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Total 40 records

    Site-specific protein conjugation onto fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotubes

    , Article Chemistry of Materials ; Volume 32, Issue 20 , 2020 , Pages 8798-8807 Zubkovs, V ; Wu, S. J ; Rahnamaee, S. Y ; Schuergers, N ; Boghossian, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2020
    Abstract
    Semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are among the few photostable optical emitters that are ideal for sensing, imaging, drug delivery, and monitoring of protein activity. These applications often require strategies for immobilizing proteins onto the nanotube while preserving the optical properties of the SWCNTs. Site-specific and oriented immobilization strategies, in particular, offer advantages for improving sensor and optical signaling responses. In this study, we demonstrate site-specific protein immobilization of a model of enhanced yellow fluorescent protein with a single engineered cysteine residue, using either single-stranded DNA or a pyrene-containing linker to... 

    Type V collagen in scar tissue regulates the size of scar after heart injury

    , Article Cell ; Volume 182, Issue 3 , 2020 , Pages 545-562.e23 Yokota, T ; McCourt, J ; Ma, F ; Ren, S ; Li, S ; Kim, T. H ; Kurmangaliyev, Y. Z ; Nasiri, R ; Ahadian, S ; Nguyen, T ; Tan, X. H. M ; Zhou, Y ; Wu, R ; Rodriguez, A ; Cohn, W ; Wang, Y ; Whitelegge, J ; Ryazantsev, S ; Khademhosseini, A ; Teitell, M. A ; Chiou, P. Y ; Birk, D. E ; Rowat, A. C ; Crosbie, R. H ; Pellegrini, M ; Seldin, M ; Lusis, A. J ; Deb, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cell Press  2020
    Abstract
    Scar tissue size following myocardial infarction is an independent predictor of cardiovascular outcomes, yet little is known about factors regulating scar size. We demonstrate that collagen V, a minor constituent of heart scars, regulates the size of heart scars after ischemic injury. Depletion of collagen V led to a paradoxical increase in post-infarction scar size with worsening of heart function. A systems genetics approach across 100 in-bred strains of mice demonstrated that collagen V is a critical driver of postinjury heart function. We show that collagen V deficiency alters the mechanical properties of scar tissue, and altered reciprocal feedback between matrix and cells induces... 

    Expression of functional recombinant human tissue transglutaminase (TG2) using the bac-to-bac baculovirus expression system

    , Article Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin ; Volume 6, Issue 1 , 2016 , Pages 49-56 ; 22285881 (ISSN) Yazdani, Y ; Azari, S ; Kalhor, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Tabriz University of Medical Sciences 
    Abstract
    Tissue transglutaminase (TG2) is a unique multifunctional enzyme. The enzyme possesses enzymatic activities such as transamidation/crosslinking and non-enzymatic functions such as cell migration and signal transduction. TG2 has been shown to be involved in molecular mechanisms of cancers and several neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. The present study aimed at cloning and expression of full length human TG2 in Bac-to-Bac baculovirus expression system and evaluation of its activity. Methods: pFastBac HTA donor vector containing coding sequence of human TG2 was constructed. The construct was transformed to DH10Bac for generating recombinant bacmid. The verified bacmid was... 

    Role of endurance training in preventing pathological hypertrophy via large tumor suppressor (LATS) changes

    , Article Iranian Heart Journal ; Volume 20, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 52-59 ; 17357306 (ISSN) Tabrizi, A ; Soori, R ; Choobineh, S ; Gholipour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Iranian Heart Association  2019
    Abstract
    Background: One of the negative effects of cardiac sympathetic hyperactivity is pathologic hypertrophy. Recent studies have indicated that large tumor suppressor (LATS) is one of the molecules which play a critical role in cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Considering the preventive role of exercise training, we evaluated the effects of endurance training on LATS gene expression and its upstream pathway in the present study. Methods: Eighteen male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: Endurance and control. Endurance training was performed for 8 weeks, 1 hour per day, and 6 days per week on the treadmill at a 15° inclination. Pathologic hypertrophy was induced with the injection of 3... 

    Cell-Seeded biomaterial scaffolds: the urgent need for unanswered accelerated angiogenesis

    , Article International Journal of Nanomedicine ; Volume 17 , 2022 , Pages 1035-1068 ; 11769114 (ISSN) Shokrani, H ; Shokrani, A ; Sajadi, S. M ; Seidi, F ; Mashhadzadeh, A. H ; Rabiee, N ; Saeb, M. R ; Aminabhavi, T ; Webster, T. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Dove Medical Press Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    One of the most arduous challenges in tissue engineering is neovascularization, without which there is a lack of nutrients delivered to a target tissue. Angiogenesis should be completed at an optimal density and within an appropriate period of time to prevent cell necrosis. Failure to meet this challenge brings about poor functionality for the tissue in comparison with the native tissue, extensively reducing cell viability. Prior studies devoted to angiogenesis have provided researchers with some biomaterial scaffolds and cell choices for angiogenesis. For example, while most current angiogenesis approaches require a variety of stimulatory factors ranging from biomechanical to biomolecular... 

    Directional migration and differentiation of neural stem cells within three-dimensional microenvironments

    , Article Integrative Biology (United Kingdom) ; Volume 7, Issue 3 , Jan , 2015 , Pages 335-344 ; 17579694 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Heibatollahi, M ; Mofrad, M. R. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2015
    Abstract
    Harnessing neural stem cells to repair neuronal damage is a promising potential treatment for neuronal diseases. To enable future therapeutic efficacy, the survival, proliferation, migration and differentiation of neural stem/progenitor cells (NPCs) should be accurately studied and optimized in in vitro platforms before transplanting these cells into the body for treatment purposes. Such studies can determine the appropriate quantities of the biochemical and biomechanical factors needed to control and optimize NPC behavior in vivo. In this study, NPCs were cultured within a microfluidic device while being encapsulated within the collagen matrix. The migration and differentiation of NPCs were... 

    A viscoelastic model for axonal microtubule rupture

    , Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 48, Issue 7 , 2015 , Pages 1241-1247 ; 00219290 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Manuchehrfar, F ; Rafii Tabar, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    Abstract
    Axon is an important part of the neuronal cells and axonal microtubules are bundles in axons. In axons, microtubules are coated with microtubule-associated protein tau, a natively unfolded filamentous protein in the central nervous system. These proteins are responsible for cross-linking axonal microtubule bundles. Through complimentary dimerization with other tau proteins, bridges are formed between nearby microtubules creating bundles. Formation of bundles of microtubules causes their transverse reinforcement and has been shown to enhance their ability to bear compressive loads. Though microtubules are conventionally regarded as bearing compressive loads, in certain circumstances during... 

    Personalised deposition maps for micro- and nanoparticles targeting an atherosclerotic plaque: attributions to the receptor-mediated adsorption on the inflamed endothelial cells

    , Article Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology ; Volume 18, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 813-828 ; 16177959 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Forouzandehmehr, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2019
    Abstract
    Endothelial inflammation as a prominent precursor to atherosclerosis elicits a distinct pathological surface expression of particular vascular proteins. To exhibit a site-specific behaviour, micro- and nanoparticles, as carriers of therapeutics or imaging agents, can distinguish and use these proteins as targeted docking sites. Here, a computational patient-specific model capturing the exclusive luminal qualities has been developed to study the transport and adsorption of particles decorated with proper antibodies over an atherosclerotic plaque located in the LAD artery of the patient. Particles, in nano- and micron sizes, have been decorated with Sialyl Lewisx (sLex), P-selectin aptamer... 

    Expression and function of c1orf132 long-noncoding rna in breast cancer cell lines and tissues

    , Article International Journal of Molecular Sciences ; Volume 22, Issue 13 , 2021 ; 16616596 (ISSN) Shafaroudi, A. M ; Sharifi Zarchi, A ; Rahmani, S ; Nafissi, N ; Mowla, S. J ; Lauria, A ; Oliviero, S ; Matin, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI  2021
    Abstract
    miR-29b2 and miR-29c play a suppressive role in breast cancer progression. C1orf132 (also named MIR29B2CHG) is the host gene for generating both microRNAs. However, the region also expresses longer transcripts with unknown functions. We employed bioinformatics and experimental approaches to decipher C1orf132 expression and function in breast cancer tissues. We also used the CRISPR/Cas9 technique to excise a predicted C1orf132 distal promoter and followed the behavior of the edited cells by real-time PCR, flow cytometry, migration assay, and RNA-seq techniques. We observed that C1orf132 long transcript is significantly downregulated in triple-negative breast cancer. We also identified a... 

    Comparative study of commercial media to improve GMP manufacturing of recombinant human interferon β-1a by CHO cells in perfusion bioreactor

    , Article Cytotechnology ; Volume 74, Issue 6 , 2022 , Pages 669-680 ; 09209069 (ISSN) Sedighikamal, H ; Karimi Mostofi, R ; Sattarzadeh, A ; Shahbazi, M ; Aghazadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media B.V  2022
    Abstract
    Chinese hamster ovary cells are the main cellular factories for production of a wide range of recombinant proteins in biopharmaceutical industry. Recombinant human Interferon beta-1a (rh-IFN β-1a), as a cytokine is broadly used to treat multiple sclerosis. In this work, the cell line producing rh-IFN β-1a was studied to improve cell density along with the specific expression. For this reason different cell culture experiments were done using different commercial serum-free media to find the appropriate media providing higher cell density. It was shown DMEMF12, DMEM:ProCHO5, and CHO-S-SFM II led to higher cell density and shorter doubling time. Next, using these media, fed-batch, and... 

    Distinct dynamics of migratory response to pd-1 and ctla-4 blockade reveals new mechanistic insights for potential t-cell reinvigoration following immune checkpoint blockade

    , Article Cells ; Volume 11, Issue 22 , 2022 ; 20734409 (ISSN) Safaeifard, F ; Goliaei, B ; Aref, A. R ; Foroughmand-Araabi, M. H ; Goliaei, S ; Lorch, J ; Jenkins, R. W ; Barbie, D. A ; Shariatpanahi, S. P ; Rüegg, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI  2022
    Abstract
    Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1), two clinically relevant targets for the immunotherapy of cancer, are negative regulators of T-cell activation and migration. Optimizing the therapeutic response to CTLA-4 and PD-1 blockade calls for a more comprehensive insight into the coordinated function of these immune regulators. Mathematical modeling can be used to elucidate nonlinear tumor–immune interactions and highlight the underlying mechanisms to tackle the problem. Here, we investigated and statistically characterized the dynamics of T-cell migration as a measure of the functional response to these pathways. We used a previously... 

    A perspective to the correlation between brain insulin resistance and alzheimer: medicinal chemistry approach

    , Article Current Diabetes Reviews ; Volume 15, Issue 4 , 2019 , Pages 255-258 ; 15733998 (ISSN) Rabiee, N ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Rabiee, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Bentham Science Publishers  2019
    Abstract
    Substantial terms have been recognized on the associated risk elements, comorbidities as well as, putative pathophysiological processes of Alzheimer disease and related dementias (ADRDs) as well as, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a few from greatest important disease from the moments. Very much is considered regarding the biology and chemistry of each predicament, nevertheless T2DM and ADRDs are an actually similar pattern developing from the similar origins of maturing or synergistic conditions connected by aggressive patho-corporeal terms and continues to be ambiguous. In this depth-critique article, we aimed to investigate all possibilities and represented a novel and applicable... 

    A perspective to the correlation between brain insulin resistance and Alzheimer: Medicinal chemistry approach

    , Article Current Diabetes Reviews ; Volume 15, Issue 4 , 2019 , Pages 255-258 ; 15733998 (ISSN) Rabiee, N ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Rabiee, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Bentham Science Publishers  2019
    Abstract
    Substantial terms have been recognized on the associated risk elements, comorbidities as well as, putative pathophysiological processes of Alzheimer disease and related dementias (ADRDs) as well as, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a few from greatest important disease from the moments. Very much is considered regarding the biology and chemistry of each predicament, nevertheless T2DM and ADRDs are an actually similar pattern developing from the similar origins of maturing or synergistic conditions connected by aggressive patho-corporeal terms and continues to be ambiguous. In this depth-critique article, we aimed to investigate all possibilities and represented a novel and applicable... 

    Expression analysis of cytokine transcripts in inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy

    , Article Metabolic Brain Disease ; Volume 36, Issue 7 , 2021 , Pages 2111-2118 ; 08857490 (ISSN) Nicknafs, F ; Ghafouri Fard, S ; Omrani, M. D ; Nazer, N ; Sayad, A ; Taheri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2021
    Abstract
    Inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathies are a group of peripheral nerve system disorders in which immune reactions are dysregulated. Cytokines have noticeable roles in the regulation of these responses. We compared transcript levels of nine cytokine coding genes namely IL-1B, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-17A, IFN-G, TGF-B and TNF-A in the peripheral blood of patients with acute and chronic kinds of this condition (AIDP and CIDP) and healthy persons. Expression of IL-17A was significantly lower in female AIDP cases compared with female controls (Expression Ratio = 0.02, P value = 0.02). Expression of this cytokine was higher in female CIDP cases compared with female AIDP cases... 

    Simvastatin-loaded nano-niosomes confer cardioprotection against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury

    , Article Drug Delivery and Translational Research ; Volume 12, Issue 6 , 2022 , Pages 1423-1432 ; 2190393X (ISSN) Naseroleslami, M ; Mousavi Niri , N ; Akbarzade, I ; Sharifi, M ; Aboutaleb, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2022
    Abstract
    Although simvastatin (SIM) has been proven to be a powerful agent against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury, poor water solubility, short half-life, and low bioavailability have made it futile while using conventional drug delivery system. Hence, this study aims to investigate therapeutic efficacy of SIM-loaded nano-niosomes on MI/R injury. Surface active agent film hydration method was used to synthesize nano-niosomes. The physicochemical properties of nano-niosomes were characterized using dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Moreover, niosomes were characterized in entrapment efficiency (EE) and releasing pattern. Male Wistar rats were... 

    Fullerene C60 nanoparticle attenuates pain and tumor necrosis factor-α protein expression in the hippocampus following diabetic neuropathy in rats

    , Article Physiology and Pharmacology (Iran) ; Volume 26, Issue 4 , 2022 , Pages 451-458 ; 24765236 (ISSN) Namdar, F ; Bahrami, F ; Bahari, Z ; Ghanbari, B ; Shahyad, S ; Mohammadi, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Iranian Society of Physiology and Pharmacology  2022
    Abstract
    Introduction: Diabetic neuropathy is a common complication of diabetes mellitus. It is associated with nerve damage due to oxidative stress and high levels of pro-inflammatory mediators. In the present study, we examined the anti-nociceptive effects of Fullerene nanoparticle, as a potent anti-oxidant, during diabetic neuropathy. Methods: Diabetes mellitus induced through injection of streptozotocin (STZ) (40 mg/kg). Four groups were used in the study as follows: the control, control+fullerene, diabetes, and diabetes +fullerene groups. All four groups received sesame oil. Treatment rats received fullerene C60 (1mg/kg/day) for 9 weeks by intra-gastric gavage. Then, cold allodynia, histology,... 

    CRISPR-Cas, a robust gene-editing technology in the era of modern cancer immunotherapy

    , Article Cancer Cell International ; Volume 20, Issue 1 , September , 2020 Miri, S. M ; Tafsiri, E ; Cho, W. C. S ; Ghaemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    BioMed Central Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Cancer immunotherapy has been emerged as a promising strategy for treatment of a broad spectrum of malignancies ranging from hematological to solid tumors. One of the principal approaches of cancer immunotherapy is transfer of natural or engineered tumor-specific T-cells into patients, a so called "adoptive cell transfer", or ACT, process. Construction of allogeneic T-cells is dependent on the employment of a gene-editing tool to modify donor-extracted T-cells and prepare them to specifically act against tumor cells with enhanced function and durability and least side-effects. In this context, CRISPR technology can be used to produce universal T-cells, equipped with recombinant T cell... 

    Synergy between hemagglutinin 2 (HA2) subunit of influenza fusogenic membrane glycoprotein and oncolytic Newcastle disease virus suppressed tumor growth and further enhanced by Immune checkpoint PD-1 blockade

    , Article Cancer Cell International ; Volume 20, Issue 1 , August , 2020 Miri, S. M ; Ebrahimzadeh, M. S ; Abdolalipour, E ; Yazdi, M ; Hosseini Ravandi, H ; Ghaemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    BioMed Central Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Background: Newcastle disease virus (NDV) has shown noticeable oncolytic properties, especially against cervical cancer. However, in order to improve the spread rate and oncotoxicity of the virus, employment of other therapeutic reagents would be helpful. It has been shown that some viral fusogenic membrane glycoproteins (FMGs) could facilitate viral propagation and increase the infection rate of tumor cells by oncolytic viruses. Additionally, immune checkpoint blockade has widely been investigated for its anti-tumor effects against several types of cancers. Here, we investigated for the first time whether the incorporation of influenza hemagglutinin-2 (HA2) FMG could improve the oncolytic... 

    Plant hormones as signals in arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis

    , Article Critical Reviews in Biotechnology ; Vol. 34, issue. 2 , 2014 , p. 123-133 Miransari, M ; Abrishamchi, A ; Khoshbakht, K ; Niknam, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are non-specific symbionts developing mutual and beneficial symbiosis with most terrestrial plants. Because of the obligatory nature of the symbiosis, the presence of the host plant during the onset and proceeding of symbiosis is necessary. However, AM fungal spores are able to germinate in the absence of the host plant. The fungi detect the presence of the host plant through some signal communications. Among the signal molecules, which can affect mycorrhizal symbiosis are plant hormones, which may positively or adversely affect the symbiosis. In this review article, some of the most recent findings regarding the signaling effects of plant hormones, on... 

    Stereolithography 3D bioprinting method for fabrication of human corneal stroma equivalent

    , Article Annals of Biomedical Engineering ; Volume 48, Issue 7 , June , 2020 , Pages 1955-1970 Mahdavi, S. S ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Kumar, H ; Mashayekhan, S ; Baradaran Rafii, A ; Kim, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Abstract
    Abstract: 3D bioprinting technology is a promising approach for corneal stromal tissue regeneration. In this study, gelatin methacrylate (GelMA) mixed with corneal stromal cells was used as a bioink. The visible light-based stereolithography (SLA) 3D bioprinting method was utilized to print the anatomically similar dome-shaped structure of the human corneal stroma. Two different concentrations of GelMA macromer (7.5 and 12.5%) were tested for corneal stroma bioprinting. Due to high macromer concentrations, 12.5% GelMA was stiffer than 7.5% GelMA, which made it easier to handle. In terms of water content and optical transmittance of the bioprinted scaffolds, we observed that scaffold with...