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    A Gradient-Enhanced Computational Homogenization Technique for Multi-Scale Modeling of Heterogeneous Materials with Softening Behavior

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Raisi, Alireza (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The use of conventional multi-scale models for materials that exhibit softening behavior is not possible due to the phenomenon of localization, because the fundamental assumptions of homogenization are no longer satisfying around the localization region, and therefore the macro-scale results depend on the size of the representative volume element and the macro-scale mesh discretization. Also, if the finite elements mesh be fine enough, the solution does not converge to acceptable physical values. This research concerns the multi-scale study of failure and proposes an appropriate method for computational homogenization of that. The main idea is to apply the enhanced homogenization method to... 

    Generating a Pulsatile Pulmonary Flow after Fontan Operation by Means of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghoreyshi, Mostafa (Author) ; Saidi, Mohamad Said (Supervisor) ; Firoozabadi, Bahar (Supervisor) ; Navaee Shirazei, Mohammad Ali (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    This study considers blood flow in total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) morphology, which is created in Fontan surgical procedure in patients with single ventricle heart disease. Ordinary process of TCPC operation reduces the pulmonary blood flow pulsatility; because of right ventricle being bypassed. This phenomenon causes a lot of side effects for patients. A cardiac surgeon has suggested that keeping main pulmonary artery (MPA) partially open, would increase pulmonary flow pulsations. MPA gets closed in ordinary TCPC operation. The purpose of current study is to verify the effects of keeping MPA partially open on pulmonary flow pulsations, by means of computational fluid dynamics (CFD).... 

    Multiscale Modeling of Cohesive Crack Growth based on XFEM and Damage Model

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Salahi Nezhad, Mohammad (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research, multi-scale modeling of mixed-mode failure mechanism of quassi-brittle materials is presented. For modeling a realistic crack growth in heterogeneious media, crack initiation criterion, crack growth orientation and the macroscopic cohesive law are derived from a microscopic sample. As a microscopic crack initiation criterion, acoustic tensor is investigated and scaled acoustic tensor has been proposed by comparison its results with maximum principal tensile stress. For crack growth direction based on micro-scale, acoustic tensor and multiscale aggregating discontinuities has been investigated and multiscale aggregating discontinuities by comparison results of these methods... 

    Coarse Grained-Atomistic Concurrent Multi-Scale Modeling for Numerical Simulation of Mechanical Behavior of Heterogeneous Materials in Nano-cale

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ali Madadi Ahmadabadi, Ashkan (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this thesis, a method has been exploited to couple the atomistic domain with the coarse-grained domain. Since molecular dynamics has a high computational cost when a large number of atoms exist, coarse-grained molecular dynamics was used in which a number of atoms are assumed as a bigger bid and interatomic potential is modified for bids so that the material’s mechanical properties remain constant. This method not only reduces the computational cost of calculating forces in molecular dynamics simulation but also, the time step used in Coarse-Grained Methods can be more than atomistic simulations as the frequency of occurring phenomena in CG scale is less than atomistic scale.The advantage... 

    Multi-scale Modeling of Heterogeneous Nano-materials Using Representative Volume Element

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shafieyoon, Ali (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this paper a new multi-scale method is developed for modeling heterogeneous materials, this method is based on homogenization and it is classified as hierarchical multi-scale method. For simulating problems in continues media, finding the elastic tensor is necessity, in homogeneous material this tensor come down from Young’s modulus and poison’s ratio, however in Nano-scale problems specially in heterogeneous material, this solution does not work and need to revise. To deal with heterogeneity in these problems homogenization by a representative volume element is a novel method. The properties of material is imported from RVE in each step of solving problem to larger scale, and by... 

    Multi-Scale Modeling of Chemo-Hydro-Mechanical Analysis of Heterogeneous Porous Media

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Adeli, Mohammad Hesan (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The swelling phenomenon in the porous media causes many problems in various engineering issues, including foundation construction and oil and gas extraction. For this reason, in the last few decades, flow modeling in reactive porous media and investigation of coupled hydro-chemo-mechanical problems have attracted a lot of attention. On the other hand, despite the simplifications, porous media have a heterogeneous structure, and the numerical modeling of these heterogeneities directly increases the computational costs. A suitable method for modeling heterogeneous problems is the computational homogenization method. In this method, the problem is solved in two scales in a correlated manner and... 

    Hierarchical Multiscale Modeling in Large and Plastic Deformations

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sarkari Khorrami, Mohammad (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this study, the hierarchical multiscale method is presented to model macro-scale materials with considering large and plastic deformations. Since the classic methods such as continuum mechanics were unable to model defects such as dislocations, voids, and etc. at nano scale. Also, the molecular dynamics methods have high computational costs; hence, recearchers try to develop multiscale methods in order to utilize them. Multiscale modeling in which two scales are considered and some information be transferred from fine scale to coarse scale. In this work, the coarse scale is modeled by finite element method (FEM) and the fine scale is analysed by molecular dynamics (MD). In fact, two... 

    Multi Scale Modeling of Carbon Nano Structures Using Brenner Potential Function

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ziapour, Rouzbeh (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Due to high cost and ineffectiveness of molecular models a new method for coupling continuum models with molecular models is used. In this method, the continuum and molecular domains are overlapped. Comparing the results obtained from the concurrent simulations and molecular dynamic simulations proves the accuracy of the method used. The method is used for modeling single layered graphene sheets, stress contours are presented for multiscale and both static and dynamic simulations of concurrent. For multiscale simulations two different carbon nano tubes are investigated and strees-bond angle and strees-bond length are also presented  

    Multiscale Modeling of Creep Behavior of Nickel-Based Superalloys

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Tolooei Eshlaghi, Golsa (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, single-crystal nickel-based superalloys are widely used in the manufacture of gas turbine blades in the aerospace industry due to their high resistance to creep, fatigue and corrosion at high temperatures. The superior behavior of these materials at elevated temperatures is a result of their two-phase microstructure, which includes the matrix phase (γ) of nickel and the precipitate phase (γ') of Ni3Al intermetallic compounds with a high volume fraction. The aim of this thesis is to develop computational modeling tools to study the creep deformation of single-crystal Ni-based superalloys. At high temperatures, the creep deformation of Ni-based superalloys is determined by the atomic... 

    Coarse-Grain Multi-Scale Modeling for Numerical Simulation of Plastic Behavior in Nano-Scale Material

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bahrololoumi Tabatabaei, Amir (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this paper, a multiscale coarse graining method is developed on the basis of the force matching theorem in order to model the nonlinear behavior of crystalline material. In this framework, two scales are involved, i.e. the nano- and meso-scales. In each of scales, molecular dynamic simulations are employed with this difference that the fine scale is modeled via embedded atom method many body potential and at the coarse scale the simulation is based on pairwise potential. In addition, the linkage between fine and coarse scales is achieved by data transfer between two scales; in a way that required information for coarse grain analyses, i.e. inter-particle potential and coarse scale initial... 

    Coarse-gained Multi-scale Modeling for Numerical Simulation of Nonlinear Behavior of Materials in Nano-scale

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadi, Khashayar (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this thesis, a coarse-grained multi-scale method for 2D crystallyn solids based-on finite element consepts has presented. In this method, both scales are atomic scale and similar to what we see in non-local QC method, the entire atomic structure will be intact. Accordingly, calculations of potential functions and forces in the domain will have the atomic accuracy. In the presented method to reduce the domain’s degrees of freedom, the classical finite-element meshing concept to mesh the elastic linear areas in the domain is used and the MD calculations will done on the mesh nodes. Therefore, degrees of freedom in the system will reduce and consequently, the computational cost will reduce.... 

    Multi-scale Modeling of Crack Using Nano-XFEM

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghaffari, Reza (Author) ; Haddadpour, Hassan (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this thesis a mutliScale model based on the Cauchy-Born hypothesis and via usage of XFEM is proposed for crack modeling. By solving an example, the important of surface effects in the surface stresses region is shown. Considering not being able to model the surface effects with the Cauchy-Born method, the boundary Cauchy-Born method for modeling crack effects is used. Moreover, three Molecular Dynamics method for modeling crack will be proposed. According to the obtained results from these methods, it was deduced that for calculating the correct surface stresses in Molecular Dynamics the mutual interaction of upper and lower atoms of crack should be omitted. Finally, the validation of... 

    A Machine Learning-Based Atomistic-Continuum Multi-Scale Modeling of Perfect and Defective Ni-Based Superalloy in Elastoplastic Regions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kianezhad Tajanaki, Mohammad (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this paper, a machine learning-based atomistic-continuum multi-scale scheme is introduced to model the materials' geometrically and materially nonlinear behavior. The kinematic and energetic consistency principles are employed to link the atomistic and continuum scales. In order to establish the kinematic consistency principle, the periodic boundary condition is implemented for the atomistic RVE. The Ni-based superalloy, including 0 to 3% porosity, is considered for the models. Several parameter analysis is done to distinguish the proper atomistic RVE to be used in multi-scale models. The data set, including the stress-strain samples, is generated through molecular dynamics analysis... 

    Modelling and Simulation of Melanoma Cancer, Based on Cellular Automata Approaches

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rad, Jaber (Author) ; Habibi, Jafar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, M&S is critical as a powerful tool for human to fight against cancer. Skin cancer is one of the most widespread cancers and melanoma would be the most dangerous kind of it. In cancerous micro-environment, cancer cells interact with vasculature, and compete with normal cells over nutrients. This plays a major role in tumor progression pattern and speed. In recent years, a few multiscale models have been developed considering these phenomena. Such a model provides a platform for future researches, especially in drug effects prediction. A reliable simulation must satisfy the constraints and facts in the real world as much as possible. M&S credibility assessment is a major concern to... 

    Multi-Scale Numerical Modeling of Two Phase Flow over Flexible Surface Micro-Structures

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Heyat Davoudian, Salar (Author) ; Javadi, Khodayar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The present thesis investigates the micro-droplet dynamics in an inclined channel covered with flexible structures. For this purpose, the DPD (dissipative particle dynamics) method is used to study the behavior of particles present in the flow, including the droplet, the fluid around the droplet, and polymeric structures. This model leads to a more accurate representation of flow hydrodynamics and indicates the way for exploring and understanding complex fluid properties in real flows. The first part of the thesis deals with the dynamics of rising bubbles attached to a vertical wall under different wettability conditions. Even though bubbles rising freely in a liquid have extensively been... 

    A Quasi-Three-Dimensional Multiscale Model for Two-Phase Simulation of Multi-Stream Plate-Fin Heat Exchangers

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Niroomand, Reza (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Co-Supervisor) ; Mafi, Mostafa (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The present thesis aimed to develop a thermal-hydraulic model for simulation of multi-stream plate-fin heat exchangers. In this study, a multi-scale point of view was employed for three-dimensional simulation of multi-stream plate-fin heat exchangers. This is a cost-effective method that reflects the effects of complex phenomena at the micro-scale in the macro-scale model. In this model, fluid and solid matrix temperature distributions were obtained in the three-dimensional space, considering conduction heat transfer through separating plates, side plates, cap plates, and transverse conduction through fins. The modular form of the model has facilitated layer-by-layer simulation of parallel... 

    Multiscale Modeling of Carbon Nano Structures Using Tersoff Potential Function

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Najjari, Alireza (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    During the last decade, thanks to a combination of exploding computational power and improved physical insight into material behavior, continuum and atomistic simulations improved greatly. Both classes of methods are now used to solve problems, which are more complicated than ever with greater accuracy than ever before. Nevertheless, there still exist problems for which neither method alone is sufficient. In general, atomistic simulations cannot be used for such length scales due to the restrictions on the number of atoms that can be simulated, along with the time scales, which they can be simulated for. In contrast, continuum simulations tend to fail at the atomic scale, for example due to... 

    A Temperature Dependant Multiscale Modeling of Crack Growth in Nano Materials

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Imani, Arman (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The fact that materials and crack behave differently under different temperatures, brings a need for further investigation in this field. Recent studies regarding this behavior are mainly based on molecular dynamic method. While this method garuntee a highpercicion, the computational costs of this method can be high when dealing with crack propagation problem. Taking advantage of multiscale methods allows us to overcome this challenge by reducing the calculation time while providing acceptable results. In this research a multi-scale method capable of considering thermal effects has been developed. A concurrent model is created by using theory of elasticity for continuum part and taking... 

    Temperature-Dependent Hierarchical Multi-Scale Modeling of Nano-Materials Considering Surface Effect

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghahremani, Pegah (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In continuum mechanics, the constitutive models are usually based on the Cauchy-Born (CB) hypothesis which seeks the intrinsic characteristics of the material via the atomistic information and it is valid in small deformation. The main purpose of this thesis is to investigate the temperature effect on the stability and size dependency of Cauchy-Born hypothesis and a novel temperature-dependent multi-scale method is developed to investigate the role of temperature on surface effects in the analysis of nano-scale materials. Three-dimensional temperature-related Cauchy-Born formulation are developed for crystalline structure and the stability and size dependency of temperature-related... 

    Hybrid Multiscale Modeling of Cancer Cell Behavior

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Zangooei, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Habibi, Jafar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Cancer is a class of diseases characterized by out-of-control cell growth. Cancer is among the leading causes of death worldwide.Cancer modeling is increasingly being recognized as a powerful tool to refine hypotheses, focus experiments, and enable predictions that are more accurate.We investigate a three-dimensional multiscale model of vascular tumour growth, which couples blood flow, angiogenesis, vascular remodelling, nutrient/growth factor transport, movement of, and interactions between, normal and tumour cells. We constructed a hybrid multi- scale agent-based model that combines continuous and discrete methods.Each cell is represented as an agent. The agents have rules that they must...