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    Electroplating and characterization of Cr–Al2O3 nanocomposite film from a trivalent chromium bath [electronic resource]

    , Article Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials ; Vol 61, No 4, 2014, 205-214 Salehi Doolabi, M. (Mohsen) ; Sadrnezhaad, Khatiboleslam ; Salehi Doolabi, Davood ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The main aim of this study was to improve current efficiency and to obtain thicker coatings via aluminum oxide (Al2O3) addition to the chromium (Cr) (III) bath. Design/methodology/approach ‐ Pure Cr and nanocomposite Cr–Al2O3 coatings were electrodeposited from Cr (III) bath onto cathode copper substrates by conventional method. Dependence of current efficiency to current density, Al2O3 content and particle size were investigated. Findings ‐ Current efficiency increased with Al2O3 amount and decreased with Al2O3 particle size. Maximum current efficiency was achieved at 25 A/dm2 for pure Cr and 30 A/dm2 for composite coatings. Al2O3 bath content, current density and stirring rate increased... 

    Recent progress in inorganic and composite coatings with bactericidal capability for orthopaedic applications [electronic resource]

    , Article Nanomedicine-nanotechnology Biology and Medicine - NaoMed- NanoTechnol- Biol Med ; 2011, Vol. 7, No. 1, PP. 22-39 Simchi, A. (Abdolreza) ; Tamjid, E ; Pishbin, F ; Boccaccini, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    This review covers the most recent developments of inorganic and organic-inorganic composite coatings for orthopedic implants, providing the interface with living tissue and with potential for drug delivery to combat infections. Conventional systemic delivery of drugs is an inefficient procedure that may cause toxicity and may require a patient's hospitalization for monitoring. Local delivery of antibiotics and other bioactive molecules maximizes their effect where they are required, reduces potential systemic toxicity and increases timeliness and cost efficiency. In addition, local delivery has broad applications in combating infection-related diseases. Polymeric coatings may present some... 

    Characterization and antibacterial performance of electrodeposited chitosan–vancomycin composite coatings for prevention of implant-associated infections [electronic resource]

    , Article Journal of Materials Science and Engineering: C ; 1 August 2014, Volume 41, Pages 240–248 Ordikhani, F ; Tamjid, E ; Simchi, A. (Abdolreza) ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Orthopaedic implant-associated infections are one of the most serious complications in orthopaedic surgery and a major cause of implant failure. In the present work, drug-eluting coatings based on chitosan containing various amounts of vancomycin were prepared by a cathodic electrophoretic deposition process on titanium foils. A three-step release mechanism of the antibiotic from the films in a phosphate-buffered saline solution was noticed. At the early stage, physical encapsulation of the drug in the hydrogel network controlled the release rate. At the late stage, however, in vitro degradation/deattachment of chitosan was responsible for the controlled release. Cytotoxicity evaluation of... 

    Monitoring wettability alteration by silica nanoparticles during water flooding to heavy oils in five-spot systems: A pore-level investigation

    , Article Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science ; Vol. 40, issue , July , 2012 , p. 168-176 ; ISSN: 08941777 Maghzi, A ; Mohammadi, S ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Kharrat, R ; Masihi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    It is well known that the displacement efficiency of EOR processes is mainly affected by wettability of porous medium; however, the role of nanoparticles on wettability alteration of pores surfaces remains a topic of debate in the literature. Furthermore, a little is known about how the dispersed silica nanoparticles affect the microscopic/macroscopic recovery efficiency of heavy oils during common immiscible EOR processes such as water flooding. In this study, a series of injection experiments was performed on five-spot glass micromodel which is initially saturated with the heavy oil. Distilled water and dispersed silica nanoparticles in water (DSNW) at different values of weight percent... 

    Application of sol-gel technique to synthesis of copper-cobalt spinel on the ferritic stainless steel used for solid oxide fuel cell interconnects

    , Article Journal of Power Sources ; Vol. 266, issue , 2014 , pp. 79-87 ; ISSN: 03787753 Paknahad, P ; Askari, M ; Ghorbanzadeh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The conductive CuCo2O4 spinel coating is applied on the surface of the AISI 430 ferritic stainless steel by the dip-coating sol-gel process and it is evaluated in terms of the microstructure, oxidation resistance and electrical conductivity. The results show that the CuCO2O 4 coating forms a double-layer scale consisting of a Cr, Fe-rich subscale and Cu-Co spinel top layer after 500 h in air at 800 °C. This scale is protective, acts as an effective barrier against Cr migration into the outer oxide layer and alleviates the cathode Cr-poisoning. The oxidation resistance is significantly enhanced by the protective coating with a parabolic rate constant of 5.8 × 10-13 gr2 cm-4 s -1, meanwhile... 

    Alteration of corrosion and nanomechanical properties of pulse electrodeposited Ni/SiC nanocomposite coatings

    , Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Vol. 598 , 2014 , Pages 236-242 ; ISSN: 09258388 Zarghami, V ; Ghorbani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Nickel/silicon carbide composite electrodeposits were prepared on a rotating disk electrode (RDE), under pulse current condition. The effect of pulse parameters, current density, SiC content in the electrolyte on the codeposition of SiC were studied. Afterwards, the effect of codeposited SiC amount was investigated on electrochemical behavior and nanomechanical properties of coatings. The coatings were analyzed with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), linear polarization, nanoindentation and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). The Ni-SiC electrocomposites, prepared at optimum conditions, exhibited improved nanomechanical properties in comparison to pure nickel electrodeposits. With increasing... 

    Corrosion resistance enhancement of Ni-P-nano SiO2 composite coatings on aluminum

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Vol. 303 , 2014 , Pages 125-130 ; ISSN: 01694332 Sadreddini, S ; Afshar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this study, the influences of different concentrations of SiO 2 nano sized particles in the bath on deposition rate, surface morphology and corrosion behavior of Ni-P-SiO2 Composite coatings were investigated. The deposition rate of coating was influenced by incorporation of SiO2 particles. The microstructure was investigated with field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The amount of SiO 2 was examined by Energy Dispersive Analysis of X-Ray (EDX) and amount of SiO2 nanoparticles co-deposited reached a maximum value at 4.5 %wt. Corrosion behavior of coated aluminum was evaluated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and polarization techniques. The results... 

    Development of electrophoretically deposited hydroxyapatite coatings on anodized nanotubular TiO2 structures: Corrosion and sintering temperature

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Vol. 301 , May , 2014 , pp. 250-257 ; ISSN: 01694332 Goudarzi, M ; Batmanghelich, F ; Afshar, A ; Dolati, A ; Mortazavi, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings in and onto anodized TiO2 nanotube arrays were presented and prepared by electrophoretic deposition technique (EPD). Coatings were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). EPD proved to be an innovative and versatile technique to coat HA on and into nanotubular structures of TiO2 with enhanced adhesion between nanotubes and HA particles provided by mechanical interlocking. After EPD of HA on TiO2 layer, samples were sintered at 400 °C, 600 °C and 800 °C for 2 h in an Ar atmosphere. Effect of EPD processing parameters on thickness of the deposits and rate of deposition was elucidated for HA coatings on the nanotubular TiO2... 

    Preparation and corrosion resistance of pulse electrodeposited Zn and Zn-SiC nanocomposite coatings

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Vol. 300 , May , 2014 , pp. 1-7 ; ISSN: 01694332 Sajjadnejad, M ; Mozafari, A ; Omidvar, H ; Javanbakht, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Pure Zn and Zn matrix composite coatings containing nano-sized SiC particles with an average size of 50 nm were prepared from the zinc sulfate bath. The effects of the pulse frequency, maximum current density and duty cycle on the amount of particles embedded were examined. Electron microscopic studies revealed that the coating morphology was modified by the presence of SiC nanoparticles. In the presence of SiC nanoparticles deposit grows in outgrowth mode resulting in a very rough and porous microstructure. However, at very low and very high duty cycles a smooth and pore free microstructure was obtained. Corrosion resistance properties of the coatings were studied using potentiodynamic... 

    Thermo-mechanical stress analysis of thermal barrier coating system considering thickness and roughness effects

    , Article Surface and Coatings Technology ; Vol. 243 , 2014 , pp. 91-99 ; ISSN: 02578972 Moridi, A ; Azadi, M ; Farrahi, G. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Cast aluminium-silicon alloy, A356.0, is widely used in automotive and aerospace industries because of its outstanding mechanical, physical, and casting properties. Thermal barrier coatings can be applied to combustion chamber to reduce fuel consumption and pollutions and also improve fatigue life of components. The purpose of the present work is to simulate stress distribution of A356.0 under thermo-mechanical cyclic loadings, using a two-layer elastic-visco-plastic model of ABAQUS. The results of stress-strain hysteresis loop are validated by an out of phase thermo-mechanical fatigue test. Different thicknesses from 300 to 800. μm of top coat and also roughness of the interfaces are... 

    An approach to relate shot peening finite element simulation to the actual coverage

    , Article Surface and Coatings Technology ; Vol. 243 , 2014 , pp. 39-45 ; ISSN: 02578972 Gangaraj, S. M. H ; Guagliano, M ; Farrahi, G. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Coverage is one of the most important parameters which is always used in practice to characterize a shot peening process. At the same time however, it is the most missing parameter in the finite element simulations of this process. This study aims to relate shot peening simulation to the actual coverage that is developed during the process. Accordingly, two important models from literature are re-simulated and their capability to predict an actual coverage is assessed. Results of this study illustrate that full coverage situation is not captured by these models. Thereafter, a random finite element simulation along with a step by step examination of the treated surface is adopted in order to... 

    Effect of current frequency on coating properties formed on aluminised steel by plasma electrolytic oxidation

    , Article Surface Engineering ; Vol. 30, issue. 3 , 2014 , pp. 224-228 ; ISSN: 02670844 Jafarniya Kharanagh, V ; Faghihi Sani, M. A ; Rafizadeh, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In the present study, plasma electrolytic oxidation process was carried out on aluminised steel with a pulsed bipolar electrical source at different frequencies, namely, 50, 300, 600 and 1500 Hz with constant 50% duty cycle for 10 min in an alkaline silicate electrolyte. Morphology, wear behaviour and corrosion resistance of the coatings were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, pin on disc and potentiodynamic polarisation experiment in 3·5 wt-%NaCl solution. The results showed that with increasing the pulse frequency, the density of the residual pores increases, but their size as well as the coating thickness decreases. The corrosion current density of the coating processed at 1500... 

    Investigation of synergistic effect of nano sized Ag/TiO2 particles on antibacterial, physical and mechanical properties of UV-curable clear coatings by experimental design

    , Article Progress in Organic Coatings ; Vol. 77, issue. 2 , February , 2014 , pp. 502-511 ; ISSN: 03009440 Labbani-Motlagh, A ; Bastani, S ; Hashemi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The synergistic effect of nano titanium dioxide (10 and 30 nm) and nano silver (10 nm) as antibacterial agents were investigated on UV curable clear coating. Antibacterial and physical-mechanical properties of coating were optimized using experimental design in response surface method. Twenty different samples of nano Ag and nano TiO2 were prepared in this method. Antibacterial properties on Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli) were investigated. The results revealed that using equal amounts of two sizes of nano TiO2 promote the antibacterial activity of nano Ag. So, the coating shows strong activity against E. coli. Physical-mechanical properties such as surface hardness, abrasion... 

    Characterization of pulse reverse Ni-Mo coatings on Cu substrate

    , Article Surface and Coatings Technology ; Vol. 238 , 2014 , pp. 158-164 ; ISSN: 02578972 Surani Yancheshmeh, H ; Ghorbani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The effect of pulse reverse current (PRC) method on Ni-Mo coatings electroplated from chloride solution was investigated by various plating parameters such as plating duration, the anodic duty cycle, the anodic current density and the cathodic current density. By increasing the anodic duty cycle and anodic current density, the Mo content of coatings reached 68wt.% and 78wt.%, respectively at cathodic current densities of 500 and 300mAcm-2. The Mo content of coatings increases by the preferential dissolution of Ni on the anodic pulse and also by the replenishment of Mo complexes in the diffusion layer near the substrate surface during the anodic pulse. In comparison with the direct current... 

    The effect of layer number on the nanostructural ternary mixed oxide containing Ti, Ru and Ir on titanium

    , Article Advanced Materials Research ; Vol. 829 , 2014 , pp. 638-642 Goudarzi, M ; Ghorbani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Titanium anodes coated with noble metal oxides are widely used in chlorate industry. In fact, these anodes are dimensionally stable. In this article, the electrochemical characteristics of the ternary oxide coating created by sol-gel on titanium, which consisted of Ti, Ru and Ir, were investigated in the number of different layers. The electrochemical properties of anodes, morphology of samples, and phase analysis were investigated respectively by cyclic voltammetry and polarization measurements, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) and XRD. The result indicated that the application of the more layer number increases the rate of chlorine evolution. Also, The morphology of the... 

    Electrophoretic deposition of Ni/SiO2 nanocomposite coating: Fabrication process and tribological and corrosion properties

    , Article Journal of Nano Research ; Volume 26 , 6 January , 2014 , Pages 45-51 ; ISSN: 16625250 Isfahani, A. G ; Ghorbani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    To the best of our knowledge, this work presents the first successful effort to fabricate and study nanostructured Ni-based composite coatings using the electrophoretic deposition method with nanostructured SiO2 particles. In this work, Ni/SiO2 nanoparticle composite coatings were prepared by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) [1] and their hardness, wear and corrosion resistances [2] were examined. After studying the morphology of the coatings and finding the optimum conditions for uniform coating, in order to improve the mechanical properties as well as resistance to corrosion, sintering was performed. The Ni/SiO2 nanocomposite coatings show excellent hardness (∼376 HV), reduced Young's... 

    Effects of current density on microstructure and corrosion property of coating on AZ31 Mg alloy processed via plasma electrolytic oxidation

    , Article Magnesium Technology ; February , 2014 , pp. 345-349 ; ISSN: 15454150 ; ISBN: 9781118888162 Lee, K. M ; Einkhah, F ; Sani, M. A. F ; Ko, Y. G ; Shin, D. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The effects of the current density on the microstructure and the corrosion property of the coating on AZ31 Mg alloy processed by the plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) were investigated. The present coatings were produced in an acid electrolyte containing K2ZrF6 with three different current densities, i.e., 100, 150, and 200 mA/cm2. From the microstructural observations, as the applied current density was increased, the diameter of micro-pores formed by the plasma discharges with high temperature increased. The coatings on AZ31 Mg alloy were mainly composed of MgO, ZrO 2, MgF2, and Mg2Zr5O12 phases. The results of potentiodynamic polarization clearly showed that the PEO-treated AZ31 Mg... 

    Effects of preheating temperature and cooling rate on two-step residual stress in thermal barrier coatings considering real roughness and porosity effect

    , Article Ceramics International ; Vol. 40, Issue. 10 , December , 2014 , pp. 15925-15940 ; ISSN: 02728842 Rezvani Rad, M ; Farrahi, G. H ; Azadi, M ; Ghodrati, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this research, a finite element model was developed in order to simulate the two-step residual stress distribution of a thermal barrier coating system, considered to be used in diesel engine cylinder head, with a real roughness and real porosity. Two steps including the bond coat and the top coat deposition processes were taken into account. The real geometry of coating layers, including the roughness and the porosity, was also considered based on a scanning electron microscopy image. Then, effects of the convective heat transfer coefficient and initial substrate and substrate/bond coat preheating temperatures on the residual stress were studied. Obtained results illustrate that the... 

    Erratum: Effects of crimping on mechanical performance of nitinol stent designed for femoral artery: Finite element analysis

    , Article Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance ; Vol. 23, issue. 4 , 2014 , pp. 1511- ; ISSN: 1059-9495 Nematzadeh, F ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    [No abstract available]  

    Electrospun polyamide-polyethylene glycol nanofibers for headspace solid-phase microextration

    , Article Journal of Separation Science ; Vol. 37, issue. 14 , 2014 , pp. 1880-1886 ; ISSN: 16159306 Bagheri, H ; Najarzadekan, H ; Roostaie, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A solution of polyamide (PA) containing polyethylene glycol (PEG) as a side low-molecular-weight polymer was electrospun. After synthesizing the PA-PEG nanofibers, the constituent was subsequently removed (modified PA) and confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The scanning electron microscopy images showed an average diameter of 640 and 148 nm for PA and PA-PEG coatings, respectively, while the latter coating structure was more homogeneous and porous. The extraction efficiencies of PA, PA-PEG, and the modified PA fiber coatings were assayed by headspace solid-phase microextraction of a number of chlorophenols from real water samples followed by their determination by gas...