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    کلیدواژه های تکراریCurcumin loading potentiates the neuroprotective efficacy of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles in cerebellum cells of schizophrenic rats

    , Article Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy ; Volume 108 , 2018 , Pages 1244-1252 ; 07533322 (ISSN) Naserzadeh, P ; Ashrafi Hafez, A ; Abdorahim, M ; Abdollahifar, M. A ; Shabani, R ; Peirovi, H ; Simchi, A ; Ashtari, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the neurotoxic effects of Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs on isolated schizophrenia mitochondria of rats as an in vivo model. Methods: We designed CMN loaded superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) (Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs) to achieve an enhanced therapeutic effect. The physicochemical properties of Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), and dynamic laser light scattering (DLS) and zeta potential. Further, to prove Fe3O4 magnetic- CurNPs results in superior therapeutic effects, and also, the mitochondrial membrane potential collapse, mitochondrial complex II activity, reactive oxygen species generation,... 

    You are what you eat: Sequence analysis reveals how plant microRNAs may regulate the human genome

    , Article Computers in Biology and Medicine ; Volume 106 , 2019 , Pages 106-113 ; 00104825 (ISSN) Kashani, B ; Hasani Bidgoli, M ; Motahari, S. A ; Sedaghat, N ; Modarressi, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Background: Nutrigenomic has revolutionized our understanding of nutrition. As plants make up a noticeable part of our diet, in the present study we chose microRNAs of edible plants and investigated if they can perfectly match human genes, indicating potential regulatory functionalities. Methods: miRNAs were obtained using the PNRD database. Edible plants were separated and microRNAs in common in at least four of them entered our analysis. Using vmatchPattern, these 64 miRNAs went through four steps of refinement to improve target prediction: Alignment with the whole genome (2581 results), filtered for those in gene regions (1371 results), filtered for exon regions (66 results) and finally... 

    Virotheranostics, a double-barreled viral gun pointed toward cancer; Ready to shoot?

    , Article Cancer Cell International ; Volume 20, Issue 1 , 2020 Keshavarz, M ; Sabbaghi, A ; Miri, S. M ; Rezaeyan, A ; Arjeini, Y ; Ghaemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    BioMed Central Ltd  2020
    Compared with conventional cancer treatments, the main advantage of oncolytic virotherapy is its tumor-selective replication followed by the destruction of malignant cells without damaging healthy cells. Accordingly, this kind of biological therapy can potentially be used as a promising approach in the field of cancer management. Given the failure of traditional monitoring strategies (such as immunohistochemical analysis (in providing sufficient safety and efficacy necessary for virotherapy and continual pharmacologic monitoring to track pharmacokinetics in real-time, the development of alternative strategies for ongoing monitoring of oncolytic treatment in a live animal model seems... 

    Use of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry combined with resolution methods to characterize the essential oil components of Iranian cumin and caraway

    , Article Journal of Chromatography A ; Volume 1143, Issue 1-2 , 2007 , Pages 215-226 ; 00219673 (ISSN) Jalali Heravi, M ; Zekavat, B ; Sereshti, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry combined with iterative and non-iterative resolution methods was used to characterize the essential oil components of Iranian cumin and caraway. Orthogonal projection resolution (OPR) as a non-iterative and distance-selection-multivariate curve resolution-alternative least squares (DS-MCR-ALS) as an iterative method were used as auxiliary means to the analysis in the case of overlapping peaks. A total of 19 and 39 components were identified by direct similarity searches for cumin and caraway oils, respectively. These numbers were extended to 49 and 98 components, respectively with the help of chemometric techniques. Major constituents in cumin are... 

    Upgrading activated sludge systems and reduction in excess sludge

    , Article Bioresource Technology ; Volume 102, Issue 22 , November , 2011 , Pages 10327-10333 ; 09608524 (ISSN) Hazrati, H ; Shayegan, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Most of 200 Activated Sludge Plant in Iran are overloaded and as a result, their efficiency is low. In this work, a pilot plant is manufactured and put into operation in one of the wastewater treatment plants in the west of Tehran. Instead of conventional activated sludge, a membrane bioreactor and an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor used as a pretreatment unit in this pilot. For the sake of data accuracy and precision, an enriched municipal wastewater was opted as an influent to the pilot. Based on the attained result, the optimum retention time in this system was 4. h, and the overall COD removal efficiency was 98%. As a whole, the application of this retrofit would increase the... 

    Type V collagen in scar tissue regulates the size of scar after heart injury

    , Article Cell ; Volume 182, Issue 3 , 2020 , Pages 545-562.e23 Yokota, T ; McCourt, J ; Ma, F ; Ren, S ; Li, S ; Kim, T. H ; Kurmangaliyev, Y. Z ; Nasiri, R ; Ahadian, S ; Nguyen, T ; Tan, X. H. M ; Zhou, Y ; Wu, R ; Rodriguez, A ; Cohn, W ; Wang, Y ; Whitelegge, J ; Ryazantsev, S ; Khademhosseini, A ; Teitell, M. A ; Chiou, P. Y ; Birk, D. E ; Rowat, A. C ; Crosbie, R. H ; Pellegrini, M ; Seldin, M ; Lusis, A. J ; Deb, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cell Press  2020
    Scar tissue size following myocardial infarction is an independent predictor of cardiovascular outcomes, yet little is known about factors regulating scar size. We demonstrate that collagen V, a minor constituent of heart scars, regulates the size of heart scars after ischemic injury. Depletion of collagen V led to a paradoxical increase in post-infarction scar size with worsening of heart function. A systems genetics approach across 100 in-bred strains of mice demonstrated that collagen V is a critical driver of postinjury heart function. We show that collagen V deficiency alters the mechanical properties of scar tissue, and altered reciprocal feedback between matrix and cells induces... 

    Two schemes for production of biosurfactant from Pseudomonas aeruginosa MR01: Applying residues from soybean oil industry and silica sol–gel immobilized cells

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces ; Volume 152 , 2017 , Pages 159-168 ; 09277765 (ISSN) Bagheri Lotfabad, T ; Ebadipour, N ; Roostaazad, R ; Partovi, M ; Bahmaei, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2017
    Rhamnolipids are the most common biosurfactants and P. aeruginosa strains are the most frequently studied microorganisms for the production of rhamnolipids. Eco-friendly advantages and promising applications of rhamnolipids in various industries are the major reasons for pursuing the economic production of these biosurfactants. This study shows that cultivation of P. aeruginosa MR01 in medium contained inexpensive soybean oil refinery wastes which exhibited similar levels and homologues of rhamnolipids. Mass spectrometry indicated that the Rha-C10-C10 and Rha-Rha-C10-C10 constitute the main rhamnolipids in different cultures of MR01 including one of oil carbon source analogues. Moreover,... 

    Two-compartment processing as a tool to boost recombinant protein production

    , Article Engineering in Life Sciences ; Vol. 14, issue. 2 , March , 2014 , p. 118-128 Jazini, M ; Herwig, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Pichia pastoris is used extensively as a production platform for many recombinant proteins. The dissolved oxygen (DO) is one of the most important factors influencing protein production. The influence of the DO on productivity has not been studied independent from the feed rate. In this work, various DO levels were investigated independent from the feed rate. The model system was recombinant P. pastoris under the control of methanol-induced alcohol oxidase promoter, which expressed HRP as the target protein. No significant effect was observed in terms of titer and specific productivity, which is a confirmation of the fact that the DO in a one-compartment system cannot boost productivity for... 

    Tissue growth into three-dimensional composite scaffolds with controlled micro-features and nanotopographical surfaces

    , Article Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A ; Volume 101, Issue 10 , 2013 , Pages 2796-2807 ; 15493296 (ISSN) Tamjid, E ; Simchi, A ; Dunlop, J. W. C ; Fratzl, P ; Bagheri, R ; Vossoughi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Controlling topographic features at all length scales is of great importance for the interaction of cells with tissue regenerative materials. We utilized an indirect three-dimensional printing method to fabricate polymeric scaffolds with pre-defined and controlled external and internal architecture that had an interconnected structure with macro- (400-500 μm) and micro- (∼25 μm) porosity. Polycaprolactone (PCL) was used as model system to study the kinetics of tissue growth within porous scaffolds. The surface of the scaffolds was decorated with TiO2 and bioactive glass (BG) nanoparticles to the better match to nanoarchitecture of extracellular matrix (ECM). Micrometric BG particles were... 

    Three-dimensional simulation of urine concentrating mechanism in a functional unit of rat outer medulla. I. Model structure and base case results

    , Article Mathematical Biosciences ; Vol. 258 , 2014 , pp. 44-56 ; ISSN: 00255564 Sohrabi, S ; Saidi, M. S ; Saadatmand, M ; Banazadeh, M. H ; Firoozabadi, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    The urine formation and excretion system have long been of interest for mathematicians and physiologists to elucidate the obscurities within the process happens in renal tissue. In this study, a novel three-dimensional approach is utilized for modeling the urine concentrating mechanism in rat renal outer medulla which is essentially focused on demonstrating the significance of tubule's architecture revealed in anatomic studies and physiological literature. Since nephrons and vasculatures work interdependently through a highly structured arrangement in outer medulla which is dominated by vascular bundles, a detailed functional unit is proposed based on this specific configuration.... 

    The synergic effects of anionic and cationic chemical surfactants, and bacterial solution on wettability alteration of carbonate rock: an experimental investigation

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects ; Volume 513 , 2017 , Pages 422-429 ; 09277757 (ISSN) Hajibagheri, F ; Lashkarbolooki, M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Hashemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Changing the wettability of reservoir rock towards strongly water-wet state is effective way to enhance oil recovery from fractured carbonate reservoirs which are typically oil-wet. Regarding this fact, the injection of surfactant and the bacterial solution as EOR agents is proposed in the current work as a potential method to alter the wettability of rock surface reservoir. Nevertheless, there is a definite lack of experimental data regarding this method and the synergistic effect of both chemical and bacterial solutions on this process. In this study, the sole and combined effects of the bacterial solution using an Enterobacter cloacae strain as a biosurfactant-producer are compared with... 

    The role of hippo signaling pathway in physiological cardiac hypertrophy

    , Article BioImpacts ; Volume 10, Issue 4 , 2020 , Pages 251-257 Gholipour, M ; Tabrizi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Tabriz University of Medical Sciences  2020
    Introduction: The role of Hippo signaling pathway, which was identified by genetic studies as a key regulator for tissue growth and organ size, in promoting physiological cardiac hypertrophy has not been investigated. Methods: Fourteen male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to the exercise and control groups. The exercise group ran 1 hour per day, 5 days/week, at about 65%-75% VO2max on the motor-driven treadmill with 15ºslope, and the control group ran 15 min/d, 2 days/ week at 9 m/min (0ºinclination), throughout the eight-week experimental period. Forty-eight hours after the last session, hearts were dissected and left ventricles were weighed and stored for subsequent RT-PCR analysis.... 

    The role of co-solvents in improving the direct transesterification of wet microalgal biomass under supercritical condition

    , Article Bioresource Technology ; Volume 193 , October , 2015 , Pages 90-96 ; 09608524 (ISSN) Abedini Najafabadi, H ; Vossoughi, M ; Pazuki, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    In this research, direct conversion of wet algal biomass into biodiesel using supercritical methanol was studied. In this process, microalgal lipids simultaneously was extracted and converted to biodiesel under high pressure and temperature conditions without using any catalyst. Several experiments have been performed to optimize the methanol amount and it has been revealed that the best performance was achieved by using methanol/wet biomass ratio of 8:1. The effect of using various co-solvents in increasing the efficiency of the supercritical process was investigated. It has been shown that hexane was the most effective co-solvent and its optimal ratio respect to wet biomass was 6:1. The... 

    Thermochemical growth of Mn-doped CdS nanoparticles and study of luminescence evolution

    , Article Nanotechnology ; Volume 19, Issue 22 , 2008 ; 09574484 (ISSN) Marandi, M ; Taghavinia, N ; Sedaghat, Z ; Iraji Zad, A ; Mahdavi, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    We report a new method of growing Mn-doped CdS (CdS:Mn) nanoparticles in an aqueous solution at boiling temperature. The idea is to use precursors that react only at high temperature, in order to gain crystalline luminescent nanoparticles. CdSO4, Mn(NO3)2 and Na 2S2O3 were used as the precursors, and thioglycerol was employed as the capping agent and also the reaction catalyst. Na2S2O3 is thermally sensitive and it releases S2- ions upon heating. The CdS:Mn nanoparticles obtained are about 4 nm in size and show both cubic and hexagonal crystalline phases with a ratio of 35% to 65%. The luminescence of nanoparticles contains a peak at 580 nm, which is related to Mn2+ ions. Prolonged reaction... 

    The olfactory bulb modulates entorhinal cortex oscillations during spatial working memory

    , Article Journal of Physiological Sciences ; Volume 71, Issue 1 , 2021 ; 18806546 (ISSN) Salimi, M ; Tabasi, F ; Nazari, M ; Ghazvineh, S ; Salimi, A ; Jamaati, H ; Raoufy, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    BioMed Central Ltd  2021
    Cognitive functions such as working memory require integrated activity among different brain regions. Notably, entorhinal cortex (EC) activity is associated with the successful working memory task. Olfactory bulb (OB) oscillations are known as rhythms that modulate rhythmic activity in widespread brain regions during cognitive tasks. Since the OB is structurally connected to the EC, we hypothesized that OB could modulate EC activity during working memory performance. Herein, we explored OB–EC functional connectivity during spatial working memory performance by simultaneous recording local field potentials when rats performed a Y-maze task. Our results showed that the coherence of delta,... 

    The influence of temperature alterations on eccentric contraction-induced isometric force and desmin loss in ratmedial gastrocnemius muscle

    , Article Journal of Medical Sciences ; Volume 8, Issue 2 , 2008 , Pages 162-169 ; 16824474 (ISSN) Vasaghi Gharamaleki, B ; Keshavarz, M ; Gharibzadeh, S ; Sotodeh, M ; Marvi, H ; Mosayebnejad, J ; Ebrahimi Takamjani, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study isolated perfused rat muscle was used to examine the direct effect of temperature changes on the eccentric contraction-induced force and desmin loss. The left medial gastrocnemius muscle was separated and the entire lower limb was transferred into a prewarmed (35°C) organ bath. Temperature was adjusted to 31 or 39°C before and during eccentric contractions. Maximal isometric force and desmin loss were measured after 15 isometric or eccentric contractions. According to our data, organ bath temperature changes before or during eccentric contractions had no significant effect on force loss. However, a strong correlation between desmin loss and temperature changes before (r = 0.93,... 

    The immunomodulatory effects of probiotics on respiratory viral infections: A hint for COVID-19 treatment?

    , Article Microbial Pathogenesis ; Volume 148 , November , 2020 Mahooti, M ; Miri, S. M ; Abdolalipour, E ; Ghaemi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press  2020
    Respiratory virus infections are among the most prevalent diseases in humans and contribute to morbidity and mortality in all age groups. Moreover, since they can evolve fast and cross the species barrier, some of these viruses, such as influenza A and coronaviruses, have sometimes caused epidemics or pandemics and were associated with more serious clinical diseases and even mortality. The recently identified Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a Public Health Emergency of International concern and has been associated with rapidly progressive pneumonia. To ensure protection against emerging respiratory tract... 

    The field effect transistor DNA biosensor based on ITO nanowires in label-free hepatitis B virus detecting compatible with CMOS technology

    , Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 105 , 15 May , 2018 , Pages 58-64 ; 09565663 (ISSN) Shariati, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    In this paper the field-effect transistor DNA biosensor for detecting hepatitis B virus (HBV) based on indium tin oxide nanowires (ITO NWs) in label free approach has been fabricated. Because of ITO nanowires intensive conductance and functional modified surface, the probe immobilization and target hybridization were increased strongly. The high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) measurement showed that ITO nanowires were crystalline and less than 50 nm in diameter. The single-stranded hepatitis B virus DNA (SS-DNA) was immobilized as probe on the Au-modified nanowires. The DNA targets were measured in a linear concentration range from 1fM to 10 µM. The detection limit of... 

    The effects of Fe(II) and Fe(III) concentration and initial pH on microbial leaching of low-grade sphalerite ore in a column reactor

    , Article Bioresource Technology ; Volume 99, Issue 8 , 2008 , Pages 2840-2845 ; 09608524 (ISSN) Mousavi, S. M ; Yaghmaei, S ; Vossoughi, M ; Roostaazad, R ; Jafari, A ; Ebrahimi, M ; Chabok, O. H ; Turunen, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study the effects of initial concentration of Fe(II) and Fe(III) ions as well as initial pH on the bioleaching of a low-grade sphalerite ore in a leaching column over a period of 120 days with and without bacteria were investigated. Four different modifications of medium were used as column feed solutions to investigate the effects of initial concentration of Fe(II) and Fe(III) ions on zinc extraction. The experiments were carried out using a bench-scale, column leaching reactor, which was inoculated with mesophilic iron oxidizing bacteria, Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, initially isolated from the Sarcheshmeh chalcopyrite concentrate (Kerman, Iran). The effluent solutions were... 

    The effect of temperature on eccentric contraction-induced isometric force loss in isolated perfused rat medial gastrocnemius muscle

    , Article Tehran University Medical Journal ; Volume 66, Issue 6 , 2008 , Pages 388-395 ; 16831764 (ISSN) Vasaghi Gharamaleki, B ; Keshavarz, M ; Gharibzadeh, S ; Marvi, H ; Mosayebnejad, J ; Ebrahimi Takamjani, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Tehran University of Medical Sciences  2008
    Background: The typical features of eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage are delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and prolonged loss of muscle strength. It has been shown that passive warmth is effective in reducing muscle injury. Due to the interaction of different systems in vivo, we used isolated perfused medial gastrocnemius skeletal muscle to study the direct effect of temperature on the eccentric contraction-induced force loss. Methods: After femoral artery cannulation of a rat, the left medial gastrocnemius muscle was separated and then the entire lower limb was transferred into a prewarmed (35oC) chamber. With the chamber temperature at 31, 35 and 39oC before and during eccentric...