Search for: nanofluidics
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    Visualization of Flow Pattern and Experimental Investigation of Thermal Performance of Pulsating Heat Pipe with Proposed Fluid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gandomkar, Amir Reza (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    Pulsating heat pipe (PHP) is a two-phase device for the means of transferring high heat fluxes and is used extensively for the electronic cooling. In this study the different flow regimes in PHP with different fluids have been investigated. In this research, 3 different fluids including: Pure fluids, Ferro-fluid and surfactant solution with %50 filling ratio have been used. For ferro-fluid, 5 different concentrations and 3 type of magnetic fields have been operated in 2 different heat pipes. Results show that ferrofluid is more stable in Pyrex made-heat pipe for long period of time and no magnet mode has the best thermal performance due to high conductivity of fluid. In copper made-heat pipe... 

    Modeling and Simulation of Gas Absorption in Hollow Fiber Membrane Contactors Using Nanofluids

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimi, Rezvan (Author) ; Molaei Dehkordi, Asghar (Supervisor)
    Today, the usage of hollow membrane contactors is considered by the researchers as a novel solution in the separation and purification industry, including the sweetening of gas. Improving the performance of these devices requires a more detailed study of the process factors and changes in its chemistry. Hence, providing a suitable mathematical model by examining the details of the flow pattern within the contactor is based on the computational fluid dynamics technique in the agenda. Also, improving the absorption of components such as carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide from the gas mixture using chemical absorbents such as monoethanolamine will be investigated. The change in the mass... 

    Modeling of Flow of Nano-filled Viscoelastic Fluids and its Application in Rheometry

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kamyabi, Mohammad Mahdi (Author) ; Ramazani Saadatabadi, Ahmad (Supervisor)
    Despite of passing many years from invention of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), simulation of the fluid-solid interfaces and free surfaces are still completely challenging and progressive problems. In addition knowing and understanding nanotechnology huge applications,modeling of nano-fluids have been became a priority for researchers. Adding importance of Non-Newtonian fluids (especially polymeric solutions) to this two subjects, triangle topics of this research becomes vivid. In this research tried to consider and examine behavior of Newtonian,Generalized-Newtonian, Viscoelastic and nano-filled viscoelastic fluids in one and two phase mediums. we followed mesh free methods which are... 

    Effect of tiO_2 Nanoparticles on Heat and Drag Properties of Dilute Polymer Solutions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Paryani, Sadra (Author) ; Ramezani Saadat Abadi, Ahmad (Supervisor) ; Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    In the present work, the experiments were carried out for two types of PAM (3330 and 3630) with three distinct concentrations (25, 40 and 55 ppm) and TiO_2-water nanofluid for four concentrations (1.5, 2, 2.5 and 3 vol. %), and the Nusselt number and friction factor for each of them expressed separately. The Reynolds number was in the range from 11000 to 21000. The steady state turbulent convective heat transfer and friction factor of the combination of TiO_2-water nanofluid and polymer 3330 in the coiled tube were investigated. The effects of the Reynolds number for 2 vol. % nanoparticles which consists of 25 ppm PAM (3330) determined at the constant temperature of 24°C. It was observed... 

    Study on The Influence of Nanoparticles and Magnetic Field on The Liquid-Liquid Mass Transfer Coefficients

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Vahedi, Amid (Author) ; Molaei Dehkordi, Asghar (Supervisor)
    Magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles were synthesized and coated with Oleic Acid using the co-precipitation method. The particles were characterized using DLS, FT-IR, SEM, XRD, VSM and UV-Vis spectrophotometry analysis. The mean size of particles was 28.8 nm and the FT-IR analysis indicated that Oleic Acid was coated suitably on the nanoparticles. The vsm test indicated no hysteresis loop for the particles, defining the superparamagnetism of them. A nanofluid containing nanoparticles in 5wt% Acetic Acid in Toluene as the base fliud was prepared. The stability of this nanofluid was determined using UV-Vis spectrophotometry to be less more then 95% in the first two hours. This nanofluid is used as... 

    Study of Ion Transport from the Two-Dimensional Structure of MXene

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hashemifar, Fatemeh (Author) ; Esfandiar, Ali (Supervisor)
    Reverse electrodialysis-based membranes are one of the most promising approaches to osmotic energy production. However, conventional reverse electrodialysis membranes have high strength and insufficient mass transfer, which leads to low power density and efficiency. In recent decades, the transport of ions at the nanoscale for the manufacture of reverse electrodialysis machines has attracted much attention. Compared to conventional devices, power density and energy conversion efficiency increase dramatically due to space constraints and electrostatic interactions at the nanoscale. Lamellar nanostructures, which can be easily fabricated by stacking two-dimensional nanosheets, may be a... 

    Modeling and Simulation of Tansport Phenomena in Irregular Microchannels

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nikouei, Maryam Sadat (Author) ; Molaie Dehkordi, Asghar (Supervisor)
    In this article, the problem of mixed convection in vertical rectangular microchannels for both regular fluids and nanofluids have been solved, using the CFD technique in the entrance regions of momentum and heat transfer taking in account the influences of viscous heating, inertial force and sleep conditions. In case of nanofluid flow, both the Brownian and thermophoresis molecular transfer mechanisms were considered.The predicted results were validated using fully developed distributions of velocity and temperature. Furthermore, the influences of mixed convection parameter (Gr/Re) and Kn number values on distributions of velocity and temperature through the entrance and fully-developed... 

    Study of the Effect of Presence of Nano- Particles on the Mass Transfer and Hydrodynamics of Drops

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nozari, Ali (Author) ; Bastani, Daruoosh (Supervisor) ; Goodarznia, Iraj (Supervisor)
    Regarding to the effect of nanoparticles on mass transfer and hydrodynamics characteristics, limited number of studiesavailableinthe literature.In this work, mass transfer performanceand hydrodynamic characteristics nanofluidshavebeeninvestigated in the liquid−liquid extraction process. The chemical system of toluene-acetic acid-water was used, and two Extraction columnswith diameter of 10cm and height of 55cm and 6 cm were designed. The drops were organic nanofluids containing silica nano-particles and carbon nano-tubes.Synthesized silica nanoparticles by sol-gel methods, were modified with Triethoxyoctylsilane and Polydimethylsiloxane as well as Carbon nano-tubes were modified with dodecyl... 

    Preparation of Nano Fluid from Carbon Nano Structures with High Surface Area in Order to Improve the Heat Transfer Coefficient in Heat Exchangers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naghash Chimeh, Amir Saleh (Author) ; Sattari, Sorena (Supervisor) ; Rashidi, Alimorad (Co-Advisor)
    In this research convective heat transfer coefficient enhancement of nanofluids prepared from high surface area graphene has been investigated in laminar flow in the developing region. The nanofluid has been prepared from nanoporous graphene with high surface area and with concentration of 0.025 to 0.1 %wt. Deionized water has been used as the base fluid and a type of Ter-Polymer has been utilized as the surfactant. The results indicate that thermal conductivity of nanofluid with concentration of 0.1 %wt remains quite constant, with only %3.8 enhancement, while convective heat transfer coefficient improves significantly, with 34% enhancement. The behavior of this enhancement related to the... 

    Investigation of Mass Transfer in Liquid-Liquid System in the Presence of Nanosized Particles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nakhaeipour, Fahimeh (Author) ; Bastani, Dariush (Supervisor)
    The main objective of this project is to study the effect of the presence of nanoparticles on mass transfer in liquid-liquid systems. To do this research, TiO2/water, Al2O3/water, CNTs/water and CNTs/toluene have been used as nanofluids. The experiments of TiO2/water nanofluid were been carried out in water-acetone-toluene system at two weigh percents of TiO2 nanoparticles. The result showed that mass transfer decreased in 0.5wt% of TiO2, compared to base fluid, and it increase in 1 %wt. Also in 0.5%wt the decrease in interfacial tension decreased diameter of drops and as a result mass transfer decreased too. In 1%wt the increase in viscosity increased the diameter of drops and then the... 

    Simulation of the Effects of Nanofluids on the Thermal Performance of a Heat Pipe

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirahmadi, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Co-Advisor)
    In terms of thermodynamics and heat transfer, heat pipes such as closed two-phase thermosyphon are of great importance in saving energy. In this study, a computational fluid dynamics model for simulation of a thermosyphon heat pipe with two-phase flow including phase change heat transfer was developed. The study has mainly focused on the effects of volume concentrations of Nanoparticles and the operating temperature on the heat transfer performance of the thermosyphon. The analysis was performed to compare heat transfer performance between a solid copper tube and a thermosyphon heat pipe which contained deionized water and graphene oxide(GO)/water Nanofluid as its working fluids. Based on a... 

    Numerical Study of Heat Transfer Enhancement in Porous Medium by Applying Magnetic Field on Nano Fluid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Morshedi, Golnoosh (Author) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Supervisor)
    A 2D simulation has been carried out to study the effect of magnetic field on heat transfer and pressure drop of nanofluid flowing through a pipe filled with porous medium. The nanofluid flow is modeled as a single-phase flow, and Darcy–Brinkman–Forchheimer equation is employed to model fluid flow in porous media. A constant uniform heat flux was imposed on the walls of the cylinder, and the values of Darcy number, Hartmann number, and volume fraction of the nanoparticles were selected as 0.1, 200, and 0.2, respectively. Effects of parameters such as Reynolds number, the material of the porous medium (conductivity and porosity), and material of nanofluids have been investigated in the... 

    Experimental Investigation Into the Performance of Pulsating Heat Pipe Using Nano-Encapsulated Phase Change Material Along with Rgo Nanosheets

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadi, Omid (Author) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad (Supervisor) ; Rezaee Shirin-Abadi, Abbas (Co-Supervisor)
    Heat pipes are useful devices in heat transfer, renewable energies and cooling systems in particular. According to various application of this systems in different industries, performance improvement of this devices has gained much importance. Working fluid is one of the effective factors on pulsating heat pipes. Since heat transfer in PHPs is natural convection and two-phase, specific heat and thermal conductivity of working fluid have an important role in the performance of pulsating heat pipes. In the present study, the effect of using nano-encapsulated PCM along with reduced graphene oxid (RGO) dispersed in water and their mixture as working fluid has on the performance of PHPs has been... 

    Ion Transport Through Graphene Fibers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghanbari, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Esfandiar, Ali (Supervisor)
    Nanostructured graphene based membranes demonstrated excellent capabilities in various applications in nanofiltration and energy conversion due to unique atomically smooth surfaces and adjustable pore size or interlayers spacing at Angstrom scales.In addition to graphitic surface and physical confinement on ions in Graphene-oxide (GO) laminates, surface charges on such 2D-slits provide an attractive aspects to have more channels walls interactions with ions. There are some reports on the osmotic power generation using physical confinements and electrostatic interactions between ions and GO membranes. However, the results indicated insufficient power densities (1 W=m2 ) can be achieved... 

    Mixed Convection of Magnetic Nanofluids in Channels Filled with a Porous Medium in the Presence of External Magnetic Field

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Fadaei, Farzad (Author) ; Molaei, Asghar (Supervisor) ; Shahrokhi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In this research work, mixed convection heat transfer of ferrofluids (i.e., magnetite nanoparticle) in a circular pipe fully filled with a porous medium in the presence of constant and alternating magnetic fields has been investigated both numerically and experimentally. The duct was heated by a heating coil and the magnetic field was applied via four electromagnets with U shaped ferrite cores and a frequency inverter. The nanoparticles were synthesized using co-precipitation method and coated with a surfactant (i.e., Tween 80) and doubled distilled water was used as the base fluid. To characterize the synthesized nanoparticles, various analyzing techniques such as VSM, SEM, and XRD were... 

    Experimental Investigation of Thermal Performance of Pulsating Heat Pipe Filled with Hybrid Nanofluid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Alishiri, Mojgan (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor)
    Today, oscillating heat pipes play an undeniable role in energy recovery due to their high thermal capacity. Studies show that the working fluid plays a more effective role in improving the performance of the oscillating heat pipes. In this study, a model is proposed to determine the optimal concentrations of Fe3O4-MWCNT/DI Water hybrid nanofluid based on NSGA-II multi-objective optimization algorithm. The Thermophysical properties of the fluid have been optimized to obtain the concentrations that provide the highest thermal conductivity and specific heat capacity and the lowest dynamic viscosity and density for hybrid nanofluids. Then a number of these concentrations¬ have ¬been selected... 

    Preparation of Nano Fluid from Carbon Nanostructures to Enhance Heat Transfer in Cooling Towers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Askari, Saeed (Author) ; Syfkordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Lotfi, Roghayeh (Supervisor)
    In this paper, carbon structures such as multi wall carbon nano tubes, graphene and hybrid graphene-iron oxide, for utilisation in wet cooling towers in order to improve heat transfer are being discussed. All synthesized nanoparticles are prepared by chemical vapour deposition and wet chemical methods. Nature and structure of the created particles is also being examined by using X-Ray diffraction, transmission electron microscope and scanning electron microscope. The water used in this research is a kind of brine water, currently being used in industrial cooling towers at oil-rich regions of southern Iran. Performing the ICP test on the available water and by exact determination of its... 

    Experimental Study of NanoFluid Heat Transfer in the Entrance Region

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ezzati, Davoud (Author) ; Nouri Brojerdi, Ali (Supervisor)
    This project reports an experimental work on the convection heat transfer of nanofluids, made of -AL2O3 nanoparticles and de-ionized water, flowing through a copper tube in the laminar flow regime. The results showed considerable enhancement of convective heat transfer using the nanofluids. The enhancement was particularly significant in the entrance region, and was much higher than that solely due to the enhancement on thermal conduction. It was also shown that the classical Seider and Tate equation failed to predict the heat transfer behavior of nanofluids. Possible reasons for the enhancement were discussed. Migration of nanoparticles and the resulting disturbance of the boundary layer... 

    Experimental Investigation of Mass Transfer Coefficient and Specific Interfacial Area in a New TIJR in the Presence of Nanoparticles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abdollahzadeh khanegha , Fariba (Author) ; Molaei Dehkordi, Asghar (Supervisor)
    The theory of mass transfer accompanied by chemical reaction for gas-liquid systems was used to measure the specific interfacial area and mass transfer coefficient in a two impinging jets reactor (TIJR) in the presence of γ-Al_2 O_3 nanoparticles.The absorption of oxygen in sulfite solutions used for the determination of mass transfer characteristics. First 3 liters of nanofluids were prepared at concentration of 1 w% then diluted To produce 10 Liters of nanofluids containing 0.3 w%. The stability of this nanofluid was determined using uv-vis to be less more than 95% in the first 3 hours. The influence of weight percent of nanoparticles (0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2, 0.3) on the specific... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sarrafan, Kiana (Author) ; Bastani, Daruoosh (Supervisor)
    In liquid-liquid extraction, as in gas absorption, two phases must be brought into good contact to permit transfer of material. The presence of nanoparticles in liquid phase can enhanced the rate of gas-liquid mass transfer. The benefits of nanofluids can be used to enhance the heat and mass transfer of liquid-liquid extraction. Standard test system with low interfacial tension that recommended by EFCE: n-butanol/water/succinic acid, was used in this project. The CNTs/n-butanol that was saturated of water used as dispersed phase. Water and succinic acid used as continuous phase and solute. Since there is no chemical reaction to take place between CNTs and n-butanol, In order to obtain well...