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    A System Dynamic Simulation Approach to Investigate Economic And Environment Factors Based on VUCA framework: A Case Study in Petrochemical Industry

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Monfaredi Jafarbagi, Aoun (Author) ; Hassannayebi, Erfan (Supervisor)
    To maintain adaptability, businesses should anticipate changes in their environment. The commonly employed forecasting method within corporate circles is the bottom-up approach, which relies on historical data for projecting future trends. However, research suggests that this approach often falls short of accurately reflecting real-world events. This has led to the adoption of dynamic systems modeling, a technique grounded in the assumption of stable conditions. This method effectively replicates the system's current state, thereby assisting in predicting future behaviors over a longer timeframe. The dynamic systems modeling approach was employed in this study, underscoring the imperative... 

    Synthesis and Study of Catalytic Activity of Iron (III)-bis(2-oxazolinyl) Methane complex by Urea Hydrogen Peroxide in Oxidation of Sulfides

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kazem, Nasrin (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    Considerable effort has been directed in recent years towards the transition metal complex catalyzed oxidation of organic compounds. Herein the synthsis of the iron complex of bis(oxazoline) ligand as a novel catalyst is reported, and the catalytic activity of this complex in oxidation of sulfides is investigated. Bis(2-oxazolynil)methane as ligand is prepared by condensation of diethylmalonate with 2-aminoethanole in 1:2 molar ratio and finally corresponding complex is synthesized by the reaction between FeCl3.6H2O and Bis(2-Oxazolynil)methane in 1:1 molar ratio. The complex is characterized by using IR, UV-Vis, cyclic voltametery, conductometery and elemental analysis data. Moreover,... 

    Synthesis of Lanthanide (III) Macrocyclic Schiff Base Complexes Containing Pyridine and their Decomposition in Aqueous Solution

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Azizi, Zahra (Author) ; Mohammadi Boghaei, Davar (Supervisor)
    This study involved the synthesis, structural characterization and studies of gadolinium (III) hexaaza macrocyclic Schiff base complexes containing pyridine head and their decomposition in aqueous solution.There are many applications of lanthanide(III) macrocyclic complexes as medicine and in the biological systems, as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) agents, and etc.These applications require that the Gd(III) complexes be resistant to gadolinium ion release under physiological conditions.
    We considered planer macrocyclic ligands as a means to obtain highly stable complexes of Gd(III). Symmetric [2+2] Schiff base macrocyclic derived from 2,6-diacetylpyridine with amines would exhibit... 

    Synthesis, Characterization and Spectroscopic Studies of Novel Mono and bi Nuclear Zinc(II), Palladium(II) and Cobalt(II) Schiff Base Complexes: Reactivity and Interaction

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Askarizadeh, Elham (Author) ; Mohammadi Boghaei, Davar (Supervisor)
    Due to study of reactivity and interaction of Schiff base complexes, as models of biological system such as vitamin B (B6 and B12) and enzyme (cytochtome c oxidase), some mono and binuclear Zn(II), Pd(II) and Co(II) Schiff base complexes were synthesized and characterized. As a model for vitamin B6, tridentate Schiff base ligands derived from the condensation of water soluble aldehyde with the amino acids (glycine, L-alanine, L-valine, L-leucine and L-phenylalanine) in the presence of Zn (OAc)2.2H2O give rise to the formation of five new water soluble Zn(II) complexes. The IR spectra of these complexes show that, there are prominent stretching vibration of the azomethine band (HC=N) at... 

    Model Systems for Oxygen – Evolving Complex in Photosystem II: Manganese Oxides and Manganese Complexes with O and N Donor Ligands

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Najafpour, Mohammad Mahdi (Author) ; Mohammadi Boghaei, Davar (Supervisor)
    The aim of this study is to mimic water oxidizing complex to find new materials and also to understand their rules in this matter. To achieve this, manganese complexes containing 2,4,6-tris (2-pyridyl)-1,3,5-Triazine, 1,10-phenanthroline, 1,10-bipyridine, Schiff base, amino acids, 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylic acid, 2-pyridinecarboxylic acid have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, EPR, ESI-MS, electronic absorption spectroscopy, electrochemistry, X-ray diffraction and oxygen evolution in presence of oxone and Ce(IV). It is shown that the reaction between Mn(II) complexes containing 2,4,6-tris¬(2-pyridyl)-1,3,5-Triazine, 1,10-phenanthroline, 1,10-bipyridine,... 

    Application of Graph Theory and Matrices of Relations in Modeling Complex Systems

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Saber Kivaj, Ali (Author) ; Malaek, Mohammad Bagher (Supervisor)
    Design of complex systems requires different challenges to be met simultaneously. Yet the current methods lack a sound theoretic framework and thus designers normally rely on heuristic or empirical methods; based on available experiences. Such approaches to the system design entail both technical and business risks and subsequently increase the probability of long-term problems. In this research, along with the theoretical framework of the systems design concepts, we discuss number of important models. The main concentration of the work, however, is to; somehow, correlate Axiomatic Design Matrix (ADM) with Design Structure Matrix (DSM). Here we exploit mathematical model based on sets and by... 

    Boron Isotope Separation by Distillation of BF3-(C2H5)2O Complex

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology montazeri, Meysam (Author) ; Otukesh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Ahmadi, Javad (Supervisor)
    Natural boron consists of two stable isotopes, mass 10 (19.3%) and mass 11 (80.7%). 10B isotope has a large thermal neutron capture cross-section and it therefore, used widely in such aspects as modern industry, military equipment, medical science and so on. specially the demand of atomic energy industry for the boron isotope is increased severely. So the separation of 10B from natural boron has received very wide attention at present. There are many kinds of methods on the boron isotopes separation, such as chemical exchange reaction and distillation in boron trifluoride method, ion exchange in boric acid solution method, counter current recycle membrane cascades in boron trifluoride... 

    Description Logic and Its Application in Model Checking

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sakhaee, Negar (Author) ; Ardeshir, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Description logic is a family of knowledge representive languages which represents knowledge via propositional logic (first order logic) propositions and constructors and applies its services for reasoning and consistency checking. Nowadays description logic and its popular reasoner FaCT++ which applies tablue reasoning technique are widely used in applications such as semantic web and onthologies. Model checking is a technique for systems and models verification and to guarantee the accuracy of design. Given a model description and a specification formula, the model checker verifies the model against the specification and decides if the model satisfies the description or not. Main model... 

    VLSI Architecture for MIMO Detectors in the Complex Domain

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahdavi, Mojtaba (Author) ; Vosoughi Vahdat, Bijan (Supervisor) ; Shabany, Mahdi (Supervisor)
    The implementation of high-order multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) detectors in complex domain, which finds applications in advanced wireless standards such as WiMAX and Long Term Evolution (LTE) systems, has always been a challenge in the literature. To address this challenge, two novel detection algorithms with their high-throughput VLSI architectures for a 4×4, 64-QAM complex MIMO detector are proposed in this thesis. The proposed architectures can easily be extended to high-order constellation schemes. For the first algorithm Complexity analysis and the synthesis results in a 0.13μm CMOS technology show that compared to the reported VLSI implementations in the complex domain, the... 

    A Complex Network Model for Video Streaming in P2P Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Farzad, Amir (Author) ; Rabiei, Hamid Reza (Supervisor)
    Information Technology In the recent years, Peer-to-Peer Networking and Applications has received significant attention from both the Internet users and research area. One of the most successful Applications of P2P networks is streaming the video which is applicable in Internet TV. On the other hand, Complex networks describe a wide range of networked systems in technology, nature and society, such as Internet, WWW networks, P2P networks, biological networks and social interactions.In this thesis we focus on mesh-pull based streaming networks and our goal is to propose a complex network model for such a P2PIPTV topology. To reach to this aim we consider the microscopic processes on each node... 

    Simulation of Complex and Dry Reforming of Natural Gas to Produce Synthesis Gas And Their Technical and Economical Comparison

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mollahassani Madjdabadi, mohammad Ali (Author) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Zamanian, Akbar (Supervisor) ; Baghalha, Morteza (Supervisor)
    In this study, two units of production of synthesis gas has been stimulated into 2 forms of natural gas complex (steam/Co2¬) reforming and dry reforming. They have been examined from technical and economical views. The product from this process is synthesis gas by the unit ratio of Hydrogen and Carbon Monoxide which is used in Arak petrochemical complex for producing 2EH. For producing this synthesis gas in 900C (reactor temperature) and 15 bar of total pressure , the ratio of feeding parts into reforming reactor for total input carbon (methane and other hydrocarbon) and Carbon dioxide gas and water vapor in representation ( [CH4 + other hydrocarbons : CO2 : H2O ] ) for complex reforming ... 

    Study on the Influence of the Functional Groups of Schiff Base Complexes on Oxygen Adsorption and Catalysis

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Roshdi Ferdosi, Shayesteh (Author) ; Ghanbari, Bahram (Supervisor)
    Co(salen)-type complexes: Co(salen), Co(salophen), Co(3,5-Brsalen), Co(Clsalen), Co(3-OMe,5-Brsalen), Co(saltmen), Co(Brsalen), Co(OMesalen) were shown to be efficient catalysts for oxidizing cumene to cumyl alcohol, methylstyrene and acetophenone. The mixture was characterized by 1H NMR and GC-Mass spectroscopy. Product s efficiency and turnover number of catalysists were determined. Proposal of the mechanism provides a rationale for the influence of ligand substitutions on the reaction. A series of experiments are reported to provide strong support for a mechanistic scheme that involves reaction of coordinated dioxygen. On the basis of these observations, the coordination of O2 to this... 

    A Complexity-Based Model for Cost Estimation of Jet UAVs

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Haji Jafari, Mohammad (Author) ; Banazadeh, Afshin (Supervisor)
    Cost Estimation plays an essential and role in UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) Projects. By increasing the complexity of new unmanned systems, the importance of this task augments. Additionally, up to now, a comprehensive approach has not been adopted internationally. But in parallel a number of international companies and organizations has developed specific methods by themselves; confined to their corporate.
    This project pursues developing a complexity-based model for cost estimation of unmanned aerial vehicles, especially Jet UAVs. However, it’s anticipated that this model may be utilized for all kind of systems, but it seems that jet UAVs use it with a better and more reliable... 

    Some Results and Conjectures on Bounds for Graph Colorings

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Dehghan, Ali (Author) ; Mahmoodian, Ebadollah (Supervisor)
    There are many ways to color the vertices and edges of graphs, such as, rainbow connection, vertex coloring and dynamic coloring. In this thesis, in Chapter 1 we introduce a new coloring, we consider its relationship with some other colorings and we investigate its computational complexity. In chapter 1, we focus on the proper orientation number. The problem of orienting the edges of a given simple graph so that the maximum indegree of vertices is minimized was introduced in 2004. We show that there is a polynomial time algorithm for determining the proper orientation number of a given 3-regular graph. But it is NP-complete to decide if the proper orientation number of a 4-regular graph is 3... 

    Network Analysis of EEG Data of Alzheimer’s Disease

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tahaei, Marzieh Sadat (Author) ; Jalili, Mahdi (Supervisor)
    Recently complex networks, have been widely used as a model to study the behavior of human brain. By affecting different parts the brain, Neuronal disorders change the structure of functional brain networks. Investigating these changes using different graph theory metrics can be a useful methodology for human brain analysis in health and disease. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neural disease causing impairment in different brain activities including memory and cognition.The aim of this study is to construct the functional brain network of 17 AD patients and 17 healthy control subjects at resting state condition and analyzing them using the theory of complex networks in order to achieve a... 

    Isoperimetric Problems on Graphs

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Javadi Jourtani, Ramin (Author) ; Daneshgar, Amir (Supervisor)
    This thesis is concerned with studying several aspects of the generalized isoperimetric problems on weighted graphs. In this regard, as a generalization of well-known Cheeger constant, we define k-th isoperimetric constant as the minimum of normalized outgoing flow over all k-subpartitions (disjoint subsets) of the vertex set. Also, we investigate basic properties of these parameters and particularly we prove a Federer-Fleming-type theorem. We then introduce a generalized Cheeger conjecture which is a generalization of celebrated Cheeger inequality and relates defined isoperimetric constants to higher eigenvalues of Laplace operator. In order to find a partial proof for this conjecture, we... 

    Axiomatic Design Science: Application in reducing Design Complexities of Special Structures

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Fazli, Noroddin (Author) ; Abedian, Ali (Supervisor) ; Malaek, Mohammad Bagher (Supervisor)
    This research aims to study fundamentals of design as a science for possible use in special structures. Special structures are referred to those structures that designers’ knowledge for which are insufficient. Designs of such structures are complex in the sense that we lack all necessary elements of design matrix; as well as proper steps to reach the unknowns. Introducing appropriate design strategy for such structures; we show how a design could be developed without specific needs for trial and errors. In this work, various design methodologies and especially “Axiomatic Design” have been examined. In addition, functional requirement and associated design parameters for structural design are... 

    Failure Tolerance of Epidemic Spreading in Complex Network

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirzasoleiman, Baharan (Author) ; Jalili, Mahdi (Supervisor)
    Complex networks serve as generic models for many social, technological and biological systems that have been shown to share a number of common structural properties such as power-law degree distribution and small-worldness. These networks determine interactions and influence the spread of diseases, behaviours and ideas. Epidemics and failures like new behaviours ideas and innovations can spread throughout a network and prevent it from doing its functionalities. In this work, we investigate error and attack tolerance of epidemic spreading in complex networks. The main content of this thesis is arranged in three sections as follows: Firstly, the effect of random and systematic failures is... 

    Theoretical Study of Metallochlorophylls of Forth Period Elements in Periodic Table

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Faramarzi, Sadegh (Author) ; Parsafar, Gholamabbas (Supervisor)
    In this study, some properties of metallochlorophylls - compounds produced by replacing Mg2+ in tetrapyrrolic ring of chlorophyll b with divalent ions – of the forth period transit elements of the periodic table have been investigated. Using DFT/B3LYP method and DGDZVP basis set, structures of these compounds were optimized and the energy of electronic levels, Gibbs free energy of formation of complex, contribution of atomic orbitals to formation of molecular orbitals and partial charges in these molecules were computed. The results show that some properties of these complexes cannot be justified by the common theories of complexes. Among these properties is the negligible effect of... 

    Evaluation of Rheological Properties of Modified Binders with Two Modifiers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jalaeian Samani, Mohammad Hanif (Author) ; Tabatabaee, Nader (Supervisor)
    Binder modification, to improve the rheological properties and meet the standard requirements, is a common practice. The modification is usually done by adding polymers like Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) and Styrene Butadiene Styrene (SBS), waste materials like crumb rubber, or acids like Poly phosphoric acid (PPA) or by air blowing techniques. High temperature rheological properties of modified binders are usually improved by using polymers while the low temperature rheological properties mostly depend on the original binder. Therefore, the rheological properties at low temperatures do not show clear improvements in the modified binder compared to the original binder. This indicates that a...