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    Preparation and evaluation of bioactive and compatible starch based superabsorbent for oral drug delivery systems

    , Article Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology ; Volume 23, Issue 5 , 2013 , Pages 511-517 ; 17732247 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Ebrahimi, A. A ; Barzegar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Novel types of highly swelling hydrogels (superabsorbent) were prepared by grafting crosslinked poly acrylic acid-co-2-hydroxyethylmetacrylate (PAA-co-HEMA) chains onto starch through a free radical polymerization method. The effect of grafting variables (i.e., concentration of methylenebisacrylamide (MBA), acrylic acid/2-hydroxy methymetacrylate (AA/HEMA) weight ratio, ammonium persulfate (APS), starch, neutralization percent, were systematically optimized to achieve a hydrogel with a maximum swelling capacity. The superabsorbent (SAP) formation was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The controlled-release behavior of... 

    Graphene oxide negatively regulates cell cycle in embryonic fibroblast cells

    , Article International Journal of Nanomedicine ; Volume 15 , 2020 , Pages 6201-6209 Hashemi, E ; Akhavan, O ; Shamsara, M ; Ansari Majd, S ; Sanati, M. H ; Daliri Joupari, M ; Farmany, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Dove Medical Press Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Background: Unique properties of graphene and its derivatives make them attractive in the field of nanomedicine. However, the mass application of graphene might lead to side effects, which has not been properly addressed in previous studies, especially with regard to its effect on the cell cycle. Methods: The effect of two concentrations (100 and 200 μg/mL) of nano-and microsized graphene oxide (nGO and mGO) on apoptosis, cell cycle, and ROS generation was studied. The effect of both sizes on viability and genotoxicity of the embryonic fibroblast cell cycle was evaluated. MTT and flow cytometry were applied to evaluate the effects of graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets on viability of cells.... 

    Electrospinning of nanodiamond-modified polysaccharide nanofibers with physico-mechanical properties close to natural skins

    , Article Marine Drugs ; Volume 14, Issue 7 , 2016 ; 16603397 (ISSN) Mahdavi, M ; Mahmoudi, N ; Rezaie Anaran, F ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG 
    Abstract
    Electrospinning of biopolymers has gained significant interest for the fabrication of fibrous mats for potential applications in tissue engineering, particularly for wound dressing and skin regeneration. In this study, for the first time, we report successful electrospinning of chitosan-based biopolymers containing bacterial cellulous (33 wt %) and medical grade nanodiamonds (MND) (3 nm; up to 3 wt %). Morphological studies by scanning electron microscopy showed that long and uniform fibers with controllable diameters from 80 to 170 nm were prepared. Introducing diamond nanoparticles facilitated the electrospinning process with a decrease in the size of fibers. Fourier transform infrared... 

    The controlled release of dexamethasone sodium phosphate from bioactive electrospun PCL/gelatin nanofiber scaffold

    , Article Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research ; Volume 18, Issue 1 , 2019 , Pages 111-124 ; 17350328 (ISSN) Boroojeni, F. R ; Mashayekhan, S ; Abbaszadeh, H. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research  2019
    Abstract
    In this study, a system of dexamethasone sodium phosphate (DEXP)-loaded chitosan nanoparticles embedded in poly-ε-caprolacton (PCL) and gelatin electrospun nanofiber scaffold was introduced with potential therapeutic application for treatment of the nervous system. Besides anti-inflammatory properties, DEXP act through its glucocorticoid receptors, which are involved in the inhibition of astrocyte proliferation and microglial activation. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) was used to improve the encapsulation efficiency of DEXP within chitosan nanoparticles and to overcome its initial burst release. BSA incorporation within the chitosan nanoparticles increased the encapsulation efficiency of DEXP... 

    Combined effects of electric stimulation and microgrooves in cardiac tissue-on-a-chip for drug screening

    , Article Small Methods ; Volume 4, Issue 10 , 2020 Ren, L ; Zhou, X ; Nasiri, R ; Fang, J ; Jiang, X ; Wang, C ; Qu, M ; Ling, H ; Chen, Y ; Xue, Y ; Hartel, M.C ; Tebon, P ; Zhang, S ; Kim, H.-J ; Yuan, X ; Shamloo, A ; Dokmeci, M. R ; Li, S ; Khademhosseini, A ; Ahadian, S ; Sun, W ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2020
    Abstract
    Animal models and traditional cell cultures are essential tools for drug development. However, these platforms can show striking discrepancies in efficacy and side effects when compared to human trials. These differences can lengthen the drug development process and even lead to drug withdrawal from the market. The establishment of preclinical drug screening platforms that have higher relevancy to physiological conditions is desirable to facilitate drug development. Here, a heart-on-a-chip platform, incorporating microgrooves and electrical pulse stimulations to recapitulate the well-aligned structure and synchronous beating of cardiomyocytes (CMs) for drug screening, is reported. Each chip... 

    Mixed oxide nanotubes in nanomedicine: A dead-end or a bridge to the future?

    , Article Ceramics International ; Volume 47, Issue 3 , 2021 , Pages 2917-2948 ; 02728842 (ISSN) Sarraf, M ; Nasiri Tabrizi, B ; Yeong, C. H ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Saber-Samandari, S ; Basirun, W. J ; Tsuzuki, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    Nanomedicine has seen a significant rise in the development of new research tools and clinically functional devices. In this regard, significant advances and new commercial applications are expected in the pharmaceutical and orthopedic industries. For advanced orthopedic implant technologies, appropriate nanoscale surface modifications are highly effective strategies and are widely studied in the literature for improving implant performance. It is well-established that implants with nanotubular surfaces show a drastic improvement in new bone creation and gene expression compared to implants without nanotopography. Nevertheless, the scientific and clinical understanding of mixed oxide... 

    The effect of poly(ethylene glycol) coating on colloidal stability of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles as potential MRI contrast agent

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 433, Issue 1-2 , 2012 , Pages 129-141 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Masoudi, A ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Ahmadi, R ; Oghabian, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Superparamganetic iron oxide-based contrast agents in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have offered new possibility for early detection of lymph nodes and their metastases. According to important role of nanoparticle size in biodistribution, magnetite nanoparticles coated with different polyethylene glycol (PEG) concentrations up to 10/1 PEG/iron oxide weight ratio in an ex situ manner. To predict the PEG-coated nanoparticle behavior in biological media, such as blood stream or tissue, colloidal stability evaluation was performed to estimate the coating endurance in different conditions. Accordingly, optical absorbance measurements were conducted in solutions with different values of pH and... 

    A new approach for the in vitro identification of the cytotoxicity of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces ; Volume 75, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 300-309 ; 09277765 (ISSN) Mahmoudi, M ; Simchi, A ; Imani, M ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Milani, A. S ; Häfeli, U. O ; Stroeve, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) are increasingly used in medical applications, such as targeting delivery and imaging. In the future, patients are more likely to be exposed to pharmaceutical products containing such particles. The study of toxicity of SPIONs has become of great importance in recent years, although the published data in this arena is limited. The aim of the present work is to investigate the cytotoxicity of SPIONs and the effect of the particles on the cell medium components. For this purpose, uncoated and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) coated SPIONs with narrow size distribution were synthesized via a well-known coprecipitation method. The mouse fibroblast cell... 

    Graphene/cobalt nanocarrier for hyperthermia therapy and MRI diagnosis

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces ; Volume 146 , 2016 , Pages 271-279 ; 09277765 (ISSN) Hatamie, S ; Ahadian, M. M ; Ghiass, M. A ; Iraji zad, A ; Saber, R ; Parseh, B ; Oghabian, M. A ; Shanehsazzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier 
    Abstract
    Graphene/cobalt nanocomposites are promising materials for theranostic nanomedicine applications, which are defined as the ability to diagnose, provide targeted therapy and monitor the response to the therapy. In this study, the composites were synthesized via chemical method, using graphene oxide as the source material and assembling cobalt nanoparticles of 15 nm over the surface of graphene sheets. Various characterization techniques were then employed to reveal the morphology, size and structure of the nanocomposites, such as X-ray diffraction analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy and... 

    Core-sheath gelatin based electrospun nanofibers for dual delivery release of biomolecules and therapeutics

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 108 , 2020 Zandi, N ; Lotfi, R ; Tamjid, E ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Coaxial electrospinning with the ability to use simultaneously two separate solvents provides a promising strategy for drug delivery. Nevertheless, controlled release of hydrophilic and sensitive therapeutics from slow biodegradable polymers is still challenging. To address this gap, we fabricated core-sheath fibers for dual delivery of lysozyme, as a model protein, and phenytoin sodium as a small therapeutic molecule. The sheath was processed by a gelatin solution while the core fibers were fabricated from an aqueous gelatin/PVA solution. Microstructural studies by transmission and scanning electron microscopy reveal the formation of homogeneous core-sheath nanofibers with an outer and... 

    Optimal robust control of drug delivery in cancer chemotherapy: A comparison between three control approaches

    , Article Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine ; Volume 112, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 69-83 ; 01692607 (ISSN) Moradi, H ; Vossoughi, G ; Salarieh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    During the drug delivery process in chemotherapy, both of the cancer cells and normal healthy cells may be killed. In this paper, three mathematical cell-kill models including log-kill hypothesis, Norton-Simon hypothesis and Emax hypothesis are considered. Three control approaches including optimal linear regulation, nonlinear optimal control based on variation of extremals and H∞-robust control based on μ-synthesis are developed. An appropriate cost function is defined such that the amount of required drug is minimized while the tumor volume is reduced. For the first time, performance of the system is investigated and compared for three control strategies; applied on three nonlinear models... 

    Directional migration and differentiation of neural stem cells within three-dimensional microenvironments

    , Article Integrative Biology (United Kingdom) ; Volume 7, Issue 3 , Jan , 2015 , Pages 335-344 ; 17579694 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Heibatollahi, M ; Mofrad, M. R. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2015
    Abstract
    Harnessing neural stem cells to repair neuronal damage is a promising potential treatment for neuronal diseases. To enable future therapeutic efficacy, the survival, proliferation, migration and differentiation of neural stem/progenitor cells (NPCs) should be accurately studied and optimized in in vitro platforms before transplanting these cells into the body for treatment purposes. Such studies can determine the appropriate quantities of the biochemical and biomechanical factors needed to control and optimize NPC behavior in vivo. In this study, NPCs were cultured within a microfluidic device while being encapsulated within the collagen matrix. The migration and differentiation of NPCs were... 

    Synchronization of two coupled pacemaker cells based on the phase response curve

    , Article Biomedical Signal Processing and Control ; Volume 4, Issue 1 , 2009 , Pages 57-66 ; 17468094 (ISSN) Gholizade Narm, H ; Azemi, A ; Khademi, M ; Karimi Ghartemani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this paper, the synchronization of a pair of pacemaker cells as Sino-Atrial (SA) and Atrio-Ventricullar (AV) nodes have been studied and a new approach for synchronization, based on the concept of Phase Response Curve (PRC), has been proposed. The paper starts with presenting the necessary and sufficient conditions for synchronization in terms of the PRC parameters. Such conditions are time dependent and thus, the paper proceeds with deriving some sufficient conditions, which are not time dependent. The time-delay between the firing time of SA node and when it reaches the AV node is also considered. When the conditions for spontaneous synchronization are not valid, the synchronization is... 

    Design and fabrication of a novel microfluidic system for enrichment of circulating tumor cells with the assistance of computer simulations

    , Article Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology ; Volume 11, Issue 4 , 2019 , Pages 277-284 ; 20082835 (ISSN) Dorrigiv, D ; Vossoughi, M ; Alemzadeh, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Avicenna Research Institute  2019
    Abstract
    Background: Cancer is the first cause of death in developed countries. The heterogeneous nature of cancer requires patient-specified treatment plans. One reliable approach is collecting Circulating Tumour Cells (CTCs) and using them for prognosis and drug response assessment purposes. CTCs are rare and their separation from normal cell requires high-accuracy methods. Methods: A microfluidic cell capture device to separate CTCs from peripheral blood is presented in this study. The CTC separation device applies hydrodynamic forces to categorize cells according to their sizes. The proposed device is designed and evaluated by numerical simulations and validated experimentally. The simulation... 

    Mixed oxide nanotubes in nanomedicine: A dead-end or a bridge to the future?

    , Article Ceramics International ; 2020 Sarraf, M ; Nasiri Tabrizi, B ; Yeong, C. H ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Saber Samandari, S ; Basirun, W. J ; Tsuzuki, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Nanomedicine has seen a significant rise in the development of new research tools and clinically functional devices. In this regard, significant advances and new commercial applications are expected in the pharmaceutical and orthopedic industries. For advanced orthopedic implant technologies, appropriate nanoscale surface modifications are highly effective strategies and are widely studied in the literature for improving implant performance. It is well-established that implants with nanotubular surfaces show a drastic improvement in new bone creation and gene expression compared to implants without nanotopography. Nevertheless, the scientific and clinical understanding of mixed oxide... 

    Temporal activation of LRH-1 and RAR-γ in human pluripotent stem cells induces a functional naïve-like state

    , Article EMBO Reports ; Volume 21, Issue 10 , 2020 Taei, A ; Kiani, T ; Taghizadeh, Z ; Moradi, S ; Samadian, A ; Mollamohammadi, S ; Sharifi Zarchi, A ; Guenther, S ; Akhlaghpour, A ; Asgari Abibeiglou, B ; Najar Asl, M ; Karamzadeh, R ; Khalooghi, K ; Braun, T ; Hassani, S. N ; Baharvand, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2020
    Abstract
    Naïve pluripotency can be established in human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) by manipulation of transcription factors, signaling pathways, or a combination thereof. However, differences exist in the molecular and functional properties of naïve hPSCs generated by different protocols, which include varying similarities with pre-implantation human embryos, differentiation potential, and maintenance of genomic integrity. We show here that short treatment with two chemical agonists (2a) of nuclear receptors, liver receptor homologue-1 (LRH-1) and retinoic acid receptor gamma (RAR-γ), along with 2i/LIF (2a2iL) induces naïve-like pluripotency in human cells during reprogramming of fibroblasts,... 

    Fabrication and evaluation of chitosan/gelatin/PVA hydrogel incorporating honey for wound healing applications: An in vitro, in vivo study

    , Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 592 , 2021 ; 03785173 (ISSN) Shamloo, A ; Aghababaie, Z ; Afjoul, H ; Jami, M ; Bidgoli, M. R ; Vossoughi, M ; Ramazani, A ; Kamyabhesari, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    In this study, physically cross-linked hydrogels were developed by freezing-thawing method while different concentrations of honey were included into the hydrogels for accelerated wound healing. The hydrogel was composed of chitosan, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and gelatin with the ratio of 2:1:1 (v/v), respectively. Further, the effect of honey concentrations on antibacterial properties, and cell behavior was investigated. In vivo studies, including wound healing mechanism using rat model and histological analysis of section tissue samples were performed. The results illustrated that the incorporation of honey in hydrogels increased the ultimate strain of hydrogels approximately two times,... 

    A smart tri-layered nanofibrous hydrogel thin film with controlled release of dual drugs for chemo-thermal therapy of breast cancer

    , Article Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology ; Volume 76 , 2022 ; 17732247 (ISSN) Asgari, S ; Mohammadi Ziarani, G ; Badiei, A ; Pourjavadi, A ; Kiani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Editions de Sante  2022
    Abstract
    A tri-layered nanofibrous hydrogel thin film with temperature sensitivity is introduced as a new controlled drug release system to treat breast cancer. A simultaneous heat generation with the tunable release of dual drugs is observed in response to visible light radiation. A tri-layered nanofibrous sheet was fabricated through sequential electrospinning the blends of Au@Chit@DOX-loaded poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-N-methylol acrylamide) (poly (NIPAAm-co-NMA)) and Curcumin-loaded poly (vinyl alcohol) (Cu-loaded PVA), where the Cu-loaded PVA nanofibers (NFs) are sandwiched between two layers of Au@Chit@DOX-loaded poly (NIPAAm-co-NMA) NFs. After thermal crosslinking of the tri-layered... 

    Folic acid-decorated PH-responsive nanoniosomes with enhanced endocytosis for breast cancer therapy: in vitro studies

    , Article Frontiers in Pharmacology ; Volume 13 , 2022 ; 16639812 (ISSN) Rezaei, T ; Rezaei, M ; Karimifard, S ; Mahmoudi Beram, F ; Dakkali, M. S ; Heydari, M ; Afshari Behbahanizadeh, S ; Mostafavi, E ; Bokov, D. O ; Ansari, M. J ; Farasati Far, B ; Akbarzadeh, I ; Chaiyasut, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Frontiers Media S.A  2022
    Abstract
    Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in women and the second leading cause of cancer death in women after lung cancer. The purpose of this study is a targeted delivery toward in vitro (on MCF7 and 4T1 breast cancer cell lines) through niosomes-based nanocarriers. To this end, different bioactive molecules, including hyaluronic acid (HA), folic acid (FA), and polyethylene glycol (PEG), were used and compared for surface modification of niosomes to enhance endocytosis. FA-functionalized niosomes (Nio/5-FU/FA) were able to increase cell cytotoxicity and reduce cell migration and invasion compared to PEG-functionalized niosomes (Nio/5-FU/PEG), and HA-functionalized niosomes... 

    Comparative study of commercial media to improve GMP manufacturing of recombinant human interferon β-1a by CHO cells in perfusion bioreactor

    , Article Cytotechnology ; Volume 74, Issue 6 , 2022 , Pages 669-680 ; 09209069 (ISSN) Sedighikamal, H ; Karimi Mostofi, R ; Sattarzadeh, A ; Shahbazi, M ; Aghazadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media B.V  2022
    Abstract
    Chinese hamster ovary cells are the main cellular factories for production of a wide range of recombinant proteins in biopharmaceutical industry. Recombinant human Interferon beta-1a (rh-IFN β-1a), as a cytokine is broadly used to treat multiple sclerosis. In this work, the cell line producing rh-IFN β-1a was studied to improve cell density along with the specific expression. For this reason different cell culture experiments were done using different commercial serum-free media to find the appropriate media providing higher cell density. It was shown DMEMF12, DMEM:ProCHO5, and CHO-S-SFM II led to higher cell density and shorter doubling time. Next, using these media, fed-batch, and...