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Trunk dynamic stability assessment for individuals with and without nonspecific low back pain during repetitive movement
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Trunk dynamic stability assessment for individuals with and without nonspecific low back pain during repetitive movement

Asgari, M

Trunk dynamic stability assessment for individuals with and without nonspecific low back pain during repetitive movement

Asgari, M ; Sharif University of Technology | 2020

262 Viewed
  1. Type of Document: Article
  2. DOI: 10.1177/0018720820939697
  3. Publisher: SAGE Publications Inc , 2020
  4. Abstract:
  5. Objective: This study aimed to employ nonlinear dynamic approaches to assess trunk dynamic stability with speed, symmetry, and load during repetitive flexion-extension (FE) movements for individuals with and without nonspecific low back pain (NSLBP). Background: Repetitive trunk FE movement is a typical work-related LBP risk factor contingent on speed, symmetry, and load. Improper settings/adjustments of these control parameters could undermine the dynamic stability of the trunk, hence leading to low back injuries. The underlying stability mechanisms and associated control impairments during such dynamic movements remain elusive. Method: Thirty-eight male volunteers (19 healthy, 19 NSLBP) enrolled in the current study. All participants performed repetitive trunk FE movements at high/low speeds, in symmetric/asymmetric directions, with/without a wearable loaded vest. Trunk instantaneous rotation angle was computed for each trial to be assessed in terms of local and orbital stability, using maximum finite-time Lyapunov exponents (LyEs) and Floquet multipliers (FMs), respectively. Results: Both groups demonstrated equivalent competency in terms of trunk control and stability, suggesting functional adaptation strategies may be used by the NSLBP group. Wearing the loaded vest magnified the effects of trunk control impairment for the NSLBP group. The combined presence of high-speed and symmetrical FE movements was associated with least trunk local stability. Conclusion: Nonlinear dynamic techniques, particularly LyE, are potentially effective for assessing trunk dynamic stability dysfunction for individuals with NSLBP during various activities. Application: This work can be applied toward the development of quantitative personalized spinal evaluation tools with a wide range of potential occupational and clinical applications. © Copyright 2020, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
  6. Keywords:
  7. Dynamic stability ; Lyapunov exponent ; Nonspecific low back pain ; Repetitive trunk movements ; Lyapunov methods ; Sodium hydroxide ; Wood ; Clinical application ; Dynamic approaches ; Dynamic stability assessment ; Dynamic techniques ; Finite-time Lyapunov exponent ; Floquet multiplier ; Functional adaptation ; Stability mechanisms ; Stability
  8. Source: Human Factors ; 2020
  9. URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0018720820939697