Search for: nanofluidics
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    Numerical Study of Heat Transfer Enhancement in Porous Medium by Applying Magnetic Field on Nano Fluid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Morshedi, Golnoosh (Author) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Supervisor)
    A 2D simulation has been carried out to study the effect of magnetic field on heat transfer and pressure drop of nanofluid flowing through a pipe filled with porous medium. The nanofluid flow is modeled as a single-phase flow, and Darcy–Brinkman–Forchheimer equation is employed to model fluid flow in porous media. A constant uniform heat flux was imposed on the walls of the cylinder, and the values of Darcy number, Hartmann number, and volume fraction of the nanoparticles were selected as 0.1, 200, and 0.2, respectively. Effects of parameters such as Reynolds number, the material of the porous medium (conductivity and porosity), and material of nanofluids have been investigated in the... 

    Visualization of Pool Boiling Heat Transfer of Magnetic Nano-Fluid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zarei Salehabad, Mostafa (Author) ; Shafiee, Mohammad Behshad (Supervisor) ; Moosavi, Ali (Co-Supervisor)
    The use of nano-fluid, which is a stable solid liquid mixture, has been proposed as a new strategy for heat transfer operations. Much research has been done on heat transfer of nano-fluids until now, whereas the study of phenomena associated with phase change, such as boiling where there is heat transfer in larger scales is very necessary. The boiling process based on its potential for transferring high amounts of heat at low temperatures is a very effective and common mechanism, and it occurs in many engineering systems, including boilers at plants, evaporators in refrigeration systems and nuclear reactors. Also, a considerable amount of research was done recently in the field of... 

    Determination of Parabolic Trough Solar Collector Efficiency Using Al2O3/Synthetic Oil Nanofluid: A Comprehensive Numerical Study with The Effect of Wind Velocity

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Khakrah, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Shamloo, Amir (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor)
    Due to significant reduction in fossil fuel sources; several researches have been conducted recently to explore modern sources of renewable energy. One of the major fields in the category of renewable energy harnessing devices is parabolic trough solar collectors (PTC). Several parameters have effect on the overall efficiency of the PTC’s.As the effect of these parameters is coupled to each other, a comprehensive investigation is necessary.In the present study a numerical analysis is performed to examine the efficiency of PTCs via variation of several governing parameters (e.g. wind velocity magnitude, nanoparticles volume fraction, inlet temperature and reflector’s orientation). A detailed... 

    Simulation of the Effects of Nanofluids on the Thermal Performance of a Heat Pipe

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirahmadi, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Co-Advisor)
    In terms of thermodynamics and heat transfer, heat pipes such as closed two-phase thermosyphon are of great importance in saving energy. In this study, a computational fluid dynamics model for simulation of a thermosyphon heat pipe with two-phase flow including phase change heat transfer was developed. The study has mainly focused on the effects of volume concentrations of Nanoparticles and the operating temperature on the heat transfer performance of the thermosyphon. The analysis was performed to compare heat transfer performance between a solid copper tube and a thermosyphon heat pipe which contained deionized water and graphene oxide(GO)/water Nanofluid as its working fluids. Based on a... 

    Laboratory Evaluation of Dynamic Viscosity and Heat Conductivity of Functionalized Carbon Nanotube Nano Fluids in the Engine Oil and Modeling with the Neural Network

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Emami, Ali (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Akbari, Mohammad (Co-Advisor)
    In recent years, Rheological behavior and heat transfer of nanofluid studies have been increasing considerably and results show significant progress in this area. In this study we analyze the laboratory examination of the influence of parameters of volume fraction and temperature on thermal conductivity coefficient, dynamic viscosity of new and useful nanofluid carbon nanotube in engine oil. Most of fluid comparing to solid has lower thermal conductivity coefficient therefore solid particles increase thermal conductivity coefficient. On the other hand by adding particles, the dynamic viscosity of nanofluid also increases. Since nanoparticles have high volume ratio to surface (SSA) they have... 

    Experimental Study of Internal Forced Convection of Ferrofluid Flow in Porous Media

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sehat, Ashkan (Author) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Supervisor) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad (Co-Advisor)
    The present work illustrates the results of an experimental study of ferrofluid flow in a tube subjected to a constant heat flux on its wall and filled with permeable material under the effect of magnetic field. The aim of this project is investigating the enhancement of heat transfer and obtaining a uniform temperature distribution inside the pipe. In order to achieve this, a porous medium with a porosity of 0.39 and ferrofluid with volume fractions of 0.6, 1.0 and 1.5 are used simultaneously, in the presence of magnetic field. The experiments are held for four different Reynolds numbers of 147.1, 167.3, 184.3 and 205.1. Also, four various modes of the oscillatory magnetic field are applied... 

    Nano-Fluid Natural Convection on a Constant Temperature Vertical Plate

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Iranmehr, Arash (Author) ; Nouri Boroujerdi, Ali (Supervisor)
    In the present study, Nano-fluid natural convection on a constant temperature vertical plate is numerically investigated, following the similarity analysis of transport equations. After changing the governing differential equations to the ordinary differential equations, they were numerically solved by the fourth order Runge-Kutta method.. The analysis shows that all three main profiles, velocity, temperature and concentration in their specific boundary layers, and the Prandtle number, depend on three important additional dimensionless parameters, namely a Brownian motion parameter, a thermophoresis parameter, and a buoyancy ratio parameter. Finally, it was found that the Nusselt number in... 

    Effect of tiO_2 Nanoparticles on Heat and Drag Properties of Dilute Polymer Solutions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Paryani, Sadra (Author) ; Ramezani Saadat Abadi, Ahmad (Supervisor) ; Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    In the present work, the experiments were carried out for two types of PAM (3330 and 3630) with three distinct concentrations (25, 40 and 55 ppm) and TiO_2-water nanofluid for four concentrations (1.5, 2, 2.5 and 3 vol. %), and the Nusselt number and friction factor for each of them expressed separately. The Reynolds number was in the range from 11000 to 21000. The steady state turbulent convective heat transfer and friction factor of the combination of TiO_2-water nanofluid and polymer 3330 in the coiled tube were investigated. The effects of the Reynolds number for 2 vol. % nanoparticles which consists of 25 ppm PAM (3330) determined at the constant temperature of 24°C. It was observed... 

    Synthesis and Characterization of TiO2 Nanoparticles for Enhanced Oil Recovery Applications

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Ehtesabi, Hamide (Author) ; Taghikhani, Vahid (Supervisor) ; Ahadian, Mohammad Mahdi (Supervisor) ; Vosoughi, Manouchehr (Co-Advisor)
    Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) techniques are gaining more attention worldwide as the proved oil is declining and the oil price is hiking. Although many giant oil reservoirs around the world were already screened for EOR processes, the main challenges such as low sweep efficiency, costly techniques, possible formation damages, transportation of huge amounts of EOR agents to the fields especially for offshore cases and the lack of analyzing tools in traditional experimental works, hinder the proposed EOR process.It has been shown that recently, nanoparticles are attractive agents to enhance the oil recovery at the laboratory scale.
    In this study TiO2 nanoparticles were used to improve... 

    Preparation of Nano Fluid from Carbon Nano Structures with High Surface Area in Order to Improve the Heat Transfer Coefficient in Heat Exchangers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Naghash Chimeh, Amir Saleh (Author) ; Sattari, Sorena (Supervisor) ; Rashidi, Alimorad (Co-Advisor)
    In this research convective heat transfer coefficient enhancement of nanofluids prepared from high surface area graphene has been investigated in laminar flow in the developing region. The nanofluid has been prepared from nanoporous graphene with high surface area and with concentration of 0.025 to 0.1 %wt. Deionized water has been used as the base fluid and a type of Ter-Polymer has been utilized as the surfactant. The results indicate that thermal conductivity of nanofluid with concentration of 0.1 %wt remains quite constant, with only %3.8 enhancement, while convective heat transfer coefficient improves significantly, with 34% enhancement. The behavior of this enhancement related to the... 

    Investigation of the Influence of Nanoparticle & Nanofluidic Conduit Geometry on Ionic Transport

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bakouei, Mostafa (Author) ; Taghipoor, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    Resistive pulse sensing (RPS) has proved to be a viable method for detection and characterization of micro and nano particles. This method works based on ionic current variation inside nanopores. Modern fabrication methods have introduced different nanopore geometries for resistive pulse sensors therefore studing the effects of geometry on sensing performance of nanaopores is important. Numerical simulation has been used to study a wide variation of nanopore’s geometry configurations and study the physics behind this phenomena. Based on the results, numerical simulation could be used as a fast and easy tool for size determination for nanopore. To compare the sensing performance of different... 

    Experimental Investigation of Thermal Performance of Pulsating Heat Pipe Filled with Hybrid Nanofluid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Alishiri, Mojgan (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor)
    Today, oscillating heat pipes play an undeniable role in energy recovery due to their high thermal capacity. Studies show that the working fluid plays a more effective role in improving the performance of the oscillating heat pipes. In this study, a model is proposed to determine the optimal concentrations of Fe3O4-MWCNT/DI Water hybrid nanofluid based on NSGA-II multi-objective optimization algorithm. The Thermophysical properties of the fluid have been optimized to obtain the concentrations that provide the highest thermal conductivity and specific heat capacity and the lowest dynamic viscosity and density for hybrid nanofluids. Then a number of these concentrations¬ have ¬been selected... 

    Experimental Investigation Into the Performance of Pulsating Heat Pipe Using Nano-Encapsulated Phase Change Material Along with Rgo Nanosheets

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadi, Omid (Author) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad (Supervisor) ; Rezaee Shirin-Abadi, Abbas (Co-Supervisor)
    Heat pipes are useful devices in heat transfer, renewable energies and cooling systems in particular. According to various application of this systems in different industries, performance improvement of this devices has gained much importance. Working fluid is one of the effective factors on pulsating heat pipes. Since heat transfer in PHPs is natural convection and two-phase, specific heat and thermal conductivity of working fluid have an important role in the performance of pulsating heat pipes. In the present study, the effect of using nano-encapsulated PCM along with reduced graphene oxid (RGO) dispersed in water and their mixture as working fluid has on the performance of PHPs has been... 

    Two-phase, Two-component Simulation of Nanofluids in Natural Convection Applying Lattice Boltzmann Method

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hosseini Abadshapoori, Mehdi (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor)
    The advances of technology of microelectrical devices and their computational capacity and so, their heat rates, make the thermal control of them more complex. Utilizing nanopfluids is one of proposing options. The current research investigates the effectiveness of using nanoparticles on the heat transfer rate of fluids in the natural convection. A two-component two-phase lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) has been implemented for this purpose. A wide range of Rayleigh number (Ra), namely 103 to 109, 0 to 0.05 volume fraction s of nanoparticles and nanoparticle diameters below 100 nm has been investigated in this research. The method is optimized for complex geometries. Two and three dimensional... 

    Experimental Investigation of Effect of Nanofluid Stability on Thermal Performance and Flow Regimes in Pulsating Heat Pipe

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Akbari, Ali (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor)
    Pulsating heat pipe (PHP) is a type of wickless heat pipe that has a simple structure and an outstanding thermal performance. Nanofluid is a type of fluifid in which nanoparticles are dispersed in a base fluid and has a better thermal conductivity in comparison with its base fluid. In this article, the performance of a nanofluid PHP is investigated. In order to simultaneously investigate the thermal performance and flow regimes in the PHP, a one-turn copper PHP with a Pyrex glass attached to its adiabatic section was used. A one-turn Pyrex PHP was also used to fully visualize flow patterns in the PHP. Our results showed that the material that a PHP made of and temperature of working fluid... 

    Simulation of Fluid Flow in Nanotubes by Non-Equilibrium Molecular Dynamics

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khodadadi, Ali (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Supervisor)
    One of the critical challenges in droplet based micro- and nanofluidic devices is handling the droplet breakup such that a controllable droplet size is produced. The experimental and numerical investigations at the microscale indicate that the droplet size can be well controlled by T junction geometries. In the present study we use non-equilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) simulations to investigate this phenomenon at the nanoscale. In order to generalize the study the Lennard-Jones type potential between the fluids and the walls have been considered and the strength and the effective range of the potential are changed to consider a wide variety of materials. Our results reveal that the... 

    Numerical Study of Passive Heat Transfer Enhancement Methods in Automobile Radiator

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Asadollahi Shahbaboli, Pasha (Author) ; Mousavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    In this study, a three dimensional model of water-ethylene glycol based aluminum oxide nanofluid in the laminar flow of an automobile radiator has been numerically studied. The passive heat transfer enhancement method of twisted tape insertion in the flat tubes of radiator is used. The effects of different parameters on heat transfer and pressure drop have been investigated. Simulation results show that utilizing twisted tapes is an effective way of enhancing heat transfer in an automobile radiator. Despite the pressure drop penalty of using twisted tapes, the thermal performance factor which is a proper criteria for evaluating the practical use of the twisted tapes and considers the effect... 

    Improving the Cooling Performance of Automobile Radiator

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Habibiannejad, Hossein (Author) ; Afshin, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Inhencemant of automobile radiator heat performance is the purpose of this study. Radiator fin shape, coolant fluid properties and influence of nanofluid studied in this research. Plain fin, louvered fin and vortex generator fin is choosen and design. With flow simulation influence of fin shape on heat performance is studied. After that, with considering radiator coolant fluid, the effect of antifreezing on fin heat transfer is evaluated. Then by addin nanoparticles to water and antifreezing solution, effect of nanofluid on heat transfer is evaluated. Results show that with increasing the air velocity for all geometries in the study , heat transfer and pressure drop is increased. But heat... 

    Visualization of Flow Pattern and Experimental Investigation of Thermal Performance of Pulsating Heat Pipe with Proposed Fluid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gandomkar, Amir Reza (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    Pulsating heat pipe (PHP) is a two-phase device for the means of transferring high heat fluxes and is used extensively for the electronic cooling. In this study the different flow regimes in PHP with different fluids have been investigated. In this research, 3 different fluids including: Pure fluids, Ferro-fluid and surfactant solution with %50 filling ratio have been used. For ferro-fluid, 5 different concentrations and 3 type of magnetic fields have been operated in 2 different heat pipes. Results show that ferrofluid is more stable in Pyrex made-heat pipe for long period of time and no magnet mode has the best thermal performance due to high conductivity of fluid. In copper made-heat pipe... 

    Experimental and Theoretical Investigation on Thermal Conductivity of Combined Nanofluids

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Iranidokht, Vahid (Author) ; Shafii, Mohammad Behshad (Supervisor)
    Application of nanotechnology in the field of heat transfer has increased recently. The need to increase heat transfer rate yet decrease the size of cooling equipment, brought about lots of attention to thermal properties of Nanofluids. Nanofluid is the suspension of nanometer-sized solid particles in base liquid. Research on convective heat transfer of nanofluids which is only two decades old, shows great potential in increasing heat transfer rate. Although there is a remarkable research on thermal conductivity of Nanofluids, negligible research was conducted on combined Nanofluids . Developed Theory for thermal conductivity of combined nanofluid can be used to modeling the thermal...