Search for: biosensing-techniques
0.006 seconds
Total 26 records

    Comparison between electrochemical and photoelectrochemical detection of dopamine based on titania-ceria-graphene quantum dots nanocomposite

    , Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 151 , 2020 Ahmadi, N ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Nemati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    In this study, titania-ceria-graphene quantum dot (TC-GQD) nanocomposite was synthesized by hydrothermal method for the first time. The prepared nanomaterials were characterized by XRD, FTIR dynamic light scattering (DLS), FESEM, HRTEM, and EDX spectroscopy along with elemental mapping. The synergistic effect of the nanocomposite components was studied by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and electrical conductivity meter. The results showed that band gap of TC-GQD nanocomposite was shifted to visible lights relative to its components (1.3 eV), and electrical conductivity of the sample was significant increased to 89.5 μS cm−1. After chemical and physical characterization, prepared new... 

    Fabrication of a sensitive and fast response electrochemical glucose sensing platform based on co-based metal-organic frameworks obtained from rapid in situ conversion of electrodeposited cobalt hydroxide intermediates

    , Article Talanta ; Volume 210 , 2020 Shahrokhian, S ; Ezzati, M ; Hosseini, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    In this study, for the first time, we reported a fast and facile three-step in situ strategy for direct controllable growth of the Co3(BTC)2 MOFs thin films on the GCE, through the rapid conversion of the electrodeposited Co(OH)2 nano-flakes on rGO/GCE, to crystalline rectangular bar-shape structures of MOFs. X-ray diffraction spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and elemental mapping analysis used to the structural and morphological characterization of the well-synthesized MOFs. The as-prepared Co3(BTC)2 MOFs were used to construct a non-enzymatic sensing platform for determining the glucose... 

    Electrochemical prostate-specific antigen biosensors based on electroconductive nanomaterials and polymers

    , Article Clinica Chimica Acta ; Volume 516 , 2021 , Pages 111-135 ; 00098981 (ISSN) Dowlatshahi, S ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Prostate cancer (PCa), the second most malignant neoplasm in men, is also the fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men globally. Unfortunately, this malignancy remains largely asymptomatic until late-stage emergence when treatment is limited due to the lack of effective metastatic PCa therapeutics. Due to these limitations, early PCa detection through prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening has become increasingly important, resulting in a more than 50% decrease in mortality. Conventional assays for PSA detection, such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), are labor intensive, relatively expensive, operator-dependent and do not provide adequate sensitivity.... 

    Serological assays and host antibody detection in coronavirus-related disease diagnosis

    , Article Archives of Virology ; Volume 166, Issue 3 , 2021 , Pages 715-731 ; 03048608 (ISSN) Dowlatshahi, S ; Shabani, E ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2021
    Coronaviruses (CoV) are a family of viral pathogens that infect both birds and mammals, including humans. Seven human coronaviruses (HCoV) have been recognized so far. HCoV-229E, -OC43, -NL63, and -HKU1 account for one-third of common colds with mild symptoms. The other three members are severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV, and SARS-CoV-2. These viruses are responsible for SARS, MERS, and CoV disease 2019 (COVID-19), respectively. A variety of diagnostic techniques, including chest X-rays, computer tomography (CT) scans, analysis of viral nucleic acids, proteins, or whole virions, and host antibody detection using serological assays have... 

    Laboratory detection methods for the human coronaviruses

    , Article European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases ; Volume 40, Issue 2 , 2021 , Pages 225-246 ; 09349723 (ISSN) Shabani, E ; Dowlatshahi, S ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH  2021
    Coronaviruses are a group of envelop viruses which lead to diseases in birds and mammals as well as human. Seven coronaviruses have been discovered in humans that can cause mild to lethal respiratory tract infections. HCoV-229E, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-NL63, and HCoV-HKU1 are the low-risk members of this family and the reason for some common colds. Besides, SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, and newly identified SARS-CoV-2, which is also known as 2019-nCoV, are the more dangerous viruses. Due to the rapid spread of this novel coronavirus and its related disease, COVID-19, a reliable, simple, fast, and low-cost detection method is necessary for patient diagnosis and tracking worldwide. Human coronaviruses detection... 

    Design of an effective piezoelectric microcantilever biosensor for rapid detection of COVID-19

    , Article Journal of Medical Engineering and Technology ; Volume 45, Issue 6 , 2021 , Pages 423-433 ; 03091902 (ISSN) Kabir, H ; Merati, M ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2021
    Acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), also called COVID-19, is one of the most contagious viruses resulting in a progressive pandemic. Since specific antiviral treatments have not been developed yet and its fatal rate is almost high, early and fast detection is critical for controlling the outbreak. In this study, a piezoelectric microcantilever biosensor has been designed for detecting COVID-19 samples directly without requiring preparation steps. The biosensor acts as a transducer and is coated with the related antibody. When the SARS-CoV-2 antigens adsorbed on the microcantilever top surface through their spike proteins, a surface stress due to the mass change would be...