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    Electrochemical and computational studies of bio-mimicked Ti3C2Tx MXene-based sensor with multivalent interface

    , Article Journal of Colloid and Interface Science ; Volume 623 , 2022 , Pages 1063-1074 ; 00219797 (ISSN) Ranjbar, S ; Ashari Astani, N ; Atabay, M ; Naseri, N ; Esfandiar, A ; Reza Ejtehadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press Inc  2022
    Abstract
    Two-dimensional MXenes are the newly emerging family of nanomaterials with competitive performance for nano-device development. Surface functional groups and abundant binding sites make these materials ideal candidates for sensor applications. Herein, we report the successful fabrication of a MXene-based nano-bio device for capturing, sensing, and filtering the Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria. Mannose carbohydrate, which binds strongly to E.coli's fimH protein via glucan multivalent interactions, is used as the bio-receptor element. MXene's structure was engineered to guarantee efficient E. coli capturing without mannose detachment. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic... 

    Alginate-based multifunctional films incorporated with sulfur quantum dots for active packaging applications

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces ; Volume 215 , 2022 ; 09277765 (ISSN) Riahi, Z ; Priyadarshi, R ; Rhim, J. W ; Lotfali, E ; Bagheri, R ; Pircheraghi, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2022
    Abstract
    Sulfur quantum dots (SQDs) were fabricated using a facile hydrothermal method and used for the preparation of functional food packaging film and compared the properties with other sulfur-based fillers like elemental sulfur (ES) and sulfur nanoparticles (SNP). The SQDs have an average size of 5.3 nm and were very stable in aqueous suspension. Unlike other sulfur-based fillers, the SQD showed high antioxidant, antibacterial and antifungal activity, but no cytotoxicity was found for L929 mouse fibroblasts even after long-term exposure of 48 h. When sulfur-based fillers were added to the alginate film, SQD was more evenly dispersed in the polymer matrix than SNP and ES. The addition of SQD to... 

    Electrospun Ag-decorated reduced GO-graft-chitosan composite nanofibers with visible light photocatalytic activity for antibacterial performance

    , Article Chemosphere ; Volume 299 , 2022 ; 00456535 (ISSN) Asgari, S ; Mohammadi Ziarani, G ; Badiei, A ; Setayeshmehr, M ; Kiani, M ; Pourjavadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    The treatment of water contaminated by bacteria is becoming a necessity. The nanomaterials possessing both intrinsic antibacterial properties and photocatalytic activity are excellent candidates for water disinfection. The powdered form of nanomaterials can be aggregated while embedding the nanomaterials into the NFs can overcome the limitation and enhance the photocatalytic activity and transition from UV-light to visiblelight. Here, graphene oxide (GO) was synthesized, grafted to chitosan, and decorated with silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) to produce Ag-decorated reduced GO-graft-Chitosan (AGC) NPs. The blends of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and AGC NPs were prepared in various concentrations of... 

    Amoxicillin-loaded multilayer pullulan-based nanofibers maintain long-term antibacterial properties with tunable release profile for topical skin delivery applications

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 215 , 2022 , Pages 413-423 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Ajalloueian, F ; Asgari, S ; Guerra, P. R ; Chamorro, C. I ; Ilchenco, O ; Piqueras, S ; Fossum, M ; Boisen, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2022
    Abstract
    Unique physiochemical and biological properties of nanofibers along with the choice of a wide variety of materials for both fabrication and tunable release patterns make nanofibers an ideal option for drug delivery. Loading antibacterial agents into nanofibers has attracted great deal of attention. Whilst there are several studies focusing on applying new generations of antibacterial materials, antibiotics are still the gold standard in clinical applications. Therefore, we aimed at introducing antibiotic-loaded nanofiber substrates with potential for topical skin delivery applications, reduced consumption of antibiotics and increased storage time. We applied Amoxicillin (AMX) as a model drug... 

    Carboxymethyl cellulose-based functional film integrated with chitosan-based carbon quantum dots for active food packaging applications

    , Article Progress in Organic Coatings ; Volume 166 , 2022 ; 03009440 (ISSN) Riahi, Z ; Rhim, J. W ; Bagheri, R ; Pircheraghi, G ; Lotfali, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2022
    Abstract
    A chitosan-based carbon quantum dots (CQDs) with multifunctional properties were synthesized using a hydrothermal process. The CQDs were spherical with an average size of 7.8 ± 2.4 nm. The CQD showed strong antioxidant activity, potent antibacterial activity against E. coli and L. monocytogenes, and antifungal activity against A. niger and P. chrysogenum. In addition, the prepared CQD showed negligible cytotoxicity against L929 cells even at a concentration of 500 μg/mL. Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC)-based functional films were fabricated by adding various amounts of CQD. The CQDs were evenly dispersed in the polymer matrix to form a highly transparent UV-blocking film. The addition of CQD... 

    Development of HAp/GO/Ag coating on 316 LVM implant for medical applications

    , Article Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials ; Volume 126 , 2022 ; 17516161 (ISSN) Ahmadi, R ; Izanloo, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    In this study, antibacterial activity, biocompatibility, and corrosion resistance of 316 LVM implants were improved using the development of HAp/GO/Ag nanocomposite coatings by the dip-coating method. The XRD and FTIR results confirmed the synthesis of HAp/GO/Ag nanocomposites. HAp/Ag nanoparticles (68 nm) bound to epoxy, hydroxyl, and carboxyl functional groups on GO sheets (size of GO sheets varies from 255 to 1480 nm) by electrostatic interaction. FESEM images showed that HAp/GO/Ag coatings had higher density and fewer micro-cracks than pure HAp coatings. In addition, HAp/GO/Ag coatings showed optimized nano-hardness (4.5 GPa) and elasticity modulus (123 GPa). The results of... 

    Microstructural characterization and antibacterial activity of carbon nanotube decorated with Cu nanoparticles synthesized by a novel solvothermal method

    , Article Ceramics International ; Volume 47, Issue 18 , 2021 , Pages 25729-25737 ; 02728842 (ISSN) Cao, Y ; Moniri Javadhesari, S ; Mohammadnejad, S ; khodadustan, E ; Raise, A ; Akbarpour, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    In this research, carbon nanotube decorated with Cu nanoparticles (CNT/Cu) was synthesized by a new solvothermal process. Solvothermal treatment of CuSO4 and NaOH was completed in ethanol containing ultrasonically dispersed CNTs at 160 °C for 3 h. In the solvothermal process, Cu nanoparticles were heterogeneously deposited on the surface of COOH-functionalized CNTs through the reduction of the Cu+2 ions. Cu nanoparticles with the size of ≈8 nm on CNTs (and some in the solution) and strong bonding between Cu and CNT were obtained by the used process. Microstructural characterization revealed that the solvothermal method is an appropriate method for producing homogenous CNT/Cu nanostructure.... 

    Antibacterial and antifungal activity of methanolic extracts of Salix alba L. against various disease causing pathogens

    , Article Brazilian journal of biology = Revista brasleira de biologia ; Volume 83 , 2021 , Pages e243332- ; 16784375 (ISSN) Javed, B ; Farooq, F ; Ibrahim, M ; Abbas, H. A. B ; Jawwad, H ; Zehra, S. S ; Ahmad, H. M ; Sarwer, A ; Malik, K ; Nawaz, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    NLM (Medline)  2021
    Abstract
    The present study was aimed to manifest the antibacterial and antifungal activity of methanolic extracts of Salix alba L. against seven Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial pathogens e.g. Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus (1), S. aureus (2), Shigella sonnei, Escherichia coli (1), E. coli (2) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae and three fungal isolates from the air such as Aspergillus terreus, A. ornatus, and Rhizopus stolonifer. Two different serotypes of S. aureus and E. coli were used. The agar well-diffusion method results showed the dose-dependent response of plant extracts against bacterial and fungal strains while some organisms were found resistant e.g. E. coli (1), S. sonnei,... 

    Improved green biosynthesis of chitosan decorated Ag- and Co3O4-nanoparticles: A relationship between surface morphology, photocatalytic and biomedical applications

    , Article Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine ; Volume 32 , 2021 ; 15499634 (ISSN) Kiani, M ; Rabiee, N ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Ghadiri, A.M ; Fatahi, Y ; Dinarvand, R ; Webster, T. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2021
    Abstract
    AgNPs@Chitosan and Co3O4-NPs@Chitosan were fabricated with Salvia hispanica. Results showed MZI values of 5 and 30 mm for Co3O4-NPs- and AgNPs@Chitosan against S. aureus, and 15 and 21 mm for Co3O4-NPs- and AgNPs@Chitosan against E. coli (24 h, 20 μg/mL), respectively. MTT assays showed up to 80% and 90%, 71% and 75%, and 91% and 94% mammalian cell viability for the green synthesized, chemically synthesized AgNPs and green synthesized AgNPs@Chitosan for HEK-293 and PC12 cells, respectively, and 70% and 71%, 59% and 62%, and 88% and 73% for the related Co3O4-NPs (24 h, 20 μg/mL). The photocatalytic activities showed dye degradation after 135 and 105 min for AgNPs@Chitosan and... 

    An innovative, highly stable Ag/ZIF-67@GO nanocomposite with exceptional peroxymonosulfate (PMS) activation efficacy, for the destruction of chemical and microbiological contaminants under visible light

    , Article Journal of Hazardous Materials ; Volume 413 , 2021 ; 03043894 (ISSN) Kohantorabi, M ; Giannakis, S ; Moussavi, G ; Bensimon, M ; Gholami, M. R ; Pulgarin, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    In this work, Ag nanoparticles were loaded on ZIF-67 covered by graphene oxide (Ag/ZIF-67@GO), and its catalytic performance was studied for the heterogeneous activation of peroxymonosulfate (PMS) under visible-light. The catalyst surface morphology and structure were analyzed by FT-IR, XRD, XPS, DRS, FE-SEM, EDX, TEM, BET, ICP-AES and TGA analysis. The efficacy of PMS activation by the Ag/ZIF-67@GO under visible light was assessed by phenol degradation and E. coli inactivation. Phenol was completely degraded within 30 min by HO•, SO4•− and O2•− generated through the photocatalytic PMS activation. In addition, total E. coli inactivation was attained in 15 min that confirmed the highly... 

    Streptomycin sulfate–loaded niosomes enables increased antimicrobial and anti-biofilm activities

    , Article Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology ; Volume 9 , 2021 ; 22964185 (ISSN) Mansouri, M ; Khayam, N ; Jamshidifar, E ; Pourseif, T ; Kianian, S ; Mirzaie, A ; Akbarzadeh, I ; Ren, Q ; Sharif University of Technology
    Frontiers Media S.A  2021
    Abstract
    One of the antibiotics used to treat infections is streptomycin sulfate that inhibits both Gram-negative and -positive bacteria. Nanoparticles are suitable carriers for the direct delivery and release of drug agents to infected locations. Niosomes are one of the new drug delivery systems that have received much attention today due to their excellent biofilm penetration property and controlled release. In this study, niosomes containing streptomycin sulfate were prepared by using the thin layer hydration method and optimized based on the size, polydispersity index (PDI), and encapsulation efficiency (EE%) characteristics. It was found that the Span 60-to-Tween 60 ratio of 1.5 and the... 

    Synthesis, morpho-structural properties, and catalytic performances of Pt-APA@Fe3O4/GO nanocomposite based on magnetical graphene in C–C coupling reactions and photoinactivation of E. coli

    , Article Journal of Nanoparticle Research ; Volume 23, Issue 8 , 2021 ; 13880764 (ISSN) Moniriyan, F ; Sabounchei, S. J ; Yousefi, A ; Akhavan, O ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media B.V  2021
    Abstract
    Herein, a novel Pt-APA composite (APA = pyridinium bromide salt) based on magnetic graphene oxide was synthesized and used as an effective catalyst. In this way, Fe3O4 nanoparticles are grown on graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets by a simple and practical method which creates a unique nanostructure (Fe3O4/GO) through dispersing uniformly among graphene nanosheets. The resulted Pt-APA composite was obtained via adding PtCl2 to an ethanol solution of Fe3O4/GO and α-keto stabilized pyridinium ylide in related conditions. The synthesized nanocomposite structure was identified using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive... 

    Fabrication and characterization of scaffolds containing different amounts of allantoin for skin tissue engineering

    , Article Scientific Reports ; Volume 11, Issue 1 , 2021 ; 20452322 (ISSN) Dorri Nokoorani, Y ; Shamloo, A ; Bahadoran, M ; Moravvej, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Research  2021
    Abstract
    Using the skin tissue engineering approach is a way to help the body to recover its lost skin in cases that the spontaneous healing process is either impossible or inadequate, such as severe wounds or burns. In the present study, chitosan/gelatin-based scaffolds containing 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1% allantoin were created to improve the wounds’ healing process. EDC and NHS were used to cross-link the samples, which were further freeze-dried. Different in-vitro methods were utilized to characterize the specimens, including SEM imaging, PBS absorption and degradation tests, mechanical experiments, allantoin release profile assessment, antibacterial assay, and cell viability and adhesion tests.... 

    PLGA/TiO2 nanocomposite scaffolds for biomedical applications: Fabrication, photocatalytic, and antibacterial properties

    , Article BioImpacts ; Volume 11, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 45-52 ; 22285652 (ISSN) Pelaseyed, S. S ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Nokhbedehghan, Z ; Samadikuchaksaraei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Tabriz University of Medical Sciences  2021
    Abstract
    Introduction: Porous 3D scaffolds synthesized using biocompatible and biodegradable materials could provide suitable microenvironment and mechanical support for optimal cell growth and function. The effect of the scaffold porosity on the mechanical properties, as well as the TiO2 nanoparticles addition on the bioactivity, antimicrobial, photocatalytic, and cytotoxicity properties of scaffolds were investigated. Methods: In the present study, porous scaffolds consisting poly (lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) containing TiO2 nanoparticles were fabricated via air-liquid foaming technique, which is a novel method and has more advantages due to not using additives for nucleation compared to former... 

    Multifunctional 3D hierarchical bioactive green carbon-based nanocomposites

    , Article ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering ; Volume 9, Issue 26 , 2021 , Pages 8706-8720 ; 21680485 (ISSN) Rabiee, N ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Ghadiri, A. M ; Kiani, M ; Fatahi, Y ; Tavakolizadeh, M ; Pourjavadi, A ; Jouyandeh, M ; Saeb, M. R ; Mozafari, M ; Shokouhimehr, M ; Varma, R. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2021
    Abstract
    Carbon-based nanocarriers such as multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) have shown promising delivery capabilities due to their low immunogenicity, superior internalization, and suitable cell penetration efficiency. Herein, a molecular engineering strategy is advanced for the one-pot synthesized rGO/MWCNT/Fe3O4/ZnO to enhance the stability of the nanocarrier in the biological matrix; green synthesized ZnO was responsible for water uptake and reduced cytotoxicity, while Fe3O4controlled the cellular internalization for gene delivery. Surface morphology of the ensuing nanocomposite was correlated with photocatalytic and gene delivery (CRISPR/Cas9) features. For... 

    Evaluation of antibacterial behavior of in situ grown CuO-GO nanocomposites

    , Article Materials Today Communications ; Volume 28 , 2021 ; 23524928 (ISSN) Ahmadi, R ; Fattahi Nafchi Fatahi, R ; Sangpour, P ; Bagheri, M ; Rahimi, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    The growth of harmful microorganisms is a severe threat to human life. Nowadays, it is necessary to prepare antimicrobials materials with high biocompatibility properties. Hence, the use of nanomaterials and their nanocomposites has been proposed as a suitable way to obtain safe and potent antibacterial materials. Recently, several studies have been conducted on the antibacterial properties of metal oxide and graphene oxide (GO) nanomaterials individually. This study investigated the synergistic effect of GO and copper oxide (CuO) as a nanocomposite. CuO-GO nanocomposite containing 5%, 15%, 25%, 50%, and 75% of GO were synthesized to study antibacterial properties. X-ray diffraction (XRD)... 

    Optimization, physicochemical characterization, and antimicrobial activity of a novel simvastatin nano-niosomal gel against E. coli and S. aureus

    , Article Chemistry and Physics of Lipids ; Volume 234 , 2021 ; 00093084 (ISSN) Akbarzadeh, I ; Keramati, M ; Azadi, A ; Afzali, E ; Shahbazi, R ; chiani, M ; Norouzian, D ; Bakhshandeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ireland Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    Niosomes, as a kind of drug delivery system, is widely used for the topical delivery of lipophilic drugs. Optimization of niosomes plays an essential role in enhancing their therapeutic efficiencies. This study aims to prepare an optimized niosomal formulation of simvastatin (nSIM), a lipophilic member of statins, through the experiment (Response Surface methodology). Optimized niosomes were characterized in size, polydispersity index (PDI), entrapment efficiency (EE), stability, releasing pattern, and antimicrobial activity. The different molar ratio of surfactant and cholesterol were applied to prepare various formulation of simvastatin loaded niosome. Mean particle size and size... 

    Evaluation of antibacterial behavior of in situ grown CuO-GO nanocomposites

    , Article Materials Today Communications ; Volume 28 , 2021 ; 23524928 (ISSN) Ahmadi, R ; Fattahi Nafchi Fatahi, R ; Sangpour, P ; Bagheri, M ; Rahimi, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    The growth of harmful microorganisms is a severe threat to human life. Nowadays, it is necessary to prepare antimicrobials materials with high biocompatibility properties. Hence, the use of nanomaterials and their nanocomposites has been proposed as a suitable way to obtain safe and potent antibacterial materials. Recently, several studies have been conducted on the antibacterial properties of metal oxide and graphene oxide (GO) nanomaterials individually. This study investigated the synergistic effect of GO and copper oxide (CuO) as a nanocomposite. CuO-GO nanocomposite containing 5%, 15%, 25%, 50%, and 75% of GO were synthesized to study antibacterial properties. X-ray diffraction (XRD)... 

    Optimization, physicochemical characterization, and antimicrobial activity of a novel simvastatin nano-niosomal gel against E. coli and S. aureus

    , Article Chemistry and Physics of Lipids ; Volume 234 , 2021 ; 00093084 (ISSN) Akbarzadeh, I ; Keramati, M ; Azadi, A ; Afzali, E ; Shahbazi, R ; chiani, M ; Norouzian, D ; Bakhshandeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ireland Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    Niosomes, as a kind of drug delivery system, is widely used for the topical delivery of lipophilic drugs. Optimization of niosomes plays an essential role in enhancing their therapeutic efficiencies. This study aims to prepare an optimized niosomal formulation of simvastatin (nSIM), a lipophilic member of statins, through the experiment (Response Surface methodology). Optimized niosomes were characterized in size, polydispersity index (PDI), entrapment efficiency (EE), stability, releasing pattern, and antimicrobial activity. The different molar ratio of surfactant and cholesterol were applied to prepare various formulation of simvastatin loaded niosome. Mean particle size and size... 

    Optimized doxycycline-loaded niosomal formulation for treatment of infection-associated prostate cancer: An in-vitro investigation

    , Article Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology ; Volume 57 , 2020 Akbarzadeh, I ; Tavakkoli Yaraki, M ; Bourbour, M ; Noorbazargan, H ; Lajevardi, A ; Sadat Shilsar, S. M ; Heidari, F ; Mousavian, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Editions de Sante  2020
    Abstract
    Developing drug delivery systems with both antibacterial and anti-cancer effects is of importance in the treatment process of infection-associated cancers, especially prostate cancer. In this study, Span 60, Tween 60, and cholesterol were used to formulate doxycycline-loaded niosomes as a promising drug carrier system as either antibacterial or anticancer formulation. The formulation process was optimized by multi-objective response surface methodology (RSM), and then characterized. The developed niosomal formulation showed great storage stability for up to 2 weeks. In addition, they showed remarkable drug release in acidic solution (pH = 3) compared with physiological pH (7.4). The in-vitro...