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    Experimental investigation of the stability of the floating water bridge

    , Article Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics ; Volume 88, Issue 3 , 2013 ; 15393755 (ISSN) Montazeri Namin, R ; Azizpour Lindi, S ; Amjadi, A ; Jafari, N ; Irajizad, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    When a high voltage is applied between two beakers filled with deionized water, a floating bridge of water is formed in between exceeding the length of 2 cm when the beakers are pulled apart. Currently two theories regarding the stability of the floating water bridge exist, one suggesting that the tension caused by electric field in the dielectric medium is holding the bridge and the other suggesting surface tension to be responsible for the vertical equilibrium. We construct experiments in which the electric field and the geometry of the bridge are measured and compared with predictions of theories of the floating water bridge stability. We use a numerical simulation for estimation of the... 

    Investigation of the interphase effects on the mechanical behavior of carbon nanotube polymer composites by multiscale modeling

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 117, Issue 1 , March , 2010 , Pages 361-367 ; 00218995 (ISSN) Montazeri, A ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this article, a multiscale modeling procedure is implemented to study the effect of interphase on the Young's modulus of CNT/polymer composites. For this purpose, a three-phase RVE is introduced which consists of three components, i.e., a carbon nanotube, an interphase layer, and an outer polymer matrix. The nanotube is modeled at the atomistic scale using molecular structural mechanics. Moreover, three-dimensional elements are employed to model the interphase layer and polymer matrix. The nanotube and polymer matrix are assumed to be bonded by van der Waals interactions based on the Lennard-Jones potential at the interface. Using this Molecular Structural Mechanics/Finite Element... 

    Study the effect of viscoelastic matrix model on the stability of CNT/polymer composites by multiscale modeling

    , Article Polymer Composites ; Volume 30, Issue 11 , 2009 , Pages 1545-1551 ; 02728397 (ISSN) Montazeri, A ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this article, a Molecular Structural Mechanics/Finite Element (MSM/FE) multiscale modeling of carbon nanotube/polymer composites with viscoelastic (VE) polymer matrix is introduced. The nanotube is modeled at the atomistic scale using structural molecular mechanics. The matrix deformation is analyzed by nonlinear finite element method considering VE behavior. The nanotube and matrix are assumed to be bonded by van der Waals interactions based on the Lennard-Jones potential at the interface. Using the MSM/FE multiscale model, we investigate the effect of carbon nanotube (CNT) on the improvement of mechanical stability of the nanocomposite. Also, the buckling behavior of these... 

    Investigating the effect of carbon nanotube defects on the column and shell buckling of carbon nanotube-polymer composites using multiscale modeling

    , Article International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering ; Volume 7, Issue 5 , 2009 , Pages 431-444 ; 15431649 (ISSN) Montazeri, A ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Carbon nanotube (CNT)-reinforced polymer composites have attracted great attention due to their exceptionally high strength. Their high strength can be affected by the presence of defects in the nanotubes used as reinforcements in practical nanocomposites. In this article, a new three-phase molecular structural mechanics/finite element (MSM/FE) multiscale model is used to study the effect of CNT vacancy defects on the stability of single-wall (SW) CNT-polymer composites. The nanotube is modeled at the atomistic scale using MSM, whereas the interphase layer and polymer matrix are analyzed by the FE method. The nanotube and polymer matrix are assumed to be bonded by van der Waals interactions... 

    Controller Design for Nonlinear fractional Order Systems in the Presence of Input and Output Constraints

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Montazeri, Jalil (Author) ; Shahrokhi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    The purpose of this thesis is design of an adaptive tracking control for input-quantized strict-feedback fractional order nonlinear systems with unknown dynamics and asymmetric time-varying output constraints. The controller design is achieved by using a hysteretic quantizer to avoid chattering and not needing the quantization parameters. The fuzzy logic method has been used to solve the problem of unknown dynamics. Also, due to the asymmetric time-varying output constraints, the Barrier Lyapunov function has been used. In this thesis, less restrictive assumptions have been considered than the work performed in previous researches.By utilizing the adaptive backstepping approach and based on... 

    Investigation the stability of SWCNT-polymer composites in the presence of CNT geometrical defects using multiscale modeling

    , Article 4th International Conference on Multiscale Materials Modeling, MMM 2008, 27 October 2008 through 31 October 2008 ; 2008 , Pages 163-166 ; 9780615247816 (ISBN) Montazeri, A ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Department of Scientific Computing, Florida State University  2008
    CNT-reinforced polymer composites have attracted attention due to their exceptional high strength. The high strength can be affected by the presence of defects in the nanotubes used as reinforcements in the practical nanocomposites. In this paper, a Molecular Structural Mechanics / Finite Element (MSM/FE) multiscale modeling is used to study the effect of carbon nanotube geometrical defects on the stability of SWCNT-polymer composites. Here, two types of representative volume elements (RVEs) for these nanocomposites are considered with perfect and defected CNT. These RVEs have the same dimensions. The nanotube is modeled at the atomistic scale using molecular structural mechanics whereas the... 

    Detection of Apnea Bradycardia from ECG Signals of Preterm Infants Using Layered Hidden Markov Model

    , Article Annals of Biomedical Engineering ; Volume 49, Issue 9 , 2021 , Pages 2159-2169 ; 00906964 (ISSN) Sadoughi, A ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Fatemizadeh, E ; Beuchée, A ; Hernández, A. I ; Montazeri Ghahjaverestan, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2021
    Apnea-bradycardia (AB) is a common complication in prematurely born infants, which is associated with reduced survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes. Thus, early detection or predication of AB episodes is critical for initiating preventive interventions. To develop automatic real-time operating systems for early detection of AB, recent advances in signal processing can be employed. Hidden Markov Models (HMM) are probabilistic models with the ability of learning different dynamics of the real time-series such as clinical recordings. In this study, a hierarchy of HMMs named as layered HMM was presented to detect AB episodes from pre-processed single-channel Electrocardiography (ECG). For... 

    Kinetics of Adsorption of DBT Sulfur Containing Compound of Gasoline via Nanostructured Adsorbent

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Montazeri, Mohammad (Author) ; Sadrnezhad, Khatiboleslam (Supervisor)
    Based on the new standards, less than 10 ppm sulfur is allowed for the automotive fuels. This has led researchers to try improving the present conventional methods as well as seeking alternative routes for refinement of the petroleum products so much to comply with the requirements. Since thiophenic fragments such as dibenzothiophene (DBT) are the most durable sulfur compounds in the current hydrodisulfurization method, many studies have been conducted over recent years on how to remove these compounds. In this thesis, the desulfurization of dibenzothiophene from gasoline via adsorption method was studied. In order to carry out the adsorption process, a nanocomposite of graphitic-carbon... 

    The Effect of Different SLS Parameters on the Density of Polymer-Metal Parts

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Montazeri, Ali (Author) ; Movahhedi, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) is one of the powder-based Additive Manufacturing (AM) technology in which parts built by CO2 laser. In this research work, Titanium-PMMA-Stearic Acid powders are mixed together to produce parts by Indirect Metal Laser Sintering (IMLS) method. The optimum process parameters such as energy density, Percentage composition of Titanium-PMMA and Scan Sintering are obtained by adopting the Taguchi method for getting the maximum density and minimum porosity. Experiments are planned by Taguchi’s Mix-L8 orthogonal array. According to the results obtained from this study, the percentage of combination Ti-PMMA and Energy density, respectively, are a major parameters that... 

    Kinetics of sulfur removal from tehran vehicular gasoline by g-C3N4/SnO2 nanocomposite

    , Article ACS Omega ; Volume 4, Issue 8 , 2019 , Pages 13180-13188 ; 24701343 (ISSN) Montazeri, S. M ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2019
    The graphitic carbon nitride/tin oxide (g-C3N4/SnO2) nanocomposite synthesized under microwave irradiation was used for adsorptive removal of sulfur-containing dibenzothiophene (DBT) from Tehran vehicular gasoline. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, and field emission scanning electron microscopy techniques determined the adsorbent characteristics, and gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector determined the DBT concentration of the samples. Application of the experimental data into the solid/fluid kinetic models indicated a chemisorption... 

    Fuzzy logic computing for design of gas turbine engine fuel control system

    , Article 2010 The 2nd International Conference on Computer and Automation Engineering, ICCAE 2010, 26 February 2010 through 28 February 2010 ; Volume 5 , February , 2010 , Pages 723-727 ; 9781424455850 (ISBN) Montazeri Gh, M ; Yousefpour, H ; Jafari, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper presents the fuzzy logic computing for the design and implementation of fuel controller for gas turbine engines. For this purpose, a fuzz controller is designed in order to be implemented on an electronic control unit where it is used to drive a servo operated fuel control valve. The fuzzy logic computing approach for different parts of the controller including fuzzification, rule base, inference engine and defuzzification are then described. Finally, computer simulation of the fuzzy controllers integrated with the engine model is performed to investigate the effectiveness of the proposed fuzzy controller on the performance of a turbojet engine. The results are provided to show... 

    MEG based classification of wrist movement

    , Article Proceedings of the 31st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering the Future of Biomedicine, EMBC 2009 ; 2009 , Pages 986-989 ; 1557170X (ISSN) ; 978-142443296-7 (ISBN) Montazeri, N ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Hajipour, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Neural activity is very important source for data mining and can be used as a control signal for brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). Particularly, Magnetic signals of neurons are enriched with information about the movement of different part of the body such as wrist movement. In this paper, we use MEG (Magneto encephalography) signals of two subjects recorded during wrist movement task in four directions. Data were prepared for BCI competition 2008 for multiclass classification. Our approach for this classification problem consists of PCA as a noise reduction method, ULDA for feature reduction and various linear classifiers such as Bayesian, KNN and SVM. Final results (58%-62% for subject 1... 

    Coupled Attitude-orbit Dynamics and Control of Solar Sail by Moving the Center of Mass

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Montazeri Hedesh, Hamidreza (Author) ; Asadian, Nima (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, firstly we have developed a coupled dynamic for the orbit and attitude of a solar sail. Secondly, we found an optimal trajectory from the Earth to Mars and tried to control the system on the optimal trajectory by a control mechanis which moves the center of mass of the sail. The solar sail is considered to be rigid and Ideally reflective which means the sail reflects the full extent of the photons it receives. Adjusting the center of mass of the sail is done by changing the position of two sliding masses rode on two rails perpendicular to each other. Moving the center of mass of the sail brings about a change in the attitude of the sail which then causes a deflection in the... 

    Synthesis and Application of Heterogeneous Catalysts in Oxidative C-O Coupling by Direct C-H Bond Activation of Formamides

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Montazeri, Pantea (Author) ; Matloubi Moghaddam, Firouz (Supervisor)
    The magnetic MOF-based catalytic system has been reported here to be an efficient catalyst for synthesis of carbamates under optimal conditions. The robust MOF catalyst was built based on magnetic nanoparticles and HKUST-1 which further modified with thioacetamide and carbonization. The catalyst structure was confirmed by various techniques. Furthermore, the products’ yields were obtained in good to excellent for all reactions under mild conditions which result from superior activity of the synthesized heterogeneous catalyst containing Cupper. Also, the magnetic property of the MOF-based catalyst makes it easy to separate from reaction mediums and reuse in the next runs. In summary, the... 

    A new modeling and control scheme for cascaded split-source converter cells

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics ; Volume 69, Issue 8 , 2022 , Pages 7618-7628 ; 02780046 (ISSN) Montazeri, S. H ; Milimonfared, J ; Zolghadri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2022
    Cascaded split-source inverter (CSSI) is a new single-stage modular multilevel topology. Each cell of this converter converts dc to ac power in the buck or boost operation mode without any additional power switch. This article develops a design method based on a detailed model for CSSI. This model shows that energy storage elements experience double-fundamental frequency ripples besides high-frequency ones. It accurately calculates voltage gains and capacitor voltage and inductor current ripples. On the other hand, common carrier-based multilevel modulations have been modified in terms of both reference and carrier signals to control the inverter under symmetric and asymmetric conditions.... 

    Turbulent flow using a modified V2f turbulence model

    , Article 2004 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE 2004, Anaheim, CA, 13 November 2004 through 19 November 2004 ; Volume 260 , 2004 , Pages 587-594 ; 08888116 (ISSN) Montazeri, H ; Kazemzadeh Hannan, S ; Farhanieh, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    An improved version of the V2f turbulence model has been examined in this paper. The objective was to overcome the convergence problem encountered in the original V2f model. The convergence problem is due to the commonly-used wall boundary condition, which therefore has been modified in the proposed model. To test the soundness of the new model, several two-dimensional cases such as Poiseuille flow, channel flow, and backward-step flow has been analyzed and the results are compared with the standard k - ε model, DNS, and in case of the backward flow problem, also with the original V2f model. Based on the comparison, the new model presents a promising approach both with respect to convergence... 

    Boron Isotope Separation by Distillation of BF3-(C2H5)2O Complex

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology montazeri, Meysam (Author) ; Otukesh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Ahmadi, Javad (Supervisor)
    Natural boron consists of two stable isotopes, mass 10 (19.3%) and mass 11 (80.7%). 10B isotope has a large thermal neutron capture cross-section and it therefore, used widely in such aspects as modern industry, military equipment, medical science and so on. specially the demand of atomic energy industry for the boron isotope is increased severely. So the separation of 10B from natural boron has received very wide attention at present. There are many kinds of methods on the boron isotopes separation, such as chemical exchange reaction and distillation in boron trifluoride method, ion exchange in boric acid solution method, counter current recycle membrane cascades in boron trifluoride... 

    Fracture analysis of monolayer graphene sheets with double vacancy defects via MD simulation

    , Article Solid State Communications ; Volume 151, Issue 17 , 2011 , Pages 1141-1146 ; 00381098 (ISSN) Ansari, R ; Motevalli, B ; Montazeri, A ; Ajori, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Carbon nanostructures such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene sheets have attracted great attention due to their exceptionally high strength and elastic strain. These extraordinary mechanical properties, however, can be affected by the presence of defects in their structures. When a material contains multiple defects, it is expected that the stress concentration of them superposes if the separation distances of the defects are low, which causes a more reduction of the strength. On the other hand, it is believed that if the defects are far enough such that their affected areas are distinct, their behavior is similar to a material with single defect. In this article, molecular dynamics... 

    Simulation of Surface Chemical Reactions in Bosch Process for a Polymer Film and Investigation of Etching Quality

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Montazeri Shahtoori, Abdolsamad (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor)
    Deep reactive ion etching is one of the most used techniques for manufacturing micro-structures. The most popular silicon DRIE technique is Bosch process. Ability to manufacture high aspect ratio features made Bosch process the main technique for developing micro-electromechanical devices. Dry etching is a combination of physical and chemical processes. The chemical processes play a very important role due to their speed of material removing and also due to their high selectivity. Also chemical processes are responsible for development of passive resist layer on the surface. On the other hand, if not controlled properly it can reduce anisotropy, resulting in a low quality etch. In this... 

    Open-Circuit Fault Detection and Localization in Five-Level Active Neutral Point Clamped Converter

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Montazeri Hedesh, Hamid (Author) ; Zolghadri, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Five-Level Active-Neutral-Point -Clamped (5L-ANPC) converter is used for medium-voltage and high-power applications. In many of these applications, availability and robustness against fault are the most important issues. On the other hand, this converter is made of a large number of power semiconductor switches, diodes and capacitors which could increase the failure probability. Thus, fault detection of power circuit elements is necessary for fault tolerant operation of the converter. In this thesis, following an introduction to the topology and operation principles of Five-Level Active Neutral point clamped converter, a novel open-circuit fault detection and localization method is...