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    The effect of magnesium supplementation on anthropometric indices: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of clinical trials

    , Article British Journal of Nutrition ; Volume 125, Issue 6 , 2021 , Pages 644-656 ; 00071145 (ISSN) Rafiee, M ; Ghavami, A ; Rashidian, A ; Hadi, A ; Askari, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cambridge University Press  2021
    Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the effects of Mg supplementation on anthropometric indices consisting of body weight, waist circumference (WC), BMI and body fat percentage. In this systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis, we searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar from databases inception up to February 2020 for relevant randomised controlled trials. Quality of evidence was evaluated using the Cochrane Collaboration Tool. All the outcomes of this meta-analysis were pooled using the random effect model. Analysis of dose-response for Mg dosage was carried out using a fractional polynomial model. The systematic review and... 

    Numerical-probabilistic modeling of the liquefaction-induced free fields settlement

    , Article Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering ; Volume 149 , 2021 ; 02677261 (ISSN) Sadeghi, H ; Pak, A ; Pakzad, A ; Ayoubi, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Liquefaction is a phenomenon through which saturated sandy soil loses its shear strength and turns into a liquefied state. One of the most detrimental consequences of liquefaction is the reconsolidation volumetric settlements after the earthquakes, which is due to the dissipation of excess pore pressure caused by earthquakes. Severe floods can follow these settlements in free fields such as grounds close to the sea or rivers. Several researchers studied this phenomenon using data obtained from experiments in the lab or observations in the fields. Previous works were mainly based on a limited number of experimental observations and considered loadings and boundary conditions that were... 

    Discovering dominant pathways and signal-response relationships in signaling networks through nonparametric approaches

    , Article Genomics ; Volume 102, Issue 4 , October , 2013 , Pages 195-201 ; 08887543 (ISSN) Nassiri, I ; Masoudi Nejad, A ; Jalili, M ; Moeini, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A signaling pathway is a sequence of proteins and passenger molecules that transmits information from the cell surface to target molecules. Understanding signal transduction process requires detailed description of the involved pathways. Several methods and tools resolved this problem by incorporating genomic and proteomic data. However, the difficulty of obtaining prior knowledge of complex signaling networks limited the applicability of these tools. In this study, based on the simulation of signal flow in signaling network, we introduce a method for determining dominant pathways and signal response to stimulations. The model uses topology-weighted transit compartment approach and comprises... 

    A data mining approach for diagnosis of coronary artery disease

    , Article Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine ; Volume 111, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 52-61 ; 01692607 (ISSN) Alizadehsani, R ; Habibi, J ; Hosseini, M. J ; Mashayekhi, H ; Boghrati, R ; Ghandeharioun, A ; Bahadorian, B ; Sani, Z. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cardiovascular diseases are very common and are one of the main reasons of death. Being among the major types of these diseases, correct and in-time diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) is very important. Angiography is the most accurate CAD diagnosis method; however, it has many side effects and is costly. Existing studies have used several features in collecting data from patients, while applying different data mining algorithms to achieve methods with high accuracy and less side effects and costs. In this paper, a dataset called Z-Alizadeh Sani with 303 patients and 54 features, is introduced which utilizes several effective features. Also, a feature creation method is proposed to... 

    Knowledge-based design of space-time transmit code and receive filter for a multiple-input-multiple-output radar in signal-dependent interference

    , Article IET Radar, Sonar and Navigation ; Volume 9, Issue 8 , 2015 , Pages 1124-1135 ; 17518784 (ISSN) Karbasi, S. M ; Aubry, A ; Carotenuto, V ; Naghsh, M. M ; Bastani, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institution of Engineering and Technology  2015
    The authors deal with the robust design of multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) space-time transmit code (STTC) and space-time receive filter (STRF) for a point-like target embedded in signal-dependent interference. Specifically, they assume that the radar exploits knowledge provided by dynamic environmental database, to roughly predict the actual scattering scenario. Then, they devise an iterative method to optimise the (constrained) STTC and the (constrained) STRF which sequentially improves the worst-case (over interfering scatterers statistics) signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR). Each iteration of the algorithm is handled via solving two (hidden) convex optimisation... 

    Using Web-GIS technology as a smart tool for resiliency management to monitor wind farms performances (Ganjeh site, Iran)

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 16, Issue 9 , 2019 , Pages 5011-5022 ; 17351472 (ISSN) Aghajani, D ; Abbaspour, M ; Radfar, R ; Mohammadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Center for Environmental and Energy Research and Studies  2019
    Considering the wide spread locations of wind farms in Iran, it is important to develop a suitable decision support system (DSS) to fulfill proper management of wind farms. Extensive literature survey indicates that there are no integrated forms of DSS to manage a set of wind farms. The existing wind farms are performing independently, and there is no practical method for exchanging the online data. DSS can contribute to optimal operation of wind farms, operation and maintenance scheduling, pricing policy, etc. In this study, a geographic information system and RETSCREEN software were linked to the designed DSS to achieve a more suitable result. Also, a huge number of data are constantly... 

    A new word clustering method for building n-gram language models in continuous speech recognition systems

    , Article Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 18 June 2008 through 20 June 2008, Wroclaw ; Volume 5027 LNAI , 2008 , Pages 286-293 ; 03029743 (ISSN) ; 354069045X (ISBN); 9783540690450 (ISBN) Bahrani, M ; Sameti, H ; Hafezi, N ; Momtazi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper a new method for automatic word clustering is presented. We used this method for building n-gram language models for Persian continuous speech recognition (CSR) systems. In this method, each word is specified by a feature vector that represents the statistics of parts of speech (POS) of that word. The feature vectors are clustered by k-means algorithm. Using this method causes a reduction in time complexity which is a defect in other automatic clustering methods. Also, the problem of high perplexity in manual clustering methods is abated. The experimental results are based on "Persian Text Corpus" which contains about 9 million words. The extracted language models are evaluated... 

    Secure steganography using Gabor filter and neural networks

    , Article Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) ; Volume 4920 LNCS , 2008 , Pages 33-49 ; 03029743 (ISSN); 3540690166 (ISBN); 9783540690160 (ISBN) Jamzad, M ; Zahedi Kermani, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    The main concern of steganography (image hiding) methods is to embed a secret image into a host image in such a way that it causes minimum distortion to the host; to make it possible to extract a version of secret image from the host in such a way that the extracted version of secret image be as similar as possible to its original version (this should be possible even after usual attacks on the host image), and to provide ways of embedding secret images with larger size into a given host image. In this paper we propose a method that covers all above mentioned concerns by suggesting the idea of finding from an image data base, the most suitable host for a given secret image. In our method,... 

    An interactive cbir system based on anfis learning scheme for human brain magnetic resonance images retrieval

    , Article Biomedical Engineering - Applications, Basis and Communications ; Volume 24, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 27-36 ; 10162372 (ISSN) Tarjoman, M ; Fatemizadeh, E ; Badie, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Content-based image retrieval (CBIR) has turned into an important and active potential research field with the advance of multimedia and imaging technology. It makes use of image features, such as color, texture and shape, to index images with minimal human intervention. A CBIR system can be used to locate medical images in large databases. In this paper we propose a CBIR system which describes the methodology for retrieving digital human brain magnetic resonance images (MRI) based on textural features and the Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) learning to retrieve similar images from database in two categories: normal and tumoral. A fuzzy classifier has been used, because of the...