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    Interaction of Femtosecond Lasers with Molecule

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Dehghani Tafti, Zeinab (Author) ; Sadighi Bonabi, Rasul (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Using field assisted dissociation model and with a classic view the dissociation probability is calculated when it a molecule is exposed with a Ti:sapphire laser with wavenumber of 800nm and the energy of . using gradient optimization method we find a tailored two rectangular laser pulse for controlling the dissociation of C-H bond of . Using classical method reduced the complicacy of solving schrodinger equation. In our optimization method in contrast with the usual controlling method experimental data is not needed and this reduced the controlling costs.

     

    Thermodynamic Modeling of Hydrogen Hydrate Formation with and without Help Molecules

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghorbanzadeh, Maryam (Author) ; Taghikhani, Vahid (Supervisor) ; Ghotbi, Siroos (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this study equilibrium condition of pure hydrogen hydrates is determined with Lee-Holder model. Two hydrogen molecules and four hydrogen molecules encaged in the small and large cavities respectively. Langmuir constant of hydrogen is calculated with the Exp-6 potential. Lee et al. reported parameter of this model by integrating ab initio calculation with classical statistical thermodynamics. This model reasonably predicts dissociation pressures of hydrogen hydrates.Calculated reference parameters are used in modeling of binary hydrogen hydrates. Lattice distortion model is used for modeling of binary hydrogen hydrates with tetrahydrofuran (THF) as a promoter. Cavity radius and parameters... 

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Eiravani, Hossaen (Author) ; Fattahi, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    It is believed that intramolecular hydrogen bonding and also conjugation can affect the acidity power of organic molecules. But simultaneous effects of intramolecular hydrogen bonding and conjugation have not investigated systematically yet. In this project, we choose Ascorbic acid as a basic structure. Then we have changed its structure conveniently, and have explored the roles of hydrogen bonding and conjugation on the acidity of this molecule by using B3LYP functional with the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. After that we similarly investigate these effects on the acidity of three different systems, including enols, enamines and alcohols. In this project we probe the effect of different hydrogen... 

    Survying the Process of Photodissociation of Methane with Using the Femto Second Lasers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Irani, Elnaz (Author) ; Sadighi Bonabi, Rasoul (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this project , the dissociation of methane in the presence of Ti:Sapphire laser with parameters of 1014wcm-2, 800nm wave lengths and 100fs pulse width have been investigated theoretically, by using the Gaussian03 package –computational chemistry program that is capable of predicting many properties of atomic and molecular systems. It is based upon the fundamental laws of quantum mechanism. By considering some limitations in approximate techniques and incapability of advancing them, numerical calculation of solving the time dependent Schrödinger equation in order to improve the results and find more quantum dynamic information is applied. Therefore at first, by Gaussian03 package some of... 

    Modeling of Natural Gas Components Hydrate Formation by Using Neural Network

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ameri, Azadeh (Author) ; Ghotbi, Siroos (Supervisor) ; Taghikhani, Vahid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this study two approaches were applied to predict the hydrate dissociation pressure of natural gas in the presence of aqueous water. One approach applied van der Waals and Platteeuw solid solution theory & PR EOS the other applied a feed forward multi layers artificial neural network (ANN) with 19 input variables (temperature, existence of hydrocarbon liquid and ice phase, gas phase composition, inhibitor composition in aqueous phase), and one hidden layer with 17 neurons. In comparison of both methods it was concluded that, in temperature above 12℃ , ANN is more accurate than thermodynamic model, but in lower temperature thermodynamic model is comparable with ANN. The trained network... 

    Molecular Dynamics Study in the Interaction of Intense Femtosecond Laser Pulse with Methane Molecule

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Irani, Elnaz (Author) ; Sadighi-Bonabi, Rasul (Supervisor) ; Anvari, Abbas (Co-Advisor) ; Asgari, Reza (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    In this project, the ionization and dissociation of methane molecule by intense femto-second lasers has been studied. Dissociation probability is calculated for interacting CH4 molecule under Ti: Sapphire laser pulse with pulse durations of 10- 40fs in intensities at the range of 1014-1016 Wcm-2. Calculations are carried out with time-dependent density functional theory using Gaussian03 and Octopus packages as powerful computational chemical physics programs. Due to importance of the dependence of interaction dynamics to laser parameters, the effect of these parameters including different intensities, polarization, various pulse durations and pulse envelopes are investigated. The optimal... 

    Conversion of Methane into Heaviour Hydrocarbures using Nanosecond Lasers

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Navid Khoshgonab, Hamze Ali (Author) ; Sadighi Bonabi, Rasoul (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this thesis the conversion of methane into higher hydrocarbures using pulsed nanosecond lasers has been studied. The lasers of 532 nm of second harmonic of Nd: YAG, 355 nm of 3rd harmonic of Nd: YAG and 248 nm of KrF have been used in this project. Acetylene, ethylen and ethane have been detected using gas chromatography detection system, which showed acetylene as a dominant product. For each wavelength the amount of the laser energy and the fraction of secondary products have been measured. Also the dependence of amount of produced components on chamber pressure has been studied for 355 nm laser. During the irradiation time of methane no considerable changes in temperature and pressure... 

    Electronic structure of some thymol derivatives correlated with the radical scavenging activity: Theoretical study

    , Article Food Chemistry ; Vol. 165, issue , Dec , 2014 , p. 451-459 Jebelli Javan, Ashkan ; Jebeli Javanb, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Molecules acting as antioxidants capable of scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS) are of upmost importance in the living cell. Thymol derivatives exhibit various antioxidant activities and potential health benefits. Exploration of structure-radical scavenging activity (SAR) was approached with a wide range of thymol derivatives. To accomplish this task, the DPPH experimental assay along with quantum-chemical calculations were also employed for these compounds. By comparing the structural properties of the derivatives of interest, their antioxidant activity was explained by the formation of an intramolecular hydrogen bond and the presence of unsaturated double bond (–CHdouble bond; length... 

    Investigation of intense femto-second laser ionization and dissociation of methane with time-dependent density-functional approach

    , Article Chemical Physics Letters ; Vol. 604 , 2014 , Pages 60-67 ; ISSN: 00092614 Irani, E ; Sadighi Bonabi, R ; Anvari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Three dimensional calculations of electronic dynamics of CH4 in a strong laser field are presented with time-dependent density-functional theory. Time evolution of dipole moment and electron localization function is presented. The dependence of dissociation rate on the laser characters is shown and optimal effective parameters are evaluated. The optimum field leads to 76% dissociation probability for Gaussian envelope and 40 fs (FWHM) at 10 16 W cm-2. The dissociation probability is calculated by optimum convolution of dual short pulses. By combining of field assisted dissociation process and Ehrenfest molecular dynamics, time variation of bond length, velocity and orientation effect are... 

    Super-hydrophilic characteristic of thermochemically prepared CdS nanocrystals

    , Article Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures ; Vol. 58 , April , 2014 , pp. 146-152 ; ISSN: 13869477 Marandi, M ; Taghavinia, N ; Babaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    CdS nanocrystals were thermochemically (thermally activated) synthesized thorough the reaction between CdSO4 and Na2S 2O3 in an aqueous solution. Thioglycolic Acid (TGA) was used as the capping agent and catalyst of the reaction. The method was based on heat activated dissociation of Na2S2O3 and controllable release of S and free electrons in the solution. CdS NCs were formed by heating the sample solution at 96 C for 1 h. The results of optical spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy demonstrated round shape NCs with sizes about 3.0 nm. The nanocrystals were also luminescent and represented a broad emission with a peak located at 515 nm and FWHM of 160 nm. Several samples were... 

    Single-hydrogen dissociation paths for upright and flat acetophenone adsorbates on the Si(001) surface

    , Article Journal of Physical Chemistry C ; Volume 118, Issue 41 , 16 October , 2014 , Pages 23682-23689 ; ISSN: 19327447 Mehdipour, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Using cluster-based density functional theory we investigate adsorption configurations of an acetophenone molecule on a Si(001) surface and their follow-up proton transfer processes. We examine two possible types of dative-adsorption configurations, up-right standing and flat, as well as compute their follow-up kinetically preferable on-dimer, interdimer, and inter-row proton transfers. Energetics of possible conversions between the achieved adsorption configurations are computed as well. Using all the data obtained, we theoretically illustrate reaction pathways leading to detached hydrogen positions captured in STM imaging of a Si(001) surface exposed to acetophenone vapor at room... 

    Electrostatically defying cation-cation clusters: Can likes attract in a low-polarity environment?

    , Article Journal of Physical Chemistry A ; Volume 117, Issue 38 , 2013 , Pages 9252-9258 ; 10895639 (ISSN) Shokri, A ; Ramezani, M ; Fattahi, A ; Kass, S. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Like-charge ion pairing is commonly observed in protein structures and plays a significant role in biochemical processes. Density functional calculations combined with the conductor-like polarizable continuum model were employed to study the formation possibilities of doubly charged noncovalently linked complexes of a series of model compounds and amino acids in the gas phase and in solution. Hydrogen bond interactions were found to offset the Coulombic repulsion such that cation-cation clusters are minima on the potential energy surfaces and neither counterions nor solvent molecules are needed to hold them together. In the gas phase the dissociation energies are exothermic, and the... 

    The effect of ultraviolet lasers on conversion of methane into higher hydrocarbons

    , Article Laser and Particle Beams ; Volume 31, Issue 3 , 2013 , Pages 481-486 ; 02630346 (ISSN) Navid, H. A ; Irani, E ; Sadighi Bonabi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Conversion of CH4 molecule into higher hydrocarbons using two different wavelengths of 248 nm KrF laser and 355 nm of third harmonic of Nd:YAG laser is studied experimentally and theoretically. The stable products are analyzed and the effect of pressure on conversion of methane is measured. The detected reaction products are C2H2, C2H4, and C2H6. The conversion efficiency of 33.5% for 355 nm in comparison to 2.2% conversion for 248 nm for C2H2 is achieved. The potential of laser parameters as an important variable in controlling of final products is investigated  

    Dissociation of C-H molecular bond of methane by pulse shaped ultra-intense laser field

    , Article Chemical Physics Letters ; Volume 560 , 2013 , Pages 60-65 ; 00092614 (ISSN) Zare, S ; Irani, E ; Navid, H. A ; Dehghani, Z ; Anvari, A ; Sadighi Bonabi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    The effects of laser field and laser pulse width on the dissociation probability of C-H bond of CH4 have been investigated. Calculation of time dependent Schrödinger equation by grid spectral method is carried out and it is produced optimistic results in comparison to the earlier Quasi-classical calculations. The results show that there is an excellent match with experimental data. In this work, a number of results in the emerging field of laser with intensity of I = 8 × 1013 W cm-2 and pulse duration of 100 fs are presented. The present modulated field leads to more than 20% improvement in the dissociation probability  

    Theoretical investigation on antioxidant activity of bromophenols from the marine red alga Rhodomela confervoides: H-atom vs electron transfer mechanism

    , Article Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry ; Volume 61, Issue 7 , 2013 , Pages 1534-1541 ; 00218561 (ISSN) Javan, A. J ; Javan, M. J ; Tehrani, Z. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    Bromophenols are known as antioxidant radical scavengers for some biomolecules such as those in marine red alga. Full understanding of the role played by bromophenols requires detailed knowledge of the radical scavenging activities in probable pathways, a focus of ongoing research. To gain detailed insight into two suggested pathways, H-atom transfer and electron transfer, theoretical studies employing first principle quantum mechanical calculations have been carried out on selected bromophenols. Detailed investigation of the aforementioned routes revealed that upon H-atom abstraction or the electron transfer process, bromophenols cause an increase in radical species in which the unpaired... 

    The effect of intense short pulse laser shapes on generating of the optimum wakefield and dissociation of methane molecule

    , Article Laser and Particle Beams ; Volume 30, Issue 3 , May , 2012 , Pages 357-367 ; 02630346 (ISSN) Irani, E ; Zare, S ; Navid, H. A ; Dehghani, Z ; Sadighi Bonabi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    The optimum convolution of dual short pulse for producing the maximum wakefield and the highest dissociation probability of CH4 has been investigated. By using three fundamental shapes of pulses though four different arrangements, the generated wake are considered in plasma. It is found that when the first and second pulses were rectangular-triangular and sinusoidal pulse shapes, respectively, the resultant wakefield amplitude is the highest. This effect opens up a new novel way by pulse shaping mechanism in the photo dissociation dynamics of molecules and controlling of chemical reactions in the desired channels by short pulse intense lasers for reducing the computation time of genetic... 

    What roles do boron substitutions play in structural, tautomeric, base pairing and electronic properties of uracil? NBO & AIM analysis

    , Article Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry ; Volume 25, Issue 9 , 2012 , Pages 787-796 ; 08943230 (ISSN) AliakbarTehrani, Z ; Abedin, A ; Shakourian Fard, M ; Fattahi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley  2012
    Abstract
    The synthesis of modified versions of deoxyribonucleic acid is an area that is receiving much attention. The replacement of the nitrogen atom on the nucleobases with boron atom has provided insight into deoxyribonucleic acid and ribonucleic acid stability, recognition, and replication at the atomic level. In the present research, we investigated a detailed density functional theory study of the structural, tautomeric, base-pairing ability, bond dissociation energy, and electronic properties of two boron analogues (i.e., boron substitutions at 4-position and 5-position of uracil) of uracil nucleobase. The effects of these modifications on theirs acid-base properties have been considered. Our... 

    Mechanisms and kinetics of Thiotepa and tepa hydrolysis: DFT study

    , Article Journal of Molecular Modeling ; Volume 18, Issue 8 , 2012 , Pages 3563-3576 ; 16102940 (ISSN) Torabifard, H ; Fattahi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2012
    Abstract
    N,N′,N″-triethylenethiophosphoramide (Thiotepa) and its oxo analogue (Tepa) as the major metabolite are trifunctional alkylating agents with a broad spectrum of antitumor activity. In vivo and vitro studies show alkylation of DNA by Thiotepa and Tepa can follow two pathways, but it remains unclear which pathway represents the precise mechanism of action. In pathway 1, these agents are capable of forming cross-links with DNA molecules via two different mechanisms. In the first mechanism, the ring opening reaction is initiated by protonating the aziridine, which then becomes the primary target of nucleophilic attack by the N7-Guanine. The second one is a direct nucleophilic ring opening of... 

    First principles study of oxygen adsorption on nickel-doped graphite

    , Article Molecular Physics ; Volume 110, Issue 13 , Feb , 2012 , Pages 1437-1445 ; 00268976 (ISSN) Nahali, M ; Gobal, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Density functional theory is used in a spin-polarized plane wave pseudopotential implementation to investigate molecular oxygen adsorption and dissociation on graphite and nickel-doped graphite surfaces. Molecular oxygen physisorbs on graphite surface retaining its magnetic property. The calculated adsorption energy is consistent with the experimental value of 0.1eV. It is found that substituting a carbon atom of the graphite surface by a single doping nickel atom (2.8% content) makes the surface active for oxygen chemisorption. It is found that the molecular oxygen never adsorbs on doping nickel atom while it adsorbs and dissociates spontaneously into atomic oxygens on the carbon atoms... 

    Experimental and computational bridgehead C-H bond dissociation enthalpies

    , Article Journal of Organic Chemistry ; Volume 77, Issue 4 , January , 2012 , Pages 1909-1914 ; 00223263 (ISSN) Fattahi, A ; Lis, L ; Tehrani, Z. A ; Marimanikkuppam, S. S ; Kass, S. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Bridgehead C-H bond dissociation enthalpies of 105.7 ± 2.0, 102.9 ± 1.7, and 102.4 ± 1.9 kcal mol -1 for bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane, bicyclo[2.2.2]octane, and adamantane, respectively, were determined in the gas phase by making use of a thermodynamic cycle (i.e., BDE(R-H) = ΔH° acid(H-X) - IE(H •) + EA(X •)). These results are in good accord with high-level G3 theory calculations, and the experimental values along with G3 predictions for bicyclo[1.1.1]pentane, bicyclo[2.1.1]hexane, bicyclo[3.1.1]heptane, and bicyclo[4.2.1]nonane were found to correlate with the flexibility of the ring system. Rare examples of alkyl anions in the gas phase are also provided