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    A rapid and sensitive HPLC-fluorescence method for determination of mirtazapine and its two major metabolites in human plasma

    , Article Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research ; Volume 13, Issue 3 , Summer 2014 , Pages 853-862 Lavasani, H ; Giorgi, M ; Sheikholeslami, B ; Hedayati, M ; Rouini, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Summer 2014
    Abstract
    A rapid and sensitive HPLC method has been developed for the quantification of mirtazapine (MRZ), a noradrenergic and specific serotonergic inhibitor antidepressant (NaSSA) and its two major metabolites N-desmethyl mirtazapine (NDM) and 8-hydroxymirtazapine (8-OHM) in human plasma. The separation was achieved using Chromolith C18 column and a mobile phase of acetonitrile: phosphate buffer (pH = 3, 20:80, v/v) in isocratic mode at a flow rate of 2 mL/min. A fluorescence detector was set at 290 and 350 nm for excitation and emission, respectively. Zolpidem was used as the internal standard. Liquid-liquid extraction was applied for sample clean up. All analytes were eluted in less than 5... 

    Analysis of strain rate sensitivity of ultrafine-grained AA1050 by stress relaxation test

    , Article Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science ; Volume 45, Issue 12 , November 2014 , Pages 5442-5450 Mohebbi, M. S ; Akbarzadeh, A ; Kim, B. H ; Kim, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    November 2014
    Abstract
    Commercially pure aluminum sheets, AA 1050, are processed by accumulative roll bonding (ARB) up to eight cycles to achieve ultrafine-grained (UFG) aluminum as primary material for mechanical testing. Optical microscopy and electron backscattering diffraction analysis are used for microstructural analysis of the processed sheets. Strain rate sensitivity (m-value) of the specimens is measured over a wide range of strain rates by stress relaxation test under plane strain compression. It is shown that the flow stress activation volume is reduced by decrease of the grain size. This reduction which follows a linear relation for UFG specimens, is thought to enhance the required effective (or... 

    The effect of aging on the fracture characteristics and ductility of self-compacting concrete

    , Article Materials and Design ; Volume 55 , March 2014 , Pages 937-948 Beygi, M. H. A ; Kazemi, M. T ; Nikbin, I. M ; Vaseghi Amiri, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    March 2014
    Abstract
    Good knowledge of fracture parameters and cracking behavior of self-compacting concrete (SCC) from early ages until the SCC becomes mature plays an important role in design of SCC structure and also in evaluation of durability and consequently prevention of damage. In this paper, variation of fracture parameters and corresponding ductility behavior of SCC at different ages (e.g. 3days, 7days, 28days and 90days) for SCC mixes with w/c ratios of 0.45 and 0.65 have been experimentally studied. To do so, three-point bending tests were carried out on 120 notched beams. Then, size effect method (SEM) and work of fracture method (WFM) were applied to interpret the results. The results of analyses... 

    Sensor performance of nanostructured TiO2-SnO2 films prepared by an Aqueous Sol-Gel process

    , Article Journal of Cluster Science ; Volume 25, Issue 4 , July 2014 , Pages 905-923 Farahpour, P ; Mohammadi, M. R ; Fray, D. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    July 2014
    Abstract
    Nanostructured TiO2-SnO2 thin films and powders were prepared by a facile aqueous particulate sol-gel route. The prepared sols showed a narrow particle size distribution with hydrodynamic diameter in the range 17.2-19.3 nm. Moreover, the sols were stable over 5 months, since the constant zeta potential was measured during this period. The effect of Sn:Ti molar ratio was studied on the crystallisation behaviour of the products. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the powders were crystallised at the low temperature of 400 °C containing anatase-TiO2, rutile-TiO2 and cassiterite-SnO2 phases, depending on annealing temperature and Sn:Ti molar ratio. Furthermore, it was found that SnO2... 

    Towards a self-adaptive service-oriented methodology based on extended SOMA

    , Article Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering ; Volume 16, Issue 1 , January 2015 , Pages 43-69 Parvizi-Mosaed, A ; Moaven, S ; Habibi, J ; Beigi, G ; Naser-Shariat, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    January 2015
    Abstract
    We propose a self-adaptive process (SAP) that maintains the software architecture quality using the MAPE-K standard model. The proposed process can be plugged into various software development processes and service-oriented methodologies due to its explicitly defined inputs and outputs. To this aim, the proposed SAP is integrated with the service-oriented modeling and application (SOMA) methodology in a two-layered structure to create a novel methodology, named self-adaptive service-oriented architecture methodology (SASOAM), which provides a semi-automatic self-aware method by the composition of architectural tactics. Moreover, the maintenance activity of SOMA is improved using... 

    Effect of hot extrusion on wear properties of Al-15wt.% Mg2Si in situ metal matrix composites

    , Article Materials and Design ; Volume 53 , January 2014 , Pages 774-781 Soltani, N ; Jafari Nodooshan, H. R ; Bahrami, A ; Pech-Canul, M. I ; Liub, W ; Wub, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    January 2014
    Abstract
    Al-15wt.% Mg2Si composites were prepared by in situ casting and characterized in wear tests. Previous to the extrusion of specimens at 470°C - varying extrusion ratio (7.4, 14.1 and 25), the as-cast composites were homogenized at 500°C for 5h, followed by slow furnace cooling. The microstructure, hardness and sliding wear behavior were characterized for both, the as-cast and hot extruded composites. Results show that increasing the extrusion ratio causes a significant improvement in hardness and wear resistance. This is ascribed to the observed decrease in average size and better distribution of Mg2Si particles, in tandem with a remarkable decrease in porosity percentages, which goes from... 

    Adsorption characteristics of malachite green dye onto novel kappa-carrageenan-g-polyacrylic acid/TiO2-NH2 hydrogel nanocomposite

    , Article Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society ; Volume 11, Issue 4 , August 2014 , Pages 1057-1065 Pourjavadi, A ; Doulabi, M ; Doroudian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    August 2014
    Abstract
    Batch adsorption experiments were carried out for the removal of malachite green (MG) cationic dye from aqueous solution using novel hydrogel nanocomposite that was prepared by graft copolymerization of acrylic acid (AA) onto kappa-carrageenan (κC) biopolymer in the presence of a crosslinking agent, a free radical initiator and aminosilica-functionalized TiO2 nanoparticles (κC-g-PAA/TiO2-NH2). The factors influencing adsorption capacity of the adsorbents such as initial pH value (pH0) of the dye solutions, TiO2-NH2 content (wt%), initial concentration of the dye, amount of adsorbents, and temperature were investigated. The adsorption capacity of hydrogel nanocomposite for MG was compared... 

    Design and optimization of a heat driven thermoacoustic refrigerator

    , Article Applied Thermal Engineering ; Volume 62, Issue 2 , 25 January 2014 , Pages 653–661 Ghorbanian, K ; Karimi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    25 January 2014
    Abstract
    The present paper deals with the design and optimization of a heat driven thermoacoustic refrigerator. A simplified model is developed which enables to pinpoint and examine the most important physical characteristics of a compact traveling wave thermoacoustic refrigerator driven by a traveling wave thermoacoustic engine. The model can explain the so-called traveling standing wave effect in thermoacoustics very well. The position, length and hydraulic radius of the refrigerator are optimized for the maximum total COP. The prime mover efficiency, refrigerator COP and dimensionless dissipation and their impacts on total COP are investigated and discussed. The results indicate that a COP of... 

    Effect of nanofluid treatment on water sensitive formation to investigate water shock phenomenon, an experimental study

    , Article Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology ; Volume 35, Issue 7 , 21 May 2014 , Pages 889-897 Habibi, A ; Heidari, M. A ; Al-Hadrami, H ; Al-Ajmi, A ; Al-Wahaibi, Y ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    21 May 2014
    Abstract
    Permeability reduction in porous media as a result of frail and tenuous fine particles migration would decrease the productivity index in the subterranean reservoirs. During reservoir stimulation by injecting fluids into the reservoir, as the salinity condition of the formation brine changes, fine particles initiate the triggering process. In this study, MgO-based nanofluid as a fines fixation agent was stably prepared based on the particle size distribution and characterized through transmission electron microscopy analysis. Afterward, several core flooding tests were performed using Berea sandstone cores to study the effect of nanofluid injection on fines fixation in the water shock... 

    A continuous vibration theory for rotors with an open edge crack

    , Article Journal of Sound and Vibration ; Volume 333, Issue 15 , 21 July 2014 , Pages 3522–3535 Ebrahimi, A ; Heydari, M ; Behzad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    21 July 2014
    Abstract
    In this paper a new continuous model for flexural vibration of rotors with an open edge crack has been developed. The cracked rotor is considered in the rotating coordinate system attached to it. Therefore, the rotor bending can be decomposed in two perpendicular directions. Two quasi-linear displacement fields are assumed for these two directions and the strain and stress fields are calculated in each direction. Then the final displacement and stress fields are obtained by composing the displacement and stress fields in the two directions. The governing equation of motion for the rotor has been obtained using the Hamilton principle and solved using a modified Galerkin method. The free... 

    An enhanced MILP model for multistage reliability-constrained distribution network expansion planning

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Power Systems ; Volume 37, Issue 1 , 2022 , Pages 118-131 ; 08858950 (ISSN) Jooshaki, M ; Abbaspour, A ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Muñoz Delgado, G ; Contreras, J ; Lehtonen, M ; Arroyo, J. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2022
    Abstract
    Reliability is an essential factor in distribution networkt expansion planning. However, standard distribution reliability assessment techniques rely on quantifying the impact of a pre-specified set of events on service continuity through the simulation of component outages, one at a time. Due to such a simulation-based nature, the incorporation of reliability into distribution network expansion planning has customarily required the application of heuristic and metaheuristic approaches. Recently, alternative mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) models have been proposed for distribution network expansion planning considering reliability. Nonetheless, such models suffer from either low... 

    Fuzzy system design for automatic irrigation of agricultural fields

    , Article Expert Systems with Applications ; Volume 210 , 2022 ; 09574174 (ISSN) Baradaran, A. A ; Tavazoei, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    One of the main challenges in arid and semi-arid regions is the lack of water for various purposes such as industrial and agricultural applications. The problem is even more significant in traditional agriculture. The geographical location, climatic conditions, average annual rainfall, vegetation, air pollution and turbidity, and canopy of plants are important and lead to different water consumption in plants. Therefore, proper water consumption in agriculture in most countries leads to food security and a better supply of crops. In this research, we propose a fuzzy system that has eight inputs and seven outputs. Inputs include soil moisture, relative humidity, air temperature, wind speed,... 

    Enhanced Broadband Photoresponsivity of the CZTS/WSe2Heterojunction by Gate Voltage

    , Article ACS Applied Electronic Materials ; Volume 4, Issue 12 , 2022 , Pages 6189-6203 ; 26376113 (ISSN) Ghods, S ; Vardast, S ; Esfandiar, A ; Iraji Zad, A ; Heidariramsheh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2022
    Abstract
    High-performance photodetectors play critical roles in numerous photon-based applications in imaging, communication, and energy harvesting. Nowadays, heterostructures have received significant attention to extend the performance of photodetectors, with exceptionally high optical absorption and a wide absorption range. However, the enhancement factors, exact mechanism, and facile fabrication procedures are long-standing problems. Here, a heterojunction of a two-dimensional chemical vapor deposition-grown monolayer of WSe2with a Cu2ZnSnS4(CZTS) film is introduced. The CZTS film as an abundant material was synthesized in the form of nanoparticles, and it showed a great effect on the enhancement... 

    Photothermally heated and mesh-gridded solar-driven direct contact membrane distillation for high saline water desalination

    , Article International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer ; Volume 199 , 2022 ; 00179310 (ISSN) Shokrollahi, M ; Asadollahi, M ; Mousavi, S.A ; Rajabi ghahnavieh, A ; Behzadi Sarok, M ; Khayet, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    Photothermally heated and mesh-gridded membrane distillation (PHMD) system is proposed for desalination of high saline aqueous solutions. A triple-layered membrane, composed of a photothermal top nanofibrous layer containing polyacrylonitrile and dispersed carbon black nanoparticles and a polyvinylidene fluoride porous membrane supported on a nonwoven polyester, was prepared. A polypropylene mesh was used to hold the membrane. A 3D numerical simulation of the PHMD system was carried out by COMSOL and the appropriate length of the membrane module was determined. The effects of various operating parameters including solar radiation intensity on the permeate flux and thermal efficiency were... 

    Stability analysis of parametric resonance in spar-buoy based on Floquet theory

    , Article Ocean Engineering ; Volume 266 , 2022 ; 00298018 (ISSN) Aziminia, M. M ; Abazari, A ; Behzad, M ; Hayatdavoodi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    Parametric resonance is a phenomenon caused by time-varying changes in the parameters of a system which may result in undesirable motion responses and instability. Floating bodies like ships and spar-buoys are prone to Mathieu instability mainly due to the instantaneous change of the metacentric height. With the fast-growing developments in Ocean Renewable Energy systems, spar-buoys are commonly used for wave energy convertors and floating wind turbines. Undesirable, unstable motions as a result of the parametric resonance can be problematic as it may cause inefficiency in operations and structural risk integrity. In this research, a new approach has been developed to investigate these... 

    Experimental and numerical investigation of squat submarines hydrodynamic performances

    , Article Ocean Engineering ; Volume 266 , 2022 ; 00298018 (ISSN) Sarraf, S ; Abbaspour, M ; Dolatshahi, K. M ; Sarraf, S ; Sani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    This paper empirically examines the hydrodynamic performances of squat submarines under the resistance and wave tests beside numerical investigation of pressure drag reduction techniques. Despite vast information about the operation of the streamlined fluid vessels, there is not much information about the geometries and hydrodynamic behaviors of squat vessels with L/D ratios below four. This study experimentally investigates the impacts of various relative depths and flow inclinations, intending to find drag, heave, and sway forces at the velocities of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5-m/s. A one-tenth scaled model of a squat submarine is examined under the resistance and wave train scenarios as... 

    CoPA: Cold page awakening to overcome retention failures in STT-MRAM Based I/O Buffers

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems ; Volume 33, Issue 10 , 2022 , Pages 2304-2317 ; 10459219 (ISSN) Hadizadeh, M ; Cheshmikhani, E ; Rahmanpour, M ; Mutlu, O ; Asadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    IEEE Computer Society  2022
    Abstract
    Performance and reliability are two prominent factors in the design of data storage systems. To achieve higher performance, recently storage system designers use DynamicDynamic RAMRAM (DRAM)-based buffers. The volatility of DRAM brings up the possibility of data loss and data inconsistency. Thus, a part of the main storage is conventionally used as the journal area to be able of recovering unflushed data pages in the case of power failure. Moreover, periodically flushing buffered data pages to the main storage is a common mechanism to preserve a high level of reliability. This scheme, however, leads to a considerable increase in storage write traffic, which adversely affects the performance.... 

    MASTER: Reclamation of hybrid scratchpad memory to maximize energy saving in multi-core edge systems

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Computing ; Volume 7, Issue 4 , 2022 , Pages 749-760 ; 23773782 (ISSN) Shekarisaz, M ; Hoseinghorban, A ; Bazzaz, M ; Salehi, M ; Ejlali, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2022
    Abstract
    Most modern multi-core edge devices work in outdoor situations with limited power supplies like energy harvester and batteries. Therefore, energy consumption is a fundamental issue in which the memory subsystem has a significant role. Scratchpad memories (SPM) can provide a broad potential for energy saving. Still, due to the insufficient SPM capacity in such edge devices, a rigorous SPM data allocation scheme is necessary to reduce the energy consumption of the memory subsystem. Emerging non-volatile memories (NVMs) are very useful to reduce the energy consumption of the memory subsystem. Compared with SRAM, NVMs have lower leakage power and higher density, but the read and write latencies... 

    Thermal-Aware standby-sparing technique on heterogeneous real-time embedded systems

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computing ; Volume 10, Issue 4 , 2022 , Pages 1883-1897 ; 21686750 (ISSN) Ansari, M ; Safari, S ; Yari Karin, S ; Gohari Nazari, P ; Khdr, H ; Shafique, M ; Henkel, J ; Ejlali, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    IEEE Computer Society  2022
    Abstract
    Low power consumption, real-time computing, and high reliability are three key requirements/design objectives of real-time embedded systems. The standby-sparing technique can improve system reliability while it might increase the temperature of the system beyond safe limits. In this paper, we propose a thermal-aware standby-sparing (TASS) technique that aims at maximizing the Quality of Service (QoS) of soft real-time tasks, which is defined as a function of the finishing time of running tasks. The proposed technique tolerates permanent and transient faults for multicore real-time embedded systems while meeting the Thermal Safe Power (TSP) as the core-level power constraint, which avoids... 

    Adaptive asymptotic tracking control of uncertain fractional-order nonlinear systems with unknown quantized input and control directions subject to actuator failures

    , Article JVC/Journal of Vibration and Control ; Volume 28, Issue 19-20 , 2022 , Pages 2625-2641 ; 10775463 (ISSN) Sabeti, F ; Shahrokhi, M ; Moradvandi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Inc  2022
    Abstract
    This article addresses an adaptive backstepping control design for uncertain fractional-order nonlinear systems in the strict-feedback form subject to unknown input quantization, unknown state-dependent control directions, and unknown actuator failure. The system order can be commensurate or noncommensurate. The total number of failures is allowed to be infinite. The Nussbaum function is used to deal with the problem of unknown control directions. Compared with the existing results, the control gains can be functions of states and the knowledge of quantization parameters and characteristics of the actuator failure are unknown. By applying the backstepping control approach based on the...