Search for: additives
Total 450 records
Synthesis and Characterization of Dithiocarbamate Complex Derivatives of 3-((Pyridin-2-yl)Methyl Amino)Propannitril, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Saeedi, Mohammad Reza ; Ziyaei Halimehjani, Azim
Dithiocabamates are valuable compounds due to their wide application as herbicides, fungicides, antitumor and etc. Another aspect of dithiocarbamates is their application in coordination chemistry. In this project, 3-((pyridin-2-yl) methyl amino) propane nitrile was prepared via Michael addition reaction of 1-methyl¬amino¬pyridine and acrylonitrile in water. Then this compound was converted to its potassium dithiocarbamate salt via treatment with carbon disulfide in the presence of potassium hydroxide in tetrahydrofuran. The prepared ligand was used in complexation with metal salts of Zn, Hg, Ni and Sn to prepare their dithiocarbamate complexes. The structure of complexes was elucidated by...
Article Key Engineering Materials ; Volume 543 , March , 2013 , Pages 145-149 ; Razi Astaraei, F. (Fatemeh) ; Kashani, Sh. (shima) ; Iraji Zad, A. (Azam) ; Sharif University of Technology
We study Hydrogen sulfide gas detection properties of pure and 1% copper oxide added WO3 thin films. The spin coated deposits on alumina substrates were annealed at 500 C for 1 hour in order to improve the crystallinity of the films. The sensitivity of pure tungsten oxide is poor even at temperatures of about 100 C but the doped samples exhibit good response to H2S gas. Our data show sensitivity of about 1500 in 10 ppm diluted gas in air at 100 C. The films are sensitive to the gas even at 250 ppb (sensitivity about 2) H2S concentration at 100 C but with rather long recovery time. Crystal structure, morphology and chemical composition of samples were studied by X-Ray diffraction (XRD),...
Article Journal of Materials Processing Technology ; Volume 146, Issue 3 , 2004 , Pages 311-317 ; 09240136 (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
A mathematical model based on the finite element method and additivity rule has been developed to predict temperature history and microstructural changes during cooling of steel. The utilized model considers the effects of various factors including initial austenite grain size and its role on the kinetics of pearlite and ferrite transformations, amount of residual strain within the cooling material, heat of transformation and variation of thermo-physical properties of the steel during cooling. The model can be employed as a guideline to design new cooling programs for achieving the desired microstructure and mechanical properties. To verify the results of the modelling, time-temperature...
LiClO4 accelerated Michael addition of amines to α,β-unsaturated olefins under solvent-free conditions, Article Tetrahedron ; Volume 60, Issue 2 , 2004 , Pages 383-387 ; 00404020 (ISSN) ; Saidi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2004
Several primary and secondary amines were added to α,β- unsaturated esters, nitriles, amides, and ketones to give the corresponding saturated amines mediated by solid lithium perchlorate under solvent-free and environmentally friendly conditions at room temperature. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Lithium perchlorate-catalyzed three-component coupling: a facile and general method for the synthesis of α-aminophosphonates under solvent-free conditions, Article European Journal of Organic Chemistry ; Issue 23 , 2003 , Pages 4630-4633 ; 1434193X (ISSN) ; Saidi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Wiley-VCH Verlag 2003
A simple, efficient, and general method has been developed for the synthesis of α-aminophosphonates in the presence of solid lithium perchlorate under solvent-free conditions. Thus secondary and tertiary α-aminophosphonates were synthesized relatively quickly in good yields at room temperature. © Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2003
On the sum-capacity and lattice-based transmission strategies for state-dependent Gaussian interference channel, Article IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, PIMRC ; 2012 , Pages 1944-1948 ; 9781467325691 (ISBN) ; Behroozi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
In this work, we consider an additive state-dependent Gaussian interference channel (ASD-GIC) where there is a common additive interference, known to both transmitters but not to the receivers. First, we obtain an outer bound on the sum-capacity for the asymptotic case where the interference is assumed to be Gaussian variable with unbounded variance. This asymptotic case has been referred to as the "strong interference" in . By applying a lattice-based coding scheme, an achievable rate-region is provided. Under some conditions, which depend on the noise variance and channel power constraints, this achievable sum-rate region meets the outer bound and therefore lattice codes can achieve the...
Article Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry ; Volume 9 , 2013 , Pages 1119-1126 ; 18605397 (ISSN) ; Moghaddam, F. M ; Mkrtchyan, S ; Semeniuchenko, V ; Supe, L ; Villinger, A ; Langer, P ; Laroshenko, V. O ; Sharif University of Technology
The cyclization of cyclohexane-1,3-diones with various substituted pyridinium salts afforded functionalized 8-oxa-10-aza-tricyclo[22.214.171.124 2,7]trideca-2(7),11-dienes. The reaction proceeds by regioselective attack of the central carbon atom of the 1,3-dicar-bonyl unit to 4-position of the pyridinium salt and subsequent cyclization by base-assisted proton migration and nucleophilic addition of the oxygen atom to the 2-position, as was elucidated by DFT computations. Fairly extensive screening of bases and additives revealed that the presence of potassium cations is essential for formation of the product
Article Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering ; Volume 30, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 55-61 ; 02561115 (ISSN) ; Fattahi, M ; Khorasheh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
A reduction in catalyst activity with time-on-stream and formation of side products are the major problems associated with catalytic propane dehydrogenation. Coke formation on the catalyst surface is the most important cause for catalyst deactivation. Experiments have indicated that the presence of very small amounts of oxygenated additives such as water can reduce the amount of coke accumulated on the catalyst surface and enhance catalyst activity. Addition of water beyond an optimum level, however, would result in a loss of activity due to sintering of catalyst. Propane dehydrogenation over a Pt-Sn/γ-Al2O3 catalyst in the temperature range of 575 to 620 °C was investigated in the presence...
Synthesis of dithiocarbamates by Markovnikov addition reaction in PEG and their application in amidoalkylation of naphthols and indoles, Article Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society ; Volume 26, Issue 7 , 2015 , Pages 1500-1508 ; 01035053 (ISSN) ; Dadras, A ; Ramezani, M ; Shamiri, E. V ; Hooshmand, S. E ; Hashemi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
Sociedade Brasileira de Quimica 2015
Synthesis of dithiocarbamates by the one-pot three-component Markovnikov addition reaction of an amine, carbon disulfide and an alkyl vinyl ether or N-vinylpyrrolidone is reported in polyethylene glycol (PEG) under a mild and green procedure with high yields and completely regiospecific. Also, the products were used as efficient starting materials for amidoalkylation of electron-rich arenes such as naphthols and indoles
Aluminothermic-carbothermal reduction synthesis of nano crystalline Al2O3-Ti(C,N) composite with different bed types, Article Iranian Journal of Materials Science and Engineering ; Volume 12, Issue 1 , 2015 , Pages 66-75 ; 17350808 (ISSN) ; Naghizadeh, R ; Samadi, H ; Nemati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Iran University of Science and Technology 2015
Ceramic-matrix composites containing TiC-TiN have been used in a variety of application because of their superior properties such as high hardness, good wear resistance and high chemical stability. In this research, effect of coke and coke/calcium beds in synthesis of Al2O3-Ti(C, N) composites using alumino-carbothermic reduction ofTiO2 has been investigated. Al, TiO2 and active carbon with additives of extra carbon and NaCl and without additives, in separate procedures, have been mixed. Afterwards, mixtures were pressed and synthesized in 1200°C for 4hrs, in coke and coke/calcium beds, separately. Al2O3-Ti(C,N) composite was synthesized in ternary system of Al-TiO2-C with excess carbon and...
Article Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science ; Volume 17, Issue 3 , 2016 , Pages 217-226 ; 14627264 (ISSN) ; Dehghan, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science 2016
An additive labeling of a graph G is a function H: V(G)→ N, such that for every two adjacent vertices v and u of G, Σw∼v l(w) = Σw∼vl(w) (x ∼ y means that x is joined to y). The additive number of G, denoted by η(G), is the minimum number k such that G has a additive labeling l: V(G)→ Nk. The additive choosability of a graph G, denoted by ηl(G), is the smallest number k such that G has an additive labeling for any assignment of lists of size k to the vertices of G, such that the label of each vertex belongs to its own list. Seamone in his PhD thesis conjectured that for every graph G, η(G) = ηe(G). We give a negative answer to this conjecture and we show that for every k there is a graph G...
Hexyltriphenylphosphonium bromide as an absolutely chemoselective ionic liquid catalyst in the three-component reaction of aryl aldehydes, acetophenones and malononitrile, Article ChemistrySelect ; Volume 4, Issue 20 , 2019 , Pages 6190-6193 ; 23656549 (ISSN) ; Khodaei, M. M ; Batooie, N ; Hosseinzadeh, N ; Foroumadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Hexyltriphenylphosphonium bromide (HTPB) is used as an efficient ionic liquid catalyst in the chemoselective addition of malononitrile to carbonyl group moiety of chalcones through the three-component reaction of aryl aldehydes, acetophenone derivatves, and malononitrile to produce (E)-2-(1,3-diarylallylidene)malononitriles at ambient temperature. The method is simple, solvent-free, environmentally friendly, and gives excellent yields in a short reaction times. © 2019 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
LiCO4/Et3N: Highly efficient and active catalyst for selective Michael addition of active methylene compounds under solvent-free condition, Article Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical ; Volume 292, Issue 1-2 , 2008 , Pages 44-48 ; 13811169 (ISSN) ; Azizi, N ; Akbari, E ; Ebrahimi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
A simple catalyst LiClO4/Et3N has been developed and demonstrated to efficiently catalyze Michael addition reactions of active methylene compounds to conjugated ketones, nitriles, esters and nitroalkenes with remarkably high yields and in short reaction time. The Michael addition to nitroalkenes and α,β-unsaturated ketones proceeds quantitatively in the usual way, giving the monoaddition product. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
Solid lithium perchlorate-mediated conjugate addition of thiols and indoles to α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds, Article Journal of Sulfur Chemistry ; Volume 26, Issue 3 , 2005 , Pages 251-259 ; 17415993 (ISSN) ; Saidi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
A simple, efficient, and general synthetic strategy has been developed for the synthesis of Michael adducts in the presence of solid lithium perchlorate under solvent-free conditions. Nucleophilic addition of thiols and indoles gave the corresponding Michael adducts in high yields. © 2005 Taylor & Francis
An efficient one-pot Michael addition of dithiocarbamate anion to α,β-unsaturated olefins mediated by lithium perchlorate, Article Journal of Sulfur Chemistry ; Volume 26, Issue 2 , 2005 , Pages 149-153 ; 17415993 (ISSN) ; Saidi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Taylor and Francis Ltd 2005
The reaction of substituted dithiocarbamates with electrophilic alkenes in the presence of LiClO4 was investigated in an attempt to prepare numerous ethyl dithiocarbamates bearing β-electron-withdrawing-group substituents. The reaction conditions are mild, neutral, with extremely simple work-up procedures, and offer high yield. © 2005 Taylor & Francis Group Ltd
Article Physica Status Solidi C: Conferences ; Volume 1, Issue 7 , 2004 , Pages 1883-1886 ; 16101634 (ISSN) ; Akhavan, M ; Sharif University of Technology
The magnetoresistance of single phase polycrystalline Gd(Ba 2-xPrx)Cu3O7-δ samples have been studied within thermally activated flux creep model. The decrease of pinning energy with applied magnetic field can be scaled to two power law relations for magnetic fields, smaller and also larger than about 1 kOe. The derived pinning energy shows that the Pr-doping, similar to weak links, decreases the vortex flux pinning energy. It is also concluded that the substitution of Pr at Ba site has a more destructive effect on the flux dynamics than Pr at rare earth site. © 2004 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
Article Materials and Design ; Volume 25, Issue 8 , 2004 , Pages 673-679 ; 02613069 (ISSN) ; Karimi Taheri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2004
In this work, a model based on the finite element method and assumption of second order phase transformation has been developed to predict temperature history and austenite decomposition kinetics during continuous cooling of a low carbon steel. In order to accurately assess the temperature field and transformation rate the effects of various factors such as work hardening role on the kinetics of transformation, interconnection between austenite phase change and thermo-physical properties of the steel, and initial austenite grain size have been considered in the model. To verify the results of the modelling, time-temperature histories during cooling of a low carbon steel has been determined...
Article Mechanics Research Communications ; Volume 30, Issue 1 , 2003 , Pages 87-93 ; 00936413 (ISSN) ; Taheri, A. K ; Sharif University of Technology
A mathematical model has been developed to determine flow stress at hot deformation condition. The proposed model is capable of including work softening due to dynamic phase transformations as well as the effect of temperature and strain rate variation on flow stress utilizing the additivity rule for strain. To verify the model, hot compression tests for two grades of steels has been carried out. The comparison between the experimental and theoretical results confirms the validity of the model
Ethylenediamine grafting to functionalized NH2-UiO-66 using green aza-Michael addition reaction to improve CO2/CH4 adsorption selectivity, Article Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research ; Volume 57, Issue 20 , April , 2018 , Pages 7030-7039 ; 08885885 (ISSN) ; Ahmadi Joukani, F ; Shojaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
American Chemical Society 2018
Three versions of zirconium-based metal organic frameworks, NH2-UiO-66, GMA-UiO-66, and EDA-UiO-66, were synthesized and employed as adsorbent for CO2/CH4 separation. GMA-UiO-66 was synthesized via a ring opening reaction between the amine species in the framework and epoxy groups in glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), while the green aza-Michael addition reaction was used for the first time to functionalize GMA-UiO-66 with ethylenediamine (EDA). The products were characterized by BET, XRD, TGA, FESEM, ICP-OES, 1H NMR, mass spectroscopy, and FTIR-ATR methods to monitor their textural properties before and after functionalization. The results indicated that GMA was successfully grafted to the...
Synthesis and properties of multi-stimuli-responsive water-soluble hyperbranched polymers prepared via reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer self-condensing vinyl polymerization, Article ACS Applied Polymer Materials ; 2021 ; 26376105 (ISSN) ; Kohestanian, M ; Pourjavadi, A ; Vazifehkhorani, H. H ; Mehrali, M ; Sharif University of Technology
American Chemical Society 2021
Multistimuli-responsive hyperbranched polymers were synthesized in one-step polymerization using reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer self-condensing vinyl polymerization (RAFT-SCVP). These hyperbranched polymers responded to UV-vis or sunlight, pH changes, and temperature changes. 2-(dodecylthiocarbonothioylthio)-2-methylpropionic acid known as DDMAT participated in esterification with 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate to obtain a chain transfer monomer in the name of 2-((2-(((dodecylthio)carbonothioyl)thio)-2-methylpropanoyl)oxy)ethylmethacrylate (MACDT). For the first time, smart hyperbranched polymers were produced with the RAFT-SCVP method in one step by using...