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    Fabrication of a modified electrode based on Fe3 O4 NPs/MWCNT nanocomposite: Application to simultaneous determination of guanine and adenine in DNA

    , Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 86 , 2012 , Pages 78-86 ; 15675394 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Rastgar, S ; Amini, M. K ; Adeli, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Multi-walled carbon nanotubes decorated with Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles (Fe 3O 4NPs/MWCNT) were prepared and used to construct a novel biosensor for the simultaneous detection of adenine and guanine. The direct electro-oxidation of adenine and guanine on the modified electrode were investigated by linear sweep voltammetry. The results indicate a remarkable increase in the oxidation peak currents together with negative shift in the oxidation peak potentials for both adenine and guanine, in comparison to the bare glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The surface morphology and nature of the composite film deposited on GCE were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy,... 

    Electrodeposition of long gold nanotubes in polycarbonate templates as highly sensitive 3D nanoelectrode ensembles

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 75 , 2012 , Pages 157-163 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Bahari Mollamahalle, Y ; Ghorbani, M ; Dolati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2012
    Electrodeposition of long and well-defined gold nanotubes in polycarbonate (PC) templates is still a major concern due to pore blockage problems. In the present study, we introduce a novel method for electrodeposition of long gold nanotubes within the pores of PC templates for the first time. In order to deposit gold atoms onto the pore walls preferentially, pore walls were functionalized with a coupling agent. Short and thin Ni nanotubes were then electrodeposited at the bottom of the pores. Gold nanotubes were subsequently electrodeposited at constant potentials and low solution concentrations. The morphology of nanotubes was characterized by electron microscopy and their formation... 

    Electrocatalytic oxidation and nanomolar determination of guanine at the surface of a molybdenum (VI) complex-TiO2 nanoparticle modified carbon paste electrode

    , Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 624, Issue 1-2 , 2008 , Pages 73-78 ; 15726657 (ISSN) Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Taleat, Z ; Beitollahi, H ; Salavati Niasari, M ; Mirjalili, B. B. F ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2008
    A modified carbon paste electrode was prepared by incorporating TiO2 nanoparticles with bis[bis(salicylidene-1,4-phenylenediamine)molybdenum(VI)]. A mixture of fine graphite powder with 4 wt% of TiO2 nanoparticles was applied for the preparation of the carbon paste (by dispersing in paraffin) and finally modified with a molybdenum (VI) complex. The electrocatalytic oxidation of guanine (G) was investigated on the surface of the molybdenum (VI) complex-TiO2 nanoparticle modified carbon paste electrode (MCTNMCPE) using cyclic voltammetry (CV), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV), chronoamperometry (CHA) and chronocoloumetry (CHC). Using the modified electrode, the kinetics of G... 

    Corrosion detection in pipes by piezoelectric sensors using Artificial Neural Network

    , Article Advanced Materials Research, 4 November 2011 through 6 November 2011 ; Volume 403-408 , November , 2012 , Pages 748-752 ; 10226680 (ISSN) ; 9783037853122 (ISBN) Rafezi, H ; Rahmani, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Defect detection in pipes is an essential task specially for sensitive applications such as oil and gas industry where special cares are required. Corrosion is a common defect in pipes which has attracted attention of researchers. In present work a non-destructive methodology for pipe corrosion monitoring is introduced. Polymer of Vinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) Piezoelectric is used as the sensor to measure strain variations affected by internal corrosion. High sensitivity and low cost of piezoelectric materials made them a good candidate for precise industrial applications. Different corrosion conditions (i.e. corrosion location along pipe and corrosion depth) are modeled and sensors voltages... 

    Copper oxide nanoflakes as highly sensitive and fast response self-sterilizing biosensors

    , Article Journal of Materials Chemistry ; Volume 21, Issue 34 , Jul , 2011 , Pages 12935-12940 ; 09599428 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Vertical copper oxide nanoflakes were synthesized on a Cu foil through oxidation in alkaline conditions. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed that after exposing the nanoflakes to an Escherichia coli bacterial suspension, the outermost surface of the nanoflakes was chemically reduced through the glycolysis process of the bacteria. Current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of the nanoflakes (measured perpendicular to surface of the Cu foil by using conductive atomic force microscopy) indicated that electrical resistivity of the nanoflakes increased about one order of magnitude after exposure to the bacterial suspension. The nanoflakes reduced by the bacterial suspension could also be... 

    Catalytic activity of TiO 2 nanotubes modified with carbon and Pt nanoparticles for detection of dopamine

    , Article ECS Transactions ; Volume 35, Issue 35 , 2011 , Pages 53-62 ; 19385862 (ISSN) ; 9781607682950 (ISBN) Mahshid, S ; Mahshid, S. S ; Ghahremaninezhad, A ; Askari, M ; Dolati, A ; Yang, L ; Luo, Sh ; Cai, Q ; Sensor; Organic and Biological Electrochemistry ; Sharif University of Technology
    Catalytic activity of carbon/Pt nanoparticles modified TiO 2 nanotubes electrode was studied by using dopamine contained solutions. The TiO 2 nanotubes electrode was prepared using anodizing method in aqueous solution. The electrochemical pulse method was then applied for electrodeposition of Pt nanoparticles onto the TiO 2 nanotubes. Further modification was achieved by decomposition of polyethylene glycol in a tube furnace to have a carbon/Pt nanoparticles modified TiO 2 nanotubes electrode. The final modified electrode could successfully detect the electro-oxidation of dopamine in a ImM contained solution using cyclic voltametry method. Also, a high sensitivity towards the oxidation of... 

    Caspian Sea negotiation support system

    , Article World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010, 16 May 2010 through 20 May 2010 ; 2010 , Pages 2694-2702 ; 9780784411148 (ISBN) Rouhani, O. M ; Madani, K ; Gholizadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Caspian Sea is currently a subject of one of the world's most intractable disputes, involving five coastal states of Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkmenistan. The conflict over the legal status of this multinational water body emerged after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since then the parties have been negotiating without reaching an agreement on the ownerships of waters, and the oil and natural gas beneath them. Although different division methods have been suggested so far for sharing the Caspian Sea, the gains of the countries from sea area and valuable resources remain unclear as the proposed methods are either focused on the areal shares or on the oil and gas shares.... 

    Carbon-Pt nanoparticles modified TiO 2 nanotubes for simultaneous detection of dopamine and uric acid

    , Article Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology ; Volume 11, Issue 8 , 2011 , Pages 6668-6675 ; 15334880 (ISSN) Mahshid, S ; Luo, S ; Yang, L ; Mahshid, S. S ; Askari, M ; Dolati, A ; Cai, Q ; Sharif University of Technology
    The present work describes sensing application of modified TiO 2 nanotubes having carbon-Pt nanoparticles for simultaneous detection of dopamine and uric acid. The TiO 2 nanotubes electrode was prepared using anodizing method, followed by electrodeposition of Pt nanoparticles onto the tubes. Carbon was deposited by decomposition of polyethylene glycol in a tube furnace to improve the conductivity. The C-Pt-TiO 2 nanotubes modified electrode was characterized by cyclic voltam-metry and differential pulse voltammetry methods. The modified electrode displayed high sensitivity towards the oxidation of dopamine and uric acid in a phosphate buffer solution (pH 7.00). The electro-oxidation currents... 

    Application of pyrolytic graphite modified with nano-diamond/graphite film for simultaneous voltammetric determination of epinephrine and uric acid in the presence of ascorbic acid

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 55, Issue 28 , 2010 , Pages 9090-9096 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Khafaji, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A novel modified pyrolytic graphite electrode with nano-diamond/graphite was fabricated. The electrochemical response characteristics of the modified electrode toward the epinephrine (EN) and uric acid (UA) were studied by means of cyclic and linear sweep voltammetry. The structural morphology and thickness of the film was characterized by SEM technique. The prepared electrode showed an excellent catalytic activity in the electrochemical oxidation of EN and UA, leading to remarkable enhancements in the corresponding peak currents and lowering the peak potentials. The prepared modified electrode acts as a highly sensitive sensor for simultaneous determination of EN and UA in the presence of... 

    Application of carbon-paste electrode modified with iron phthalocyanine for voltammetric determination of epinephrine in the presence of ascorbic acid and uric acid

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 137, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 669-675 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Ghalkhani, M ; Amini, M. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    A carbon-paste electrode (CPE) modified with iron(II) phthalocyanine was used for the sensitive voltammetric determination of epinephrine (EN). The electrochemical response characteristics of the modified electrode toward EN, ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA) were investigated by cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry (CV and DPV). The results show an efficient catalytic activity of the electrode for the electro-oxidation of EN, which leads to improvement of reversibility of the electrode response and lowering its overpotential by more than 100 mV. The effect of pH and potential sweep rate on the mechanism of the electrode process was investigated. The modified electrode exhibits an... 

    A novel photometric glucose biosensor based on decolorizing of silver nanoparticles

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 158, Issue 1 , November , 2011 , Pages 185-189 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Tashkhourian, J ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Khodaveisi, J ; Dashti, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A novel glucose biosensor based on chromophore (silver nanoparticles) decolorizing for the photometric determination of glucose was developed. Silver nanoparticles are directly synthesized in the sol-gel matrix by a one-step method based on the reduction of the inorganic precursor AgNO3 and were used for the preparation, characterization and calibration of a highly sensitive and cost-effective localized surface plasmon resonance-based glucose biosensor. In the presence of glucose oxidase (GOx) and due to the enzyme-substrate (glucose) reaction, H2O2 was produced and silver nanoparticles in the sol-gel glass have the ability for the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. Due to the degradation... 

    An improvement of thermodynamic micellization model for prediction of asphaltene precipitation during gas injection in heavy crude

    , Article Fluid Phase Equilibria ; Volume 308, Issue 1-2 , September , 2011 , Pages 153-163 ; 03783812 (ISSN) Tavakkoli, M ; Masihi, M ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Kharrat, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Thermodynamic micellization model is known as an appropriate approach for prediction of asphaltene precipitation. However, the reliability (i.e. accuracy) of this model for whole range of pressure or injected gas mole percent must be checked. In practice, the accuracy can be improved by using a suitable characterization method. In this research, a computer code for implementing the thermodynamic micellization model has been developed. Having used this program, we make the prediction of asphaltene precipitation by using data reported in the literature as well as the experimental data obtained from high pressure, high temperature asphaltene precipitation experiments under gas injection... 

    Amperometric sulfide detection using Coprinus cinereus peroxidase immobilized on screen printed electrode in an enzyme inhibition based biosensor

    , Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 35, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 297-301 ; 09565663 (ISSN) Savizi, I. S. P ; Kariminia, H. R ; Ghadiri, M ; Roosta Azad, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the present work, an amperometric inhibition biosensor for the determination of sulfide has been fabricated by immobilizing Coprinus cinereus peroxidase (CIP) on the surface of screen printed electrode (SPE). Chitosan/acrylamide was applied for immobilization of peroxidase on the working electrode. The amperometric measurement was performed at an applied potential of -150. mV versus Ag/AgCl with a scan rate of 100. mV in the presence of hydroquinone as electron mediator and 0.1. M phosphate buffer solution of pH 6.5. The variables influencing the performance of sensor including the amount of substrate, mediator concentration and electrolyte pH were optimized. The determination of sulfide...