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    Nanocellulose/Carbon Nanoparticles Nanocomposite Film Modified Electrode for Durable and Sensitive Electrochemical Determination of Metoclopramide

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 27, Issue 11 , November , 2015 , Pages 2637-2644 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Naderi, L ; Ghalkhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2015
    Abstract
    A novel electrochemical sensor based on nanocellulose-carbon nanoparticles (NC-CNPs) nanocomposite film modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) is developed for the analysis of metoclopramide (MCP). Atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were used to characterize the roughness, surface morphology and performance of the deposited modifier film on GCE. SEM image demonstrated that modifier nanoparticles are uniformly deposited on GCE, with an average size of less than 50nm. The electrochemical behavior of MCP and its oxidation product is studied using linear sweep and cyclic voltammetry over a wide pH range on NC-CNPs modified glassy... 

    A sensitive voltammetric morphine nanosensor based on BaFe12O19 nanoparticle-modified screen-printed electrodes

    , Article Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society ; Volume 17, Issue 3 , 2020 , Pages 717-724 Bagherinasab, Z ; Beitollahi, H ; Yousefi, M ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Hekmati, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Abstract
    Morphine is a strong opioid used for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. Its use is, however, associated with adverse effects including sedation, nausea, constipation, respiratory depression, and development of tolerance as well as dependence. Thus, in this work electrochemical oxidation of morphine has been done on BaFe12O19 nanoparticles of the modified electrode. BaFe12O19 nanoparticles of the modified graphite screen-printed electrode (GSPE) and the bare GSPE were compared, representing that the modified electrode takes advantages of higher sensitivities and selectivities with lower limit of detection. Differential pulse voltammetric procedure has been used to analyze data. Results... 

    Electrocatalytic oxidation of methane at nickel hydroxide modified nickel electrode in alkaline solution

    , Article Electrochemistry Communications ; Volume 5, Issue 2 , 2003 , Pages 184-188 ; 13882481 (ISSN) Jafarian, M ; Mahjani, M. G ; Heli, H ; Gobal, F ; Heydarpoor, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2003
    Abstract
    Nickel hydroxide modified nickel electrodes prepared by cycling the potential of a nickel electrode in alkaline solution exhibited electrocatalytic activity for the oxidation of methane in alkaline media. In the presence of methane the oxidation peak current of nickel hydroxide increases while that of the reverse process decreases. This is attributed to the mediation of nickel species, probably β-NiOOH phase, in the process of electrocatalysis. The mechanism of methane oxidation has also been discussed in terms of the formations of intermediates normally encountered in small organics electro-oxidation. It has also been suggested that in the further oxidation of the intermediates, ions in the... 

    Investigation of the electrochemical behavior of mesalazine on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode modified with CNT/PPY doped by 1,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 25, Issue 11 , 2013 , Pages 2481-2491 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Hosseini, P ; Kamalzadeh, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    A glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was modified with a thin layer of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and subsequently, electrochemically deposited poly-pyrrole. The electrochemical behavior of mesalazine was studied on the surface of the modified electrode by applying linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The electropolymerization process and the electrochemical response toward mesalazine were investigated in the presence of different aromatic anion dopants including, benzenesulfonic acid (BSA), 1,3-benzenedisulfonic acid (1,3-BDSA), 1,5-naphthalenedisulfonic acid (1,5-NDSA) and new coccine (NC). By using 1,5-NDSA as dopant, a significant increase (~418 times) in the peak current of mesalazine... 

    Nanodiamond Decorated with Silver Nanoparticles as a Sensitive Film Modifier in a Jeweled Electrochemical Sensor: Application to Voltammetric Determination of Thioridazine

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 25, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 417-425 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Hosseini Nassab, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Nanodiamond-graphite (NDG) decorated with Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs-NDG) was prepared and used to construct a novel sensitive sensor for the voltammetric determination of thioridazine (TR). The results indicate a remarkable increase in the oxidation peak currents together with a negative shift in the oxidation peak potentials, in comparison to the bare pyrolytic graphite electrode. Remarkable enhancement in microscopic area of the electrode along with strong adsorption of TR on the surface of the modified electrode resulted in a considerable increase in the peak current of TR. The surface morphology and the nature of the composite film deposited on PGE were characterized by scanning electron... 

    Application of glassy carbon electrode modified with a bilayer of multiwalled carbon nanotube and polypyrrole doped with Nitrazine Yellow for voltammetric determination of naltrexone

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 23, Issue 12 , NOV , 2011 , Pages 2925-2934 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Kamalzadeh, Z ; Saberi, R. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    A new sensitive electrochemical sensor was fabricated based on a layer by layer process. In this process the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) is first coated by a thin film of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). In the next step, the electropolymerization of pyrrole in the presence of Nitrazine Yellow (NY) as a dopant anion is performed on the surface of the MWCNTs precoated electrode. The electrochemical response characteristics of the modified electrode toward naltrexone (NTX) were studied by means of linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). A remarkable increase (~19 times) was observed in the anodic peak current of NTX on the surface of the modified electrode relative to the bare GCE. The effects... 

    Pyrolytic graphite electrode modified with a thin film of a graphite/diamond nano-mixture for highly sensitive voltammetric determination of tryptophan and 5-hydroxytryptophan

    , Article Microchimica Acta ; Volume 174, Issue 3 , 2011 , Pages 361-366 ; 00263672 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Bayat, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    We have prepared a pyrolytic graphite electrode (PGE) whose surface is covered with a thin film of a nano-mixture of graphite/diamond (NGD). The electrode is shown to be capable of electrochemically sensing of tryptophan (TRP) and 5-hydroxytryptophan (HTRP). The presence of the NGD film resulted in a remarkable increase in the peak currents and sharpness of the waves so that submicromolar concentrations of TRP and HTRP become detectable. Potential scan rates, the pH of the solution, the accumulation conditions and the amount of the modifier were optimized via cyclic voltammetry. Linear sweep voltammetry, under optimized accumulation time and in open circuit operation, was applied to the... 

    Sensitive electrochemical sensor for determination of methyldopa based on polypyrrole/carbon nanoparticle composite thin film made by in situ electropolymerization

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 23, Issue 9 , 2011 , Pages 2248-2254 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Saberi, R. S ; Kamalzadeh, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    A composite surface coating is prepared by electropolymerization of a mixture of pyrrole and carbon nanoparticles onto a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). The microscopic structure and morphology of the composite film is characterized by scanning electron microscopy. The modified electrode offers a considerable improvement in voltammetric sensitivity toward methyldopa (m-dopa), compared to the bare and polypyrrole-coated GCEs. A significantly enhanced anodic peak current together with a remarkable increase in sharpness of the cyclic voltammetric (CV) signals are observed for the detection of m-dopa. The effect of experimental parameters, such as scan rate and pH, are investigated by monitoring... 

    Electrodeposition of Copper Oxide Nanoparticles on Precasted Carbon Nanoparticles Film for Electrochemical Investigation of anti-HIV Drug Nevirapine

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 27, Issue 8 , June , 2015 , Pages 1989-1997 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Kohansal, R ; Ghalkhani, M ; Amini, M. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2015
    Abstract
    This work describes the development of a novel electrochemical sensor based on electrodeposition of copper oxide nanoparticles onto carbon nanoparticle (CNP) film modified electrode for the analysis of the anti-HIV drug, nevirapine (NEV). The electrochemical experiments were performed using linear sweep and cyclic voltammetry. Atomic force microscopy was applied for surface characterization of the deposited modifier film (CuO-CNP) on glassy carbon electrode (GCE). No oxidation peak was observed for NEV on the bare GCE, but both CNP-GCE and CuO-CNP-GCE showed a distinctive anodic response towards NEV with considerable enhancement (276-fold and 350-fold, respectively) compared to CuO-GCE. The... 

    Electrochemical determination of piroxicam on the surface of pyrolytic graphite electrode modified with a film of carbon nanoparticle-chitosan

    , Article Microchimica Acta ; Volume 170, Issue 1 , August , 2010 , Pages 141-146 ; 00263672 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Jokar, E ; Ghalkhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    The electrochemical behavior of the anti-inflammatory drug piroxicam is studied at the surface of a plain pyrolytic graphite electrode modified with chitosan-doped carbon nanoparticles. An electroactive surface was produced by drop-casting a suspension of the modifier and characterized by atomic force microscopy. A remarkable enhancement is found in studies on the cyclic voltammetric response towards piroxicam. This is described on the basis of the thin-layer mass transport regimes within the porous films, which leads to a considerable increase in the active surface area of the electrode. The electrode shows a linear response to piroxicam in the range of 0.05-50 μM, with a detection limit of... 

    Modification of the electrode surface by ag nanoparticles decorated nano diamond-graphite for voltammetric determination of ceftizoxime

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 28, Issue 3 , 2016 , Pages 469-476 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Ranjbar, S ; Ghalkhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-VCH Verlag  2016
    Abstract
    A modified glassy carbon electrode with a film of nano diamond-graphite nano mixture decorated with Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs-NDG/GCE) was constructed and used for sensitive voltammetric determination of ceftizoxime (CFX). Morphology of AgNPs-NDG/GCE has been examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Experimental variables such as deposited amount of the modifier suspension, pH of the supporting electrolyte and accumulation potential and time were optimized by monitoring of CV and LSV responses of CFX. The results illustrate that AgNPs-NDG/GCE exhibits an excellent electrocatalytic effect in the electro-oxidation of CFX that leads to a considerable... 

    Electrochemical synthesis of polypyrrole in the presence of congo red; application to selective voltammetric determination of dopamine in the presence of ascorbic acid

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 21, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 157-164 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Zare Mehrjardi, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    The electrosynthesis of polypyrrole (PPy) film has been achieved on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) in aqueous medium of Congo red (CR) by means of cyclic voltammetry (CV). The modified electrode exhibits high electrocatalytic activity toward dopamine (DA) oxidation, with drastic enhancement of the reversibility and peak currents. This modified electrode, due to electrostatic interactions, is capable to mask the response of ascorbic acid (AA) completely and provide an effective method for the detection of minor amounts of dopamine in the presence of high concentrations of AA. The electrochemical response of the film modified electrode is strongly dependent to the switching potential applied in... 

    Electrocatalytic oxidation of penicillamine at a carbon paste electrode modified with cobalt salophen

    , Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 565, Issue 1 , 2004 , Pages 95-101 ; 15726657 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Souri, A ; Khajehsharifi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2004
    Abstract
    Electrocatalytic oxidation of penicillamine (PA) at a carbon paste electrode chemically modified with cobalt salophen as a schiff base complex (CoSal) was thoroughly investigated. The results of cyclic voltammetry (CV) and polarization studies were used for the prediction of the mechanism of electrochemical oxidation of PA mediated with CoSal at the surface of a modified electrode. The performance of the modified electrode was compared with those of electrodes modified with cobalt phthalocyanine (CoPc). In comparison, CoSal appears to be considerably more effective as a catalyst for reduction of the overpotential of the anodic oxidation of PA, resulting in a very sharp anodic CV peak at... 

    Electrocatalytic oxidation of thioglycolic acid at carbon paste electrode modified with cobalt phthalocyanine: Application as a potentiometric sensor

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 48, Issue 28 , 2003 , Pages 4143-4148 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Yazdani, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2003
    Abstract
    The voltammetric behavior of thioglycolic acid (TGA) was studied at a carbon paste electrode modified with cobalt phthalocyanine (CoPc). The CoPc-modified electrode shows high electrocatalytic activity toward oxidation of TGA, lowering substantially the overpotential of anodic reaction. Results of the cyclic voltammetry show that TGA undergoes a two-step oxidation (each step with one electron) resulting the dimer of thiol. Enhancement of the rate of electron transfer results in a near-Nernstian behavior of modified electrode to the concentration of TGA and makes it as a suitable potentiometric sensor for the detection of this compound. This electrode shows a near-Nernstian response in a wide... 

    Electrocatalytic Oxidation of 1-Propanol and 2-Propanol on Electro-active Films Derived from Ni II-(N,N′-bis(2-Hydroxy, 3-Methoxy Benzaldehyde)-1,2-Propandiimine) Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode

    , Article Electrocatalysis ; Volume 2, Issue 3 , Volume 2, Issue 3 , 2011 , Pages 163-171 ; 18682529 (ISSN) Jafarian, M ; Rashvand avei, M ; Gobal, F ; Rayati, S ; Mahjani, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Complexes of Ni II-(N,N′-bis(2-hydroxy, 3-methoxy benzaldehyde)-1,2-propandiimine) can be electro-polymerized onto GC electrode in an alkaline solution to give an electro-active film strongly adhered on the electrode surface. In alkaline solution, this poly-(Ni II{sal-1,2-pn(3-OMe) 2})/GC film shows the typical voltammetric response of a surface-immobilized redox couple, as can be anticipated for the Ni 2+/Ni 3+ transitions into the film. In addition, the film exhibits a potent and persistent electro-catalytic activity towards the oxidation of 1- and 2-propanol. In CV studies, in the presence of these alcohols, poly-(Ni II{sal-1,2-pn(3-OMe) 2})/GC electrode shows a new oxidation peak for the... 

    Surface modification of glassy carbon electrode with the functionalized carbon nanotube for ultrasensitive electrochemical detection of risperidone

    , Article Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society ; Volume 15, Issue 7 , July , 2018 , Pages 1485-1494 ; 1735207X (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Hafezi Kahnamoui, M ; Salimian, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2018
    Abstract
    Risperidone (RIS), one of the typical antipsychotics drugs, originally approved to be used for the mental illness treatment, especially schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, autism and major depression. In the present study, different carbon nanostructures including functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (F-MWCNTs), carbon nanoparticles, nanodiamond-graphite and reduced graphene oxide were employed for modification of the surface of glassy carbon electrode (GCE) for ultrasensitive detection of RIS. The most significant increase in the anodic peak current of RIS was observed on F-MWCNTs-modified electrode (compared to the other modified electrodes and bare GCE). The influence of different... 

    Voltammetric determination of methimazole using a carbon paste electrode modified with a Schiff base complex of cobalt

    , Article Electroanalysis ; Volume 20, Issue 10 , 2008 , Pages 1061-1066 ; 10400397 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Ghalkhania, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    The electrochemical behavior of methimazole, as an antithyroid agent, is investigated on the surface of a carbon-paste electrode modified with a newly synthesized Schiff base complex of cobalt. The prepared modified electrode showed an efficient catalytic role in the electrochemical oxidation of methimazole, leading to remarkable decrease in oxidation overpotential and enhancement of the kinetics of the electrode reaction. The mechanism of the electrocatalytic process on the surface of the modified electrode is analyzed by obtaining the cyclic voltammograms in various potential sweep rates and pHs of the buffer solutions. The differential pulse voltammetry is applied as a very sensitive... 

    Multi-walled carbon nanotube paste electrode for selective voltammetric detection of isoniazid

    , Article Microchimica Acta ; Volume 157, Issue 3-4 , 2007 , Pages 149-158 ; 00263672 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Amiri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    A multi-walled carbon nanotube paste electrode (MWCPE) is prepared as an electrochemical sensor with high sensitivity and selectivity in responding to isoniazid. The electrochemical oxidation of isoniazid is investigated in buffered solution by cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry. The electrode is shown to be very effective for the detection of isoniazid in the presence of other biological reductant compounds. The electrochemical oxidation of cysteine, due to the high overvoltage, is completely stopped at the surface of MWCPE. The electrode exhibits a very good resolution between the voltammetric peak of isoniazid and the peaks of ascorbic acid (AA) and dopamine (DA). A resolution of... 

    Facile preparation of a highly sensitive non-enzymatic glucose sensor based on the composite of Cu(OH)2 nanotubes arrays and conductive polypyrrole

    , Article Microchemical Journal ; Volume 169 , 2021 ; 0026265X (ISSN) Manafi Yeldaghermani, R ; Shahrokhian, S ; Hafezi Kahnamouei, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2021
    Abstract
    A novel amperometric non-enzymatic glucose sensor is designed by the facile preparation method. It is made by electrodeposition of Cu clusters and converting them to Cu(OH)2 nanotubes (Cu(OH)2NTs) arrays along with thin-film electro-polymerized of spindle-shaped polypyrrole (PPy@Cu(OH)2NTs), which have been doped by using sodium Benzene-1,3-disulfonate as an anion dopant. Various electrochemical methods investigate the electrochemical performance of the modified electrode toward glucose detection. Under the optimized conditions, a significant electrochemical response improvement is observed toward the electro-oxidation of glucose on the PPy@Cu(OH)2NTs electrode's surface relative to the... 

    Voltammetric studies of propylthiouracil at a carbon-paste electrode modified with cobalt(II)-4-chlorosalophen: Application to voltammetric determination in pharmaceutical and clinical preparations

    , Article Microchimica Acta ; Volume 151, Issue 1-2 , 2005 , Pages 73-79 ; 00263672 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Jannat Rezvani, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2005
    Abstract
    A carbon-paste electrode chemically modified with a Schiff-base complex of cobalt (cobalt(II)-4-chlorosalophen, CoClSal) is utilized to investigate the voltammetric response of propylthiouracil (PTU). The mechanism of electrocatalytic oxidation of the compound is investigated by means of cyclic voltammetric studies applying various pHs to the buffered solutions. The modified electrode exhibits effective catalytic properties that lower the anodic overpotential and enhance the rate of electron transfer for the electrochemical oxidation of PTU. The results of the cyclic voltammetric (CV) and differential pulse voltammetric (DPV) techniques showed that the modified electrode exhibits good...