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Simulation of two-phase liquid-vapor flows using a high-order compact finite-difference lattice Boltzmann method

Hejranfar, K ; Sharif University of Technology | 2015

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.92.053305
  3. Publisher: American Physical Society , 2015
  4. Abstract:
  5. A high-order compact finite-difference lattice Boltzmann method (CFDLBM) is extended and applied to accurately simulate two-phase liquid-vapor flows with high density ratios. Herein, the He-Shan-Doolen-type lattice Boltzmann multiphase model is used and the spatial derivatives in the resulting equations are discretized by using the fourth-order compact finite-difference scheme and the temporal term is discretized with the fourth-order Runge-Kutta scheme to provide an accurate and efficient two-phase flow solver. A high-order spectral-type low-pass compact nonlinear filter is used to regularize the numerical solution and remove spurious waves generated by flow nonlinearities in smooth regions and at the same time to remove the numerical oscillations in the interfacial region between the two phases. Three discontinuity-detecting sensors for properly switching between a second-order and a higher-order filter are applied and assessed. It is shown that the filtering technique used can be conveniently adopted to reduce the spurious numerical effects and improve the numerical stability of the CFDLBM implemented. A sensitivity study is also conducted to evaluate the effects of grid size and the filtering procedure implemented on the accuracy and performance of the solution. The accuracy and efficiency of the proposed solution procedure based on the compact finite-difference LBM are examined by solving different two-phase systems. Five test cases considered herein for validating the results of the two-phase flows are an equilibrium state of a planar interface in a liquid-vapor system, a droplet suspended in the gaseous phase, a liquid droplet located between two parallel wettable surfaces, the coalescence of two droplets, and a phase separation in a liquid-vapor system at different conditions. Numerical results are also presented for the coexistence curve and the verification of the Laplace law. Results obtained are in good agreement with the analytical solutions and also the numerical results reported in the literature. The study shows that the present solution methodology is robust, efficient, and accurate for solving two-phase liquid-vapor flow problems even at high density ratios
  6. Keywords:
  7. Computational fluid dynamics ; Drop formation ; Drops ; Finite difference method ; Interface states ; Kinetic theory ; Liquids ; Low pass filters ; Phase separation ; Runge Kutta methods ; Compact finite difference schemes ; Compact finite differences ; Filtering procedures ; Fourth-order runge-kutta ; High-order compact finite difference ; Liquid-vapor systems ; Numerical oscillation ; Solution methodology ; Two phase flow
  8. Source: Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics ; Volume 92, Issue 5 , November , 2015 ; 15393755 (ISSN)
  9. URL: http://journals.aps.org/pre/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevE.92.053305