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    Odor Emission from Evaporation Ponds:Investigation of Pollution Measures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zeighami, Mohammad Amir (Author) ; Kariminia, Hamid-Reza (Supervisor) ; Borghei, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Odor caused by the release of volatiles from refinery waste, causing environmental pollution and health hazards may occur. Refinery wastewater project in Saeakhs (Khangiran) has been studied. Contaminated water in evaporation ponds at the plant accumulates due to the large volume of incoming water and slow evaporation in summer the water will smell unpleasant. Odor from the ponds due to wind scattered around the refinery and residents will be put at risk. Several tests to identify the source of the odor was designed and implemented. Among these methods, microalgae growth, the import of oil products such as aromatic compounds or mercaptans, and bacterial growth, for each of the hypotheses... 

    Evaluation Of Nano-sorbents for Removal of Ethyl-benzene from Exhaust of Soil Vapor Extraction (SVE)System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jangodaz, Elnaz (Author) ; Sayf Kordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Alaiee, Ebrahim (Supervisor) ; Tasharrofi, Saiedeh (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Volatile organic compounds are major cause of air pollution. In this work, Nano porous material named MIL-101(Fe), MIL-53(Fe), MIL-101(Fe) and MIL-88(Fe) as an adsorbent for the removal of ethyl benzene have been synthesized hydrothermally. The materials were characterized by Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, Surface Analysis Systems (ASAP), and x-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. Adsorption isotherms of ethyl benzene on the materials were measured experimentally in case of 0-1000ppm concentration of ethyl benzene in air and pressure 1 atmosphere. The mixture of air and VOC (ethyl benzene) with concentration of 100, 250, 500 and 1000 ppm and flow rate of 400, 1030, 1525 and 2025... 

    Reduced graphene oxide–melamine formaldehyde as a highly efficient platform for needle trap microextraction of volatile organic compounds

    , Article Microchemical Journal ; Volume 157 , 2020 Dorabadi Zare, F ; Allahdadlalouni, M ; Baktash, M. Y ; Bagheri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2020
    Abstract
    A superhydrophobic extractive phase was prepared and packed in a needle trap microextraction device for extraction of volatile organic compounds, followed by their determination by gas chromatography. The superhydrophobic phase was prepared by surface modification of melamine formaldehyde (MF) sponge embedded by reduced graphene oxide (rGO). The overall properties of the modified MF along with its high sorption capacity and low cost fabrication were indicative of its feasibility to be highly suitable for extraction of organic pollutants. The determined water contact angle (>150o) from the surface of melamine formaldehyde–reduced graphene oxide (MF–rGO) revealed its high affinity toward... 

    Biodegradation of aromatic hydrocarbons in a compost biofilter

    , Article Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology ; Volume 78, Issue 7 , 2003 , Pages 795-801 ; 02682575 (ISSN) Torkian, A ; Dehghanzadeh, R ; Hakimjavadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2003
    Abstract
    Two laboratory-scale biofilters filled with the same type of packing material were operated at different gas flow rates and influent concentrations of toluene and xylene in order to investigate their performance in treating waste gas streams. The columns contained a mixture of municipal compost as a base material and wood chips as a bulking agent in an 80:20 ratio; the porosity was 54%. Microbial acclimation was achieved by addition of nutrient-enriched solution along with pollutants for a week by daily mixing and natural aeration. During the start-up of the systems with inlet concentrations of 20 and 70 ppm for toluene and xylene, respectively, high biomass growth resulted in pressure drops... 

    Optimization and Modification of the Nanostructures Adsorbent for Reduction voc in Flue Gas (Benzene, Toluene, Xylene, Ethyl Benzene)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Azaribeni, Adel (Author) ; Sayf Kordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Mahdyarfar, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Tasharrofi, Saiedeh ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    Abstract
    In this study, In order to reduce volatile organic component (benzene, toluene, xylene and ethyl benzene) some appropriate nanostructures were used. First the appropriate nano structures were identified, then modified and optimized and finally characterized by XRD, SEM, ASAP. Appropriate nano adsorbent such as nano active carbon, single wall and multi wall nano carbon tubs , nano fiber carbon, graphene oxide, aluminum oxide particles, nano-zinc oxide , titanium oxide particles, 13x zeolite and extruded nano carbon tubes, were prepared and optimized, than evaluated from perspective of the crystal structure, surface area and porosity. nano active carbon, single wall and multi wall nano carbon... 

    Desion an Appropriate Supported transition Metals Oxide Over Alumina Catalyst for Deep Oxidation of Cyclohexane in Air

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jafari, Masoumeh (Author) ; Khorashe, Farhad (Supervisor) ; Kazemini, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) have become an important source of air pollution due to their extended use as solvents in many industrial processes. Aliphatic and aromatic VOC removal from contaminated air can be achieved by a variety of methods including catalytic oxidation, adsorption, and biological treatment. Catalytic oxidation is often the preferred process due to its low cost and high efficiency. Supported transition metal catalysts are effective and inexpensive catalysts for VOC removal from contaminated air. The objective of this project was to prepare low cost transition metal catalysts (Fe, Ni, Co, and Cu) supported on alumina for catalytic oxidation of cyclohexane (as a... 

    Design and Construction the Low Cost Catalyst for Removal of VOCs from Air

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fahimirad, Mahdi (Author) ; Shaygan Salek, Jalaloddin (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, increased pollutants in the air threat the society health condition and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) are the most hazardous ones among them. In the present study, catalytic oxidation as a prominent of the VOCs removal method from air, have attracted attentions due to high removal efficiency and suitable kinetic reaction. Because of its common industrial applications, toluene is intended to be eliminated through a low cost carbon supported catalyst which is synthesised in the laboratory. Construction method, carbonaceous support type, catalyst metal and its load, calcination temperature and time are among influencing design characteristics. A combination of Impregnation and... 

    in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Engineering Faculty of Civil Engineering, Department of Water and Environmental Engineering Sharif University of Technology

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rezaee, Ehsan (Author) ; Arhami, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Abrishamchi, Ahmad (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Oil and gas industries are always considered as one of the most polluting industries in the world. Many pollutants are emitted from the industry into the environment every year. Equipment’s leak and flaring off additional gases produced by various processes of oil and gas production are the main sources of waste in these industries. In order to control these hazardous wastes, it is necessary to provide effective solutions and make appropriate decisions so policymakers will be able to implement policies in order to reduce the emissions of air pollutants. In order to reduce the emissions, it is necessary to conduct the correct and reliable methods and have sufficient information about the... 

    Design and Implementation of a 1-2 GHz Ultra Low Phase Noise Phase Locked Loop using SPD

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abedanzadeh, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Banaei, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this thesis first of all we investigate phase noise and it's generation factors. Then we design and implement an ultra low phase noise oscillator. To do this, an ultra low phase noise oscillator which is tunable in 1-2GHz with 100MHz steps will be designed. The outline of the circuit is as follows: at the first we design a VCO which is ultra low phase noise and mechanically tunable in 1-2GHz by means of rotation of a handle. Then a phase locked loop will be built with the help of an ultra low phase noise OCXO at 100MHz and one SPD1 which generates harmonics of OCXO's output frequency. For the next, design and implementation of a 1.6GHz oscillator with fixed output frequency has been done.... 

    First-principles study of molecule adsorption on Ni-decorated monolayer MoS2

    , Article Journal of Computational Electronics ; Volume 18, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 826-835 ; 15698025 (ISSN) Barzegar, M ; Berahman, M ; Asgari, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2019
    Abstract
    The interactions between four different gas molecules (methanol, o-xylene, p-xylene and m-xylene) and Ni-decorated monolayer MoS2 were investigated by means of density functional computations to exploit its potential application as a gas sensor. The electronic properties of the Ni-decorated monolayer MoS2 and gas molecule (adsorbent–adsorbate properties) strongly depend on the Ni-decorated monolayer MoS2 structure and the molecular configuration of the adsorbate. The adsorption properties of volatile organic compound (VOC) molecules on Ni-decorated MoS2 has been studied taking into account the parameters such as adsorption energy, energy bandgap, density of states, and Mulliken charge... 

    Estimating Volatile Organic Compound emissions from wastewater circulating aeration tanks

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 12, Issue 3 , 2005 , Pages 300-305 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Yaghmaei, S ; Rashidkhani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2005
    Abstract
    The need for the control of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) has led engineers to modify wastewater aeration tank systems. In this research, air recirculation has been investigated as a possible VOC control strategy for these systems. A steady-state mathematical model of VOC emission rates has been developed from the fundamentals of VOC convection, volatilization and biodegradation. This model has been used to study the effect of aeration recirculation in enhancing the biodegradation of VOCs in the system, using dichloromethane as a typical VOC. A feasibility study considering plants of various sizes is needed to compare the costs and benefits of air recirculation to other VOC control... 

    Modeling of Ground-Level Ozone Concentrations in Tehran using CMAQ Model

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hossein Nia, Bardia (Author) ; Arhami, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Every year, air pollution is causing immense harm to humans and the environment. To cause Air pollution, several factors are involved. Among these are the sources of emissions such as factories, power plants and Cars, meteorological factors such as temperature and wind speed and geographical conditions such as altitude, postal and looming around the area, land slope and soil type region. The aim of this study is to identify factors that affect the ozone concentration in Tehran, which could help identifying other secondary pollutants. For this purpose, a combination tailored to the geography of Tehran using CMAQ-WRF-SMOKE-made programs. This model includes four intervals each of which lasting... 

    Removal of Volatile Chlorinated Compounds (TCE,PCE) from Groundwater with Nanostructure of NZVI

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghasemipoor, Amir (Author) ; Bastani, Darioush (Supervisor) ; Seifkordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Samiee, Leila (Supervisor) ; Dastgheib, Mohammad Mehdi (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    In recent years, the reductive dehalogenation of the chlorinated hydrocarbons using nanoscale zerovalent iron (nZVI) represents a promising approach for underground remediation. Regarding commercialization of this technique, instability and unknown nature of nZVI particle are still challenging tasks that should be considered.
    In the current work, Nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) and palladized iron (Pd/Fe) bimetallic particles were synthesized and employed to react with chlorinated compound (PCE) in water to investigate its degradation behaviors. The results show that the reactant ratio, stabilizer amount and temperature are the main parameters with the considerable effect on PCE... 

    Emission Estimation for Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) form Evaporation Ponds in the Upstream Oil and Gas Industry

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hadivi, Pouya (Author) ; Arhami, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    This study aims to estimate the emission rate of Volatile Organic Components (VOCs) and hazardous air pollutants from the surface of evaporation ponds in oil and gas upstream industries. With respect to the irrecoverable consequences of such emissions, the emission of air pollutants in the oil and gas upstream industries are alarming. Hence, estimation of the pollutants’ emission and surface pollution monitoring are needed for controlling and decreasing of air pollutants in oil and gas upstream industries and also presenting and performing suitable and efficient solutions. The studied ponds in this research include 4 ponds in the oil and gas upstream industries which have been used for... 

    Fabrication of Nano Sensor for Detecting H2S

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bastani, Bahar (Author) ; Soltanieh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Rashidi, Alimorad (Supervisor) ; Izadi Yazdan Abadi, Nosrat (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Due production and use of large amount of chemical and emissions of pollutants in air, detection and control of these compounds are necessary. One of the common methods to detect these pollutants in the ambient is using metal oxide semiconductor sensors. However, these types of sensors suffer from low selectivity toward a certain compound in the mixture of different gas components. In this study, the object was to investigate the effect of different amount of CNTs on performance of tin oxide to improve their selectivity for detection of 50 ppm of hydrogen sulfide at low temperature. To perform the study, nanoparticles of pure tin oxide and SnO2 base hybrids containing 0.25wt%, 0.5wt%, 2.5wt%... 

    Design of a Portable Dilution Sampling System for Measuring Fine Particle and Vocs Emissions from Vehicles and Stack in Iran

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Geraei, Hosna (Author) ; Hosseini, Vahid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Combustion sources such as diesel vehicles are the most of the particular matter sources in ambient air. Near the tailpipe, exhaust is very hot, condense and have high velocity. This properties cause to need special methods and instrument to collect them. Numerously of combustion sources will emitted the VOCs, IVOCs, and SVOCs. This component mixed with ambient air and changing to particle phase from gas phase. Reaction between nitrogen oxides with sunlight cause to damage ozone layer and tissue in long time. Furthermore, breathe of VOCs gases cause to eye irritation, gastrointestinal effects, Damage to the nervous system, headache, dizziness, fatigue, vibration and loss of organ... 

    A combined micro-solid phase-single drop microextraction approach for trace enrichment of volatile organic compounds

    , Article Analytical Methods ; Volume 7, Issue 16 , Jun , 2015 , Pages 6514-6519 ; 17599660 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Zare, M ; Piri Moghadam, H ; Es haghi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2015
    Abstract
    An attempt was made to combine μ-solid phase extraction and headspace single drop microextraction techniques and use their advantages for trace determination of some volatile organic compounds in aqueous samples. After performing the two-step preconcentration approach, the desired analytes were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. A resorcinol-formaldehyde-based xerogel was used as the extraction medium in the μ-solid phase extraction (μ-SPE) method. Then, the extracted BTEX was eluted with a rather large amount of methanol. To remove the laborious process including solvent evaporation and further reconstitution, which is usually accompanied by loss of analytes and accuracy,... 

    Synthesis and adsorption performance of a modified micro-mesoporous MIL-101(Cr) for VOCs removal at ambient conditions

    , Article Chemical Engineering Journal ; Volume 341 , 1 June , 2018 , Pages 164-174 ; 13858947 (ISSN) Shafiei, M ; Sheikh Alivand, M ; Rashidi, A ; Samimi, A ; Mohebbi Kalhori, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Abstract
    In this study, dynamic adsorption behavior of different gaseous volatile organic compounds (VOCs) on a new modified M-MIL-101(Cr) was investigated with a great emphasis on gasoline adsorption. The M-MIL-101(Cr) was synthesized, along with comprehensive purification procedures, using a new linker to cluster molar ratio (2:1 instead of 1:1) and different modulators (i.e. HF and HNO3). All prepared adsorbents were characterized by XRD, FTIR, FE-SEM and N2 adsorption-desorption at 77 K. The results showed that surface area and pore volume of the M-MIL-101@Free (i.e. modified MIL-101(Cr) with using any modulator) which were 4293 m2/g and 2.43 cm3/g, greatly elevated up to 37.2% and 71.6% against... 

    Polybutylene terephthalate-nickel oxide nanocomposite as a fiber coating

    , Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 863, Issue 1 , 2015 , Pages 20-28 ; 00032670 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Roostaie, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Abstract
    A highly efficient polybutylene terephthalate (PBT)-based nanocomposite containing nickel oxide nanoparticles was synthesized by electrospinning technique and used as a fiber coating for solid phase microextraction. The influential morphological parameters and capability of the prepared nanocomposite including the NiO content, the coating time, the PBT concentration and applied voltage were considered for optimization. The applicability of the synthesized fiber coating was examined by headspace solid phase micro extraction and gas chromatography mass spectrometry detection of some volatile organic compounds in aqueous samples. Among the synthesized nanocomposites and pristine PBT nanofibers,... 

    Modeling the formation of traditional and non-traditional secondary organic aerosols from in-use, on-road gasoline and diesel vehicles exhaust

    , Article Journal of Aerosol Science ; Volume 124 , 2018 , Pages 68-82 ; 00218502 (ISSN) Esmaeilirad, S ; Hosseini, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Abstract
    In this study, we implement a numerical model to predict secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from semi- and intermediate-volatility organic compounds emitted from in-use gasoline and diesel vehicles. The model is formulated based on the volatility basis set (VBS) approach, and it accounts for OH oxidation of unspeciated low-volatility organics, which are classified by their volatility. This model incorporates SOA formation data from smog chamber and emission measurements of vehicle exhaust in a Hybrid framework to calculate the contribution of both traditional and non-traditional SOA precursors to total SOA formation observed in photo-oxidation experiments. Emission and SOA formation...