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    Direct decoration of carbon nanohorns with binary nickel-cobalt sulfide nanosheets towards non-enzymatic glucose sensing in human fluids

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 428 , 2022 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Kachouei, M. A ; Hekmat, F ; Wang, H ; Amaratunga, G. A. J ; Unalan, H. E ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    A highly controllable, green, and rapid strategy is demonstrated for fabricating of highly sensitive non-enzymatic glucose sensing platforms. Carbon nanohorns (CNHs) were decorated onto the screen-printed electrodes. Binary nickel-cobalt sulfide (NiCo-S) nanosheets (NSs) were then deposited on CNH-casted electrodes by a facile and scalable method. Following detailed structural characterization and the electrocatalytic activity of the fabricated NiCo-S/CNH electrodes towards electro-oxidation of glucose was examined in detail. The proposed electrodes operated within two distinct linear dynamic ranges of 0.001- 0.330 mM and 0.330 - 4.53 mM with sensitivities of 1842 µA.mM−1.cm−2 and 854... 

    A novel ratiometric fluorescent approach for the modulation of the dynamic range of lateral flow immunoassays

    , Article Advanced Materials Technologies ; Volume 7, Issue 8 , 2022 ; 2365709X (ISSN) Sena-Torralba, A ; Torné Morató, H ; Parolo, C ; Ranjbar, S ; Farahmand Nejad, M. A ; Álvarez Diduk, R ; Idili, A ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Merkoçi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2022
    The majority of lateral flow assays (LFAs) use single-color optical labels to provide a qualitative naked-eye detection, however this detection method displays two important limitations. First, the use of a single-color label makes the LFA prone to results misinterpretation. Second, it does not allow the precise modulation of the sensitivity and dynamic range of the test. To overcome these limitations, a ratiometric approach is developed. In particular, using anti-HIgG functionalized red-fluorescent quantum dots on the conjugate pad (as target dependent labels) and blue-fluorescent nanoparticles fixed on the test line (as target independent reporters), it is possible to generate a wide color... 

    Design & Implementation of high dynamic range current measurement system for Iot applications

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement ; Volume 71 , 2022 ; 00189456 (ISSN) Tehrani, Y.H ; Atarodi, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2022
    Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices have a strict necessity for power consumption to achieve the expected battery life. Therefore, measuring and optimizing the energy consumption of IoT nodes are essential. IoT nodes feature extreme current consumption range over 100 dB between their operating modes. The main focus of this article is to design and implement a low-power and low-cost current measurement circuit, which can be integrated into IoT nodes. A new pass element is introduced for measuring the current consumption. This element is placed in the current path to measure current over a high dynamic range with a constant voltage drop. The introduced pass element consists of a capacitor and... 

    The geometrical characteristics of nickel-based metal organic framework on its entrapment capability

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1610 , 2020 Javanmardi, H ; Abbasi, A ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    Here, a three dimensional nickel–based metal organic framework (MOF) was synthesized via solvothermal and room temperature protocols. In order to study the effects of the synthesis conditions on the physical properties such as pore sizes and shapes of the prepared MOFs, their extraction capabilities were examined. Both MOFs were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Brunauer–Emmett–Teller and thermogravimetric analyses. Brilliant properties such as porous structure, high surface area and considerable thermal stability make them reasonable candidates to be employed as efficient extractive phases. The efficiency of the... 

    Beamforming, null-steering, and simultaneous spatial and frequency domain filtering in integrated phased array systems

    , Article AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications ; Volume 110 , 2019 ; 14348411 (ISSN) Karami, P ; Atarodi, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier GmbH  2019
    In the case that phased array systems are not capable of attenuating interferences, Radio Frequency (RF) front-ends and Analog Digital Converters (ADCs) with a large dynamic range are required to avoid saturation of the receiver. This leads to a higher power consumption. In this paper, employing N-path circuits in Mixer-First receivers, a novel method is introduced in which spatial and frequency blockers are eliminated right before entering the system on the antennas input. In fact using this technique, adjustable spatial notch filter and band-pass frequency filter are implemented to suppress spatial and frequency interferences. The proposed method enhances the robustness and effectiveness... 

    Amine modified magnetic polystyrene for extraction of drugs from urine samples

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1602 , 2019 , Pages 107-116 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Zeinali, S ; Maleki, M ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Polystyrene is one of the best candidates as the extracting medium due to its high stability in different media and acceptable extraction capability. However, the hydrophobic nature and low wettability of polystyrene limits its application to non–polar analytes. To resolve this limitation, in this project, amine groups were chemically attached to the surface of magnetic polystyrene. The resulting hydrophilic magnetic particles were expected to be capable of extracting both polar and non–polar analytes. Non–steroidal anti–inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were chosen for testing the applicability of modified magnetic polystyrene according to the importance of their analysis and also their wide... 

    Porous eco–friendly fibers for on–line micro solid–phase extraction of nonsteroidal anti–inflammatory drugs from urine and plasma samples

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1574 , 2018 , Pages 18-26 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Golzari Aqda, T ; Behkami, S ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    In this study, cellulose acetate (CA) fibers were prepared using different solvent systems in electrospinning. The recorded scanning electron microscopy micrographs indicated that the morphology of the prepared fibers is closely associated with the type of electrospinning solvents. The prepared CA fibers were used as an extractive phase for on–line micro–solid phase extraction (μ-SPE) of nonsteroidal–inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in biological samples pursued by HPLC–UV determination. Work conducted on this research ascertained that the use of dichloromethane:acetone (3:1, v/v) solvent system in the CA dissolution for electrospinning, leads to the formation of porous ribbon–like fibers and... 

    Design and fabrication of an electrochemical aptasensor using Au nanoparticles/carbon nanoparticles/cellulose nanofibers nanocomposite for rapid and sensitive detection of Staphylococcus aureus

    , Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 123 , 2018 , Pages 70-76 ; 15675394 (ISSN) Ranjbar, S ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Since that pathogenic bacteria are major threats to human health, this paper describes the fabrication of an effective and durable sensing platform based on gold nanoparticles/carbon nanoparticles/cellulose nanofibers nanocomposite (AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs) at the surface of glassy carbon electrode for sensitive and selective detection of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs nanocomposite with the high surface area, excellent conductivity, and good biocompatibility was used for self-assembled of the thiolated specific S. aureus aptamer as a sensing element. The surface morphology of AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs nanocomposite was characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopy... 

    A study of hyperelastic models for predicting the mechanical behavior of extensor apparatus

    , Article Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology ; Volume 16, Issue 3 , 2017 , Pages 1077-1093 ; 16177959 (ISSN) Elyasi, N ; Karimi Taheri, K ; Narooei, K ; Karimi Taheri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2017
    In this research, the nonlinear elastic behavior of human extensor apparatus was investigated. To this goal, firstly the best material parameters of hyperelastic strain energy density functions consisting of the Mooney–Rivlin, Ogden, invariants, and general exponential models were derived for the simple tension experimental data. Due to the significance of stress response in other deformation modes of nonlinear models, the calculated parameters were used to study the pure shear and balance biaxial tension behavior of the extensor apparatus. The results indicated that the Mooney–Rivlin model predicts an unstable behavior in the balance biaxial deformation of the extensor apparatus, while the... 

    Performance characterization of a low-cost dual-channel camera-based microarray scanner

    , Article 24th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, ICEE 2016, 10 May 2016 through 12 May 2016 ; 2016 , Pages 1534-1538 ; 9781467387897 (ISBN) Akhoundi, F ; Ghobeh, M ; Ghiasvand, E ; Akbari Roshan, K ; Motahari, S. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2016
    In this paper, we have proposed, designed, implemented, and characterized a low-cost camera-based microarray scanner which is capable of imaging fluorescently-labeled DNA or Protein microarrays. The proposed system is designed to simultaneously measure two different fluorescent dyes using two parallel channels which increase the overall scan speed. We have shown that the wide dynamic range of system makes it able to detect fluorophore densities from 100-106 molecule/μm2. In each capture, a 5.6 mm × 3.7 mm field is imaged on a 22.3 mm × 14.9 mm (18 megapixels) CMOS sensor. Therefore, the microarray can be scanned with ∼ 1μm2 spatial resolution which is high enough to distinguish borders of... 

    A wide dynamic range low power 2× time amplifier using current subtraction scheme

    , Article 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, ISCAS 2016, 22 May 2016 through 25 May 2016 ; Volume 2016-July , 2016 , Pages 462-465 ; 02714310 (ISSN); 9781479953400 (ISBN) Molaei, H ; Khorami, A ; Hajsadeghi, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2016
    The most challenging issue of conventional Time Amplifiers (TAs) is their limited Dynamic Range (DR). This paper presents a mathematical analysis to clarify principle of operation of conventional 2× TA's. The mathematical derivations release strength reduction of the current sources of the TA is the simplest way to increase DR. Besides, a new technique is presented to expand the Dynamic Range (DR) of conventional 2× TAs. Proposed technique employs current subtraction in place of changing strength of current sources using conventional gain compensation methods, which results in more stable gain over a wider DR. The TA is simulated using Spectre-rf in TSMC 0.18um COMS technology. DR of the 2×... 

    Adaptive filtering techniques in passive radar

    , Article Proceedings International Radar Symposium, Dresden ; Volume 2 , June , 2013 , Pages 1067-1078 ; 21555753 (ISSN) ; 9783954042234 (ISBN) Chitgarha, M. M ; Radmard, M ; Majd, M. N ; Nayebi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    One of the most important obstacles in passive radar applications is removing the direct signal from the target channel. Otherwise, week echoes from the targets in the target channel would be ignored due to the limited dynamic range of the system. One of the most effective techniques in this field is using adaptive filters. In this paper various adaptive filters are introduced and their performances are shown and compared  

    Construction of a modified carbon paste electrode based on TiO2 nanoparticles for the determination of gallic acid

    , Article Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry ; Volume 17, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 157-165 ; 14328488 (ISSN) Tashkhourian, J ; Nami Ana, S. F ; Hashemnia, S ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A modified carbon paste electrode was prepared by incorporating the TiO2 nanoparticles in the carbon paste matrix. The electrochemical behavior of gallic acid (GA) is investigated on the surface of the electrode using cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry. The surface morphology of the prepared electrode was characterized using the scanning electron microscopy. The results indicate that the electrochemical response of GA is improved significantly at the modified electrode compared with the unmodified electrode. Furthermore, the capabilities of electron transfer on these two electrodes were also investigated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Under the optimized... 

    Design and implementation of a high dynamic range C band down-converter

    , Article Progress in Electromagnetics Research Letters ; Volume 31 , 2012 , Pages 25-33 ; 19376480 (ISSN) Saatchi, V ; Tavakoli, Z ; Sharif University ot Technology
    PIER Letters  2012
    A technique that expands dynamic range (DR) of frequency down-converters in the C band frequency is presented. Primary characteristics of down-converter are evaluated to confirm that it can be used in microwave receivers. The C band down-converter is carried out by the combination of RF mixers, band pass interdigital filter, and X band combline filter which are designed entirely for this project. Attainment of the perfect receiver is the final purpose of this paper, and a method that causes 72 dB dynamic range, high tangential signal sensitivity and fine gain flatness is used for achieving the mentioned purpose. These efforts improve the dynamic range about 19 dB and gain flatness about 3.07... 

    Electrochemical determinations of 6-mercaptopurine on the surface of a carbon nanotube-paste electrode modified with a cobalt salophen complex

    , Article Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry ; Volume 16, Issue 4 , April , 2012 , Pages 1643-1650 ; 14328488 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Ghorbani Bidkorbeh, F ; Mohammadi, A ; Dinarvand, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A mixture of multi-walled carbon nanotube/graphite paste electrode modified with a salophen complex of cobalt was prepared and was applied for the study of the electrochemical behavior of 6-mercaptopurine (MP) using cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). An excellent electrocatalytic activity toward the oxidation of MP was achieved, which led to a considerable lowering in the anodic overpotential and remarkable increase in the response sensitivity in comparison with unmodified electrode. Utilizing DPV method, a linear dynamic range of 1-100 μM with detection limit of 0.1 μM was obtained in phosphate buffer of pH 3.0. The electrochemical detection system was very stable, and the... 

    Electrodeposition of Pt-Ru nanoparticles on multi-walled carbon nanotubes: Application in sensitive voltammetric determination of methyldopa

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 58, Issue 1 , 2011 , Pages 125-133 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Rastgar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A modified glassy carbon electrode, prepared by potentiostatic electrodeposition of platinum-ruthenium nanoparticles (Pt-RuNPs) onto a multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) layer, offers dramatic improvements in the stability and sensitivity of voltammetric responses toward methyldopa (m-dopa) compared to glassy carbon electrodes individually coated with MWCNT or Pt-RuNPs. The surface morphology and nature of the hybrid film (Pt-RuNPs/MWCNT) deposited on glassy carbon electrodes was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) techniques. A remarkable enhancement in the microscopic area of the electrode together... 

    Glassy carbon electrode modified with a bilayer of multi-walled carbon nanotube and polypyrrole doped with new coccine: Application to the sensitive electrochemical determination of Sumatriptan

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 56, Issue 27 , November , 2011 , Pages 10032-10038 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Kamalzadeh, Z ; Saberi, R. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    A promising electrochemical sensor was developed based on a layer by layer process by electro-polymerization of pyrrole in the presence of new coccine (NC) as dopant anion on the surface of the multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) pre-coated glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The modified electrode was used as a new and sensitive electrochemical sensor for voltammetric determination of sumatriptan (SUM). The electrochemical behavior of SUM was investigated on the surface of the modified electrode using linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The results showed a remarkable increase (∼12 times) in the anodic peak current of SUM in comparison to the bare GCE. The effect of experimental variables such... 

    A fast enhanced algorithm of PRI transform

    , Article Proceedings - 6th International Symposium on Parallel Computing in Electrical Engineering, PARELEC 2011, 4 April 2011 through 5 April 2011 ; April , 2011 , Pages 179-184 ; 9780769543970 (ISBN) Mahdavi, A ; Pezeshk, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The problem of estimating pulse repetition interval (PRI) of an interleaved pulse train which consist of several independent radar signals, is the main issue of signal processing in electronic support systems. PRI Transform algorithm is one of the well known and effective methods of PRI detection which is capable of detecting several close jittered signals and surpassing subharmonics, but have some drawbacks especially because of small PRI dynamic range and heavy computations. In this paper a modified PRI transform is introduced which manage wide range of PRIs simultaneously, and speed up the algorithm by significantly reducing the computations. Moreover an efficient threshold is set for... 

    An investigation on the performance of receiving optical beam-forming networks

    , Article Final Program and Book of Abstracts - iWAT 2010: 2010 International Workshop on Antenna Technology: Small Antennas, Innovative Structures and Materials, 1 March 2010 through 3 March 2010 ; March , 2010 ; 9781424448845 (ISBN) Shabani, M ; Akbari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Next generation wideband and ultra-wideband radar antenna arrays need efficient true-time delay networks for array control. Following the great interest for optical control of antenna array beam steering, performance analysis of optical beam-formers is a must. In this paper signal to noise ratio and dynamic range of simple optical beamforming structures with components off the shelf are investigated theoretically. Especially the effects of certain power combining components such as arrayed wave guide gratings, broadband passive optical combiners and microwave combiners inspected. It turns up that an efficient microwave combiner would surpass the optical combiners in both SNR and dynamic... 

    Continuous-time/discrete-time (CT/DT) cascaded sigma-delta modulator for high resolution and wideband applications

    , Article WMED 2010 - 8th IEEE Workshop on Microelectronics and Electron Devices, 16 April 2010 through 16 April 2010 ; April , 2010 , Pages 33-36 ; 9781424465750 (ISBN) Mesgarani, A ; Sadeghi, K. H ; Ay, S. U ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper reports transistor-level design of a new continuous-time (CT), discrete-time (DT) cascaded sigma delta modulator (SDM). The combination of a CT first stage and a DT second stage was utilized to realize a high speed, high resolution analog-to-digital converter (ADC). Power consumption of CT first stage is lowered by optimizing the gain coefficients of CT integrators in a feedforward topology. Moreover double sampling (CDS) was used in second stage integrators to further reduce power consumption. Proposed new SDM is simulated in 0.18μm CMOS technology and achieves 84dB dynamic range for a 10MHz signal bandwidth. Total analog power dissipation measured was 44mW