydrodynamics of stagnant and stirred liquid–liquid extraction systems

    , Article Chemical Engineering Research and Design ; Volume 147 , 2019 , Pages 305-318 ; 02638762 (ISSN) Hatami, A ; Azizi, Z ; Bastani, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institution of Chemical Engineers  2019
    The impact of modified magnetite nanoparticles (MMNPs)on hydrodynamics and mass transfer in liquid–liquid extraction process was assessed using a ternary chemical system of toluene-acetic acid–water. The organic phase which contained toluene and acetic acid was dispersed through water, and the mass transfer of acetic acid between two phases was investigated. The hydrophobic modified magnetite nanoparticles (MMNPs)prepared through an optimized in-situ method were added to the dispersed phase at different concentrations (0.001−0.005 wt%). Two separate conditions were provided in the experiments, i.e. stagnant and stirred continuous phase. The latter case was provided by a rotor at two... 

    Metabolomics analysis of the saliva in patients with chronic hepatitis b using nuclear magnetic resonance: A pilot study

    , Article Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences ; Volume 22, Issue 9 , 2019 , Pages 1044-1049 ; 20083866 (ISSN) Gilany, K ; Mohamadkhani, A ; Chashmniam, S ; Shahnazari, P ; Amini, M ; Arjmand, B ; Malekzadeh, R ; Nobakht Motlagh Ghoochani, B. F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Mashhad University of Medical Sciences  2019
    Objective(s): Hepatitis B virus infection causes chronic disease such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The metabolomics investigations have been demonstrated to be related to pathophysiologic mechanisms in many disorders such as hepatitis B infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the saliva metabolic profile of patients with chronic hepatitis B infection and to identify underlying mechanisms as well as potential biomarkers associated with the disease. Materials and Methods: Saliva from 16 healthy subjects and 20 patients with chronic hepatitis B virus were analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Then, multivariate statistical analysis was performed to identify... 

    Simulation of methanol carbonylation reactor in acetic acid production plant: selection of an appropriate correlation for mass transfer coefficients

    , Article International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering ; Volume 17, Issue 4 , 2019 ; 15426580 (ISSN) Jafari, A. A ; Tourani, S ; Khorasheh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    De Gruyter  2019
    This paper deals with mathematical modeling and simulation of methanol carbonylation reactor in acetic acid production plant that consisted of a continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR), a flash drum, a Joule-Thomson valve, and a condenser. The model was based on material and energy balances that considered liquid-gas mass transfer, thermodynamics, and reactor hydrodynamics. The most important aspect of the model was the selection of an appropriate correlation for prediction of mass transfer coefficient. Several correlations were examined and comparison of the model results with plant data indicated that the correlation reported by Lemoine was most appropriate. The simulation results were... 

    Ternary composite of TiO2 nanotubes/Ti plates modified by g-C3N4 and SnO2 with enhanced photocatalytic activity for enhancing antibacterial and photocatalytic activity

    , Article Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology ; Volume 178 , 2018 , Pages 124-132 ; 10111344 (ISSN) Faraji, M ; Mohaghegh, N ; Abedini, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    A series of g-C3N4-SnO2/TiO2 nanotubes/Ti plates were fabricated via simple dipping of TiO2 nanotubes/Ti in a solution containing SnCl2 and g-C3N4 nanosheets and finally annealing of the plates. Synthesized plates were characterized by various techniques. The SEM analysis revealed that the g-C3N4-SnO2 nanosheets with high physical stability have been successfully deposited onto the surface of TiO2 nanotubes/Ti plate. Photocatalytic activity was investigated using two probe chemical reactions: oxidative decomposition of acetic acid and oxidation of 2-propanol under irradiation. Antibacterial activities for Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria were also investigated in dark and under UV/Vis... 

    New organic dyes with diphenylamine core for dye-sensitized solar cells

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics ; Volume 29, Issue 8 , April , 2018 , Pages 6323-6336 ; 09574522 (ISSN) Salimi Beni, A. R ; Karami, M ; Hosseinzadeh, B ; Ghahary, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2018
    In the current investigation, four novel donoracceptor type organic dyes including (DPA-Ba, DPA-Hy, DPA-Rh, DPA-Cy), are proposed and their photophysical and electrochemical properties as well as dye-sensitized solar cell performance are systematically investigated. Among these dyes diphenylamine is utilized as an-electron donor while barbituric acid, hydantoin, rhodanine-n-acetic acid and cyano acetic acid, are proposed as anchoring groups as dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The synthesized dyes are characterized using FT-IR, NMR, mass spectrometry, absorbance and electrochemical measurements. The photophysical, electrochemical and photovoltaic properties of the solar cells based on... 

    Metabolomics diagnostic approach to mustard airway diseases: A preliminary study

    , Article Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences ; Volume 21, Issue 1 , 2018 , Pages 59-69 ; 20083866 (ISSN) Nobakht Mothlagh Ghoochani, B. F ; Aliannejad, R ; Oskouie, A. A ; Tavirani, M. R ; Kalantari, S ; Naseri, M. T ; Baghban, A. A ; Parastar, H ; Aliakbarzadeh, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Mashhad University of Medical Sciences  2018
    Objective(s): This study aims to evaluate combined proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) metabolic profiling approaches, for discriminating between mustard airway diseases (MADs) and healthy controls and for providing biochemical information on this disease. Materials and Methods: In the present study, analysis of serum samples collected from 17 MAD subjects and 12 healthy controls was performed using NMR. Of these subjects, 14 (8 patients and 6 controls) were analyzed by GC-MS. Then, their spectral profiles were subjected to principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares regression discriminant... 

    NMR spectroscopy-based metabolomic study of serum in sulfur mustard exposed patients with lung disease

    , Article Biomarkers ; Volume 22, Issue 5 , 2017 , Pages 413-419 ; 1354750X (ISSN) Nobakht, B.F., M. Gh ; Arefi Oskouie, A ; Rezaei Tavirani, M ; Aliannejad, R ; Taheri, S ; Fathi, F ; Naseri, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2017
    Sulfur mustard (SM) is a vesication chemical warfare agent for which there is currently no antidote. Despite years of research, there is no common consensus about the pathophysiological basis of chronic pulmonary disease caused by this chemical warfare agent. In this study, we combined chemometric techniques with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to explore the metabolic profile of sera from SM-exposed patients. A total of 29 serum samples obtained from 17 SM-injured patients, and 12 healthy controls were analyzed by Random Forest. Increased concentrations of seven amino acids, glycerol, dimethylamine, ketone bodies, lactate, acetate, citrulline and creatine together with the... 

    Synthesis and characterization of polyamide membrane for the separation of acetic acid from water using RO process

    , Article Membrane Water Treatment ; Volume 8, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 323-336 ; 20058624 (ISSN) Mirfarah, H ; Mousavi, S. A ; Mortazavi, S. S ; Sadeghi, M ; Bastani, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Techno Press  2017
    The main challenge in many applications of acetic acid is acid dehydration and its recovery from wastewater streams. Therefore, the performance of polyamide thin film composite is evaluated to separate acetic acid from water. To reach this goal, the formation of polyamide layer on polysulfone support membrane was investigated via interfacial polymerization (IP) of meta-phenylenediamine (MPD) in water with trimesoyl chloride (TMC) in hexane. Also, the effect of synthesis conditions, such as concentration of monomers and curing temperature on separation of acetic acid from water were investigated by reverse osmosis process. Moreover, the separation mechanism was discussed. The solute... 

    Mass-transfer enhancement in single drop extraction in the presence of magnetic nanoparticles and magnetic field

    , Article AIChE Journal ; Volume 62, Issue 12 , 2016 , Pages 4466-4479 ; 00011541 (ISSN) Vahedi, A ; Molaei Dehkordi, A ; Fadaei, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2016
    Magnetite nanoparticles with an average particle size of 28.8 nm were synthesized, coated with oleic acid, and characterized using various techniques such as DLS, FT-IR, SEM, XRD, VSM, and UV-Vis analysis. A nanofluid consisting of synthesized nanoparticles and 5 wt % acetic acid in toluene as the dispersed phase was prepared and used in the chemical test system, Toluene-Acetic Acid-Water, for the single drop extraction in the presence and absence of an external oscillating magnetic field. Influences of various operating and design parameters such as nanoparticle concentration, drop diameter, and the applied current and frequency on the overall mass-transfer coefficients for the... 

    A combined model for large scale batch culture MFC-digester with various wastewaters through different populations

    , Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 106 , December , 2015 , Pages 298-307 ; 15675394 (ISSN) Karimi Alavijeh, M ; Yaghmaei, S ; Mardanpour, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    In this study, a new model of microbial fuel cell (MFC) was obtained for the first time. The modeled MFC was made using a combination of two approaches; the conduction-based method and two-step anaerobic digestion. Performance of the MFC was based on calculations for current evolution and polarization curves with different subsequent variables of the biofilm and anolyte. The model was able to make predictions for performance of the MFC for a simple substrate to more complex ones. The model was successfully validated with a variety of substrates (acetate, glucose and dairy wastewater) and the results were compared with previously published measurements. The model polarization results showed... 

    Grafting the sol-gel based sorbents by diazonium salts: A novel approach toward unbreakable capillary microextraction

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1318 , November , 2013 , Pages 58-64 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Bayat, P ; Piri Moghadam, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    The present work deals with a novel approach for grafting a sol-gel based sorbent, using diazonium salts for preparation of an unbreakable capillary microextraction (CME) device in on-line combination with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The use of diazonium salts modifier allowed all types of metallic and non-metallic substrates to be used without any limitation. Substrates including copper, brass, stainless steel and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) were chosen to be functionalized by chemical or electrochemical reduction of 4-amino phenyl acetic acid. Then, 3-(trimethoxysilyl)propylamine (3TMSPA) was selected as the precursor and the only reagent for preparation of the... 

    Efficient one-pot four-component synthesis and X-ray crystallographic structure of 2-pyridone derivatives

    , Article Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry ; Volume 50, Issue 6 , 2013 , Pages 1272-1280 ; 0022152X (ISSN) Balalaie, S ; Hashemi, M. M ; Khezri, S. H ; Rominger, F ; Ghabraie, E ; Oeser, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    A series of 3-cyano-2-pyridone derivatives were synthesized by one-pot four-component condensation reaction involving a benzaldehyde derivative, alkyl cyanoacetate, acyclic or cyclic ketones, and ammonium acetate in reflux condition. The X-ray structure of the products 5a and 5d confirm symmetric dimers via hydrogen bonding interactions between individual pyridine molecules showing, in addition, also π-π stacking interactions  

    The stereoselective synthesis of tetrahydrothiopyrano[2,3-b]indole skeletons via tandem reaction of indoline-2-thiones to Baylis-Hillman adduct acetates

    , Article Tetrahedron ; Volume 69, Issue 38 , September , 2013 , Pages 8169-8173 ; 00404020 (ISSN) Moghaddam, F. M ; Foroushani, B. K ; Sobhani, M ; Masoud, N ; Khodabakhshi, M. R ; Weng, N. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Indoline-2-thiones (5) were applied as 1,3-dinucleophiles in a tandem reaction with Baylis-Hillman adduct acetates (4) to give novel tetrahydrothiopyrano[2,3-b]indole skeletons (6). The effect of different solvents, bases, and catalysts on the yields and stereochemical outcome was studied in detail. The results indicated that acetonitrile as solvent and K 2CO3 as base, under reflux conditions, were the optimum conditions. Products 6a-6l were obtained in high diastereoselectivity and yield (up to 94%)  

    Synthesis and characterization of TiO2-graphene nanocomposites modified with noble metals as a photocatalyst for degradation of pollutants

    , Article Applied Catalysis A: General ; Volume 462-463 , 2013 , Pages 82-90 ; 0926860X (ISSN) Ghasemi, S ; Esfandiar, A ; Rahman Setayesh, S ; Habibi Yangjeh, A ; Iraji Zad, A ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    TiO2-graphene (TiO2-GR) nanocomposites were synthesized using photocatalytic reduction method. TiO2-GR nanocomposites were thereafter doped with noble metals (Pt and Pd) by chemical reduction of the corresponding cations. The samples were characterized by different techniques. The addition of GR to TiO2 decreases the crystalline size of TiO2 due to the homogeneous dispersion of the TiO2 nanoparticles on GR sheets and prevention of coagulation of TiO2 nanoparticles during synthesis process. In addition, the surface area of TiO2 was increased by addition of GR and deposition of noble metals which helps to prevent agglomeration of graphene sheets and TiO 2 nanoparticles. Red shifts to the... 

    Study of droplet behaviour along a pulsed liquid-liquid extraction column in the presence of nanoparticles

    , Article Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering ; Volume 91, Issue 3 , 2013 , Pages 506-515 ; 00084034 (ISSN) Khoobi, N ; Bahmanyar, A ; Molavi, H ; Bastani, D ; Mozdianfard, M. R ; Bahmanyar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this article, droplet size and its distribution along a pulsed liquid-liquid extraction column, is studied where SiO2 nanoparticles with concentrations of 0.01, 0.05 and 0.1vol.% and different hydrophobicities are applied to the dispersed phase. Using ultrasonication, nanoparticles were dispersed in kerosene as the base fluid. Nanofluids' stability was ensured using a UV-vis spectrophotometer. Some 22,000 droplets were measured by photographic technique and results were compared with systems containing no-nanoparticles (Water-Acetic acid-Kerosene). Addition of nanoparticles changed the droplet shape from ellipsoidal to spherical. Also, there was a marked influence on droplet breakage and...