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    Gold Electroless from Sulfite-thiosulfate Bath

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jahanianfar, Hooman (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Gold coatings due to their unique properties, use in a wide range of applications.Decorative coatings of gold for centuries, has been considered.However, few studies have been done on the properties of this metal, this metal is shown not only in terms of decorating, but in the industry also has a wide range of applications. In this project non-cyanide electroless bath based on binary complex sulfite-thiosulfate was prepared and metal ion concentration of the complex components, temperature, time, pH and addition of amino acids, optimzed bystability, qualityand rate of coating. The main aim of optimizing bathsis optimize the thickness and appearance of the coating.It was found that by... 

    Expremental Studying and Thermodynamic Modeling of Separation of Amino Acids by Ionic Liquids

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nazem, Hadi (Author) ; Ghotbi, Cyrus (Supervisor) ; Taghikhani, Vahid (Supervisor) ; Vosoghi, Manochehr (Supervisor)
    In this work, partitioning of amino acids such as glutamic acid, phenyl anine and tryptophan in aqueous and ionic liquid phases at 298.15 K and atmospheric pressure was measured. [C4mim][Tf2N] is used due can produce two phase with water rapidly. Studying the effect of liquid solution pH on amino acids partitioning shows that increasing of pH results in decreasing of amino acid partitioning coefficient. This phenomenon pertains to electrostatic interactions between cation of amino acid and anion of ionic liquid which reduces when pH increases. Considering the effect of pH, liquid-liquid equilibrium data of amino acids was obtained in a pH that owning maximum partioning coefficient. Chemical... 

    Computational Design of Novel Medicines as Inhibitors in Case of Cancer and Autoimmune Disease Treatment Based on Amino Acid and Sugar

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Feghhi, Razieh (Author) ; Fattahi, Alireza (Supervisor)
    SHP2 has been reported as a critical non-receptor phosphatase enzyme that plays crucial roles in numerous disorders like cancer. The previous studies on this enzyme showed that inhibiting the action of the enzyme comes as a way of controlling enzyme activity. SHP099 was discovered as an Allosteric inhibitor of the enzyme with the most inhibitory effect among all of the studied compounds. In this study we aimed to design novel dipeptide-and sugar-based inhibitors for the allosteric binding site of this enzyme with in-silico studies including docking, molecular dynamic simulation, and free binding energy analysis. Our novel designed drugs possess enough binding properties, low toxicity, and... 

    Design a New Sugar- amino Acid-based Drug Structure as an Alternative to Methotrexate, with the Aim of Treating Leukemia and some Autoimmune Diseases

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shapouri, Amin Mohammad (Author) ; Fattahi, Alireza (Supervisor)
    This project aims to design a drug to fight leukemia and some autoimmune diseases having few side effects. These drugs are composed of natural sugar and amino acid structures. Among the various treatments available, drug structures as inhibitors of enzymes involved in cancer-related cellular processes is an important treatment. Methotrexate is one of the most widely used anticancer drugs in the last half-century and treats leukemia and many autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis. It is a derivative of folic acid (vitamin B9) and one of the drugs with specific properties. It is an anti-folate whose anti-metabolic effects can help kill cancer cells. One of the problems with using this drug to... 

    Design of Methods for Synthesis and Immobilization of Nitrogen Ligands Such as Pyridine onto the Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles and Design of Pharmaceutical Structures Based on Amino Acids and Carbohydrates to Inhibit Polymerase Η for the Treatment of Leukemia and their Applications In Resins and Ionic Liquids

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Kalhor, Sepideh (Author) ; Matloubi Moghaddam, Firouz (Supervisor) ; Fattahi, Alireza (Supervisor)
    1- Mesoporous silica materials have been found to possess pore sizes ranging from 2 -10 nm alongside 2D-hexagonal and 3D-cubic structural features. The specific properties of nanoparticles of the mesoporous silica family, such as the collected size, porosity, morphology, and high chemical stability, make them among the best drug delivery systems and catalysts. Designing the catalysts with advanced structures that effectively locate the transition metals and create active centres onto the surfaces of mesoporous silica materials has attracted extraordinary attention. According to many studies, mesoporous silica materials without organic functional groups cannot be used as catalysts in chemical... 

    Synthesis of Amino Acids Schiff Base Complexes of Gadolinium and Study of Their Interaction with BSA

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abedi, Najmeh (Author) ; Mohammadi Boghaei, Davar (Supervisor)
    Salicylaldehyde-amino acid Schiff base complexes are used as non-enzymatic models for the metal-pyridoxal (Vitamin B6) amino acid Schiff base systems which are key intermediates in many metabolic reactions of amino acids catalyzed by enzymes which require pyridoxal as a cofactor (transamination, decarboxylation, α and β elimination, racemization, etc.). In addition, complexes of amino acid Schiff bases are considered to constitute new kinds of potential anticancer, antitumor, antiradical and antibacterial reagents. On the other hand nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), has become a powerful tool for clinical diagnostics thanks to the development of a new class of pharmaceuticals... 

    Synthesis and Study of the Interaction of Aza-Crwon Macrocyclic Ligands with Carboxylate Side Arms with Cd Salts

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadzadeh, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Ghanbari, Bahram (Supervisor)
    In the present study, the coordination chemistry of an amino acid azacrown macrocycle ligand bearing one carboxylic acid arm (MA1) was investigated by employing NMR spectroscopy, crystallography and computational chemistry. MA1 was synthetized by the reaction of chloroacetic acid with the parent azacrown macrocycle and its purity was confirmed with 13C and 1H NMR for the first time. A new MA1 homologue, MA3 was also successfully prepared and characterized with NMR, mass spectrometry, and elemental analysis. NMR studies showed that MA1 binds to cadmium via the carboxylate arm in solution. Crystallographic studies showed that MA1 formed a one-dimensional polymer with cadmium, wherein the... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahmani, Atefeh (Author) ; Gholami, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Nanosized CdS coupled TiO2 nanocrystals were prepared by a microemulsion-mediated Hydrothermal method at relatively low temperatures. Modification of this nanocomposite with Tyrosine,Phenylalanine,Glysine and Glutamate ,especially Tyrosine resulted in enhanced photocatalytic degradation rate of Nitrobenzene( NB ) compared to using CdS-TiO2 under visible light irradiation. The prepared samples were characterized by BET,SEM, XRD, UV–Vis spectroscopy ,FTIR .It was found which have high surface area about 470 m2 g−1 and mesoporous character with the average pore diameter of 2.8 nm.The results showed this nanocomposite consisted of uniform anatase TiO2 with highly dispersed cubic phase CdS... 

    Synthesis and Application of Aminophenolic Ligands in Preparation of Perovskite-type Inorganic Membranes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hajibabaei Najafabadi, Hamed (Author) ; Ghanbari, Bahram (Supervisor)
    Inorganic membranes are a group of compounds which are used in gas separations such as isolating of oxygen from air and/or in petrochemical process like OCM, POM. These days, a variety of research is being conducted to synthesize these membranes from perovskite structures with formulation of ABO3. These compounds have various production procedures and various final perovskite compounds. The purpose of this project is to synthesis and identification of a group of phenolic amino acidic derivatives as new chelating agents, and their use in synthesis of perovskite membranes. For this, novel phenol derivatives of glycine, alanine, β- alanine and leucine amino acids were synthesized and... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology GHasemi Toosi, Faeze (Author) ; Ghanbari, Bahram (Supervisor)
    The purpose of this project is the synthesis and characterization of a group of phenolic amino acidic derivatives that are studied in both solid phases as well as their solutions. For this, new phenol derivatives of serin and isoleucine amino acids were synthesized and characterized by 1H NMR , 13C NMR, IR spectroscopy as well as elemental analysis. These ligands were utilized to prepare LSF perovskite membrane. According to their XRD patterns, it was concluded that the powdered precursor prepared by serin derivative has shown better qualification and less intermediate phase in the synthesized perovskite membrane similar to the sample prepared by applying EDTA. Furthermore, in the previous... 

    Preparation of Thin-Film Nanocomposite Membranes Based on Metal-Organic Frameworks (Mofs) and Study of their Performance in Forward Osmosis (Fo) Process

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Bayrami, Arshad (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    The forward osmosis (FO) process is a high potential emerging membrane process in the seawater desalination and contaminated water treatment fields. One of the main challenges facing this process is the weak separation (high reverse solute flux, low water flux, and insufficient selectivity) and antifouling performances of its membranes. Various sections of this study focus on the development of FO membranes and their performance improvement. For this purpose, thin-film composite membranes with the same combination of polyethersulfone/polyamide (PES/PA) have been used to investigate the effect of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) introduction on their performance. The support layer in all cases... 

    Expression and Purification of Amyloid Beta Recombinant Peptide and the Effecs of Ultrasmall Peptides Enriched in Branch Chain Amino Acids as Inhibitors in Amyloid Formation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rezaei Adariani, Soheila (Author) ; Kalhor, Hamid Reza (Supervisor)
    Nowdays, it has been shown that protein misfolding is involved in more than forty diseases including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Alzheimer’s disease is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases that disrupts brain function. The main cause of this illness is due to formation of extracellular amyloid plaque from a 42-amino acid-peptide called amyloid beta. Amyloidosis is caused by missfolding of peptides and proteins mainly because of physical and chemical changes in biomolecule or their environment.
    Therefore, in this dissertation, using synthetic and recombinant abeta peptide, kinetic of amyloidosis was examined. Ultrasmall peptides (three-amino acid), containing branched chain... 

    Visual recognition of tryptophan enantiomers using chiral self assemblies of quantum dots

    , Article ACS Applied Nano Materials ; 2021 ; 25740970 (ISSN) Fahimi Kashani, N ; Jafar Nezhad Ivrigh, Z ; Bigdeli, A ; Hormozi Nezhad, M.R ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2021
    Discrimination of chiral targets is generally achieved with chiral nanomaterials. However, the limited number of intrinsic chiral nanostructures as well as their complex synthesis procedure has led to the production of chirality-induced nanomaterials as alternatives. Chirality can be induced in nanomaterials by either chirality transfer or the formation of chiral assemblies. Using the latter approach, in this work, we have provided chiral supramolecular assemblies of CdTe quantum dots (QDs) from achiral starting materials. CTAB-QD assemblies showed chiroptical activities, and their orange emission in combination with the blue emission of carbon dots was utilized as a ratiometric chiral... 

    Useful multivariate kinetic analysis: Size determination based on cystein-induced aggregation of gold nanoparticles

    , Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 115 , 2013 , Pages 588-594 ; 13861425 (ISSN) Rabbani, F ; Nezhad, M. R. H ; Abdollahi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    This study describes spectrometric monitored kinetic processes to determine the size of citrate-capped Au nanoparticles (Au NPs) based on aggregation induced by L-cysteine (L-Cys) as a molecular linker. The Au NPs association process is thoroughly dependent on pH, concentration and size of nanoparticles. Size dependency of aggregation inspirits to determine the average diameters of Au NPs. For this aim the procedure is achieved in aqueous medium at pH 7 (phosphate buffer), and multivariate data including kinetic spectra of Au NPs are collected during aggregation process. Subsequently partial least squares (PLS) modeling is carried out analyzing the obtained data. The model is built on the... 

    Ultrasonic-assisted synthesis of magnetite based MRI contrast agent using cysteine as the biocapping coating

    , Article Materials Chemistry and Physics ; Volume 131, Issue 1-2 , 2011 , Pages 170-177 ; 02540584 (ISSN) Ahmadi, R ; Malek, M ; Hosseini, H. R. M ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Oghabian, M. A ; Masoudi, A ; Gu, N ; Zhang, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    Magnetite nanoparticles (mean particle size ranging from 10 to 20 nm) were prepared by a biomoleculeassisted solution-phase approach under ultrasonic irradiation. Cysteine was used as the capping agent in the solution. The results show that cysteine could be an efficient biocapping agent in producing Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The crystal structure and magnetic properties of the nanoparticles were characterized by XRD and VSM techniques, respectively. FT-IR was used to investigate the presence of cysteine on the nanoparticles surface. The influence of pH value of the solution on the size distribution and hydrodynamic size of nanoparticles were studied by TEM and DLS methods, respectively. The MTT... 

    Theoretical study of the electron transport through the cysteine amino acid nanomolecular wire

    , Article International Journal of Nanoscience ; Volume 7, Issue 2-3 , 2008 , Pages 95-102 ; 0219581X (ISSN) Ganji, M. D ; Aghaie, H ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd  2008
    In this paper, we study the electrical transport and Negative Differential Resistance (NDR) in a single molecular conductor consisting of a cysteine sandwiched between two Au(111) electrodes via the Density Functional Theory-based Nonequilibrium Green's Function (DFT-NEGF) method. We show that (surprisingly, despite their apparent simplicity, these Au/cysteine/Au nanowires are shown to be a convenient NDR device) the smallest two-terminal molecular wire can exhibit NDR behavior to date. Experiments with a conventional or novel self-assembled monolayer (SAM) are proposed to test these predictions. The projected density of states (PDOSs) and transmission coefficients T(E) under various... 

    The metabolomics signature associated with responsiveness to steroid therapy in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis: A pilot study

    , Article Revista de Investigacion Clinica ; Volume 71, Issue 2 , 2019 , Pages 106-115 ; 00348376 (ISSN) Chashmniam, S ; Kalantari, S ; Nafar, M ; Boroumandnia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Instituto Nacional de la Nutricion Salvador Zubiran  2019
    Background: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is considered one of the most severe glomerular diseases and around 80% of cases are resistant to steroid treatment. Since a large proportion of steroid-resistant (SR) FSGS patients progress to end-stage renal disease, other therapeutic strategies may benefit this population. However, identification of non-invasive biomarkers to predict this high-risk population is needed. Objective: We aimed to identify the biomarker candidates to distinguish SR from steroid-sensitive (SS) patients using metabolomics approach and to identify the possible molecular mechanism of resistance. Methods: Urine was collected from biopsy-proven FSGS patients... 

    The metabolome profiling of obese and non-obese individuals: Metabolically healthy obese and unhealthy non-obese paradox

    , Article Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences ; Volume 23, Issue 2 , 2020 , Pages 186-194 Chashmniam, S ; Madani, N. H ; Ghoochani, B. F. N. M ; Safari Alighiarloo, N ; Khamseh, M. E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Mashhad University of Medical Sciences  2020
    Objective(s): The molecular basis of “metabolically healthy obese” and “metabolically unhealthy non-obese” phenotypes is not fully understood. Our objective was to identify metabolite patterns differing in obese (metabolically healthy vs unhealthy (MHO vs MUHO)) and non-obese (metabolically healthy vs unhealthy (MHNO vs MUHNO)) individuals. Materials and Methods: This case-control study was performed on 86 subjects stratified into four groups using anthropometric and clinical measurements: MHO (21), MUHO (21), MHNO (22), and MUHNO (22). Serum metabolites were profiled using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Multivariate analysis was applied to uncover discriminant metabolites, and enrichment... 

    The impact of including tRNA content on the optimality of the genetic code

    , Article Bulletin of Mathematical Biology ; Volume 67, Issue 6 , 2005 , Pages 1355-1368 ; 00928240 (ISSN) Goodarzi, H ; Shateri Najafabadi, H ; Ahmadi Nejad, H ; Torabi, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Statistical and biochemical studies have revealed nonrandom patterns in codon assignments. The canonical genetic code is known to be highly efficient in minimizing the effects of mistranslational errors and point mutations, since it is known that, when an amino acid is converted to another due to error, the biochemical properties of the resulted amino acid are usually very similar to those of the original one. In this study, we have taken into consideration both relative frequencies of amino acids and relative gene copy frequencies of tRNAs in genomic sequences in order to introduce a fitness function which models the mistranslational probabilities more accurately in modern organisms. The... 

    The effect of cysteine on electrodeposition of gold nanoparticle

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology ; Volume 176, Issue 16 , 2011 , Pages 1307-1312 ; 09215107 (ISSN) Dolati, A ; Imanieh, I ; Salehi, F ; Farahani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The most applications of gold nanoparticles are in the photo-electronical accessories and bio-chemical sensors. Chloride solution with cysteine additive was used as electrolyte in gold nanoparticles electrodeposition. The nucleation and growing mechanism were studied by electrochemical techniques such as cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry, in order to obtain a suitable nano structure. The deposition mechanism was determined as instantaneous nucleation and the dimension of particles was controlled in nanometric particle size range. Atomic Force Microscope was used to evaluate the effect of cysteine on the morphology and topography of gold nanoparticles. Finally the catalytic property of...