Search for: behavioral-research
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    Characterizing twitter with respondent-driven sampling

    , Article Proceedings - IEEE 9th International Conference on Dependable, Autonomic and Secure Computing, DASC 2011, 12 December 2011 through 14 December 2011, Sydney, NSW ; 2011 , Pages 1211-1217 ; 9780769546124 (ISBN) Salehi, M ; Rabiee, H. R ; Nabavi, N ; Pooya, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Twitter as one of the most important microblogging online social networks has attracted more than 200 million users in recent years. Although there have been several attempts on characterizing the Twitter by using incomplete sampled data, they have not been very successful to estimate the characteristics of the whole network. In this paper, we characterize Twitter by sampling from its social graph and user behaviors through a random walk based sampling technique called Respondent-Driven Sampling (RDS). To the best of our knowledge, for the first time RDS method and its estimator are used in order to obtain uniform unbiased estimation of several key structural and behavioral properties of... 

    On dynamicity of expert finding in community question answering

    , Article Information Processing and Management ; Volume 53, Issue 5 , 2017 , Pages 1026-1042 ; 03064573 (ISSN) Neshati, M ; Fallahnejad, Z ; Beigy, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Community Question Answering is one of the valuable information resources which provide users with a platform to share their knowledge. Finding potential experts in CQA is beneficial to several problems like low participation rate of the users, long waiting time to receive answers and to the low quality of answers. Many research papers focused on retrieving the expert users of CQAs. Most of them are taking expertise into consideration at the query time and ignore the temporal aspects of the expert finding problem. However, considering the evolution of personal expertise over time can improve the quality of expert finding. In many applications, it is beneficial to find the potential experts... 

    An inspection game to provide incentive for cooperation with corrupted inspectors

    , Article Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining, ASONAM 2012 ; 2012 , Pages 730-732 ; 9780769547992 (ISBN) Kolahdooz, Y ; Safari, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Open and autonomous environments, such as peer to peer networks or many social networks, are efficient only if cooperation among nodes is ensured. In order to ensure cooperative behavior, we have added a new node type to the system, called inspector and used game theoretical tools to analyze the system. Inspectors punish both misbehaving nodes as well as nodes who provide dishonest ratings about other peers. Analyzing the proposed inspection game ensures that corruption of inspectors and misbehavior of nodes is bounded. The game enables the system designer to set the amount of corruption that is allowed according to the budget  

    Opposing trends of geometrical parameters in maximisation of micro-ring resonator quality factor

    , Article Electronics Letters ; Volume 47, Issue 25 , 2011 , Pages 1388-1390 ; 00135194 (ISSN) Jalaly, S ; Rezaei, M ; Mehrany, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Opposing trends of geometrical parameters in minimisation of bending loss and thus in maximising the quality factor are briefly discussed for micro-ring resonators. It is shown that, while the quality factor of low order modes is an oscillatory function of geometrical parameters, the quality factor of high order modes is a monotonic function. The former has discrete pairs of optimum inner and outer ring radii which maximises the quality factor. In contrast, the quality factor of the latter has no local maximum. Introduction of slight inhomogeneities does not change the overall behaviour of the quality factor but can increase its overall level when the refractive index of the ring region... 

    Analysis and modeling time headway distributions under heavy traffic flow conditions in the urban highways: Case of Isfahan

    , Article Transport ; Volume 26, Issue 4 , 2011 , Pages 375-382 ; 16484142 (ISSN) Abtahi, S. M ; Tamannaei, M ; Haghshenash, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    The time headway of vehicles is an importan microscopic traffic flow parameter which affects the safety and capacity of highway facilities such as freeways and multi-lane highways. The present paper intends to provide a report on the results of a study aimed at investigating the effect of the lane position on time headway distributions within the high levels of traffic flow. The main issue of this study is to assess the driver's behavior at different highway lanes based on a headway distribution analysis. The study was conducted in the city of Isfahan, Iran. Shahid Kharrazi six-lane highway was selected for collecting the field headway data. The under-study lanes consisted of passing and... 

    SVD analysis of dynamic properties for fatigue loaded intervertebral disc

    , Article 2011 1st Middle East Conference on Biomedical Engineering, MECBME 2011, 21 February 2011 through 24 February 2011, Sharjah ; 2011 , Pages 32-36 ; 9781424470006 (ISBN) Rozana, F ; Malik, A. S ; Wang, J. L ; Parnianpour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper uses singular value decomposition (SVD) for studying the dynamic properties of fatigue-loaded intervertebral disc. Previously, this problem had been addressed using mathematical models of using mass, spring and damper or based on poroelastic theory. This paper utilizes the signal processing approach and attempts to describe SVD based feature that can be an indicator for change in behavioral performance of the intervertebral disc warning the occurrence of temporary or permanent change in the structure or abnormality in behavior. The results are encouraging; however, further validation is required with more data  

    Molecular dynamics study of 'success evaluation' for metallic nanoparticles manipulation on gold substrate

    , Article Micro and Nano Letters ; Volume 5, Issue 5 , 2010 , Pages 286-290 ; 17500443 (ISSN) Mahboobi, S. H ; Meghdari, A ; Jalili, N ; Amiri, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    One of the key factors in the assembly of nanoparticles and controlled construction of such systems is their positioning by a manipulation system. The response of clusters that are subjected to this process is of great importance. In this study, the behaviour of metallic nanoparticles during the manipulation process on an Au substrate is investigated using molecular dynamics. Two criteria are proposed for the evaluation of success in a pushing process regarding the intactness of a nanoparticle/substrate pair. The effects of cluster material, temperature and manipulation speed on the success of the process are investigated based on the simulation results  

    Adaptive optimal multi-critic based neuro-fuzzy control of MIMO human musculoskeletal arm model

    , Article Neurocomputing ; Volume 173 , 2016 , Pages 1529-1537 ; 09252312 (ISSN) Balaghi, M. H. E ; Vatankhah, R ; Broushaki, M ; Alasty, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Human bodies use the electrical currents to make the muscles move. Disconnection of the electrical signals between the brain and the muscles as a result of spinal cord injuries, causes paralysis below the level of injury. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is used to stimulate the peripheral nerves of the disabled limbs. The level of these electrical signals should be selected so that the desired tasks are done successfully. Applying the appropriate controller which can result a human like behaviour and the accomplishment of the desired tasks has become a significant research area. In this paper, the multi-input multi-output (MIMO) musculoskeletal model of human arm with six muscles is... 

    Correlated cascades: Compete or cooperate

    , Article 31st AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2017, 4 February 2017 through 10 February 2017 ; 2017 , Pages 238-244 Zarezade, A ; Khodadadi, A ; Farajtabar, M ; Rabiee, H. R ; Zha, H ; Amazon; Artificial Intelligence; Baidu; et al.; IBM; Tencent ; Sharif University of Technology
    AAAI press  2017
    In real world social networks, there are multiple cascades which are rarely independent. They usually compete or cooperate with each other. Motivated by the reinforcement theory in sociology we leverage the fact that adoption of a user to any behavior is modeled by the aggregation of behaviors of its neighbors. We use a multidimensional marked Hawkes process to model users product adoption and consequently spread of cascades in social networks. The resulting inference problem is proved to be convex and is solved in parallel by using the barrier method. The advantage of the proposed model is twofold; it models correlated cascades and also learns the latent diffusion network. Experimental... 

    A novel design of hybrid-time-interleaved current steering digital to analog converter and its behavioral simulation considering non-ideal effects

    , Article Integration ; Volume 69 , 2019 , Pages 321-334 ; 01679260 (ISSN) Sariri, H ; Torkzadeh, P ; Sadughi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    This work presents a behavioral model for non-ideal effects in a novel Hybrid time-interleaved digital to analog converter (TIDAC). In Hybrid DACs, both ΔΣ and Nyquist structures are used. In this work, in the Nyquist path, the 2-time-interleaving technique is used and in the ΔΣ path, a new structure is proposed to reduce the critical path in the TI delta-sigma modulator (DSM). In conventional TIDSM, adding each channel to the structure leads to increasing the critical path as one full-adder. This, in turn, decreases the speed of modulator since a single feedback loop is utilized to compute the running sum of the input signals. In this work, a new type of poly-phase decomposition is... 

    Firm relocation as a potential solution for environment improvement using a SWOT-AHP hybrid method

    , Article Process Safety and Environmental Protection ; Vol. 92, issue. 3 , May , 2014 , pp. 269-276 ; ISSN: 09575820 Eslamipoor, R ; Sepehriar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Global economic expansion and increasing concentration of people in the large cities, especially in developing countries leads to some environmental issues such as air pollution. Relocation of the firms as a great air pollutant can be an appropriate alternative for diminishing these pollutions. Yet, there is a lack of research about factors precluding firm relocation with respect to decision making factors when determining whether or not to relocate. Thus, the purpose of this case study is to examine firm relocation decision-making factors and to apprehend the role of environment issues in making them using a combination of SWOT matrix and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP). The combination... 

    Fuel consumption information: An alternative for congestion pricing?

    , Article Road and Transport Research ; Vol. 23, issue. 3 , Sep , 2014 , p. 52-64 ; 10375783 Rouhani, O. M ; Zarei, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    People's poor perception of the amount they spend on fuel is considered to be an important reason for the low price elasticity of gasoline demand. Users' travel demand can be changed by making them more aware of the fuel costs of different routes. As a result of becoming informed about their petrol consumption cost prior to entering traffic congestion, users may take an alternative route, change their travel schedule, or decide not to travel at all. Without considering the change in the price elasticity of gasoline demand, this study estimates the effects of providing gasoline consumption information (GCI) on people's route choice behaviour, the influence of fuel price on the effectiveness... 

    Effect of power on PPT discharge current

    , Article Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology ; Volume 85, Issue 3 , 2013 , Pages 207-214 ; 00022667 (ISSN) Rezaeiha, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of power on pulsed plasma thruster (PPT) discharge current with respect to its peak, duration, and behavior while the power elevates in a low power range. Design/methodology/approach - A rectangular parallel-plate breech-fed PPT has been developed with a self-inductor coupling element connecting the PPT cathode to the ignitor plug cathode. The PPT has been operated in vacuum chamber at 10-6mbar and its discharge current has been recorded using a Rogowski coil while input power has been changed by means of varying the capacitor voltage at given capacitance and frequency. Findings - The analysis leads to elucidate the effects of... 

    A unimodal person authentication system based on signing sound

    , Article Proceedings - IEEE-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics: Global Grand Challenge of Health Informatics, BHI 2012 ; 2012 , Pages 152-154 ; 9781457721779 (ISBN) Khazaei, D ; Maghooli, K ; Afdideh, F ; Azimi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    IEEE  2012
    Person authentication based on only the name, password or person identification number is not secured enough. In recent years researchers have focused on human physiological and behavioral parameters, because these parameters are more unique and human-specific than traditional ones. This approach of person authentication is usually called biometric authentication. Signature is the most commonly used behavioral biometric which is investigated in two ways of online and offline by researchers. In online procedure, the temporal indices of signature such as signing velocity, and acceleration are involved to increase the accuracy relative to offline methods and to recognize counterfeit signatures.... 

    Dynamic analysis of human ear during sound transmission

    , Article 3rd international Conference on Manufacturing Science and Engineering, ICMSE 2012, Xiamen, 27 March 2012 through 29 March 2012 ; Volume 472-475 , 2012 , Pages 1215-1219 ; 10226680 (ISSN); 9783037853702 (ISBN) Ghafari, A. S ; Zahiri, S ; Fujian University of Technology; Xiamen University; Fuzhou University; Huaqiao University; University of Wollongong ; Sharif University of Technology
    The aim of the present research is to simulate dynamic behavior of the human auditoria peripherals during sound transmission using the equivalent six-degrees-of-freedom lumped parameter mathematical model. Transmissibility analysis was employed to get a better insight into the sound transmission from tympanic membrane to malleus, incus, stapes, and cochlea. Furthermore, transmissibility from each member to corresponding adjacent member was carried out to functional analysis of the human ear. Simulation study illustrated that the results are in agreement with the experimental results published in the literature, and the proposed model provides more information in the dynamic analysis of... 

    Stability under Γ-convergence of least energy solutions for semilinear problems in the whole ℝN

    , Article SIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis ; Volume 43, Issue 4 , 2011 , Pages 1759-1786 ; 00361410 (ISSN) Moameni, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    We study the homogenization of semilinear elliptic equations in divergence form with discontinuous oscillating coefficients in the whole ℝN. As is well known, the homogenization process in a classical framework is concerned with the study of asymptotic behavior of solutions u Isin; of boundary value problems when the period ∈ > 0 of the coefficients is small. By extending some of the classical homogenization results for quasi-linear elliptic equations to unbounded domains and, making use of various variational techniques, we shall establish some stability results under Γ-convergence of least energy solutions for such boundary value problems  

    Safety and headway characteristics in highway work zones with automated speed enforcement

    , Article Advances in Transportation Studies ; Issue 23 , 2011 , Pages 67-76 ; 18245463 (ISSN) Wang, M. H ; Benekohal, R. F ; Ramezani, H ; Nassiri, H ; Medina, J. C ; Hajbabaie, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper investigated the headway distribution of platooning vehicles in work zones with and without automated Speed Photo Enforcement (SPE). Data from two work zones were collected and analyzed. The portion of vehicles traveling with a very short headway (less than 0.7 sec) was also examined. In addition, the behavior of vehicles near the law enforcement vehicles was analyzed in terms of applying brakes and changing lane in one of the work zones. The results indicated that the mean headway of cars in the median lane significantly increased in both work zones when the SPE van was present compared to the base condition. For trucks, the mean headway increase was significant only in the... 

    DIDO behavioral model extraction setup using uncorrelated envelope signals

    , Article European Microwave Week 2015: "Freedom Through Microwaves", EuMW 2015 - Conference Proceedings; 2015 45th European Microwave Conference Proceedings, EuMC, 7 September 2015 through 10 September 2015 ; 2015 , Pages 646-649 ; 9782874870392 (ISBN) Zargar, H ; Banai, A ; Pedro, J. C ; APS ; Sharif University of Technology
    This work discusses several extraction procedures for the recently proposed dual input-dual output (DIDO) low pass equivalent behavioral model according to their required excitation signals. These methods are based on passive load pulling and uncontrolled open loop active load pulling but with different type of excitation waveforms. It also addresses the hardware and signal conditioning of the proposed extraction procedures in detail. The performance of the discussed methods are compared based on the datasets extracted from simulation results in ADS. The results show that the use of the active load-pulling can enhance modeling performance  

    Evaluating the influence of You Tube advertising for attraction of young customers

    , Article Computers in Human Behavior ; Volume 59 , 2016 , Pages 165-172 ; 07475632 (ISSN) Dehghani, M ; Khorram Niaki, M ; Ramezani, I ; Sali, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd 
    Nowadays, we have been faced with an increasing number of people who are spending tremendous amounts of time all around the world on YouTube. To date, the factors that persuade customers to accept YouTube advertising as an advertising medium are not yet fully understood. The present paper identified four dimensions towards YouTube advertising (i.e., entertainment, Informativeness, Customization and irritation) which may be affected on advertising value as well as brand awareness, and accordingly on purchase intention of consumers. The conceptual model hypothesizes that ad value strategies are positively associated with brand awareness, which in turn influence perceived usefulness of You Tube... 

    FeedbackTrust: Using feedback effects in trust-based recommendation systems

    , Article 3rd ACM Conference on Recommender Systems, RecSys'09, New York, NY, 23 October 2009 through 25 October 2009 ; 2009 , Pages 269-272 ; 9781605584355 (ISBN) Moghaddam, S ; Jamali, M ; Ester, M ; Habibi, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    With the advent of online social networks, the trust-based approach to recommendation has emerged which exploits the trust network among users and makes recommendations based on the ratings of trusted users in the network. In this paper, we introduce a two dimensional trust model which dynamically gets updated based on users's feedbacks, in contrast to static trust values in current trust models. Explorability measures the extent to which a user can rely on recommendations returned by the social network of a trusted user. Dependability represents the extent to which a user's own ratings can be trusted by users trusting him directly and indirectly. We propose a method to learn the values of...