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    Numerical Study on the Influence of Magnetic and Electric Fields on Filtration Performance of Wet Granular Beds

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sabbaghian, Sina (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Sadrhosseini, Hani (Supervisor)
    The aim of this study is to develop an understanding of the role of the magnetic and electric forces on the filtration performance of wet granular beds. At first, the effect of wetting is considered by locating micro water film around the square channel for particles deposition in four different Reynolds Re=1 to Re=10 number, Typically 1000 particles in different sizes (100nm-10μm) were injected to microchannel when air and water formed completely on the surface of the block. The Drag force, Brownian force, Saffman`s lift force and the gravity force are affecting the particles. After that Dielectrophoretic and Magnetophoretic forces were included in the domain for investigating the role of... 

    Removal of Fluorine from radioactive solid waste of Esfahan Uranium Conversion Facility

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gerami, Vahid (Author) ; Samadfam, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Khanchi, Alireza (Supervisor) ; Gasemi, Hosein (Co-Advisor)
    Uranium is the most important element in the nuclear fuel cycle. Recovery of uranium from waste produced at every stage of the fuel cycle is not only economically important, but also environmentally important. In the production phase of uranium hexafluoride, certain amount of solid waste is produced in the bottom of the fluorination reactor. In order to extract the uranium from this waste, we have to eliminate the fluorine contained in the waste. This is because the fluorine forms strong complex with uranyl ions during the extraction process, and prevents from efficient extraction of uranium. In the current thesis؛ first, we examined the characteristics of the waste ... 

    Numerical Analysis of Drop Motion over a Flat Solid Surface Due to Surface Acoustic Waves, Using Lattice Boltzmann Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sheikholeslam Noori, Mahdi (Author) ; Mohammad Taiebi Rahni (Supervisor) ; Shams Taleghani, Arash (Co-Supervisor)
    In recent years, there have been a tremendous research performed in the field of sestems containing small scales. However, besides all advantages of such systems, microfluidic systems have extraordinary difficulties and pumping liquid drops as part of some of these systems has been very important issue. An approach related to flow control is use of surface acoustic waves (SAW), which is known as acoustofluidic device. So far, most researches have only qualitatively investigated acoustic flux phenomenon. On the other hand, computational research is ongoing more emphasizing on accuracy, optimization, and obtaining more detailed physical understanding of SAW applications. Investigation of the... 

    Numerical Modeling of Sedimentation and Non-Linear Consolidation of Wet Iron Ore Mine Tailings

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadzadeh Taleshi, Mostafa (Author) ; Pak, Ali (Supervisor)
    Management and reservation of mine tailings are among the most important problems in today’s engineering. Among the different kinds of mine tailings, wet tailings are of the most critical ones due to their slurry shape. In addition to their different form of settlement than normal kinds of soil, they can easily transfer the pollutants through their base to the adjacent areas. Therefore, investigation of their sedimentation and consolidation processes is necessary. In this thesis, it has been tried to program a code according to the literature, in order to simulate the sedimentation and consolidation process of wet tailings. The mathematical method that has been used in the thesis for solving... 

    Laboratory Investigation of the Effects of Sodium Chloride Concentration on Soil Water Retention Curve and Volumetric behavior Using an Unsaturated Automatic Oedometer

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nasiri, Hamed (Author) ; Sadeghi, Hamed (Supervisor)
    Laboratory studies to investigate the effects of different saline concentrations (such as sodium chloride or calcium chloride) on the soil water retention behavior of clayey soils and their volumetric changes have received much attention recently. However, many previous studies have investigated these effects in only one path of the SWRC (wetting or drying path) and the effects of saline concentration on hydraulic hysteresis have not been considered. In addition, researchers have frequently studied these effects on SWRC on clay samples, and little research has been done on collapsible soils. Therefore, the most important purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of increasing... 

    Calculating Runoff Coefficient of Urmia Lake Basin by Empirical Models and Remot Sensing (RS) Technology

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Akbari, Mahdi (Author) ; Tajrishy, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Arasteh, Peyman (Co-Advisor)
    Estimation of runoff in the ungauged basins is a challenge for hydrologists. The main objective of this research is to produce runoff coefficient map using SCS-CN (1972) and Kennessey (1930) as empirical models to for Urmia Lake basin between for 2006-2011.Both SCS-CN and Kennessey methods use slope, land use, and soil permeability data to estimate surface runoff. Accuracy of each model is tested along with the observed runoff using the Root Mean Square Error (RMSE).Urmia Lake basin includes about 400,000 hectares irrigated land, which constitutes around 10 percent of the entire basin area. To exclude the anthropological activities from the estimations, methods were applied only for 28... 

    Impact of Hydraulic Hysteresis on Hydro-mechanical Behaviour of Infilled Fractured Rocks in Unsaturated Condition

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mousavi, Masoud (Author) ; Khosravi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Recent studies have shown that comprehensive characterization of the behavior of infilled rock fractures under saturated and unsaturated conditions requires knowledge of morphological details of fracture surface, as well as state of stress of infill materials and their initial innate conditions (e.g., void ratio, water content, degree of saturation and dry density). This study presents the details and typical results from a new testing approach to study the hydro-mechanical behavior of the infilled rock fractures under different stress states and saturation conditions. The new testing approach incorporates the axis translation technique for suction control, a flow pump for the measurement of... 

    Modeling of the Wet Compression System in Transient Behavior of the Industrial Gas Turbine

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Keshavarz Mohammadian, Poorya (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor)
    In general, the output power of the gas turbines decreases as the ambient temperature increases. One of the ways to deal with such a performance loss is to use a wet compression system, which reduces the air temperature rise throughout the compressor. In this system, the water droplets are injected into the compressor inlet and evaporated throughout the stages. As a result, the work of the compressor decreases, and the power and efficiency of the whole engine increase. Most of the researchers in this field have tried to develop mathematical models to investigate the effects of this system on compressor and gas turbine performance in steady-state conditions. However, it is necessary to... 

    Design and Fabrication of Water and Oil Separation Membranes Using Nano Technology and Wettability Properties of Surfaces

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Heydari, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Due to population growth, the demand for water supply has increased. This need has drawn attention to the use of consumed and treatable water resources. Organic pollutants are a key source of water pollution. On the other hand, petrochemical oil pollution and frequent oil accidents during oil production or maritime transport have become one of the environmental problems.There are different methods for water and oil separation and water purification that in the present project, selective separation can be achieved by using hydrophobic materials and surface roughness and creating surfaces with two properties: superhydrophobic and ultra-oil friendly. This method is also very effective, cheap... 

    Investigation of Water Consumption Reduction and Exergoeconomic Analysis of Hybrid Cooling Towers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Azizi Kordkandi, Mohammad (Author) ; Saidi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Asghari, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Nowadays, cooling towers are widely used in power plants, refineries, petrochemicals and ventilation industries, but the water consumption of these towers is high and because of water crisis in Middle East and Iran, it is necessary to devise in order to reduce the water consumption of these towers. In this study separated hybrid cooling tower are used to investigate the water consumption at power plants. The rigorous Poppe method are used in order to estimate the exact amount of water loss due to evaporation in wet cooling towers. First, the effect of ambient condition, wet cooling tower cells and dry cooling tower size on the performance of hybrid cooling tower are investigated, then the... 

    Numerical Study of Anisotropic Wetting of Nano-Droplets on Chemically Patterned Surfaces

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rajabpour, Shahram (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    This study investigates three-dimensional modeling of nanodroplets over chemically patterned surfaces. The pattern can be established by changing the contact angle on the surface. The problem is studied numerically by solving the thin film equations.Both the long-range and short-range inter-molecular interactions are considered. The numerical procedure is validated by using the theoretical studies. The effects of parameters such as the size of the droplets, the gradient of the surface, and the slip coefficient on the dynamics and speed of droplets and the shape of them during the motion are inspected.By examining the dynamics of the system it is revealed that the velocity of the droplets... 

    Numerical Investigation of Motion of Nanodroplets on Wetting Gradient Surfaces

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadi, Ahmad (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    A droplet placed on the boundary of two solids with different wettabilities will move to the more wettable part. This is a well-known phenomenon and has been extensively used in a variety of processes and applications ranging from biological systems and ink jet printing to the commercial lab-on-a-chip. Because of its importance, many studies are conducted around this phenomenon. The difference between the equilibrium contact angles of the droplet on the two parts gives rise to an interfacial driving force which moves the droplet. Such a motion is not continuous as the droplet slides to the more wettable area, the driving force diminishes and consequently the droplet stops. A non-stop motion... 

    Synthesize and Characterization of 2D WS2 Nano-layers for Next Generation Optoelectronic Devices

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahmani Taji Boyuk, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor)
    Transition Metal Dichalcogenids (TMD) are types of 2D materials that exibit wide range of electronic, optical, mechanical, chemical, and thermal properties. These materials with MX2 general formula, have atract attentions with respect to their unusual properties because of their very limited dimensions. Their tunable properties and materials availibility make them attractive for wide range of applications. In recent years, chemical vapor deposition (CVD) methods are promising in preparing high quality TMD with scalable size, controllable thickness, and very excellent electronic properties. Also, chalenges are remaining in synthesis and transfering of TMD are difficulty for most of... 

    Chemical Vapor Processing of 2D MoS2 Nanolayers for Next Generation Inoptoelectronic Devices: Characterization and Properties

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sovizi, Saeed (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor)
    Quite a few methods have been reported to synthesize monolayer MoS2, which has recently attracted scientist attentions. Fully controlled conditions, however, have not been achieved in these methods. In this research, two-dimensional MoS2 nanofilms have been synthesized by Chemical Vaper Deposition (CVD). Layer thickness of synthesized layer and effects of various parameters of used method have been investigated. Although every scientist synthesizes 2D MoS2 at 650°C in the CVD method by using seeds, in this research, it has been proved that MoS2 nanofilms can be produced at 575°C without using any seeds, which leads to lower consumption of time and price and increases the quality of... 

    Preoxidation Study of Fe-Ni-Co (KOVAR) Alloy on Glass to Metal Sealing Performance

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Toloue Farrokh, Najibe (Author) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Kaflou, Ali (Supervisor)
    The Fe-Ni-Co alloy to borosilicate glass seals have been used for many years as hermetic and electrically insulating seals. It is not only excellent in thermal expansion matching but also in good wettability and bond strength too. Oxidation of Kovar was performed in Water vapor, Saturated Nitrogen and N2-H2-H2O atmosphere in tube furnace. Oxide layer composition and thickness changed by varying in oxidation temperature and time. XRD analysis showed different Iron oxides in oxide layer, FeO, Fe3O4 and Fe2O3. However in the third atmosphere no Hematite observed. Increasing oxidation temperature and time result in increasing sample weight gains and roughness. Oxide layer microstructure also was... 

    Wettability Alteration of Reservoir Rocks to Super Gas-Wet Condition Using Nanocomposite by Applying Contact Angle Measurement for Gas-Crude Oil System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zandi, Ahmad (Author) ; Ghazanfari, Mohammad Hossien (Supervisor) ; Fatemi, Mobeen (Supervisor) ; Esmaeilzadeh, Pouriya (Co-Supervisor)
    Today, increasing the productivity of reservoirs is more important than in the past, while the use of nanoparticles to change the wettability of rock and increase the recovery factor from the reservoir has been considered by many researchers. Despite previous studies on the use of nanoparticles to change the wettability of rock to gas-wet, the use of nanocomposites with super gas-wet at high temperature and pressure in the crude oil-gas system has rarely been considered. In this research, several nanocomposites with different structures have been synthesized in the laboratory and nanofluids with different formulations have been used to coat the rock thin sections and measure droplet contact... 

    Theoretical and Experimental Investigation of the Wetted Air Dehumidification by Supersonic Separator

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Majidi, Davood (Author) ; Farhadi, Fathollah (Supervisor)
    Supersonic separators (3Ss) are used in gas separation processes such as dehumidification of humid air thanks to their high performance and good pressure recovery. Moreover, 3Ss because of their simple mechanical construction and absence of any environmental impact are preferred to other dehydration methods of natural gas, such as adsorption, cooling, and membrane. Also using the 3Ss for relatively large facilities with considerable investment is more than evident. In the first phase of present study, 2-D simulation is performed to investigate the effect of operational and thermo-physical parameters on shockwave position in a specially conceived wet air 3S. Moreover, the effect of cyclonic... 

    Experimental Investigation of Surface Properties and Wettability Using Super Gas Wetting Surface Modified Multi-Nano-Composites

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shayesteh, Mohammad (Author) ; Ghazanfari, Mohammad Hossein (Supervisor) ; Fakhroueian, Zahra (Supervisor)
    Recently, the researchers try to identify the application of nanofluids for wettability alteration. Changing the wettability of reservoirs, which gas injects to them, to gas wet can lead to enhanced oil recovery. Although several studies have been conducted to introduce proper nanofluids for altering the wettability of reservoirs to gas wet, there is not enough study to investigate the application of nanocomposites for wettability alteration of carbonate reservoirs. In this study, 20 nanoparticles with different compositional structures were synthesized, and then various nanofluids were prepared for the experimental survey. Also, the potential of these nanofluids for wettability alteration... 

    Pore Scale Simulation of the Fluid/Fluid and Fluid/Rock Interactions on the Performance of Water Injection

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mousavi, Mohammad Javad (Author) ; Fatemi, Mobin (Supervisor) ; Pishvaie, Mahmood Reza (Co-Supervisor)
    Two-phase fluid flow physics in porous media is applied in various fields. Studies have shown that wettability and surface tension, which represent fluid-rock and fluid-fluid interactions, have a significant effect on the dynamics of the immiscible displacement. Although the effects of wettability and surface tension on the macroscopic behavior of fluid flow are known, there is less understanding of it at the micro scale. Considering the essential role of wettability and surface tension in various fields, this project seeks to investigate the effects of wettability and surface tension on the movement and distribution of fluids and the dominant displacement mechanisms within the porous media... 

    Investigating the Performance of Fluidized bed Dryer in Immobilization and Drying of A-amylase Enzyme

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sharifi, Baha (Author) ; Roostaazad, Reza (Supervisor)
    Enzyme immobilization/drying operations are among the important operations of many biotechnological industrial units. The enzyme used in this study is bacterial alpha-amylase, which is widely used in various industries, including detergents. The production of alpha-amylase enzyme contains a large percentage of water in its composition; therefore, a wet wall tower was designed to conduct the experiments to evaporate the water present in the enzyme liquor, analyze its effects on activity, and also to validate the device. The results showed that in a flow of air around 240m3/hr and ambient temperature of 20◦C, enzyme liquor has a 250% increase in biological activity, which indicates the...