Search for: dissociation
Total 59 records
Modeling of Natural Gas Components Hydrate Formation by Using Neural Network, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Ghotbi, Siroos ; Taghikhani, Vahid
In this study two approaches were applied to predict the hydrate dissociation pressure of natural gas in the presence of aqueous water. One approach applied van der Waals and Platteeuw solid solution theory & PR EOS the other applied a feed forward multi layers artificial neural network (ANN) with 19 input variables (temperature, existence of hydrocarbon liquid and ice phase, gas phase composition, inhibitor composition in aqueous phase), and one hidden layer with 17 neurons. In comparison of both methods it was concluded that, in temperature above 12℃ , ANN is more accurate than thermodynamic model, but in lower temperature thermodynamic model is comparable with ANN. The trained network...
Thermodynamic Modeling of Hydrogen Hydrate Formation with and without Help Molecules, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Taghikhani, Vahid ; Ghotbi, Siroos
In this study equilibrium condition of pure hydrogen hydrates is determined with Lee-Holder model. Two hydrogen molecules and four hydrogen molecules encaged in the small and large cavities respectively. Langmuir constant of hydrogen is calculated with the Exp-6 potential. Lee et al. reported parameter of this model by integrating ab initio calculation with classical statistical thermodynamics. This model reasonably predicts dissociation pressures of hydrogen hydrates.Calculated reference parameters are used in modeling of binary hydrogen hydrates. Lattice distortion model is used for modeling of binary hydrogen hydrates with tetrahydrofuran (THF) as a promoter. Cavity radius and parameters...
Conversion of Methane into Heaviour Hydrocarbures using Nanosecond Lasers, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Sadighi Bonabi, Rasoul
In this thesis the conversion of methane into higher hydrocarbures using pulsed nanosecond lasers has been studied. The lasers of 532 nm of second harmonic of Nd: YAG, 355 nm of 3rd harmonic of Nd: YAG and 248 nm of KrF have been used in this project. Acetylene, ethylen and ethane have been detected using gas chromatography detection system, which showed acetylene as a dominant product. For each wavelength the amount of the laser energy and the fraction of secondary products have been measured. Also the dependence of amount of produced components on chamber pressure has been studied for 355 nm laser. During the irradiation time of methane no considerable changes in temperature and pressure...
Survying the Process of Photodissociation of Methane with Using the Femto Second Lasers, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Sadighi Bonabi, Rasoul
In this project , the dissociation of methane in the presence of Ti:Sapphire laser with parameters of 1014wcm-2, 800nm wave lengths and 100fs pulse width have been investigated theoretically, by using the Gaussian03 package –computational chemistry program that is capable of predicting many properties of atomic and molecular systems. It is based upon the fundamental laws of quantum mechanism. By considering some limitations in approximate techniques and incapability of advancing them, numerical calculation of solving the time dependent Schrödinger equation in order to improve the results and find more quantum dynamic information is applied. Therefore at first, by Gaussian03 package some of...
, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Fattahi, Alireza
It is believed that intramolecular hydrogen bonding and also conjugation can affect the acidity power of organic molecules. But simultaneous effects of intramolecular hydrogen bonding and conjugation have not investigated systematically yet. In this project, we choose Ascorbic acid as a basic structure. Then we have changed its structure conveniently, and have explored the roles of hydrogen bonding and conjugation on the acidity of this molecule by using B3LYP functional with the 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. After that we similarly investigate these effects on the acidity of three different systems, including enols, enamines and alcohols. In this project we probe the effect of different hydrogen...
Molecular Dynamics Study in the Interaction of Intense Femtosecond Laser Pulse with Methane Molecule, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Sadighi-Bonabi, Rasul ; Anvari, Abbas ; Asgari, Reza
In this project, the ionization and dissociation of methane molecule by intense femto-second lasers has been studied. Dissociation probability is calculated for interacting CH4 molecule under Ti: Sapphire laser pulse with pulse durations of 10- 40fs in intensities at the range of 1014-1016 Wcm-2. Calculations are carried out with time-dependent density functional theory using Gaussian03 and Octopus packages as powerful computational chemical physics programs. Due to importance of the dependence of interaction dynamics to laser parameters, the effect of these parameters including different intensities, polarization, various pulse durations and pulse envelopes are investigated. The optimal...
Interaction of Femtosecond Lasers with Molecule, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Sadighi Bonabi, Rasul
Using field assisted dissociation model and with a classic view the dissociation probability is calculated when it a molecule is exposed with a Ti:sapphire laser with wavenumber of 800nm and the energy of . using gradient optimization method we find a tailored two rectangular laser pulse for controlling the dissociation of C-H bond of . Using classical method reduced the complicacy of solving schrodinger equation. In our optimization method in contrast with the usual controlling method experimental data is not needed and this reduced the controlling costs.
What roles do boron substitutions play in structural, tautomeric, base pairing and electronic properties of uracil? NBO & AIM analysis, Article Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry ; Volume 25, Issue 9 , 2012 , Pages 787-796 ; 08943230 (ISSN) ; Abedin, A ; Shakourian Fard, M ; Fattahi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
The synthesis of modified versions of deoxyribonucleic acid is an area that is receiving much attention. The replacement of the nitrogen atom on the nucleobases with boron atom has provided insight into deoxyribonucleic acid and ribonucleic acid stability, recognition, and replication at the atomic level. In the present research, we investigated a detailed density functional theory study of the structural, tautomeric, base-pairing ability, bond dissociation energy, and electronic properties of two boron analogues (i.e., boron substitutions at 4-position and 5-position of uracil) of uracil nucleobase. The effects of these modifications on theirs acid-base properties have been considered. Our...
Thermal stability and strain sensitivity of nanostructured aluminum titanate (Al2TiO5), Article Materials Chemistry and Physics ; Volume 223 , 2019 , Pages 202-208 ; 02540584 (ISSN) ; Azarniya, A ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Abedi, M ; Moskovskikh, D ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2019
In the present work, nanostructured aluminum titanate (Al2TiO5 or AT) was synthesized by the sol-gel method and potential effects of mechanical strain on its phase analysis, morphology, and thermal stability were investigated in some details for the first time, because the thermal instability of AT is beneficial to the fabrication of in-situ aluminum matrix composites. To characterize the particle distribution, microstructure and thermal durability of AT after the strain induction, field-emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and x-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) were utilized. The experimental results showed that a 3-h ball milling process...
Theoretical investigation on antioxidant activity of bromophenols from the marine red alga Rhodomela confervoides: H-atom vs electron transfer mechanism, Article Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry ; Volume 61, Issue 7 , 2013 , Pages 1534-1541 ; 00218561 (ISSN) ; Javan, M. J ; Tehrani, Z. A ; Sharif University of Technology
Bromophenols are known as antioxidant radical scavengers for some biomolecules such as those in marine red alga. Full understanding of the role played by bromophenols requires detailed knowledge of the radical scavenging activities in probable pathways, a focus of ongoing research. To gain detailed insight into two suggested pathways, H-atom transfer and electron transfer, theoretical studies employing first principle quantum mechanical calculations have been carried out on selected bromophenols. Detailed investigation of the aforementioned routes revealed that upon H-atom abstraction or the electron transfer process, bromophenols cause an increase in radical species in which the unpaired...
Theoretical aspects of the enhancement of metal binding affinity by intramolecular hydrogen bonding and modulating p: K a values, Article New Journal of Chemistry ; Volume 41, Issue 24 , 2017 , Pages 15110-15119 ; 11440546 (ISSN) ; Fattahi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Royal Society of Chemistry 2017
Polyols were used as model ligands for Mg2+, Ca2+, and Zn2+ complexes to study the role of the hydrogen bond network on the metal binding affinity and modulation of successive pKa values using density functional theory. The results confirm that the acidity of polyols dramatically increases upon metal complexation in the order Zn2+ > Mg2+ > Ca2+. For example, the three H-site positions in the hydroxyl groups of the heptaol, bound to Zn2+, are 11.2, 29.9, and 30.9 pKa units (in methanol) more acidic than those of pure heptaol. This acidity enhancement leads to making polyols as good ligands toward complexation. For instance, the formation constants of the heptaol in the presence of Zn2+, Mg2+,...
The formation and dissociation energy of vacancies in cementite: A first-principles study, Article Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms ; Volume 502 , 2021 , Pages 157-163 ; 0168583X (ISSN) ; Amirhossein Feghhi, S ; Samadfam, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2021
Because of the possibility of various types of vacancies in cementite due to its crystalline structure, the focus of this paper was only on vacancies. In this regard, the formation energies of single, two, three and four vacancies of over than 120 different cases were calculated using first-principles method. For the case of single vacancy, the results were in three values of ~1.63, 1.39 and 0.78 eV according to iron vacancies at general positions, iron vacancies located on mirror planes and carbon vacancies in the interstitial positions, respectively. The results for the case of two, three and four vacancies were between from 2.10 to 3.34 eV, from 3.92 to 5.10 eV and from 4.77 to 6.33 eV,...
The effect of ultraviolet lasers on conversion of methane into higher hydrocarbons, Article Laser and Particle Beams ; Volume 31, Issue 3 , 2013 , Pages 481-486 ; 02630346 (ISSN) ; Irani, E ; Sadighi Bonabi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
Conversion of CH4 molecule into higher hydrocarbons using two different wavelengths of 248 nm KrF laser and 355 nm of third harmonic of Nd:YAG laser is studied experimentally and theoretically. The stable products are analyzed and the effect of pressure on conversion of methane is measured. The detected reaction products are C2H2, C2H4, and C2H6. The conversion efficiency of 33.5% for 355 nm in comparison to 2.2% conversion for 248 nm for C2H2 is achieved. The potential of laser parameters as an important variable in controlling of final products is investigated
The effect of intense short pulse laser shapes on generating of the optimum wakefield and dissociation of methane molecule, Article Laser and Particle Beams ; Volume 30, Issue 3 , May , 2012 , Pages 357-367 ; 02630346 (ISSN) ; Zare, S ; Navid, H. A ; Dehghani, Z ; Sadighi Bonabi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
The optimum convolution of dual short pulse for producing the maximum wakefield and the highest dissociation probability of CH4 has been investigated. By using three fundamental shapes of pulses though four different arrangements, the generated wake are considered in plasma. It is found that when the first and second pulses were rectangular-triangular and sinusoidal pulse shapes, respectively, the resultant wakefield amplitude is the highest. This effect opens up a new novel way by pulse shaping mechanism in the photo dissociation dynamics of molecules and controlling of chemical reactions in the desired channels by short pulse intense lasers for reducing the computation time of genetic...
Super-hydrophilic characteristic of thermochemically prepared CdS nanocrystals, Article Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures ; Vol. 58 , April , 2014 , pp. 146-152 ; ISSN: 13869477 ; Taghavinia, N ; Babaei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
CdS nanocrystals were thermochemically (thermally activated) synthesized thorough the reaction between CdSO4 and Na2S 2O3 in an aqueous solution. Thioglycolic Acid (TGA) was used as the capping agent and catalyst of the reaction. The method was based on heat activated dissociation of Na2S2O3 and controllable release of S and free electrons in the solution. CdS NCs were formed by heating the sample solution at 96 C for 1 h. The results of optical spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy demonstrated round shape NCs with sizes about 3.0 nm. The nanocrystals were also luminescent and represented a broad emission with a peak located at 515 nm and FWHM of 160 nm. Several samples were...
Styrene energetics and characterization of its conjugate base: An example of isotopic labeling gone awry, Article International Journal of Mass Spectrometry ; 2016 ; 13873806 (ISSN) ; Lis, L ; Kass, S. R ; Sharif University of Technology
The equilibrium acidity of styrene was measured (δH°acid(PhCHCH2)=390.6±0.5kcalmol-1) and its deprotonation site was revised from the ortho position on the aromatic ring to the α-hydrogen atom based upon deuterium-labeling studies and extensive computations. Somewhat surprisingly, the nature of the anionic base plays a critical role in properly determining the ionization site and avoiding misleading results due to extraordinary hydrogen-deuterium exchange. Bracketing the electron affinity of α-styryl radical (PhC CH2, 23.1±3.4kcalmol-1) enabled the α-CH bond dissociation energy (100.1±3.4kcalmol-1) of styrene and the effect of a phenyl substituent at an sp2-hybridized carbon to be...
Styrene energetics and characterization of its conjugate base: An example of isotopic labeling gone awry, Article International Journal of Mass Spectrometry ; Volume 413 , 2017 , Pages 163-167 ; 13873806 (ISSN) ; Lis, L ; Kass, S. R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2017
The equilibrium acidity of styrene was measured (ΔH°acid(PhCH[dbnd]CH2) = 390.6 ± 0.5 kcal mol−1) and its deprotonation site was revised from the ortho position on the aromatic ring to the α-hydrogen atom based upon deuterium-labeling studies and extensive computations. Somewhat surprisingly, the nature of the anionic base plays a critical role in properly determining the ionization site and avoiding misleading results due to extraordinary hydrogen–deuterium exchange. Bracketing the electron affinity of α-styryl radical (PhC[rad][dbnd]CH2, 23.1 ± 3.4 kcal mol−1) enabled the α-C[sbnd]H bond dissociation energy (100.1 ± 3.4 kcal mol−1) of styrene and the effect of a phenyl substituent at an...
Single-hydrogen dissociation paths for upright and flat acetophenone adsorbates on the Si(001) surface, Article Journal of Physical Chemistry C ; Volume 118, Issue 41 , 16 October , 2014 , Pages 23682-23689 ; ISSN: 19327447 ; Sharif University of Technology
Using cluster-based density functional theory we investigate adsorption configurations of an acetophenone molecule on a Si(001) surface and their follow-up proton transfer processes. We examine two possible types of dative-adsorption configurations, up-right standing and flat, as well as compute their follow-up kinetically preferable on-dimer, interdimer, and inter-row proton transfers. Energetics of possible conversions between the achieved adsorption configurations are computed as well. Using all the data obtained, we theoretically illustrate reaction pathways leading to detached hydrogen positions captured in STM imaging of a Si(001) surface exposed to acetophenone vapor at room...
Selective photo-dissociative ionization of methane molecule with TDDFT study, Article Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy ; Volume 171 , 2017 , Pages 325-329 ; 13861425 (ISSN) ; Anvari, A ; Sadighi Bonabi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2017
Three dimensional calculation of control dynamics for finding the optimized laser filed is formulated using an iterative method and time-dependent density functional approach. An appropriate laser pulse is designed to control the desired products in the dissociation of methane molecule. The tailored laser pulse profile, eigenstate distributions and evolution of the efficient occupation numbers are predicted and exact energy levels of this five-atomic molecule is obtained. Dissociation rates of up to 78%, 80%, 90%, and 82% for CH2 +, CH+, C+ and C++ are achieved. Based on the present approach one can reduce the controlling costs. © 2016 Elsevier B.V
Recent results of edge plasma parameters measurements in IR-T1 tokamak by probe, Article Journal of Fusion Energy ; Volume 29, Issue 3 , June , 2010 , Pages 271-274 ; 01640313 (ISSN) ; Emami, M ; Ghoranneviss, M ; Abaspour Tehrani Fard, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Langmuir probes (LP) are the most common diagnostics for the local measurement of very important plasma parameters such as plasma density, electron temperature, plasma potential and the electron energy distribution function (EEDF). In this paper the applicability of the first derivative Langmuir probe method in processing the electron part of the current-voltage (I-V) characteristics in IR-T1 Tokamak is reported. The EEDF at different radial positions in the edge region and Scrape off Layer (SOL) are derived and the values of the plasma potential, electron temperature and electron density are estimated. Results comparison between the first derivative method and Stangeby method shows a...