Search for: kidney
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    Simulation of Flow and Mass Transfer in Microfluidic Systems of Human Body

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Saadatmand, Maryam (Author) ; Abd Khodaei, Mohammad Jafar (Supervisor) ; Farhadi, Fathollah (Supervisor) ; Pishvaie, Mahmoud Reza (Supervisor)
    The effects of gravity and inertia dominate our experiences of the physical world. But as systems are reduced in size, phenomena such as diffusion, surface tension and viscosity become ever more important; at the microscale they can dominate and result in a world that operates very differently from the macroscopic world. Kidney is one of the vital organs in which fluid and mass transfer occur between blood flow in microvessels and urine in microchannels called nephron. The present work is aimed at applying microchannel theory to study renal system. First, a n efficient numerical orthogonal collocation method has been employed to solve the steady-state formulation of electrolyte transport in... 

    Simulation of the Urinary Concentration Mechanism

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahdavi Salimi, Sharareh (Author) ; Abd Khodaei, Mohammad Jafar (Supervisor) ; Farhadi, Fathollah (Supervisor)
    The kidneys serve essential regulatory roles in the body which remove excess organic molecules from the blood and the removal of waste products of metabolism. They are essential in the urinary system. Urinary concentration mechanism has long been interested for mathematicians and physiologists to elucidate the obscurities within the process. In this study, a novel three-dimensional approach is used for simulating urine concentrating mechanism in rat renal medulla. The model equations are based on three spatial dimensions mass and momentum transports. Exact 3D geometry has been designed by using COMSOL Multiphysics software and results have been compared with the latest available data. In... 

    Simulation of Urine Concentrating Mechanism in Rat Kidney Inner Medulla

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sanatkhani, Soroush (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor)
    Physicians use charts that are prepared by experiments on animals or humans to prescribe drug dosage for patients. This method requires much more time by the Ministry of Health to approve new drugs to be used in health-care centers. Furthermore،we have no sight on how a specific drug is going to be diffuse in our body. In order to predict the distribution of a drug or any minerals in the kidney we need to model it. The first step would be modeling the important species that influence the urine concentrating mechanism. Due to the complications in modeling that mechanism especially in the inner medulla zone، we hadn’t solid information regarding that area. It is about half a century that... 

    Development of an Automatic Produnction and Growth of Kidney Vascular Structure based on Graph Grammar Methods

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fozooni, Ali (Author) ; Bozorgmehry Boozarjomehry, Ramin (Supervisor)
    The kidney is one of the most complicated organs in terms of structure and physiology, in part because it is highly vascularized. Previous investigations have focused on specific characteristics like length and diameter. There are a few methods like those which are based on image processing techniques, that have been focused on all features as a unique structure. The clear drawback of these approaches is inability to justify growth and changes. Lindenmayer system (L-system) is parallel rewriting method and a type of graph grammars. L-system can justify growth and all characteristic changes and adopt itself to them. Parametric rewriting rules incorporating within physiological laws of the... 

    Modeling of Renal Autoregulation Systems

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rajabtabar, Mohammad Javad (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Saeed (Supervisor) ; Firoozbakhsh, Keikhosrow (Supervisor)
    The mathematical analysis of the kidney has always been considered due to its complex performance. It’s about two decades that mathematicians work on the mathematical modeling of this tissue. Since Glomerular filtration of blood in the kidney has been regarded by physiologists for many years, they can access only to the qualitative data. Mathematicians can solve this problem by numerical modeling. In this research, an engineering model is presented for the analysis of this capillary network by investigating in the different scientific fields such as, physiology, medicine, computer science and mathematics. There are two major renal autoregulatory mechanisms, the myogenic response and the... 

    Market of Kidney in Iran

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Didgar, Dadmehr (Author) ; Fatemi Ardestani, Farshad (Supervisor)
    In this study we developed an analytical model to delve into the behavior of participants in the market of kidney in Iran. We get health as a good which not only elevates the utility of any individual, it add more years to each individual longevity. We find out that ESRD patients who are in serious need of receiving a new kidney will never postpone buying kidney in case of having the price fixed in all periods.We found out that the waiting time in queue of receiving market is a u-shape function in which there is a minimum. We proved that the price making the queue minimum is definitely bigger than the market clearance market. Accordingly, despite all the unfair and immoral view toward... 

    Modeling Kidney Vascular Structure Based on Parametric L-system

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shadman, Shahriar (Author) ; Farhadi, Fatolah (Supervisor) ; Bozorgmehry Boozarjomehry, Ramin (Supervisor)
    Kidney is one of the most complicated organs in terms of functionality and physiology due to its complicated unique vascular structure. Previous investigations have focused on specific characteristics like length and diameter. Most of these methods are based on Image Processing techniques which prevent a comprehensive study in growth and changes of the vascular system. Lindenmyaer system (L-system) is a parallel rewriting system and a type of formal grammar and had been used to create graphs and natural patterns. By absorbing the physiological characteristics of the kidney and integrating them into parametric L-system, a highly dense and accurate vascular system could be generated with few...