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    Hydraulic Crack Propagation in Heterogeneous Reservoir Based on Extended Multi-Scale Finite Element Method

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hajiabadi, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Many natural and engineering materials have a heterogeneous structure at a certain level of observation. These materials are often referred to as composite materials or multi-phase materials or heterogeneous materials. It has been widely recognized that many macroscopic phenomena originate from the mechanics of the microstructural constituents, such as inclusions, cracks, voids, etc. The size, shape, spatial distribution, volume fraction and properties of the microstructural constituents have a significant impact on the behavior of the material observed at the macroscale. The nature of hydrocarbon reservoirs as multi-phase porous media are known for heterogeneous media at various multiple... 

    Intelligent Force Control for Hydraulic Manipulator within the Impedance Control Framework

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Alimohammadi, Hossein (Author) ; Khayyat, Amir Ali Akbar (Supervisor)
    The main concept of this thesis is to simulate, develop, and analyze the performance of force control method by applying to a Unimate MK-II hydraulic manipulator. In this investigation, simulation studies are based on the concept of impedance control technique. Position-based formulation of impedance control is employed. First in this research, a PID controller is employed and is shown to be capable of performing position control task precisely despite the fact that inertia, joint stiction, valve deadband and other nonlinearities are presented. Although trajectory tracking is performed well after several investigations, we have concluded that the impedance control cannot perform a desirable... 

    Controlling Local Scour Due to Hydraulic Jump Using Oblique Buried Plates

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Borhani, Sanaz (Author) ; Borghei, Mahmood (Supervisor)
    Local scouring at the downstream of sluice gates in the erosive beds is one of the main concerns of hydraulic engineers because of the significant damage that it can cause to the hydraulic structures. It is important to control the local scour depth at downstream of hydraulic structures to ensure safety operation of these systems. Many researchers have conducted various studies to predict the maximum depth and diameter of scour hole and develop new methods in order to control this phenomenon. One way to overcome this problem is the use of apron, or non-erosive bed. In order to shorten the apron length or decrease the effect of the... 

    Development of an Improved Semi-active Damper Based on the Reduction of the Effects of Brace Flexibility

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rasoulnia, Akbar (Author) ; Ahmadizadeh, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Considerable research work has been dedicated to the development of structural control systems to improve the performance of structures and reduce the casualties resulting from earthquakes. It is generally accepted that semi-active control systems result in better structural performance compared to what can be achieved using passive systems. However, it has been observed that the majority of the performance improvement obtained from semi-active control systems stems from the reduction of brace flexibility effects, rather than the control algorithm used. In this study, it is attempted to utilize this fact to improve the performance of passive control systems, or develop simple semi-active... 

    Prediction of Hydraulic Fracturing Technology in Naturally Fractured Rocks, by Considering Immiscible Two-phase Flow

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Ranjbaran, Mohammad (Author) ; Taghikhani, Vahid (Supervisor) ; Ayatollahi, Shahab (Supervisor) ; Shad, Saeed (Supervisor) ; Ranjbaran, Abdolrasul ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    To have a deeper understanding of Hydraulic fracturing operation, in this study four important parts in this field was developed and simulated. In the first part, continuity and momentum equations for a single phase flow in a propagating penny-shaped fracture inside an impermeable matrix was revisited based on a fixed coordinate system. Its correctness was validated against experimental data and its features were compared with the well-known lubrication theory in analytical form. The new derived continuity equation caused the fracture tip to have a positive and finite pressure while, the conventional model predicted negative infinity for that. In the second part, Finite Volume method was... 

    Neutronic and Thermal-Hydraulic Coupling in time domain and Feasibility Study of its Application in Accident Prediction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abbasi Fashami, Sajjad (Author) ; Vosoughi, Naser (Supervisor)
    Analysis of neutronic and thermal-hydraulics fluctuations has various applications in calculation or measurement of the core dynamical parameters (temperature reactivity coefficients) furthermore it is applicable in thermal-hydraulics surveillance and diagnostics. Experience of the Fukushima Dai-ichi plant and the lessons learned from the European stress tests, demonstrated that alternative and various tools and methods are needed for the reactor's condition identification. In this paper the feasibility of development of an alternative accident monitoring via eminent coupling of neutron and thermal-hydraulics noise is proposed. and it is programming a simple simulator for calculating... 

    Experimental Study the Treatment of Oily Wastewater by Thermophilic External Membrane Bioreactor(MBR)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Geramiraz, Farzaneh (Author) ; Kariminia, Hamidreza (Supervisor) ; Vosoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Hesampour, Mehrdad (Co-Advisor)
    The membrane bioreactor (MBR) as an alternative method for simultaneous biodegradation and separation of oily water has received more attention, recently. Normally the MBR works at ambient temperature; therefore, the yield of biodegradation recalcitrant components is low. Increasing temperature improves the efficiency of degradation and reduces the amount of produced sludge. In this study the performance of an aerobic thermophilic and mesophilic membrane bioreactor (MBR) for treating oily wastewater has been investigated. In batch conditions (without applying the membrane), a comparison between COD removal in mesophilic and thermophilic conditions was done. In thermophilic conditions COD and... 

    Investigation of Hydraulic Fracturing Effect on Production of Natural Reservoir Fractures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Fatehirad, Mansour (Author) ; Jamshidi, Saeeid (Supervisor) ; Pak, Ali (Co-Advisor)
    Hydraulic fracturing process as one of the most important ways to inhanse of production requires careful study and investigation and due to its importance has been studied for decades. The effect of this process on the production at oil and gas industry has many complexities and these complexities with the complex structure of natural gaps, would be multiplied. In this thesis effect of hydraulic fracturing operation on the production of natural fractures at naturaly fractured reservoirs from two aspects of hydraulic and geomechanics will be investigated. First we provide models for fractures network by using UDEC software after that investigate the effect of hydraulic farcture on the natural... 

    Laboratory Investigation of the Effects of Sodium Chloride Concentration on Soil Water Retention Curve and Volumetric behavior Using an Unsaturated Automatic Oedometer

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nasiri, Hamed (Author) ; Sadeghi, Hamed (Supervisor)
    Laboratory studies to investigate the effects of different saline concentrations (such as sodium chloride or calcium chloride) on the soil water retention behavior of clayey soils and their volumetric changes have received much attention recently. However, many previous studies have investigated these effects in only one path of the SWRC (wetting or drying path) and the effects of saline concentration on hydraulic hysteresis have not been considered. In addition, researchers have frequently studied these effects on SWRC on clay samples, and little research has been done on collapsible soils. Therefore, the most important purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of increasing... 

    Modeling of Hydraulic Fracture Propagation in Fractured Non-isothermal Saturated Porous Media with XFEM

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadi, Reza (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Investigation about Hydraulic Fracturing phenomenon in fractured porous medium which was occurred by in-situ fracture pressure upon the crack wings, owes the fact that creating enormous damages. However, it might include advantages such as increasing the rate of crude oil production from deep and high pressure/ high temperature reservoirs. On account of the fact that, existence of cracks and natural discontinuities and heat sources such as boundary of geo thermal reservoirs in porous mediums it is undeniable fact. Also, cross sectioning hydraulic fracturing cracks with natural cracks it is an obvious impact. Actually, investigation and analyzing the break throw of HF crack with natural... 

    Modeling of Hydraulic Fracture Propagation in Naturally Fractured Saturated Poruos Media Using the XFEM Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hirmand, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    Hydraulic fracture propagation occures in fractured saturated porous media due to fluid leakage from the crack faces and the consequent fluid pressure. In many cases, hydraulic fracturing may be considered as a detrimental phenomenon which endangers stability of human made structures like rock-fill dames. However, in recent decades the hydraulic fracturing has been an appealing method for increasing the production rate of low-permeability oil and gas reservoirs in petroleum industries.
    In order to efficiently assess the behavior of saturated madia one needs to consider the coupling between the solid and fluid phases of the medium. To do so, the coupled formulation refered to as u-p... 

    XFEM Modeling of Dynamic Cohesive Crack Propagation in Saturated Porous Media

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Babazadeh, Mohsen (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, a fully coupled numerical model is developed for the modeling of dynamic cohesive crack propagation and hydraulic fracture in saturated porous media using extended finite element method. Many engineering structures like concrete or soil dams and buildings foundation are built with porous materials like concrete, rock and soil. Behavior of these materials in which void among the solid particles are filled with one or more fluids are so complicated rather than single solid phase. Dynamic analysis of porous mediums containing a discontinuity has many applications in various civil engineering fields including structure, earthquake, hydraulic structures, etc. For instance... 

    Modeling and Design Analysis of an Aircraft Longitudinal Reversible Flight Control System and its Enhancement to Irreversible One

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ferdowsi, Mohammad (Author) ; Pourtakdoust, Hossien (Supervisor) ; Raeesi Charmkani, Kamran (Supervisor)
    Flight control system (FCS) design, analysis and modeling has an important role in aircraft design and development process. However, FCS analysis and studies are rarely focused at university levels and its know-how and technical issues are almost proprietary to various aircraft industries. One of the key goals of this thesis is to express, introduce and implement the processes that need to be followed for a sample longitudinal reversible FCS design (RFCS), where the modelling aspects are described for an existing aircraft. The latter is achieved using existing drawings, system and aerodynamic data of an existing aircraft utilizing commercial tools such as CATIA for initial design and ADAMS... 

    Modeling and Laboratory Evaluation of Rheological Properties of Water based Mud for Horizontal Extended Reach Well

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Latifi Shirdar, Babak (Author) ; Taghikhani, Vahid (Supervisor) ; Ghazanfari, Mohammad Hossein (Supervisor) ; Tahmasbi Nowtarki, Koroush (Co-Supervisor) ; Kalhor, Mojtaba (Co-Supervisor)
    One of the most important challenges in drilling horizontal and directional wells is the optimization of hydraulics and hole cleaning and ECD management. In these wells, poor hole cleaning can lead to formation of cutting bed on the low side of the annulus and cause problems such as stuck pipe or increase in torque and drag. Also poor hydraulic design can lead to decrease in rate of penetration and thus, increase in costs. Mud weight should be placed inside the range of mud window (more than pore pressure and less than formation fracture pressure) in order to prevent kick of reservoir fluid or mud loss.In this thesis, the main goal is to optimize hydraulics and hole cleaning and manage ECD... 

    Underbalanced Drilling Hydraulics Modeling and Optimization

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseini, Mehdi (Author) ; Jamshidi, Saeid (Supervisor) ; Pishvaie, Mahmoud Reza (Co-Advisor)
    Due to the underbalanced drilling advantages compared to the overbalanced drilling, this drilling method usage is on rise day to day. In this method, the well pressure has to be lower than formation pressure. To achieve this goal, we have to use light fluids such as air, foam, aerated mud, etc. Because of the compressible nature of these fluids, their hydraulics calculation is more complicated than overbalanced drilling fluids. Due to this complexity, a simulator which can predict and optimize the well conditions is very important in designing drilling schedule. In this thesis, by combination of different rheology and pressure drop equations for the foam, a simulator is developed to model... 

    Numerical Simulation of Hydraulic Fracturing in Porous Media Considering Two Phase Flow and Thermal Effects Using Mesh-less XEFG Method

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Iranmanesh, Mohammad Ali (Author) ; Pak, Ali (Supervisor)
    In this study, a fully coupled three-dimensional numerical analysis of two-phase fluid flow and heat transfer through deformable porous media is presented in the context of extended element free Galerkin method. By coupling momentum balance equation for the whole mixture, continuity equations of wetting and non-wetting fluid phases and energy balance equation, the developed numerical algorithm is capable of simulating a wide range of engineering problems such as CO2 sequestration, nuclear waste disposal in deep underground strata, hydraulic fracturing in oil and gas reservoirs and so on.By taking the advantages of partition of unity property of MLS shape functions, weak and strong... 

    Three-Dimensional Numerical Modeling of Oil Reservoir Stimulation by Hydraulic Fracturing Technique Using EFG Mesh-less Method and Considering Two-Phase Fluid Flow

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Samimi, Soodeh (Author) ; Pak, Ali (Supervisor)
    Hydraulic fracturing is a process during which a viscous fluid under relatively high pressure and flow rate is injected into a wellbore to induce and propagate a system of cracks in the ground.Hydraulic fracturing of underground formations has been widely used in different fields of
    engineering, such as petroleum engineering, geotechnical engineering, environmental engineering, mining engineering,and so on.Despite the technological advances in the techniques of in-situ hydraulic fracturing, the industry lacks a realistic and reliable numerical model to design cost - effective and efficient hydraulic fracturing treatment.This is due to the complex interaction and strong coupling between... 

    Numerical Modeling of Solid Transport in a Transparent Fracture

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shad, Ehsan (Author) ; Shad, Saeed (Supervisor) ; Zivar, Davood (Co-Supervisor)
    Hydraulic fracturing, as an industry-leading technology, has proven to be very efficient in increasing the productivity of oil and gas wells. Therefore, this technology has been taken into attention in recent years and the number of hydraulic fracturing operations has been increasing. In order to enhance the efficiency of this technology, the final transmissibility of the fracture needs to be at the maximum possible value. To do so, proppant injection is the most common way to maintain a fracture open. To achieve a successful hydraulic fracture operation, detailed knowledge of the particle's transport and distribution inside the fracture is needed.In this study, a static fracture geometry... 

    Dynamic Modeling of Cohesive Crack Propagation in Multiphase Porous Media Using the Extended Finite Element Method

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mohammadnejad, Toktam (Author) ; Khoei, Amir Reza (Supervisor)
    In this thesis, a fully coupled numerical model is developed for the modeling of the cohesive crack propagation and hydraulic fracturing in porous media using the extended finite element method in conjunction with the cohesive crack model. The governing equations, which account for the coupling between various physical phenomena, are derived within the framework of the generalized Biot theory. The solid phase displacement, the wetting phase pressure and the capillary pressure are taken as the primary variables of the three-phase formulation. The other variables are incorporated into the model via the experimentally determined functions that specify the relationship between the hydraulic... 

    Analysis and Design of Controller and User Interface of a 6DOF Stewart Platform-Based Hydraulic Motion Simulator for Heavy Payloads

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Alizadeh, Hadi (Author) ; Durali, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Motion simulators have been highly sought after by the growth of the aerospace industry. In the meantime, the Stewart mechanism, or the so-called Hexapads, is a robot that, in addition to being used in machining tools, is mainly used to simulate the flight. The Stewart-Gaph mechanism was created and introduced in 1954 and 1965, and since then dynamics and control have been widely addressed in the mechanical engineering literature. The robot is considering the project to test parts and equipment installed in marine vessels under sea movements and waves. Therefore, according to information obtained through relevant organs, the purpose of this project is to design and implement a hexapad...