Estimation of stress drop for some large shallow earthquakes using stochastic point source and finite fault modeling

Moghaddam, H ; Sharif University of Technology | 2010

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  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. Publisher: 2010
  3. Abstract:
  4. Using stochastic point source and finite fault modeling, the stochastic stress drop is estimated for 52 large shallow earthquakes listed in the 'Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (PEER) Next Generation Attenuation of Ground Motions (NGA)' database. The Pseudo Spectral Acceleration (PSA) of 541 accelerograms, recorded at National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) C-class sites from 52 earthquakes are simulated and compared with the PSA listed in the PEER NGA database. The magnitude of the analyzed earthquakes ranged from M4:4 to M7:6. The stress drop is calibrated by trial and error and based on the analysis of residuals where the residual is defined as the log of the observed PSA minus the log of the predicted PSA by stochastic methods. The symmetric distribution of residuals around the zero line is considered as an indicator of good agreement between the simulated and observed PSAs. The calculated stress drops based on stochastic point source and finite fault modeling are different from the static stress drops that are currently listed in the PEER NGA database. It seems that there is no clear relation between stress drop and earthquake magnitude, but there is a good linear relation between estimated stress drops based on stochastic point source and finite fault modeling. The sensitivity of the estimated stress drop values on the Kappa factor and geometric speeding factor (b value) is also investigated
  5. Keywords:
  6. Large shallow earthquakes ; Accelerograms ; B value ; Earthquake hazard ; Finite fault modeling ; Linear relation ; Pacific earthquake engineering research centers ; Point sources ; Shallow earthquakes ; Spectral acceleration ; Speeding factors ; Static stress ; Stochastic finite fault modeling ; Stochastic methods ; Stochastic point source modeling ; Stress drop ; Symmetric distributions ; Trial and error ; Civil engineering ; Database systems ; Drops ; Earthquakes ; Stochastic systems ; Acceleration ; Calibration ; Database ; Earthquake engineering ; Earthquake magnitude ; Error analysis ; Estimation method ; Ground motion ; Numerical model ; Seismic source ; Stochasticity ; Stress analysis
  7. Source: Scientia Iranica ; Volume 17, Issue 3 A , JUNE , 2010 , Pages 217-235 ; 10263098 (ISSN)
  8. URL: http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:bmK9GcSwjWcJ:en.journals.sid.ir/ViewPaper.aspx%3FID%3D179316+&cd=2&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=ir