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    An Investigation on Production of Silver Nanopowder by Electromagnetic Levitation Melting Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Malekzadeh, Mahdieh (Author) ; Halali, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Electromagnetic levitation gas condensation (ELGC) method was used to synthesize silver nanoparticles. Silver droplets were melted and levitated stably at about 1130 °C with appropriate flat coils in a 10 mm OD silica tube. High purity argon, nitrogen and helium were employed as carrier gases and cooling media. Morphology and particle size of the products were investigated by scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX) and dynamic light scattering (DLS). The DLS, SEM and TEM studies demonstrated narrow size distribution of spherical shape Ag nanoparticles with particle size of about 60, 45 and 35 nm synthesized... 

    Investigation of the Antibacterial Property of TiO2/Ag Nanotubes

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Esfandiari, Naeemeh (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    This study was performed to synthesize Ag-doped TiO2 nanotubes and investigate the antibacterial property of the nanostructure. In the first step, self-organized TiO2 nanotubes were fabricated through anodizing in an electrolyte containing 0٫3 Wt% NH4F, 0٫2٪V DI water and ethylene glycol. Anodizing was performed in 30 and 60V for 2hrs in order to have different nanotube diameters. In the second step, photoreduction process was done on the way to dope Ag nanoparticles on the nanotubes. Herein, AgNO3 solution concentration, time period of TiO2 nanotubes soaking in the solution, time period of UV irradiation and ethanol solution concentration were taken as factors to achieve Ag nanoparticles in... 

    Fabrication of Plasmonic Structures and Investigation of the Effect of Surface Plasmon Resonance on Dye Sensitized Solar Cell

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Sharifi, Nafiseh (Author) ; Irajizad, Azam (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs) are third generation of solar cells, which composed of a porous layer of wide band gap semiconductor such as TiO2, covered with a molecular dye that absorbs sunlight, and a counter electrode contacted by a liquid redox electrolyte. Photovoltaic performance is the collective measure of light harvesting, charge separation and charge collection efficiencies. Light harvesting has a significant role in improvement of photovoltaic performance. Molecular engineering of dyes to improve absorption spectrum or to have a broad absorption spectrum,andlight scattering layes are approaches for this porpuse. This research is focused on photon management in DSCs using... 

    Synthesis of Graphene and Graphene Oxide and It’s Applications for Adsorption of Iodine

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rizehkar, Sevda Sadat (Author) ; Outokesh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Khanchi, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Graphene is pure carbon in the form of a very thin, nearly transparent sheet, one atom thick. It is remarkably strong for its very low weight. Graphene is a novel particle that can improve adsorption properties. We use graphene for Iodine gas adsorption. Iodine-131 (usually in the chemical form of iodide) is a component of nuclear fallout, and is particularly dangerous owing to the thyroid gland's propensity to concentrate ingested iodine, where it is kept for periods longer than this isotope's radiological half-life of eight days. For this reason, if people are expected to be exposed to a significant amount of environmental radioactive iodine (iodine-131 in fallout), they may be instructed... 

    Preparation of Antibacterial Silver, PVA, Na Alginate Nanocomposites Via Gamma Irradiation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Eghbalifam, Naimeh (Author) ; Frounchi, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Dadbin, Susan (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this research, polyvinyl alcohol/ sodium alginate/ nano silver nanocomposite films were fabricated by solution casting method via gamma irradiation. The purpose of using gamma radiation was reduction of silver nitrate and synthesis of silver nanoparticles. Formation of silver nanoparticles was proved by ultra violet- visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis) and x-ray diffraction (XRD) tests. Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to study morphology, size and distribution of silver nanoparticles. Chemical structure, thermal behavior and mechanical properties of nanocomposites were characterized by fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), differential... 

    Preparation of Ag-doped TiO2 Nanostructured Films for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells Applications

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahnejat, Bibi (Author) ; Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have been intensively studied duringthe last decade as a promising third solar cellgeneration due to their potential low-cost manufacturingprocess. DSSCsare based on a semiconductor (i.e., TiO2), formed between a photo-sensitized anode and an electrolyte. In order to reach high conversion efficiencies, it isimportant to increase the electron injection and opticalabsorption. One promising solution to increase the electroninjection is to decrease the large band gap of TiO2 bydoping a foreign ion into TiO2 lattice.
    In the present study, Ag- doped TiO2 powders and films with different Ag:Ti molar ratios are reported. The effect of dopant at.%, annealing... 

    Enhanced Photocatalytic Activity of Nano-scaled TiO2 Co-doped with N and Ag by Sol-gel Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Azimi, Zahra (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Transparent coatings with self-cleaning property in visible light spectrum, UV radiation resistance and antimicrobial are highly desirable. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is used in this research has been widely studied as an efficient photocatalyst by researchers. In this research enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity is gained with N and Ag co-doped titania. All samples were annealed at 450℃. Finally AgI was loaded TiO2 coating and the results were investigated. Peaks of XRD pattern wereattributed to different diffraction planes of anatase TiO2. Morphology of coatings were analyzed with using FE-SEM. Nano granis size of TiO2 and AgI loaded TiO2 were observed in FE-SEMimages. Nitrogen... 

    Joining of Yttria Stabilized Zirconia to Stainless Steel 420 by Nickel & Silver Nano Paste

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gorji, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor) ; Kokabi, Amir Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Joining of yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) to stainless steel (SS) is considered for various applications such as solid oxide fuel cells, thermal barrier coatings, and medical implants. In the present work, a series of brazing pastes utilizing silver and nickel nanoparticles (~80 nm) mixed with carboxymethyl cellulose as the organic phase were developed to join 5YSZ to 420 SS. The effects of processing parameters such as time and temperature of brazing and the composition of the paste on the microstructure of the joint and its mechanical strength were studied. The mechanism of interface formation was elaborated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electron probe micro analyzer (EPMA).... 

    Synthesis of Antibacterial Hydroxyapatite/Titania-Silver Coating on Titanium Substrate Using Sol-Gel Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Azadeh, Mohsen (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    With the increase in the average age of the world's population, osteoporosis is a worldwide incidence. This disease, along with natural disasters, are important factors in the occurrence of fractures in various bones of the body. One of the methods for solving this problem and replacing with broken body bones is the use of metal implants with hydroxyapatite-based coatings. One of the common problems with using implants in the body is the infection in the adjacent parts of the implant. To overcome this problem, several studies have been carried out on the use of hydroxyapatite coatings with metal ions or antibacterial oxide compounds. In the present study, the influence of factors such as the... 

    Thesis Title Synthesis and Characterization of Metal Nano Oxids and Investigation of their Catalytic Activity

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Falamarzi Askarani, Mehrdad (Author) ; Gholami, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this project, the catalytic properties of CuO and ZnO were investigated in reduction reactions.MOFs were used as a precursor to preparation of these metal oxides. Gold and silver nanoparticles were used to improve the catalytic properties of the prepared metal oxides. Structural characteristics of nanocatalysts were stydied by SEM, TEM, XRD and FT-IR techniques. The prepared nanocomposites were applied in the catalytic reduction of paranitrophenol in the presence of sodium borohydride and the kinetics and mechanism were investigated according to the structure of the prepared catalysts  

    Investigating the Effects of Heat Treatment and Ag Addition on the Microstructure, Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Behavior of

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Saadatmand Hashemi, Shakiba (Author) ; Alizadeh, Reza (Supervisor) ; Ashuri, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Magnesium and its alloys are among the new degradable implants due to their characteristics such as biodegradability, low density, elastic modulus close to bone, and biocompatibility, which have received much attention from researchers. However, in most biological applications, the insufficient corrosion resistance of this alloy causes the accumulation of hydrogen gas around the implant, the loss of mechanical strength and its destruction before the completion of the treatment period. In this research, magnesium base alloys Mg–4Sn, Mg–4Sn–0.2Ag and Mg–4Sn–1Ag are investigated to improve mechanical strength and corrosion resistance. Finally, after casting and alloying, microstructural,... 

    Preparation a Bio-Composite Scaffold Containing Hydroxyapatite/Silver Faunctionalized Graphene Oxide/Chitosan for Bone Tissue Engineering

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Askarinya, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Nemati, Ali (Supervisor) ; Malek Khachatourian, Adrineh (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Bone scaffolds are used to regenerate bone tissue and accelerate bone healing, for this purpose, an attempt was made to prepare biocompatible, biodegradable, low toxicity and non-allergenic scaffolds to help increase osteogenesis and improve bone infections. A porous multi-component composite of chitosan, hydroxyapatite, graphene oxide functionalized with silver was made to make the desired scaffolds. At first, graphene oxide was functionalized by silver ions using silver nitrate. The structure of silver graphene oxide nanocomposite was confirmed by scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and ultraviolet (UV-Visible) spectroscopy. In the next step, a...