Search for: animal-tissue
Total 46 records
Quantitative in vivo microsampling for pharmacokinetic studies based on an integrated solid-phase microextraction system, Article Analytical Chemistry ; Volume 79, Issue 12 , 2007 , Pages 4507-4513 ; 00032700 (ISSN) ; Eshaghi, A ; Musteata, F. M ; Ouyang, G ; Pawliszyn, J ; Sharif University of Technology
An integrated microsampling approach based on solid-phase microextraction (SPME) was developed to provide a complete solution to highly efficient and accurate pharmacokinetic studies. The microsampling system included SPME probes that are made of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and C18-bonded silica, a fast and efficient sampling strategy with accurate kinetic calibration, and a high-throughput desorption device based on a modified 96-well plate. The sampling system greatly improved the quantitative capability of SPME in two ways. First, the use of the C18-bonded silica/PEG fibers minimized the competition effect from analogues of the target analytes in a complicated sample matrix such as blood...
Nonlinear mechanics of soft composites: hyperelastic characterization of white matter tissue components, Article Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology ; Volume 19, Issue 3 , 2020 , Pages 1143-1153 ; Shamloo, A ; Farahmand, F ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper presents a bi-directional closed-form analytical solution, in the framework of nonlinear soft composites mechanics, for top-down hyperelastic characterization of brain white matter tissue components, based on the directional homogenized responses of the tissue in the axial and transverse directions. The white matter is considered as a transversely isotropic neo-Hookean composite made of unidirectional distribution of axonal fibers within the extracellular matrix. First, two homogenization formulations are derived for the homogenized axial and transverse shear moduli of the tissue, based on definition of the strain energy density function. Next, the rule of mixtures and...
Type V collagen in scar tissue regulates the size of scar after heart injury, Article Cell ; Volume 182, Issue 3 , 2020 , Pages 545-562.e23 ; McCourt, J ; Ma, F ; Ren, S ; Li, S ; Kim, T. H ; Kurmangaliyev, Y. Z ; Nasiri, R ; Ahadian, S ; Nguyen, T ; Tan, X. H. M ; Zhou, Y ; Wu, R ; Rodriguez, A ; Cohn, W ; Wang, Y ; Whitelegge, J ; Ryazantsev, S ; Khademhosseini, A ; Teitell, M. A ; Chiou, P. Y ; Birk, D. E ; Rowat, A. C ; Crosbie, R. H ; Pellegrini, M ; Seldin, M ; Lusis, A. J ; Deb, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Cell Press 2020
Scar tissue size following myocardial infarction is an independent predictor of cardiovascular outcomes, yet little is known about factors regulating scar size. We demonstrate that collagen V, a minor constituent of heart scars, regulates the size of heart scars after ischemic injury. Depletion of collagen V led to a paradoxical increase in post-infarction scar size with worsening of heart function. A systems genetics approach across 100 in-bred strains of mice demonstrated that collagen V is a critical driver of postinjury heart function. We show that collagen V deficiency alters the mechanical properties of scar tissue, and altered reciprocal feedback between matrix and cells induces...
The influence of temperature alterations on eccentric contraction-induced isometric force and desmin loss in ratmedial gastrocnemius muscle, Article Journal of Medical Sciences ; Volume 8, Issue 2 , 2008 , Pages 162-169 ; 16824474 (ISSN) ; Keshavarz, M ; Gharibzadeh, S ; Sotodeh, M ; Marvi, H ; Mosayebnejad, J ; Ebrahimi Takamjani, I ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study isolated perfused rat muscle was used to examine the direct effect of temperature changes on the eccentric contraction-induced force and desmin loss. The left medial gastrocnemius muscle was separated and the entire lower limb was transferred into a prewarmed (35°C) organ bath. Temperature was adjusted to 31 or 39°C before and during eccentric contractions. Maximal isometric force and desmin loss were measured after 15 isometric or eccentric contractions. According to our data, organ bath temperature changes before or during eccentric contractions had no significant effect on force loss. However, a strong correlation between desmin loss and temperature changes before (r = 0.93,...
Antitumor effect of therapeutic HPV DNA vaccines with chitosan-based nanodelivery systems, Article Journal of Biomedical Science ; Vol. 21, issue. 1 , July , 2014 ; ISSN: 10217770 ; Ghaemi, A ; Gorji, A ; Kalhor, H. R ; Sajadian, A ; Tabarraei, A ; Moradi, A ; Atyabi, F ; Kelishadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Cervical cancer is the second-most-common cause of malignancies in women worldwide, and the oncogenic activity of the human papilloma virus types (HPV) E7 protein has a crucial role in anogenital tumors. In this study, we have designed a therapeutic vaccine based on chitosan nanodelivery systems to deliver HPV-16 E7 DNA vaccine, considered as a tumor specific antigen for immunotherapy of HPV-associated cervical cancer. We have developed a Nano-chitosan (NCS) as a carrier system for intramuscular administration using a recombinant DNA vaccine expressing HPV-16 E7 (NCS-DNA E7 vaccine). NCS were characterized in vitro for their gene transfection ability. Results: The transfection of CS-pEGFP...
Temporal activation of LRH-1 and RAR-γ in human pluripotent stem cells induces a functional naïve-like state, Article EMBO Reports ; Volume 21, Issue 10 , 2020 ; Kiani, T ; Taghizadeh, Z ; Moradi, S ; Samadian, A ; Mollamohammadi, S ; Sharifi Zarchi, A ; Guenther, S ; Akhlaghpour, A ; Asgari Abibeiglou, B ; Najar Asl, M ; Karamzadeh, R ; Khalooghi, K ; Braun, T ; Hassani, S. N ; Baharvand, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Wiley-VCH Verlag 2020
Naïve pluripotency can be established in human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) by manipulation of transcription factors, signaling pathways, or a combination thereof. However, differences exist in the molecular and functional properties of naïve hPSCs generated by different protocols, which include varying similarities with pre-implantation human embryos, differentiation potential, and maintenance of genomic integrity. We show here that short treatment with two chemical agonists (2a) of nuclear receptors, liver receptor homologue-1 (LRH-1) and retinoic acid receptor gamma (RAR-γ), along with 2i/LIF (2a2iL) induces naïve-like pluripotency in human cells during reprogramming of fibroblasts,...
Role of endurance training in preventing pathological hypertrophy via large tumor suppressor (LATS) changes, Article Iranian Heart Journal ; Volume 20, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 52-59 ; 17357306 (ISSN) ; Soori, R ; Choobineh, S ; Gholipour, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Iranian Heart Association 2019
Background: One of the negative effects of cardiac sympathetic hyperactivity is pathologic hypertrophy. Recent studies have indicated that large tumor suppressor (LATS) is one of the molecules which play a critical role in cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Considering the preventive role of exercise training, we evaluated the effects of endurance training on LATS gene expression and its upstream pathway in the present study. Methods: Eighteen male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: Endurance and control. Endurance training was performed for 8 weeks, 1 hour per day, and 6 days per week on the treadmill at a 15° inclination. Pathologic hypertrophy was induced with the injection of 3...
Simulation of blood oxygenation in capillary membrane oxygenators using modified sulfite solution, Article Biophysical Chemistry ; Vol. 195, issue , Dec , 2014 , p. 8-15 ; Amoabediny, G ; Rasouli, A ; Ramedani, A ; Poorkhalil, A ; Kashefi, A ; Mottaghy, K ; Sharif University of Technology
Blood oxygenation is the main performance characteristic of capillary membrane oxygenators (CMOs). Handling of natural blood in in vitro investigations of CMOs is quite complex and time-consuming. Since the conventional blood analog fluids (e.g. water/glycerol) lack a substance with an affinity to capture oxygen comparable to hemoglobin's affinity, in this study a novel approach using modified sulfite solution is proposed to address this challenge. The solution comprises sodium sulfite as a component, simulating the role of hemoglobin in blood oxygenation. This approach is validated by OTR (oxygen transfer rate) measured using native porcine blood, in two types of commercially available...
Three-dimensional simulation of urine concentrating mechanism in a functional unit of rat outer medulla. I. Model structure and base case results, Article Mathematical Biosciences ; Vol. 258 , 2014 , pp. 44-56 ; ISSN: 00255564 ; Saidi, M. S ; Saadatmand, M ; Banazadeh, M. H ; Firoozabadi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
The urine formation and excretion system have long been of interest for mathematicians and physiologists to elucidate the obscurities within the process happens in renal tissue. In this study, a novel three-dimensional approach is utilized for modeling the urine concentrating mechanism in rat renal outer medulla which is essentially focused on demonstrating the significance of tubule's architecture revealed in anatomic studies and physiological literature. Since nephrons and vasculatures work interdependently through a highly structured arrangement in outer medulla which is dominated by vascular bundles, a detailed functional unit is proposed based on this specific configuration....
Modeling, simulation, and optimal initiation planning for needle insertion into the liver, Article Journal of Biomechanical Engineering ; Volume 132, Issue 4 , 2010 ; 01480731 (ISSN) ; Ahmadian, M. T ; Janabi Sharifi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Needle insertion simulation and planning systems (SPSs) will play an important role in diminishing inappropriate insertions into soft tissues and resultant complications. Difficulties in SPS development are due in large part to the computational requirements of the extensive calculations in finite element (FE) models of tissue. For clinical feasibility, the computational speed of SPSs must be improved. At the same time, a realistic model of tissue properties that reflects large and velocity-dependent deformations must be employed. The purpose of this study is to address the aforementioned difficulties by presenting a cost-effective SPS platform for needle insertions into the liver. The study...
Accelerated full-thickness wound healing via sustained bFGF delivery based on a PVA/chitosan/gelatin hydrogel incorporating PCL microspheres, Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 537, Issue 1-2 , 2018 , Pages 278-289 ; 03785173 (ISSN) ; Sarmadi, M ; Aghababaie, Z ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2018
Herein, a hybrid hydrogel/microsphere system is introduced for accelerated wound healing by sustained release of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). The hydrogel is composed of a mixture of PVA, gelatin and chitosan. The double-emulsion-solvent-evaporation method was utilized to obtain microspheres composed of PCL, as the organic phase, and PVA, as the aqueous phase. Subsequently, various in-vitro and in-vivo assays were performed to characterize the system. BSA was used to optimize the release mechanism, and encapsulation efficiency in microspheres, where a combination of 3% (w/v) PCL and 1% (w/v) PVA was found to be the optimum microsphere sample. Incorporation of microspheres within...
Fabrication and evaluation of chitosan/gelatin/PVA hydrogel incorporating honey for wound healing applications: An in vitro, in vivo study, Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 592 , 2021 ; 03785173 (ISSN) ; Aghababaie, Z ; Afjoul, H ; Jami, M ; Bidgoli, M. R ; Vossoughi, M ; Ramazani, A ; Kamyabhesari, K ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2021
In this study, physically cross-linked hydrogels were developed by freezing-thawing method while different concentrations of honey were included into the hydrogels for accelerated wound healing. The hydrogel was composed of chitosan, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and gelatin with the ratio of 2:1:1 (v/v), respectively. Further, the effect of honey concentrations on antibacterial properties, and cell behavior was investigated. In vivo studies, including wound healing mechanism using rat model and histological analysis of section tissue samples were performed. The results illustrated that the incorporation of honey in hydrogels increased the ultimate strain of hydrogels approximately two times,...
Comparison of strengths of five internal fixation methods used after bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy: An in vitro study, Article Dental Research Journal ; Volume 17, Issue 4 , 2020 , Pages 258-265 ; Ahmady, A ; Farahmand, F ; Fateh, A ; Kahali, R ; Nourani, A ; Rakhshan, V ; Sharif University of Technology
Wolters Kluwer Medknow Publications 2020
Results on the strength and displacement of internal fixation methods for bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy are controversial, and some designs have not been adequately studied. Therefore, this study was conducted to compare techniques using bicortical or monocortical screws. Materials and Methods: In this in vitro study, 35 sheep hemi-mandibles were randomly assigned to five groups of seven each: fixation using (1) a 13 × 2 screw, (2) two 13 × 2 screws (arranged vertically), (3) three 13 × 2 screws, (4) 1 plate with 4 holes and four monocortical screws, and (5) a Y-shaped plate and five monocortical screws. Specimens underwent vertical forces until failure. Breakage forces and...
Allergic rhinitis impairs working memory in association with drop of hippocampal – Prefrontal coupling, Article Brain Research ; Volume 1758 , 2021 ; 00068993 (ISSN) ; Ghazvineh, S ; Nazari, M ; Dehdar, K ; Garousi, M ; Zare, M ; Tabasi, F ; Jamaati, H ; Salimi, A ; Barkley, V ; Mirnajafi Zadeh, J ; Raoufy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2021
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic inflammatory disease frequently associated with a deficit in learning and memory. Working memory is an important system for decision making and guidance, which depends on interactions between the ventral hippocampus (vHipp) and the prelimbic prefrontal cortex (plPFC). It is still unclear whether AR influences the activity and coupling of these brain areas, which consequently may impair working memory. The current study aimed to examine alterations of the vHipp-plPFC circuit in a rat model of AR. Our results show decreased working memory performance in AR animals, accompanied by a reduction of theta and gamma oscillations in plPFC. Also, AR reduces...
Phenomenological tissue fracture modeling for an Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery training system based on experimental data, Article Medical Engineering and Physics ; Volume 68 , 2019 , Pages 85-93 ; 13504533 (ISSN) ; Farahmand, F ; Vossoughi, G ; Moradi, H ; Mousa Sadr Hosseini, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2019
The ideal simulator for Endoscopic Sinus and Skull Base Surgery (ESSS)training must be supported by a physical model and provide repetitive behavior in a controlled environment. Development of realistic tissue models is a key part of ESSS virtual reality (VR)-based surgical simulation. Considerable research has been conducted to address haptic or force feedback and propose a phenomenological tissue fracture model for sino-nasal tissue during surgical tool indentation. Mechanical properties of specific sino-nasal regions of the sheep head have been studied in various indentation and relaxation experiments. Tool insertion at different indentation rates into coronal orbital floor (COF)tissue is...
Biomechanical response of intact, degenerated and repaired intervertebral discs under impact loading – Ex-vivo and In-Silico investigation, Article Journal of Biomechanics ; Volume 70 , March , 2018 , Pages 26-32 ; 00219290 (ISSN) ; Wang, J. L ; Parnianpour, M ; El-Rich, M ; Khalaf, K ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2018
Understanding the effect of impact loading on the mechanical response of the intervertebral disc (IVD) is valuable for investigating injury mechanisms and devising effective therapeutic modalities. This study used 24 porcine thoracic motion segments to characterize the mechanical response of intact (N = 8), degenerated (Trypsin-denatured, N = 8), and repaired (Genepin-treated, N = 8) IVDs subject to impact loading. A meta-model analysis of poroelastic finite element simulations was used in combination with ex-vivo creep and impact tests to extract the material properties. Forward analyses using updated specimen-specific FE models were performed to evaluate the effect of impact duration. The...
Evaluation of the effects of fullerene c60 nanoparticles on oxidative stress parameters in normal rats liver and brain, Article Journal of Advances in Medical and Biomedical Research ; Volume 27, Issue 124 , 2019 , Pages 8-15 ; 26766264 (ISSN) ; Bahrami, F ; Bahri, Z ; Ghanbari, B ; Elahi, S. A ; Mohammadi, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
Zanjan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services 2019
Background & Objective: The potent antioxidant property of fullerene C60 nanoparticles and their derivatives has been demonstrated in a wide range of in vitro and in vivo studies. Hence, we examined the effects of fullerene C60 on the oxidative stress parameters in brain and liver of the rats in normal situation. Materials & Methods: The study was performed in two groups of Wistar rats (each group, n = 6); normal and fullerene-treated normal animals. Treated rats received fullerene via oral gavage at dose of 1 mg/kg/day for 60 days. At termination of the study, the oxidative stress parameters were determined in brain and liver tissues, including the contents of glutathione (GSH) and...
Disc size markedly influences concentration profiles of intravenously administered solutes in the intervertebral disc: A computational study on glucosamine as a model solute, Article European Spine Journal ; Vol. 23, issue. 4 , April , 2014 , p. 715-723 ; Shirazi-Adl, A ; Parnianpour, M ; Urban, J. P. G ; Sharif University of Technology
Purpose: Tests on animals of different species with large differences in intervertebral disc size are commonly used to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of intravenously injected solutes in the disc. We hypothesize that disc size markedly affects outcome. Methods: Here, using a small non-metabolized molecule, glucosamine (GL) as a model solute, we calculate the influence of disc size on transport of GL into rat, rabbit, dog and human discs for 10 h post intravenous-injection. We used transient finite element models and considered an identical GL supply for all animals. Results: Huge effects of disc size on GL concentration profiles were found. Post-injection GL concentration in the rat...
Combinational therapy of lithium and human neural stem cells in rat spinal cord contusion model, Article Journal of Cellular Physiology ; Volume 234, Issue 11 , 2019 , Pages 20742-20754 ; 00219541 (ISSN) ; Sadrosadat, H ; Jaberi, R ; Zareikheirabadi, M ; Mirsadeghi, S ; Naghdabadi, Z ; Ghaneezabadi, M ; Fardmanesh, M ; Baharvand, H ; Kiani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Wiley-Liss Inc 2019
A large number of treatment approaches have been used for spinal cord injury improvement, a medically incurable disorder, and subsequently stem cell transplantation appears to be a promising strategy. The main objective of this study is to ascertain whether combinational therapy of human neural stem cells (hNSCs) together with lithium chloride improves cell survival, proliferation, and differentiation in a rat spinal contusion model, or not. Contusive spinal cord injury was implemented on Wistar male rats. Experimental groups comprised of: control, hNSCs transplanted, lithium chloride (Li), and hNSCs and lithium chloride (hNSCs + Li). In every experimental group, locomotor activity score and...
Synergy between hemagglutinin 2 (HA2) subunit of influenza fusogenic membrane glycoprotein and oncolytic Newcastle disease virus suppressed tumor growth and further enhanced by Immune checkpoint PD-1 blockade, Article Cancer Cell International ; Volume 20, Issue 1 , August , 2020 ; Ebrahimzadeh, M. S ; Abdolalipour, E ; Yazdi, M ; Hosseini Ravandi, H ; Ghaemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
BioMed Central Ltd 2020
Background: Newcastle disease virus (NDV) has shown noticeable oncolytic properties, especially against cervical cancer. However, in order to improve the spread rate and oncotoxicity of the virus, employment of other therapeutic reagents would be helpful. It has been shown that some viral fusogenic membrane glycoproteins (FMGs) could facilitate viral propagation and increase the infection rate of tumor cells by oncolytic viruses. Additionally, immune checkpoint blockade has widely been investigated for its anti-tumor effects against several types of cancers. Here, we investigated for the first time whether the incorporation of influenza hemagglutinin-2 (HA2) FMG could improve the oncolytic...