Search for: reinforced-concrete
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    Seismic Rehabilitation of Reinforced Concrete Structures Using Eccentric Steel Bracing

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rajaee Mohammadiye, Kourosh (Author) ; Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    The seismic performance of a low-rise nonductile reinforced concrete (RC) building rehabilitated using eccentric steel bracing is investigated. At first three-story building was Modeled using sap 2000 computer program then analyzed and getting the results. The effectiveness of the eccentric steel bracing in rehabilitating the building was examined. The effect of distributing the steel bracing over the height of the RC frame on the seismic performance of the rehabilitated building was studied. The behavior of the nonductile RC frame members is represented by a beam–column element capable of modeling the strength deterioration and the effect of the axial force on the yield moment and the... 

    On the Dynamic Response of Funicular Shells and Evaluation of the Behavior Factor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kadivar, Amin (Author) ; Mofid, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Dynamic behavior of space structures are of great complexities. On the event of severe earthquake these structures exhibit high resistance and on the other hand, their high rigidity and small deformation makes it necessary to pay attention to their dynamic behavior, especially when combined with other types of structural systems. Also due to lack of sufficient codes and references, their dynamic behavior is still unknown to a great extend. Among these kinds of structures, reinforced concrete double curvature shells, and especially funicular shells, are much more important than others. In this thesis, dynamic response of these kind of structures, especially reinforced concrete domes, in... 

    Catodic Protection Design & Installation of Rebars in Reinforced Concrete by MMO Anodes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ahmadi, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor) ; Ghorbani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    The cathodic protection system was employed for protection of the reinforced concrete of the foundations using the mixed metal oxide anodes embedded in concrete for current distribution. . In this system, after required measurements for zone design calculation of the surfaces current density, IR drop and the circuit’s resistance has been measured. After specifying the appropriate locations for the reference Electrodes (Ag/AgCl) in order for cathodic protection monitoring these three electrodes are installed in three protection zones. After design and supply of all the materials, the installation was started. The protection criterion of steel in concrete was studied and all the measured... 

    Improvement in Reinforced Concrete Beam-Column Connections Behavior using Steel Plates

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mousavi, Mir Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Khaloo, Ali Reza (Supervisor)
    Performance of reinforced concrete frames is highly dependent on detailing of the joint connections between its members, such as beams and columns. To have a good structural behavior, joints must show ductile behavior and designed based on the philosophy of strong column-weak beam. In the case of sever lacking ductility, strength or even rigidity of the connections, or having a weak column-strong beam, in the existing structures, there is a need for seismic upgrading of the connection. There are several ways for seismic upgrading of this type of connections.In this research, using steel plates for seismic upgrading of Concrete Beam-Column connections subjected to axial and cyclic loads has... 

    Finite Element Modelling of Damage in FRC using Microplane Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jelvehpour, Ali (Author) ; Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    In concrete which is a quasi-brittle material failure initially occurs between aggregate and mortars. Fibers of all orientations, randomly embedded in FRC, serve to restrict and delay the coalescence of micro-cracks, micro-voids and micro-slips into wide continuous cracks. While the fibers increase the uniaxial tensile and compressive strength only moderately, they are very effective for enhancing the ductility and energy absorption capability. This elevates structure resistance to impact, ground-shock and blast. One of the most successful efforts toward reaching a macroscopic model which can take micromechanical properties into account is the Microplane model. In this microscopic... 

    Design and Comparison of Reinforced and Pre-Stressed Interior Span Slabs for Concrete Parking Structures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jabari, Farzad (Author) ; Khaloo, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Due to the growth of population and the increasing number of auto-manufacturing plants in the world, governments have to find ways to decrease traffic, environmental pollution, etc. Providing parking lots is another problem with which we have to deal. It seems that designing and building multi-storey reinforced concrete parking structures is one of the ways to resolve this problem. According to complex behavior of concrete in compression and tension, it was so important to use an appropriate behavior model. In this research damage concept is used instead of crack concept which could models concrete behavior appropriately which causes acceptable results. According to uni-axial, bi-axial and... 

    Protection of Steel Rebar in Concrete with Zinc Based Coatings in Persian Gulf

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Attar, Morteza (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Reinforced concrete is one of the most important structural materials used in the construction industry worldwide. Nevertheless, certain physical and chemical factors in the service environment can contribute to its deterioration and failure. One of the most significant factors is the reinforcing steel bar (rebar) corrosion. In order to minimize the rebars corrosion, different kinds of coatings were investigated and evaluated by scientists. In this investigation comparative studies were performed on two different kinds of coated rebars (zinc-rich epoxy and polyamide epoxy coated rebars) and uncoated rebar. In order to evaluate these reinforced concretes, the adhesion, durability, thickness... 

    Seismic Behavior of Steel Beam to Reinforced Concrete Column Connections

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nazeryan, Meysam (Author) ; Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    In recent years, composite systems comprised of reinforced concrete columns and steel beams, have taken consideration. This system took its own advantages both from steel and concrete systems. Joints of this system categorized into through-beam-type and through-column-type. In this research, after reviewing past studies, two kinds of the joints were modeled in ABAQUS finite element program and seismic performance of these two joints were evaluated. These two selected joints were tested by Chin-Tun Chen and Cheng-Chih Chen ( ) and also Hiroshi Kuramoto and Isao Nishiyama ( ). After verifying the finite element model with the experimental studies, a parametric study were conducted on the steel... 

    Experimental Investigations into Damage Detection Techniques in Concrete Beams

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shafieyoon, Amirhossein (Author) ; Joghataie, Abdolreza (Supervisor)
    A simply supported reinforced concrete beam has been built at the concrete laboratory of Sharif University of Technology. The cross section of the beam has been rectangular and all the reinforcing steel bars have been placed at the bottom of the beam. A progressive damage has been applied to the beam first by cutting the concrete cover and then by cutting the reinforcing bars one at a time. The beam has been tested using forced vibration test where an impact hammer has been used to apply the external load. The acceleration of the beam has been recorded based on which the FRFs and then the corresponding modal parameters have been determined. Finally natural frequencies, MAC, COMAC and mode... 

    Flexural Behavior of Concrete Beams Reinforced with High Volume Steel Fibers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sedaghat Jahromi, Hooman (Author) ; Khaloo, Alireza (Supervisor)
    In recent years, the use of fibers has found considerable attention in concrete structures as in spillways, basins of dams, shell structure, industrial floors, and bridge pedestrians. Fibers modify the brittle nature of concrete and make the composite behave ductile under various types of loading. Fibers have numerous advantages such as higher impact resistance, less shrinkage, smaller crack width, higher durability and low expense for repair and maintenance.
    Till now, no adequate data has been reported on concrete beams reinforced with high volume fiber. In this study, flexural behavior of concrete beams reinforced with high volume steel fibers is experimentally investigated. Concrete... 

    Seismic Performance of Composite RCS Moment Frames

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tavasoli Yousef Abadi, Elmira (Author) ; Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    Composite Reinforced Concrete-Steel (RCS) frames which have reinforced concrete columns and steel beams attracted a lot of attention in recent years. They take advantage from the benefits of both reinforced concrete and steel frames thorough using the optimum combination of concrete and steel structural elements. In this research six structures including three 3-story, and three 6-story buildings are designed in a region with very high seismicity risk. These structures include composite RCS moment frames, special steel moment frames, and reinforced concrete special moment frames. RCS moment frames which are designed they not only have reinforced concrete columns similar to reinforced... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Harati, Mojtaba (Author) ; Moghaddam, Hassan (Supervisor)
    The observed response of medium rise buildings during sever earthquakes worldwide has indicated that RC buildings with shear walls behave considerably better than other buildings. The conviction that shear walls are inherently brittle still prevails amongst engineers, and therefore, they usually prefer to choose moment resisting RC frames without shear walls. In this study, a number of RC frames, with and without shear walls are designed in accordance with the seismic codes, and are then subjected to an assemble of severe earthquakes. The results of timehistory nonlinear analyses of these models are then used to investigate the effect of the presence of shear walls within the framework of... 

    Seismic Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Frames Retrofitted by Pre-Stressed Steel Strips

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taghizadeh, Reza (Author) ; Moghaddam, Hassan (Supervisor)
    With occurring severe earthquakes, damages of columns in RC buildings can lead to overall failure and collapse. So retrofitting of such columns that do not comply with the design requirements is necessary to prevent such phenomena. A variety of methods has been introduced so far for retrofitting. The key factors in determining the retrofitting methods are being economic and easily implemented in the design. Confining concrete columns with pre-stressed steel strips is a new technique that is simple and economic. Previous experimental experiments have shown that this method can enhance ductility and overall seismic behavior of such columns.
    In the present study three and six story frames... 

    Seismic Performance of Composite Frames Consisting of Reinforced Concrete Columns and Steel Beams

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mosleh Khorrami, Kamran (Author) ; Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    Composite systems consisting of concrete columns and steel beams are introduces as structural systems in recent years. These structural systems enjoy merits of both steel and concrete frames by efficiently combining the advantages of them. This study is allocated to lateral force resistance system using armed concrete and structural steel. Advantages of composite structures rather to those of two other conventional ones are among performance characteristics under ultimate loads, economical conservation, and higher speed of construction.In this research the aim is to study these frame under earthquake induced loads. The seismic performances of these composite frames with through column beams,... 

    Effects of Thickness and Compressive Strength on The Behavior of Corrugated Fiber-Reinforced Concrete Shear Wall in a Steel Frame

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sarmadi, Shayan (Author) ; Mofid, Massoud (Supervisor)
    Seismic loads are still a challenge for structures and engineers invent and provide seismic resisting systems to resist better against it. Concrete shear walls are well-known seismic resisting system that has had an acceptable performance in occurred seismic events. This system costs noticeable amount of time and material. Fiber-reinforced concretes can be useful to reduce negative effects and provides more positive effects like tensile strength, ductility, impact resisting and etc. Also changes in wall appearance such as corrugating helps to improve shear wall performance as it improves other kinds of plates and shell shaped members in structures. In this thesis, the focus is on “corrugated... 

    Investigating The Seismic Performance of R/C Buildings Equipped With Shape Memory Alloy Braces

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sattari Nikkhoo, Mehrdad (Author) ; Rahimzadeh Rofooei, Fayyaz (Supervisor)
    Shape memory alloys (SMAs) are metallic materials that have unique properties, including shape memory effects, superelastic effects, and high damping characteristics. Recovery of large deformation and capability of energy dissipation during mechanical loading-unloading cycles are special properties of superelastic effect of shape memory alloys. Due to these distinctive macroscopic behaviors, not present in most traditional materials, SMAs are the basis for innovative applications like devices for protecting buildings from structural vibrations. This paper presents a numerical investigation aimed at evaluating the improvements achievable through devices for passive seismic protection of... 

    Parametric Study on Seismic Performance of Spherical RC Domes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gholamrezaie, Amir (Author) ; Vafaei, Abolhassan (Supervisor) ; Mofid, Massoud (Co-Advisor)
    The present parametric study discusses the effective factors on seismic performance of spherical RC domes. For this perpose, a series of domes with different spans, a variety of contact angles (the angle between the bottom of the sphere and the center of the sphere), openings with different areas and various support condition are studied. Then the value of response modification factor and it's components is determined to take into account the effect of each component. The results obtained indicated that the response modification factor increases as the contact angle enhances. However, the span of domes insignificantly affects the value of response modification factor.also analysis on domes... 

    Response Evaluation of Reinforced Concrete Frames Designed for Earthquake Subjected to Blast Loading

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Lezgi, Milad (Author) ; Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    Explosion as a physical phenomenon have various effects on the environment, including living organisms, surrounding buildings, equipment and infrastructure there. Due to such extreme loading conditions, efforts have been made during the past three decades to develop methods of structural analysis and design to resist blast loads. The analysis and design of structures subjected to blast loads require a detailed understanding of blast phenomena and the dynamic response of various structural elements. The most appropriate method for evaluating the behavior of structures under blast loading is performance approach which specifies the response of structures against explosion. It seems that... 

    Experimental Investigation on Effects of Hybrid Fibers on Rheological, Mechanical, and Durability Properties of High-Strength SCC

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tabatabaeian, Mojtaba (Author) ; Khaloo, Alireza (Supervisor)
    The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of using hybrid fibers on rheological, mechanical and durability properties of the high-strength Self-Consolidating Concrete (SCC). For this purpose, two types of fibers including hooked-end steel fibers and polypropylene fibers were used. In this study, a total of eleven mixtures were used: one as a control mix, one containing 0.5% steel fibers, four containing 0.5% hybrid fibers (steel and polypropylene), one containing 1.0% steel fibers and the four containing 1.0% hybrid fibers (steel and polypropylene). For investigating the rheological properties, slump flow, J-ring and V-funnel tests were performed. Mechanical properties were... 

    On the Characteristics and Performance of RCFrames with Y-Bracing Systems

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Atri, Saman (Author) ; Mofid, Masood (Supervisor)
    Steel bracing systems can be used effectively for seismic retrofitting of existing RC buildings as well as for seismic design of new building. Steel bracing system has been used to increase the lateral load resistance of steel structures. In recent years the concept of steel bracing has also been applied to the retrofitting of reinforced concrete frames, especially to improve seismic performance of non-ductile reinforced concrete buildings. The use of steel bracing systems for seismic rehabilitation of RC frames offers some advantages such as (a) minimal added weight to the structure; (b) ease and speed of construction;(c) increased architectural flexibility; in comparison with RC shear...