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    Heart Motion Measurement and Prediction for Robotic Assisted Beating Heart Surgery

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mansouri, Saeed (Author) ; Farahmand, Farzam (Supervisor) ; Vossoughi, Gholamreza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    An essential requirement for performing robotic assisted surgery on a freely beating heart is a prediction algorithm which can estimate the future heart trajectory with a high accuracy in a long horizon. The main objective of this research was measurement and prediction of the heart motion for robotic assisted beating heart surgery. In this study, first the feasibility of a stereo infrared tracking system for measuring the free beating heart motion was investigated by experiments on a heart motion simulator. Simulator experiments revealed a high tracking accuracy when the capturing times were synchronized and the tracker pointed at the target from an appropriate distance.Then, the heart... 

    Antitumor effect of therapeutic HPV DNA vaccines with chitosan-based nanodelivery systems

    , Article Journal of Biomedical Science ; Vol. 21, issue. 1 , July , 2014 ; ISSN: 10217770 Tahamtan, A ; Ghaemi, A ; Gorji, A ; Kalhor, H. R ; Sajadian, A ; Tabarraei, A ; Moradi, A ; Atyabi, F ; Kelishadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Cervical cancer is the second-most-common cause of malignancies in women worldwide, and the oncogenic activity of the human papilloma virus types (HPV) E7 protein has a crucial role in anogenital tumors. In this study, we have designed a therapeutic vaccine based on chitosan nanodelivery systems to deliver HPV-16 E7 DNA vaccine, considered as a tumor specific antigen for immunotherapy of HPV-associated cervical cancer. We have developed a Nano-chitosan (NCS) as a carrier system for intramuscular administration using a recombinant DNA vaccine expressing HPV-16 E7 (NCS-DNA E7 vaccine). NCS were characterized in vitro for their gene transfection ability. Results: The transfection of CS-pEGFP... 

    Disc size markedly influences concentration profiles of intravenously administered solutes in the intervertebral disc: A computational study on glucosamine as a model solute

    , Article European Spine Journal ; Vol. 23, issue. 4 , April , 2014 , p. 715-723 Motaghinasab, S ; Shirazi-Adl, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Urban, J. P. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Purpose: Tests on animals of different species with large differences in intervertebral disc size are commonly used to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of intravenously injected solutes in the disc. We hypothesize that disc size markedly affects outcome. Methods: Here, using a small non-metabolized molecule, glucosamine (GL) as a model solute, we calculate the influence of disc size on transport of GL into rat, rabbit, dog and human discs for 10 h post intravenous-injection. We used transient finite element models and considered an identical GL supply for all animals. Results: Huge effects of disc size on GL concentration profiles were found. Post-injection GL concentration in the rat... 

    Preparation and evaluation of bioactive and compatible starch based superabsorbent for oral drug delivery systems

    , Article Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology ; Volume 23, Issue 5 , 2013 , Pages 511-517 ; 17732247 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Ebrahimi, A. A ; Barzegar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Novel types of highly swelling hydrogels (superabsorbent) were prepared by grafting crosslinked poly acrylic acid-co-2-hydroxyethylmetacrylate (PAA-co-HEMA) chains onto starch through a free radical polymerization method. The effect of grafting variables (i.e., concentration of methylenebisacrylamide (MBA), acrylic acid/2-hydroxy methymetacrylate (AA/HEMA) weight ratio, ammonium persulfate (APS), starch, neutralization percent, were systematically optimized to achieve a hydrogel with a maximum swelling capacity. The superabsorbent (SAP) formation was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The controlled-release behavior of... 

    A unified approach for detection of induced epileptic seizures in rats using ECoG signals

    , Article Epilepsy and Behavior ; Volume 27, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 355-364 ; 15255050 (ISSN) Niknazar, M ; Mousavi, S. R ; Motaghi, S ; Dehghani, A ; Vosoughi Vahdat, B ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Sayyah, M ; Noorbakhsh, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Objective: Epileptic seizure detection is a key step for epilepsy assessment. In this work, using the pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) model, seizures were induced in rats, and ECoG signals in interictal, preictal, ictal, and postictal periods were recorded. The recorded ECoG signals were then analyzed to detect epileptic seizures in the epileptic rats. Methods: Two different approaches were considered in this work: thresholding and classification. In the thresholding approach, a feature is calculated in consecutive windows, and the resulted index is tracked over time and compared with a threshold. The moment the index crosses the threshold is considered as the moment of seizure onset. In the... 

    Long-term investigation on the phase stability, magnetic behavior, toxicity, and MRI characteristics of superparamagnetic Fe/Fe-oxide core/shell nanoparticles

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 439, Issue 1-2 , 2012 , Pages 28-40 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Masoudi, A ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Seyed Reyhani, S. M ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Oghabian, M. A ; Ahmadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    To efficiently enhance the contrast obtaining from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), pharmaceutical grade colloidal dispersions of PEG coated iron-based nanoparticles were prepared and compared to conventional pure iron oxide contrast agent. In this study, we synthesized ∼14 nm iron nanoparticles via NaBH4 reduction of iron(III) chloride in an aqueous medium. The resulting nanoparticles were further oxidized by two different methods via (CH3)3NO oxygen transferring agent and exposure to oxygen flow. XRD and electron microscopy analyses confirmed the formation of a second layer on the surface of α-Fe core. As magnetic measurements and Mössbauer spectra of 4-months post prepared nanoparticles... 

    The effect of poly(ethylene glycol) coating on colloidal stability of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles as potential MRI contrast agent

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 433, Issue 1-2 , 2012 , Pages 129-141 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Masoudi, A ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Ahmadi, R ; Oghabian, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Superparamganetic iron oxide-based contrast agents in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have offered new possibility for early detection of lymph nodes and their metastases. According to important role of nanoparticle size in biodistribution, magnetite nanoparticles coated with different polyethylene glycol (PEG) concentrations up to 10/1 PEG/iron oxide weight ratio in an ex situ manner. To predict the PEG-coated nanoparticle behavior in biological media, such as blood stream or tissue, colloidal stability evaluation was performed to estimate the coating endurance in different conditions. Accordingly, optical absorbance measurements were conducted in solutions with different values of pH and... 

    Evaluation of radiogallium-labeled, folate-embedded superparamagnetic nanoparticles in fibrosarcoma-bearing mice

    , Article Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics ; Volume 8, Issue 2 , 2012 , Pages 204-208 ; 09731482 (ISSN) Hosseini Salekdeh, S. L ; Jalilian, A.R ; Yousefnia, H ; Shafaii, K ; Pouladian, M ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Context: Elevated expression of the folate receptor (FR) occurs in many human malignancies. Thus, folate targeting is widely utilized in drug delivery purposes specially using nano-radioactive agents. Aims: In this work, we report production and biological evaluation of gallium-67 labeled superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, embedded by folic acid (67 Ga-SPION-folate) complex especially in tumor-bearing mice for tumor imaging studies. Settings and Design: The structure of SPION-folate was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and foureir transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analyses. The radiolabeled SPION-folate formation was confirmed by... 

    Alterations of the electroencephalogram sub-bands amplitude during focal seizures in the pilocarpine model of epilepsy

    , Article Physiology and Pharmacology ; Volume 16, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 11-20 ; 17350581 (ISSN) Motaghi, S ; Niknazar, M ; Sayyah, M ; babapour, V ; Vahdat, B. V ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Introduction: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common and drug resistant epilepsy in adults. Due to behavioral, morphologic and electrographic similarities, pilocarpine model of epilepsy best resembles TLE. This study was aimed at determination of the changes in electroencephalogram (EEG) sub-bands amplitude during focal seizures in the pilocarpine model of epilepsy. Analysis of these changes might help detection of a pre-seizure state before an oncoming seizure. Methods: Rats were treated by scopolamine (1mg/kg, s.c) to prevent cholinergic effects. After 30 min, pilocarpine (380 mg/kg, i.p) was administered to induce status epilepticus (SE) and 2 hours after SE, diazepam (20 mg/kg,... 

    Effect of mozart music on hippocampal content of BDNF in postnatal rats

    , Article Basic and Clinical Neuroscience ; Volume 2, Issue 3 , 2011 , Pages 21-26 ; 2008126X (ISSN) Marzban, M ; Shahbazi, A ; Tondar, M ; Soleimani, M ; Bakhshayesh, M ; Moshkforoush, A ; Sadati, M ; Zendehrood, S. A ; Joghataei, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Introduction: It has shown that listening to Mozart music can potentiate spatial tasks in human; and reduce seizure attacks in epileptic patients. A few studies have reported the effects of prenatal plus postpartum exposure of mice to the Mozart music on brain-drived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the hippocampus. Here we investigated the effect of postpartum exposure to The Mozart music on BDNF concentration in the hippocampus of rat. Methods: Thirty male one day old newborn Wistar rats divided randomly in two equal experimental and control groups. Experimental group exposed to slow rhythm Mozart music (Mozart Sonata for two pianos KV 448, 6 hour per day; sound pressure levels, between 80... 

    Preparation and biological evaluation of radiolabeled-folate embedded superparamagnetic nanoparticles in wild-type rats

    , Article Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry ; Volume 287, Issue 1 , January , 2011 , Pages 119-127 ; 02365731 (ISSN) Jalilian, A. R ; Hosseini Salekdeh, S. L ; Mahmoudi, M ; Yousefnia, H ; Majdabadi, A ; Pouladian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    In this study, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) embedded by folic acid (SPION-folate) were prepared by a modified co-precipitation method. The structure, size, morphology, magnetic property and relaxivity of the SPION-folate were characterized systematically by means of XRD, VSM, HRSEM and TEM and the interaction between folate and iron oxide (Fe3O 4) was characterized by FT-IR. The particle size was shown to be ≈5-10 nm. To ensure biocompatibility, the interaction of these SPION with mouse connective tissue cells (adhesive) was investigated using an MTT assay. Consequently, gallium-67 labeled nanoparticles ([67Ga]-SPION-folate) were prepared using 67Ga with a high labeling... 

    Comparison of transplantation of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) and stem cell mobilization by granulocyte colony stimulating factor after traumatic brain injury in rat

    , Article Iranian Biomedical Journal ; Volume 14, Issue 4 , Oct , 2010 , Pages 142-149 ; 1028852X (ISSN) Bakhtiary, M ; Marzban, M ; Mehdizadeh, M ; Joghataei, M. T ; Khoei, S ; Pirhajati Mahabadi, V ; Laribi, B ; Tondar, M ; Moshkforoush, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Background: Recent clinical studies of treating traumatic brain injury (TBI) with autologous adult stem cells led us to compare effect of intravenous injection of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) and bone marrow hematopoietic stem cell mobilization, induced by granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), in rats with a cortical compact device. Methods: Forty adult male Wistar rats were injured with controlled cortical impact device and divided randomly into four groups. The treatment groups were injected with 2 × 106 intravenous bone marrow stromal stem cell (n = 10) and also with subcutaneous G-CSF (n = 10) and sham-operation group (n = 10) received PBS and "bromodeoxyuridine... 

    Effects of short term and long term Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Field on depressive disorder in mice: Involvement of nitric oxide pathway

    , Article Life Sciences ; Volume 146 , 2016 , Pages 52-57 ; 00243205 (ISSN) Madjid Ansari, A ; Farzam Pour, S ; Sadr, A ; Shekarchi, B ; Majid Zadeh, A. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc 
    Abstract
    Aims Previous reports on the possible effects of Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Fields (ELF MF) on mood have been paradoxical in different settings while no study has yet been conducted on animal behavior. In addition, it was shown that ELF MF exposure makes an increase in brain nitric oxide level. Therefore, in the current study, we aimed to assess the possible effect(s) of ELF MF exposure on mice Forced Swimming Test (FST) and evaluate the probable role of the increased level of nitric oxide in the observed behavior. Main methods Male adult mice NMRI were recruited to investigate the short term and long term ELF MF exposure (0.5 mT and 50 Hz, single 2 h and 2 weeks 2 h a day). Locomotor... 

    Temporary skin grafts based on hybrid graphene oxide-natural biopolymer nanofibers as effective wound healing substitutes: pre-clinical and pathological studies in animal models

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine ; Volume 28, Issue 5 , 2017 , 73 ; 09574530 (ISSN) Mahmoudi, N ; Eslahi, N ; Mehdipour, A ; Mohammadi, M ; Akbari, M ; Samadikuchaksaraei, A ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2017
    Abstract
    Abstract: In recent years, temporary skin grafts (TSG) based on natural biopolymers modified with carbon nanostructures have received considerable attention for wound healing. Developments are required to improve physico-mechanical properties of these materials to match to natural skins. Additionally, in-deep pre-clinical examinations are necessary to ensure biological performance and toxicity effect in vivo. In the present work, we show superior acute-wound healing effect of graphene oxide nanosheets embedded in ultrafine biopolymer fibers (60 nm) on adult male rats. Nano-fibrous chitosan-based skin grafts crosslinked by Genepin with physico-mechanical properties close to natural skins were... 

    کلیدواژه های تکراریCurcumin loading potentiates the neuroprotective efficacy of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles in cerebellum cells of schizophrenic rats

    , Article Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy ; Volume 108 , 2018 , Pages 1244-1252 ; 07533322 (ISSN) Naserzadeh, P ; Ashrafi Hafez, A ; Abdorahim, M ; Abdollahifar, M. A ; Shabani, R ; Peirovi, H ; Simchi, A ; Ashtari, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the neurotoxic effects of Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs on isolated schizophrenia mitochondria of rats as an in vivo model. Methods: We designed CMN loaded superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) (Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs) to achieve an enhanced therapeutic effect. The physicochemical properties of Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), and dynamic laser light scattering (DLS) and zeta potential. Further, to prove Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs results in superior therapeutic effects, and also, the mitochondrial membrane potential collapse, mitochondrial complex II activity, reactive oxygen species generation,... 

    Development of a novel nano-sized anti-VEGFA nanobody with enhanced physicochemical and pharmacokinetic properties

    , Article Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology ; Volume 46, Issue 7 , 2018 , Pages 1402-1414 ; 21691401 (ISSN) Khodabakhsh, F ; Norouzian, D ; Vaziri, B ; Ahangari Cohan, R ; Sardari, S ; Mahboudi, F ; Behdani, M ; Mansouri, K ; Mehdizadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Since physiological and pathological processes occur at nano-environments, nanotechnology has considered as an efficient tool for designing of next generation specific biomolecules with enhanced pharmacodynamic and pharmacodynamic properties. In the current investigation, by control of the size and hydrodynamic volume at the nanoscale, for the first time, physicochemical and pharmacokinetic properties of an anti-VEGFA nanobody was remarkably improved by attachment of a Proline-Alanine-Serine (PAS) rich sequence. The results elucidated unexpected impressive effects of PAS sequence on physicochemical properties especially on size, hydrodynamics radius, and even solubility of nanobody. CD... 

    A hybrid algorithm for prediction of varying heart rate motion in computer-assisted beating heart surgery

    , Article Journal of Medical Systems ; Volume 42, Issue 10 , 2018 ; 01485598 (ISSN) Mansouri, S ; Farahmand, F ; Vossoughi, G ; Alizadeh Ghavidel, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2018
    Abstract
    An essential requirement for performing robotic assisted surgery on a freely beating heart is a prediction algorithm which can estimate the future trajectory of the heart in the varying heart rate (HR) conditions of real surgery with a high accuracy. In this study, a hybrid amplitude modulation- (AM) and autoregressive- (AR) based algorithm was developed to enable estimating the global and local oscillations of the beating heart, raised from its major and minor physiological activities. The AM model was equipped with an estimator of the heartbeat frequency to compensate for the HR variations. The RMS of the prediction errors of the hybrid algorithm was in the range of 165–361 μm for the... 

    Developmental barcoding of whole mouse via homing CRISPR

    , Article Science ; Volume 361, Issue 6405 , 2018 ; 00368075 (ISSN) Kalhor, R ; Kalhor, K ; Mejia, L ; Leeper, K ; Graveline, A ; Mali, P ; Church, G. M ; Sharif University of Technology

    Engineering folate-targeting diselenide-containing triblock copolymer as a redox-responsive shell-sheddable micelle for antitumor therapy in vivo

    , Article Acta Biomaterialia ; Volume 76 , 2018 , Pages 239-256 ; 17427061 (ISSN) Behroozi, F ; Abdkhodaie, M. J ; Sadeghi Abandansari, H ; Satarian, L ; Molazem, M ; Al Jamal, K. T ; Baharvand, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Acta Materialia Inc  2018
    Abstract
    The oxidation-reduction (redox)–responsive micelle system is based on a diselenide-containing triblock copolymer, poly(ε-caprolactone)-bis(diselenide-methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)/poly(ethylene glycol)-folate) [PCL-(SeSe-mPEG/PEG-FA)2]. This has helped in the development of tumor-targeted delivery for hydrophobic anticancer drugs. The diselenide bond, as a redox-sensitive linkage, was designed in such a manner that it is located at the hydrophilic–hydrophobic hinge to allow complete collapse of the micelle and thus efficient drug release in redox environments. The amphiphilic block copolymers self-assembled into micelles at concentrations higher than the critical micelle concentration (CMC)... 

    Chemometrics comparison of gas chromatography with mass spectrometry and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry Daphnia magna metabolic profiles exposed to salinity

    , Article Journal of Separation Science ; Volume 41, Issue 11 , 2018 , Pages 2368-2379 ; 16159306 (ISSN) Parastar, H ; Garreta Lara, E ; Campos, B ; Barata, C ; Lacorte, S ; Tauler, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2018
    Abstract
    The performances of gas chromatography with mass spectrometry and of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with time-of-flight mass spectrometry are examined through the comparison of Daphnia magna metabolic profiles. Gas chromatography with mass spectrometry and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with mass spectrometry were used to compare the concentration changes of metabolites under saline conditions. In this regard, a chemometric strategy based on wavelet compression and multivariate curve resolution–alternating least squares is used to compare the performances of gas chromatography with mass spectrometry and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with...