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    Formulating directional industry strategies for renewable energies in developing countries: The case study of Iran's wind turbine industry

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 39, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 299-306 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Bagheri Moghaddam, N ; Mousavi, S. M ; Moallemi, E. A ; Nasiri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    This study seeks a method for formulating directional strategy of wind turbine industry in Iran. To this end, by initially evaluating various economic viewpoints concerning the development of industries, the necessity of government intervention is recognized. By defining the concepts of national industry policy, firm technology strategy, and national technology strategy, the role of directional industry strategy is then made clear. Furthermore, the six assumptions of emphasis on formulating strategy (rather than on formulating policy), emphasis on formulating directional strategy, model's prescriptivism, emphasis on formulating the strategy at the level of industry, Iran's being a developing... 

    An optimal procedure for minimizing total weighted resource tardiness penalty costs in the resource-constrained project scheduling problem

    , Article Computers and Industrial Engineering ; Volume 62, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 264-270 ; 03608352 (ISSN) Ranjbar, M ; Khalilzadeh, M ; Kianfar, F ; Etminani, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    We present an optimal solution procedure for minimizing total weighted resource tardiness penalty costs in the resource-constrained project scheduling problem. In this problem, we assume the constrained renewable resources are limited to very expensive equipments and machines that are used in other projects and are not available in all periods of time of a project. In other words, for each resource, there is a dictated ready date as well as a due date such that no resource can be available before its ready date but the resources are permitted to be used after their due dates by paying penalty cost depending on the resource type. We also assume that only one unit of each resource type is... 

    Year-round outdoor experiments on a multi-stage active solar still with different numbers of solar collectors

    , Article Applied Energy ; Volume 152 , 2015 , Pages 39-46 ; 03062619 (ISSN) Feilizadeh, M ; Karimi Estahbanati, M. R ; Jafarpur, K ; Roostaazad, R ; Feilizadeh, M ; Taghvaei, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    Abstract
    The present work investigated the outdoor performance of a basin type multi-stage solar still as well as the effect of collector over basin area (CBA) ratio on the distillate production. The effect of CBA was studied in outdoor experiments for the first time. The system consisted of a still coupled with one, two or three flat-plate solar collectors. In order to study the effect of CBA more accurately, the experiments were conducted in both winter and summer. In these experiments, the distilled water production of the multi-stage still was measured during the whole 24. h of a day on an hourly basis. The results revealed that in the winter, the basin coupled to one solar collector (CBA. =... 

    Development of a reduced order model for nonlinear analysis of the wind turbine blade dynamics

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 76 , February , 2015 , Pages 264-282 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Rezaei, M. M ; Behzad, M ; Haddadpour, H ; Moradi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    Abstract
    In this paper, a reduced order model for the nonlinear dynamic analysis of the wind turbine blade under operational loading is presented. The accuracy and efficiency of the proposed model are investigated through various static and dynamic analyses. A comprehensive straightforward formulation for the nonlinear beam model is developed based on different large deformation strain theories. Also, the fluid-structure coupling effects due to quasi-steady aerodynamics and gravitational forces are included. The new matrix expressions are introduced for direct conversion of the developed formulation into the reduced order model (ROM). Thereafter, the ROM based on the Galerkin method is developed... 

    Investigating the impacts of energy storage systems on transmission expansion planning

    , Article 2017 25th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, ICEE 2017, 2 May 2017 through 4 May 2017 ; 2017 , Pages 1199-1203 ; 9781509059638 (ISBN) Mazaheri, H ; Abbaspour, A ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Farzin, H ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Increased electricity demand coupled with investment in renewable-based generating units has resulted in problems such as transmission congestion and load shedding in modern power systems. In this situation, transmission expansion planning (TEP) studies plays a key role in dealing with the aforementioned problems. On the other hand, deployment of energy storage systems (ESSs) has been regarded as a viable solution for effective exploitation of renewable resources. In this context, this paper develops a novel framework to investigate the impacts of storage facilitates on the transmission expansion planning problem. The presented framework is decomposed to investment and operation subproblems... 

    Experimental investigation of blade number and design effects for a ducted wind turbine

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 105 , 2017 , Pages 334-343 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Ahmadi Asl, H ; Kamali Monfared, R ; Rad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Over the recent decades, many different ducted turbines have been designed to augment efficiency of wind turbines. The design and number of blades are the most important parameters to optimize efficiency of wind turbines. In this paper, effects of design, number and attack angles of blades on rotational speed are experimentally studied in a duct which increases wind velocity up to 2.46 times numerically and 2.32 times experimentally as great as far-field flow. In order to realize this, 3 different types of aerodynamic blades were designed and then, 2-bladed, 3-bladed and 4-bladed impellers were created by these blades; finally, 9 impellers were built on aggregate. The rotational speed of... 

    A review on pulsating heat pipes: from solar to cryogenic applications

    , Article Applied Energy ; Volume 222 , 15 July , 2018 , Pages 475-484 ; 03062619 (ISSN) Alhuyi Nazari, M ; Ahmadi, M. H ; Ghasempour, R ; Behshad Shafii, M ; Mahian, O ; Kalogirou, S ; Wongwises, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Abstract
    Pulsating heat pipes (PHPs) are compact cooling equipment used for various applications. This type of heat pipes can be used in renewable energy systems, cooling electronic devices, heat recovery systems and many other applications. Since PHPs have superior thermal performance, by applying them in energy systems enhance their efficiency. In addition, PHPs are a reliable medium for cooling various devices which have high heat flux. In this study, various works conducted on the applications of PHPs are reviewed and analyzed. It is concluded that PHPs are efficient and reliable devices for utilization in various energy systems. Moreover, at very low temperatures, such as cryogenic applications,... 

    Assessing operational flexibility of microgrids considering electrical and thermal energy resources

    , Article 2019 Smart Gird Conference, SGC 2019, 18 December 2019 through 19 December 2019 ; 2019 ; 9781728158945 (ISBN) Hadi, M. B ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    With high growth rate of demand for energy in different societies, the need for energy resources has been increased significantly. This has resulted in introduction of new energy resources, i. e. renewable energy resources in generation sector of energy systems. However, the intrinsic features of these energy resources call for higher flexibility in different sectors of energy systems. Flexibility in a comprehensive sense tries to cover the amount of imbalance between production and demand in energy systems. This paper has attempted to introduce the concept of operational flexibility in microgrids and it also has presented a step-by-step algorithm to assess this operational index based on a... 

    A hybrid genetic and Lagrangian relaxation algorithm for resource-constrained project scheduling under nonrenewable resources

    , Article Applied Soft Computing Journal ; Volume 94 , 2020 Shirzadeh Chaleshtarti, A ; Shadrokh, S ; Khakifirooz, M ; Fathi, M ; Pardalos, P. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Scheduling under nonrenewable resources is one of the challenging issues in project scheduling problems. There are many cases where the projects are subject to some nonrenewable resources. In most of the literature, nonrenewable resources are assumed to be available in full amount at the beginning of the project. However, in practice, it is prevalent that these resources are procured along the project horizon. This paper studies the generalized resource-constrained project scheduling problem (RCPSP) where, in addition to renewable resources, nonrenewable resources are considered, such as budget or consuming materials by the project activities. As the problem is NP-hard, some sub-algorithm... 

    Synthesis and characterization of bagasse poly(methyl methacrylate) graft copolymer

    , Article Macromolecular Symposia ; Volume 274, Issue 1 , 2008 , Pages 49-54 ; 10221360 (ISSN) Sarvi, I ; Pourjavadi, A ; Noei Aghaei, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    Graft copolymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) was carried out on bagasse fibers in an aqueous medium using eerie ammonium nitrate (CAN) as initiator under a neutral atmosphere. In order to obtain the optimum condition for graft copolymerization, the effects of initiator concentration, temperature, time of reaction, and monomer concentration were studied. The maximum grafting percent was found to be 122%. The bagasse grafted poly(methyl methacrylate) was characterized by FTIR and its thermal behavior was characterized by TGA. Copyright © 2008 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA  

    Expansion planning of generation technologies in electric energy systems under water use constraints with renewable resources

    , Article Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments ; Volume 43 , 2021 ; 22131388 (ISSN) Pourmoosavi, M. A ; Amraee, T ; Firuzabad, M. F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    Thermal power generation needs great volumes of water for cooling purposes. A multi-period Low Water Generation Expansion Planning (LW-GEP) model is proposed to plan the future generation mix including type, capacity, time of installation, and proper cooling system of generation technologies to supply the future electric peak loads under the water resource limitations. Different types of generation technologies with conventional and modern cooling systems are considered as expansion candidates in the proposed LW-GEP model. The access of candidate and existing power plants to the water resources are considered. Renewable resources as water smart solutions are integrated in the proposed energy... 

    Stochastic modeling of the energy supply system with uncertain fuel price - A case of emerging technologies for distributed power generation

    , Article Applied Energy ; Volume 93 , 2012 , Pages 668-674 ; 03062619 (ISSN) Mirkhani, S ; Saboohi, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    A deterministic energy supply model with bottom-up structure has limited capability in handling the uncertainties. To enhance the applicability of such a model in an uncertain environment two main issues have been investigated in the present paper. First, a binomial lattice is generated based on the stochastic nature of the source of uncertainty. Second, an energy system model (ESM) has been reformulated as a multistage stochastic problem. The result of the application of the modified energy model encompasses all uncertain outcomes together and enables optimal timing of capacity expansion. The performance of the model has been demonstrated with the help of a case study. The case study has... 

    Development of a zero emission integrated system for co-production of electricity and methanol through renewable hydrogen and CO 2 capture

    , Article International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control ; Volume 7 , 2012 , Pages 145-152 ; 17505836 (ISSN) Soltanieh, M ; Azar, K. M ; Saber, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In order to decrease CO 2 emission into the atmosphere and develop renewable energy sources for carbon capture, an integrated system is considered for co-production of electricity and methanol. In this research, methanol synthesis unit through captured CO 2 from fossil fuel power plant and produced H 2 from water electrolysis unit by wind renewable energy is developed. An oxy-fuel combustion carbon capture method is considered in large scale Matiant power plant based on utilization of oxygen from water electrolysis unit. Technical and economical analysis of the proposed system shows that when the price of natural gas is 7.8US$/GJ, the total CO 2 avoided cost is 93US$/(tonne of CO 2) and... 

    Iran atlas of offshore renewable energies

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 36, Issue 1 , January , 2011 , Pages 388-398 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Abbaspour, M ; Rahimi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    The aim of the present study is to provide an Atlas of IRAN Offshore Renewable Energy Resources (hereafter called 'the Atlas') to map out wave and tidal resources at a national scale, extending over the area of the Persian Gulf and Sea of Oman. Such an Atlas can provide necessary tools to identify the areas with greatest resource potential and within reach of present technology development. To estimate available tidal energy resources at the site, a two-dimensional tidally driven hydrodynamic numerical model of Persian Gulf was developed using the hydrodynamic model in the MIKE 21 Flow Model (MIKE 21HD), with validation using tidal elevation measurements and tidal stream diamonds from...