Search for: reproducibility
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    Predicting hourly air pollutant levels using artificial neural networks coupled with uncertainty analysis by Monte Carlo simulations

    , Article Environmental Science and Pollution Research ; Volume 20, Issue 7 , 2013 , Pages 4777-4789 ; 09441344 (ISSN) Arhami, M ; Kamali, N ; Rajabi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Recent progress in developing artificial neural network (ANN) metamodels has paved the way for reliable use of these models in the prediction of air pollutant concentrations in urban atmosphere. However, improvement of prediction performance, proper selection of input parameters and model architecture, and quantification of model uncertainties remain key challenges to their practical use. This study has three main objectives: to select an ensemble of input parameters for ANN metamodels consisting of meteorological variables that are predictable by conventional weather forecast models and variables that properly describe the complex nature of pollutant source conditions in a major city, to... 

    Speed/accuracy trade-off between the habitual and the goal-directed processes

    , Article PLoS Computational Biology ; Volume 7, Issue 5 , 2011 ; 1553734X (ISSN) Keramati, M ; Dezfouli, A ; Piray, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    Instrumental responses are hypothesized to be of two kinds: habitual and goal-directed, mediated by the sensorimotor and the associative cortico-basal ganglia circuits, respectively. The existence of the two heterogeneous associative learning mechanisms can be hypothesized to arise from the comparative advantages that they have at different stages of learning. In this paper, we assume that the goal-directed system is behaviourally flexible, but slow in choice selection. The habitual system, in contrast, is fast in responding, but inflexible in adapting its behavioural strategy to new conditions. Based on these assumptions and using the computational theory of reinforcement learning, we... 

    Combined UV-C/H2O2-VUV processes for the treatment of an actual slaughterhouse wastewater

    , Article Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part B Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes ; Volume 52, Issue 5 , 2017 , Pages 314-325 ; 03601234 (ISSN) Vaezzadeh Naderi, K ; Bustillo Lecompte, C. F ; Mehrvar, M ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2017
    In this study, a three-factor, three-level Box-Behnken design with response surface methodology were used to maximize the TOC removal and minimize the H2O2 residual in the effluent of the combined UV-C/H2O2-VUV system for the treatment of an actual slaughterhouse wastewater (SWW) collected from one of the meat processing plants in Ontario, Canada. The irradiation time and the initial concentrations of total organic carbon (TOCo) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2o) were the three predictors, as independent variables, studied in the design of experiments. The multiple response approach was used to obtain desirability response surfaces at the optimum factor settings. Subsequently, the optimum... 

    TiO2 nanofibre assisted photocatalytic degradation of reactive blue 19 dye from aqueous solution

    , Article Environmental Technology ; Volume 30, Issue 3 , 2009 , Pages 233-239 ; 09593330 (ISSN) Rezaee, A ; Ghaneian, M. T ; Taghavinia, N ; Khajeh Aminian, M ; Hashemian, S. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    The photocatalytic degradation of Reactive Blue 19 (RB19) dye has been studied using TiO2 nanofibre as the photocatalyst in aqueous solution under UV irradiation. Titanium dioxide nanofibre was prepared using a templating method with tetraisopropylorthotitanate as a precursor. The experiments were carried out in the presence of the TiO2 nanofibre, and the effects of pH and electron acceptors on the degradation process were investigated. In order to observe the quality of the aqueous solution, chemical oxygen demand (COD) measurements were also carried out before and after the treatments. The photocatalytic decomposition of RB19 was most efficient in acidic solution. With the addition of... 

    On robust stability of linear time invariant fractional-order systems with real parametric uncertainties

    , Article ISA Transactions ; Volume 48, Issue 4 , 2009 , Pages 484-490 ; 00190578 (ISSN) Akbari Moornani, K ; Haeri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, the robust bounded-input bounded-output stability of a large class of linear time invariant fractional order families of systems with real parametric uncertainties is analyzed. The transfer functions contain polynomials in fractional powers of the Laplace variable s, possibly in combination with exponentials of fractional powers of s. Using the concept of the value set and a generalization of the zero exclusion condition theorem, a theorem to check the robust bounded-input bounded-output stability of these families of systems is presented. An upper cutoff frequency for drawing the value sets is provided as well. Finally, two numerical examples are given to illustrate results... 

    A new stochastic oil spill risk assessment model for Persian Gulf: Development, application and evaluation

    , Article Marine Pollution Bulletin ; Volume 145 , 2019 , Pages 357-369 ; 0025326X (ISSN) Amir Heidari, P ; Raie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Persian Gulf is a semi-enclosed highly saline reverse estuary that is exposed to the risk of oil spills in offshore oil and gas activities. In the early 2000s, a specific version of NOAA's Trajectory Analysis Planner (TAP II) was developed for Persian Gulf to assist regional organizations in preparing oil spill contingency plans. In this research, a new stochastic model is developed to cover the limitations of TAP II. The new model is based on an advanced trajectory model, which is now linked with high resolution spatiotemporal data of the wind and sea current. In a case study, the developed model is compared with TAP II, and evaluated by multiple tests designed for analysis of uncertainty,... 

    Subject-specific loads on the lumbar spine in detailed finite element models scaled geometrically and kinematic-driven by radiography images

    , Article International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering ; Volume 35, Issue 4 , 2019 ; 20407939 (ISSN) Dehghan Hamani, I ; Arjmand, N ; Shirazi Adl, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-Blackwell  2019
    Traditional load-control musculoskeletal and finite element (FE) models of the spine fail to accurately predict in vivo intervertebral joint loads due mainly to the simplifications and assumptions when estimating redundant trunk muscle forces. An alternative powerful protocol that bypasses the calculation of muscle forces is to drive the detailed FE models by image-based in vivo displacements. Development of subject-specific models, however, both involves the risk of extensive radiation exposures while imaging in supine and upright postures and is time consuming in terms of the reconstruction of the vertebrae, discs, ligaments, and facets geometries. This study therefore aimed to introduce a... 

    Assessment of preprocessing on classifiers used in the P300 speller paradigm

    , Article 28th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS'06, New York, NY, 30 August 2006 through 3 September 2006 ; 2006 , Pages 1319-1322 ; 05891019 (ISSN); 1424400325 (ISBN); 9781424400324 (ISBN) Mirghasemi, H ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Fazel Rezai, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Artifact removal is an essential part in electroencephalogram (EEG) recording and the raw EEG signals require preprocessing before feature extraction. In this work, we implemented three filtering methods and demonstrated their effects on the performance of different classifiers. Bandpass digital filtering, median filtering and facet method are three preprocessing approaches investigated in this paper. We used data set lib from the BCI competition 2003 for training and testing phase. Our accuracy varied between 80% and 96%. In our work, we demonstrated that the problems of choosing the classifier and preprocessing methods are not independent of each other. Two of our approaches could achieve... 

    Nanoscale characterization of the biomolecular corona by cryo-electron microscopy, cryo-electron tomography, and image simulation

    , Article Nature Communications ; Volume 12, Issue 1 , 2021 ; 20411723 (ISSN) Sheibani, S ; Basu, K ; Farnudi, A ; Ashkarran, A ; Ichikawa, M ; Presley, J. F ; Bui, K. H ; Ejtehadi, M. R ; Vali, H ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Research  2021
    The biological identity of nanoparticles (NPs) is established by their interactions with a wide range of biomolecules around their surfaces after exposure to biological media. Understanding the true nature of the biomolecular corona (BC) in its native state is, therefore, essential for its safe and efficient application in clinical settings. The fundamental challenge is to visualize the biomolecules within the corona and their relationship/association to the surface of the NPs. Using a synergistic application of cryo-electron microscopy, cryo-electron tomography, and three-dimensional reconstruction, we revealed the unique morphological details of the biomolecules and their... 

    In situ solid-phase microextraction and post on-fiber derivatization combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for determination of phenol in occupational air

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 742 , 2012 , Pages 17-21 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Es haghi, A ; Baghernejad, M ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2012
    A method based on solid-phase microextraction (SPME) followed by on-fiber derivatization and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection (GC-MS) for determination of phenol in air was developed. Three different types of SPME fibers, polar and non-polar poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) were synthesized using sol-gel technology and their feasibility to the sampling of phenol were investigated. Different derivatization reagents for post on-fiber derivatization of phenol were studied. Important parameters influencing the extraction and derivatization process such as type of fiber coating, type and volume of derivatizing reagent, derivatization time and temperature,... 

    The field effect transistor DNA biosensor based on ITO nanowires in label-free hepatitis B virus detecting compatible with CMOS technology

    , Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 105 , 15 May , 2018 , Pages 58-64 ; 09565663 (ISSN) Shariati, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    In this paper the field-effect transistor DNA biosensor for detecting hepatitis B virus (HBV) based on indium tin oxide nanowires (ITO NWs) in label free approach has been fabricated. Because of ITO nanowires intensive conductance and functional modified surface, the probe immobilization and target hybridization were increased strongly. The high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) measurement showed that ITO nanowires were crystalline and less than 50 nm in diameter. The single-stranded hepatitis B virus DNA (SS-DNA) was immobilized as probe on the Au-modified nanowires. The DNA targets were measured in a linear concentration range from 1fM to 10 µM. The detection limit of... 

    Fabrication of a modified electrode based on Fe3 O4 NPs/MWCNT nanocomposite: Application to simultaneous determination of guanine and adenine in DNA

    , Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 86 , 2012 , Pages 78-86 ; 15675394 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Rastgar, S ; Amini, M. K ; Adeli, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Multi-walled carbon nanotubes decorated with Fe 3O 4 nanoparticles (Fe 3O 4NPs/MWCNT) were prepared and used to construct a novel biosensor for the simultaneous detection of adenine and guanine. The direct electro-oxidation of adenine and guanine on the modified electrode were investigated by linear sweep voltammetry. The results indicate a remarkable increase in the oxidation peak currents together with negative shift in the oxidation peak potentials for both adenine and guanine, in comparison to the bare glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The surface morphology and nature of the composite film deposited on GCE were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy,... 

    Polyaniline-nylon-6 electrospun nanofibers for headspace adsorptive microextraction

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 713 , 2012 , Pages 63-69 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Aghakhani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A headspace adsorptive microextraction technique was developed using a novel polyaniline-nylon-6 (PANI-N6) nanofiber sheet, fabricated by electrospinning. The homogeneity and the porosity of the prepared PANI-N6 sheet were studied using the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and nanofibers diameters were found to be around 200nm. The novel nanofiber sheet was examined as an extracting medium to isolate some selected chlorobenzenes (CBs), as model compounds, from aquatic media. The extracted analytes were desorbed using μL-amounts of solvent and eventually an aliquot of extractant was injected into gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Various parameters affecting the extraction and... 

    Modification of glassy carbon electrode with a bilayer of multiwalled carbon nanotube/tiron-doped polypyrrole: Application to sensitive voltammetric determination of acyclovir

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 53 , 2015 , Pages 134-141 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Azimzadeh, M ; Amini, M. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    A novel voltammetric sensor based on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with a thin film of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) coated with an electropolymerized layer of tiron-doped polypyrrole was developed and the resulting electrode was applied for the determination of acyclovir (ACV). The surface morphology and property of the modified electrode were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy techniques. The electrochemical performance of the modified electrode was investigated by means of linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The effect of several experimental variables, such as pH of the supporting electrolyte, drop size of... 

    Experimental feasibility study of estimation of the normalized central blood pressure waveform from radial photoplethysmogram

    , Article Journal of Healthcare Engineering ; Volume 6, Issue 1 , 2015 , Pages 121-144 ; 20402295 (ISSN) Zahedi, E ; Sohani, V ; Mohd. Ali, M. A ; Chellappan, K ; Beng, G. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Multi-Science Publishing Co. Ltd  2015
    The feasibility of a novel system to reliably estimate the normalized central blood pressure (CBPN) from the radial photoplethysmogram (PPG) is investigated. Right-wrist radial blood pressure and left-wrist PPG were simultaneously recorded in five different days. An industry-standard applanation tonometer was employed for recording radial blood pressure. The CBP waveform was amplitude-normalized to determine CBPN. A total of fifteen second-order autoregressive models with exogenous input were investigated using system identification techniques. Among these 15 models, the model producing the lowest coefficient of variation (CV) of the fitness during the five days was... 

    Cuffless blood pressure estimation algorithms for continuous health-care monitoring

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering ; Volume 64, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 859-869 ; 00189294 (ISSN) Kachuee, M ; Kiani, M. M ; Mohammadzade, H ; Shabany, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    IEEE Computer Society  2017
    Goal: Continuous blood pressure (BP) monitoring can provide invaluable information about individuals' health conditions. However, BP is conventionally measured using inconvenient cuff-based instruments, which prevents continuous BP monitoring. This paper presents an efficient algorithm, based on the pulse arrival time (PAT), for the continuous and cuffless estimation of the systolic BP, diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) values. Methods: The proposed framework estimates the BP values through processing vital signals and extracting two types of features, which are based on either physiological parameters or whole-based representation of vital signals. Finally,... 

    An expert system for selecting wart treatment method

    , Article Computers in Biology and Medicine ; Volume 81 , 2017 , Pages 167-175 ; 00104825 (ISSN) Khozeimeh, F ; Alizadehsani, R ; Roshanzamir, M ; Khosravi, A ; Layegh, P ; Nahavandi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2017
    As benign tumors, warts are made through the mediation of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and may grow on all parts of body, especially hands and feet. There are several treatment methods for this illness. However, none of them can heal all patients. Consequently, physicians are looking for more effective and customized treatments for each patient. They are endeavoring to discover which treatments have better impacts on a particular patient. The aim of this study is to identify the appropriate treatment for two common types of warts (plantar and common) and to predict the responses of two of the best methods (immunotherapy and cryotherapy) to the treatment. As an original work, the study was... 

    Feasibility of infrared tracking of beating heart motion for robotic assisted beating heart surgery

    , Article International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery ; Volume 14, Issue 1 , February , 2018 ; 14785951 (ISSN) Mansouri, S ; Farahmand, F ; Vossoughi, G ; Ghavidel, A. A ; Rezayat, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Ltd  2018
    Background: Accurate tracking of the heart surface motion is a major requirement for robot assisted beating heart surgery. Method: The feasibility of a stereo infrared tracking system for measuring the free beating heart motion was investigated by experiments on a heart motion simulator, as well as model surgery on a dog. Results: Simulator experiments revealed a high tracking accuracy (81 μm root mean square error) when the capturing times were synchronized and the tracker pointed at the target from a 100 cm distance. The animal experiment revealed the applicability of the infrared tracker with passive markers in practical heart surgery conditions. Conclusion: With the current technology,... 

    Translation and validation study of the Persian version of the Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales 2 (AIMS2) in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee

    , Article BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders ; Volume 10, Issue 1 , 2009 ; 14712474 (ISSN) Mousavi, S. J ; Parnianpour, M ; Askary Ashtiani, A. R ; Hadian, M. R ; Rostamian, A ; Montazeri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Background. The Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales 2 (AIMS2) has not been translated and validated for Persian-speaking patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. This was to provide a validated instrument to measure functional disability and health-related quality of life in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee in Iran. The aim of this study was to culturally adapt and validate the AIMS2 for Persian-speaking patients with osteoarthritis of the knee in Iran. Methods. A consecutive sample of patients with knee osteoarthritis were asked to complete the AIMS2, the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and four visual analog scales for pain, joint stiffness, patient's and physician's global... 

    Amine modified magnetic polystyrene for extraction of drugs from urine samples

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1602 , 2019 , Pages 107-116 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Zeinali, S ; Maleki, M ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Polystyrene is one of the best candidates as the extracting medium due to its high stability in different media and acceptable extraction capability. However, the hydrophobic nature and low wettability of polystyrene limits its application to non–polar analytes. To resolve this limitation, in this project, amine groups were chemically attached to the surface of magnetic polystyrene. The resulting hydrophilic magnetic particles were expected to be capable of extracting both polar and non–polar analytes. Non–steroidal anti–inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were chosen for testing the applicability of modified magnetic polystyrene according to the importance of their analysis and also their wide...