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    Modeling Catalyst Deactivation in Catalytic Wet Air Oxidation of Phenol in Fixed Bed Three-Phase Reactors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Golestani, Akram (Author) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Khorasheh, Farhad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the present work, wet air oxidation of phenol over 7/3 MnO2/CeO2 composite oxide catalyst in trickle-bed and packed-bubble column reactors was modeled. Complexity of wet air oxidation reactions and catalyst poisoning with carbonaceous groups, on the surface and in the pores of catalyst, make the modeling process complicated. Plurality of mass balance equations which are confirmed in the catalyst pellet and in dynamic and static bed phase, also the equation of catalyst deactivation, lead us solve them simultaneously. In addition, the equations are two dimension and unsteady state and carbon of oxidation intermediates are present which make the modeling process more complicated. We are... 

    Removal of Fluorine from radioactive solid waste of Esfahan Uranium Conversion Facility

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gerami, Vahid (Author) ; Samadfam, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Khanchi, Alireza (Supervisor) ; Gasemi, Hosein (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Uranium is the most important element in the nuclear fuel cycle. Recovery of uranium from waste produced at every stage of the fuel cycle is not only economically important, but also environmentally important. In the production phase of uranium hexafluoride, certain amount of solid waste is produced in the bottom of the fluorination reactor. In order to extract the uranium from this waste, we have to eliminate the fluorine contained in the waste. This is because the fluorine forms strong complex with uranyl ions during the extraction process, and prevents from efficient extraction of uranium. In the current thesis؛ first, we examined the characteristics of the waste ... 

    Modeling of the Wet Compression System in Transient Behavior of the Industrial Gas Turbine

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Keshavarz Mohammadian, Poorya (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In general, the output power of the gas turbines decreases as the ambient temperature increases. One of the ways to deal with such a performance loss is to use a wet compression system, which reduces the air temperature rise throughout the compressor. In this system, the water droplets are injected into the compressor inlet and evaporated throughout the stages. As a result, the work of the compressor decreases, and the power and efficiency of the whole engine increase. Most of the researchers in this field have tried to develop mathematical models to investigate the effects of this system on compressor and gas turbine performance in steady-state conditions. However, it is necessary to... 

    Investigation on Wettability Alteration of Reservoir Rocks by Functionalized Silica Nanoparticles using Molecular Dynamics Simulations

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sepehrinia, Kazem (Author) ; Mohammadi, Aliasghar (Supervisor) ; Seyfkordi, Aliakbar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The properties of 3 nm-diameter fluorinated silica nanoparticles with different coverage percent of CF3 groups as water and oil repellents were investigated at the water-rock and decane-rock interface using molecular dynamics simulation. Simulating a pore of rock in presence of water and decane molecules separately, resulted in liquid bridging for both of liquids. The density profiles of liquids in the pore clearly show several highly ordered layers packing of the molecules close to the rock surface. Distribution of liquid molecules around the nanoparticles is much influenced with increasing CF3 groups on the nanoparticle surface. Results show that adsorption of functionalized silica... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hedayat, Mahdi (Author) ; Soltanieh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Seifkordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Using membrane contactors for acid gas removal, combines the advantages of membrane based separation processes and traditional ones. In this project we aim to study the use of a membrane absorption system for sweetening gas streams containing mixed acid gases with composition similar to raw natural gas. H2S and CO2 exist in the gas stream simultaneously which can be removed by mixture of alkanolamine solvents, including MDEA, DEA and MEA, are used for treating. A lab-scale membrane absorption setup with feed capacity of 2 lit/min, was designed, constructed and commissioned. Several hollow fiber modules equipped with PSf and PVDF membranes were fabricated. Our results revealed that reaching... 

    Laboratory Investigation of the Effects of Sodium Chloride Concentration on Soil Water Retention Curve and Volumetric behavior Using an Unsaturated Automatic Oedometer

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nasiri, Hamed (Author) ; Sadeghi, Hamed (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Laboratory studies to investigate the effects of different saline concentrations (such as sodium chloride or calcium chloride) on the soil water retention behavior of clayey soils and their volumetric changes have received much attention recently. However, many previous studies have investigated these effects in only one path of the SWRC (wetting or drying path) and the effects of saline concentration on hydraulic hysteresis have not been considered. In addition, researchers have frequently studied these effects on SWRC on clay samples, and little research has been done on collapsible soils. Therefore, the most important purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of increasing... 

    Analytical and Experimental Investigation of Scaling the Static and Dynamic Imbibition in Fractured Reservoirs

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mirzaei-Paiaman, Abouzar (Author) ; Masihi, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In imbibition process, as one of the main mechanisms of recovery from naturally fractured reservoirs, a wetting fluid enters matrix blocks and produces nonwetting phase from blocks as result of interaction between capillary, gravity and viscous forces. Depending on various characteristics of system different types of imbibition like counter-current spontaneous imbibition, cocurrent spontaneous imbibition and dynamic counter-current imbibition could occur. In order to predict recovery from matrix blocks scaling equations can be used. In this thesis suitable scaling equations are presented for different types of imbibition by using analytical solutions. The studies cases are counter-current... 

    Impact of Hydraulic Hysteresis on Hydro-mechanical Behaviour of Infilled Fractured Rocks in Unsaturated Condition

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mousavi, Masoud (Author) ; Khosravi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Recent studies have shown that comprehensive characterization of the behavior of infilled rock fractures under saturated and unsaturated conditions requires knowledge of morphological details of fracture surface, as well as state of stress of infill materials and their initial innate conditions (e.g., void ratio, water content, degree of saturation and dry density). This study presents the details and typical results from a new testing approach to study the hydro-mechanical behavior of the infilled rock fractures under different stress states and saturation conditions. The new testing approach incorporates the axis translation technique for suction control, a flow pump for the measurement of... 

    Pore Scale Simulation of the Fluid/Fluid and Fluid/Rock Interactions on the Performance of Water Injection

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mousavi, Mohammad Javad (Author) ; Fatemi, Mobin (Supervisor) ; Pishvaie, Mahmood Reza (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Two-phase fluid flow physics in porous media is applied in various fields. Studies have shown that wettability and surface tension, which represent fluid-rock and fluid-fluid interactions, have a significant effect on the dynamics of the immiscible displacement. Although the effects of wettability and surface tension on the macroscopic behavior of fluid flow are known, there is less understanding of it at the micro scale. Considering the essential role of wettability and surface tension in various fields, this project seeks to investigate the effects of wettability and surface tension on the movement and distribution of fluids and the dominant displacement mechanisms within the porous media... 

    Three-Dimensional Polyamide Nanofibrous Scaffolds for Needle Trap Microextraction of Chlorobenzenes from Water Samples and Comparing them with Two-Dimensional Nanofibres

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Manshaei, Faranak (Author) ; Bagheri, Habib (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the past decades, electrospinning has been widely used for the production of micro/nanofibers. In spite of the simplicity and effectivity of the conventional electrospinning for fabricating nanofibers, compact structure and small pores of the nanofibers hinder the efficient penetration of analytes during the extraction process. In order to overcome this issue, an applicable strategy called wet electrospinnig has been employed to enlarge the pore size of the electrospun scaffolds. By applying this technique, a collector was placed at the bottom of a solvent bath and highly porous foam from polyamide nanofibers was produced immediately after freeze-drying (3D electrospinning).... 

    Numerical Investigation of Motion of Nanodroplets on Wetting Gradient Surfaces

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadi, Ahmad (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    A droplet placed on the boundary of two solids with different wettabilities will move to the more wettable part. This is a well-known phenomenon and has been extensively used in a variety of processes and applications ranging from biological systems and ink jet printing to the commercial lab-on-a-chip. Because of its importance, many studies are conducted around this phenomenon. The difference between the equilibrium contact angles of the droplet on the two parts gives rise to an interfacial driving force which moves the droplet. Such a motion is not continuous as the droplet slides to the more wettable area, the driving force diminishes and consequently the droplet stops. A non-stop motion... 

    Numerical Modeling of Sedimentation and Non-Linear Consolidation of Wet Iron Ore Mine Tailings

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadzadeh Taleshi, Mostafa (Author) ; Pak, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Management and reservation of mine tailings are among the most important problems in today’s engineering. Among the different kinds of mine tailings, wet tailings are of the most critical ones due to their slurry shape. In addition to their different form of settlement than normal kinds of soil, they can easily transfer the pollutants through their base to the adjacent areas. Therefore, investigation of their sedimentation and consolidation processes is necessary. In this thesis, it has been tried to program a code according to the literature, in order to simulate the sedimentation and consolidation process of wet tailings. The mathematical method that has been used in the thesis for solving... 

    Experimental Investigation of Asphaltic Sludge Formation Caused by Asphaltenic Oil Carbonated Reservoir Acid Stimulation

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mohammadzadeh Shirazi, Meisam (Author) ; Ghotbi, Cyrus (Supervisor) ; Ayatollahi, Shahab (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Acidizing is one of the most effective techniques to remove the formation damage and restore (or even increase) the permeability of the near wellbore region. Although this technique is widely used to resolve the skin problem, it could initiate new damages itself that hinder the fluid flow and decrease the well production, consequently. Acid-oil emulsion and sludge formation are known as two major induced formation damage and the main reasons for the oil well acid treatment failures.When the HCl is reacted with asphaltenic crude oil during matrix acidizing, it results in unexpected damage at the near wellbore region and hinder the fluid flow through certain mechanisms include:
    1- Pore... 

    Theoretical and Experimental Investigation of the Wetted Air Dehumidification by Supersonic Separator

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Majidi, Davood (Author) ; Farhadi, Fathollah (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Supersonic separators (3Ss) are used in gas separation processes such as dehumidification of humid air thanks to their high performance and good pressure recovery. Moreover, 3Ss because of their simple mechanical construction and absence of any environmental impact are preferred to other dehydration methods of natural gas, such as adsorption, cooling, and membrane. Also using the 3Ss for relatively large facilities with considerable investment is more than evident. In the first phase of present study, 2-D simulation is performed to investigate the effect of operational and thermo-physical parameters on shockwave position in a specially conceived wet air 3S. Moreover, the effect of cyclonic... 

    Using SiO2¬ Nano Particles in Enhanced Oil Recovery Process

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghajari, Zeinab (Author) ; Alemzadeh, Iran (Supervisor) ; Vossoughi, Manoochehr (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    After primary and secondary recovery processes more than 50 percent of oil remains in reservoirs. Therefore for more recovery from these reservoirs, methods of enhanced oil recovery should be applied.In this paper the effect of nanoparticles of SiO2 in size of 14 nm, on wettability is investigated. Using this nanoparticle, the wettability of carbonate rock in reservoirs could be changed and alter from oil-wet or mix-wet to water-wet. To assess this, hydrophilic changes of sandstone core and carbonate core are studied using the contact angle test. The same test is done on the carbonate core saturated with brine and oil that had received injection with brine and nanoparticles of SiO2 with two... 

    Investigation of Water Consumption Reduction and Exergoeconomic Analysis of Hybrid Cooling Towers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Azizi Kordkandi, Mohammad (Author) ; Saidi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Asghari, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, cooling towers are widely used in power plants, refineries, petrochemicals and ventilation industries, but the water consumption of these towers is high and because of water crisis in Middle East and Iran, it is necessary to devise in order to reduce the water consumption of these towers. In this study separated hybrid cooling tower are used to investigate the water consumption at power plants. The rigorous Poppe method are used in order to estimate the exact amount of water loss due to evaporation in wet cooling towers. First, the effect of ambient condition, wet cooling tower cells and dry cooling tower size on the performance of hybrid cooling tower are investigated, then the... 

    Experimental and Modeling Investigation of Wettability Alteration to Gas Wetting Condition in Gas Condensate Reservoirs

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Erfani Gahrooei, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Ghazanfari, Mohammad Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    During production from gas condensate reservoirs, reservoir pressure decreses to lower than dew point pressure of the reservoir fluid. Consequently, condensates will form in near wellbore regions, which significantly decrease well productivity. One of the remediations that is recently proposed for solving this problem is wettability alteration of near wellbore region to gas wetting condition. In comparison to other methods, it provides a better permanency, which is its key advantage. The main purpose of this thesis is, quantitative, qualitative and modeling study of wettability alteration of rock to gas wetting condition and verification of modeling rsults for a reservoir rock sample. Also,... 

    Simulation of Organic/Inorganic Quantum Dot Light Emitting Diodes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Alam, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Faez, Rahim (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The light emitting diodes is composed of an electron transport layer and hole transport layer. The electrons and holes go to the middle region called active region through these transmit regions, and they emit light from themselves by recombination in this area. In our structure, the active region consists of quantum dots. The emitted light characteristics depend on these dots to great extent. In this thesis, we first describe the processes in this type of device, and then we will review the well-known structures that have been reported so far. In chapter 4 discusses the important characteristics of the active region, including the size of the quantum dots and the wetting layer, and we... 

    Investigations on the Effect of Biosurfactants on the Wettability of Carbonate Rocks via Interactions with Rock and Fluid in Ex-Sito MEOR

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Adelzadeh, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Roosta Azad, Reza (Supervisor) ; Kamali, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Shadizadeh, Reza (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    The effects of biosurfactants on sandstone rocks are known in the literature. However, there are few examples of experimental works in Iranian carbonate reservoirs dealing with the effects of biosurfactants under reservoir conditions. This thesis discusses the effect of an efficient biosurfactant produced from Pseudomonas aeroginosa MRo1, a bacterial strain isolated from oil excavation areas in southern Iran, on the recovery of residual oil trapped within carbonate rocks was investigated. The MRO1 could reduce surface tension from 72 to 28 dyne/cm. It also could reduce Interfacial tension from 18.382 to 5.646 dyne/cm.
    In a core holder set-up bearing four limestone- and... 

    Preoxidation Study of Fe-Ni-Co (KOVAR) Alloy on Glass to Metal Sealing Performance

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Toloue Farrokh, Najibe (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Kaflou, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The Fe-Ni-Co alloy to borosilicate glass seals have been used for many years as hermetic and electrically insulating seals. It is not only excellent in thermal expansion matching but also in good wettability and bond strength too. Oxidation of Kovar was performed in Water vapor, Saturated Nitrogen and N2-H2-H2O atmosphere in tube furnace. Oxide layer composition and thickness changed by varying in oxidation temperature and time. XRD analysis showed different Iron oxides in oxide layer, FeO, Fe3O4 and Fe2O3. However in the third atmosphere no Hematite observed. Increasing oxidation temperature and time result in increasing sample weight gains and roughness. Oxide layer microstructure also was...