Synergistic effect of cobalt and copper on a nickel-based modified graphite electrode during methanol electro-oxidation in NaOH solution

Rostami, T ; Sharif University of Technology

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1016/S1872-2067(15)60959-7
  3. Abstract:
  4. The electrocatalytic oxidation of methanol was studied over Ni, Co and Cu binary or ternary alloys on graphite electrodes in a NaOH solution (0.1 mol/L). The catalysts were prepared by cycling the graphite electrode in solutions containing Ni, Cu and Co ions at cathodic potentials. The synergistic effects and catalytic activity of the modified electrodes were investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), chronoamperometry (CA) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). It was found that, in the presence of methanol, the modified Ni-based ternary alloy electrode (G/NiCuCo) exhibited a significantly higher response for methanol oxidation compared to the other samples. The anodic peak currents showed a linear dependency on the square root of the scan rate, which is a characteristic of a diffusion controlled process. During CA studies, the reaction exhibited Cottrellin behavior and the diffusion coefficient of methanol was determined to be 6.25×10-6 cm2/s and the catalytic rate constant, K, for methanol oxidation was found to be 40×107 cm3/(mol·s). EIS was used to investigate the catalytic oxidation of methanol on the surface of the modified electrode
  5. Keywords:
  6. Methanol electro-oxidation ; Modified electrode ; Synergistic effect ; Binary alloys ; Catalyst activity ; Chronoamperometry ; Copper alloys ; Cyclic voltammetry ; Electrocatalysis ; Electrochemical electrodes ; Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy ; Electrodes ; Electrooxidation ; Graphite ; Graphite electrodes ; Methanol ; Nickel ; Oxidation ; Rate constants ; Ternary alloys ; Cathodic potentials ; Diffusion-controlled process ; Electro-catalytic oxidation ; Methanol electrooxidation ; Modified electrodes ; Modified graphite electrodes ; Oxidation of methanol ; Catalytic oxidation
  7. Source: Cuihua Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Catalysis ; Volume 36, Issue 11 , 2015 , Pages 1867-1874 ; 02539837 (ISSN)
  8. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1872206715609597