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    Characterization of Mechanical Properties of Polymer Nanocomposites with Spherical Inhomogeneities

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Goudarzi, Taha (Author) ; Naghdabadi, Reza (Supervisor) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The improved properties of nanocomposites are not achievable with conventional composites. Scale effect is one the most important parameters in the physical and mechanical properties of polymeric nanocomposites. One of the physical phenomena, which can be related to the scale effect, is the very large interface between the nanoparticles and the polymeric matrices. Motional behavior and conformation of polymeric chains change near the nanoparticles surfaces. Due to high interface of the nanoparticles with the polymeric matrices the amount of these types of changes in the polymeric chains are so large that can change the physical and mechanical properties of polymeric nanocomposites. In this... 

    Nanocarbon-based Nanocatalyst Design & Synthesis for Hydrogen Sulfide Removal from Gas Feed

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kamali, Farnoush (Author) ; Baghalha, Morteza (Supervisor) ; Eskandari, Mohammad Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    well known metal-free nanostructure carbon-based catalyst, mesoporous graphitic carbon nitride, with diverse morphologies were synthesized by using ethylendiamine/carbontetrachloride as a precursor, SBA-15 and SBA-15 nanorod as hard templates. We have investigated morphology effect on the catalytic performance. The catalysts were characterized by means of low angle and wide angle XRD, BET, FT-IR, CHNOS, FE-SEM analysis. Because of high surface area, pore volume and high nitrogen content, which acts as lewis basic site, for the first time, carbon nitride is chosen for selective catalytic oxidation of hydrogen sulfide to sulfure. Reaction was taken place in a fixed-bed reactor and at... 

    Immobilization of Pd Nanoparticles on Functionalized SBA-15 and a Robust Mesoporous Catalyst for Reduction and Oxidation Reactions and Synthesis of Tetrasubstituted Pyrroles Via Multicomponent Reactions

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kalvani, Pedram (Author) ; Matloubi Moghaddam, Firouz (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In first part Mesoporous silica (SBA-15) was synthesized by template synthesis method and the surface of SBA-15 was functionalized with 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane and 5-Phenyl-1H-tetrazole. Palladium nanoparticles were immobilized on the aforementioned mesoporous support. Characterization of catalyst regarding to its structure, morphology and other parameters was investigated by physiochemical analysis such as XRD, SEM, TEM, and TGA. This heterogeneous catalyst has high capability in reduction of nitrobenzenes and selective oxidation of primary alcohols which respectively gain aminoarenes and benzaldehydes in high yields. Reduction and oxidation reactions are done in water as a green... 

    Design of Methods for Synthesis and Immobilization of Nitrogen Ligands Such as Pyridine onto the Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles and Design of Pharmaceutical Structures Based on Amino Acids and Carbohydrates to Inhibit Polymerase Η for the Treatment of Leukemia and their Applications In Resins and Ionic Liquids

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Kalhor, Sepideh (Author) ; Matloubi Moghaddam, Firouz (Supervisor) ; Fattahi, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    1- Mesoporous silica materials have been found to possess pore sizes ranging from 2 -10 nm alongside 2D-hexagonal and 3D-cubic structural features. The specific properties of nanoparticles of the mesoporous silica family, such as the collected size, porosity, morphology, and high chemical stability, make them among the best drug delivery systems and catalysts. Designing the catalysts with advanced structures that effectively locate the transition metals and create active centres onto the surfaces of mesoporous silica materials has attracted extraordinary attention. According to many studies, mesoporous silica materials without organic functional groups cannot be used as catalysts in chemical... 

    The Study of Function of Lipase Biocatalyst Immobilized on Silica Nanoparticles Used for Biodiesel Production

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kalantari, Mohammad (Author) ; Kazemini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Arpanaei, Ayyoob (Supervisor) ; Tabandeh, Fatemeh (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Superparamagnetic core/shell nonporous (S1) and core/shell/shell mesoporous (S2 and S3) nanocomposite magnetite/silica particles with a magnetite cluster core of 130±30 nm, a nonporous silica shell of 90±10 nm thickness, and a mesoporous silica shell of 70±15 nm thickness were prepared thorough a simple method. Mesoporous particles were prepared with two BJH pore sizes (2.44 for S2 and 3.76 nm for S3 particles, respectively). The fabricated S1, S2 and S3 particles present high saturation magnetization values of 20, 13 and 17 emu/g, respectively. As a biological application, the lipase from Pseudomonas cepacia was successfully immobilized onto the amino-functionalized nanocomposite particles... 

    Development of Polymerization Method to Produce Spherical Polymer Particles with Nanoscale Porosity in Packed Beds

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimi, Mehdi (Author) ; Shojaei, Akbar (Supervisor) ; Abd Khodaei, Mohammad Jafar (Supervisor) ; Nematollah Zadeh, Ali (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Porous polymeric particles have the extensive application in various sciences and various methods have been introduced for production of these particles. Depending on method of production, porous polymeric beads can be produced in diverse shapes, pore size, pores interconectivity, surface morphology and chemical properties. In common methods for production of porous polymeric particles, tuning the size and porosity is difficult or even impossible. Porous polymeric beads with the vast surface area and good functionality have been applied for adsorption of various materials. The purpose of this study is therefore to investigate a new procedure for the production of porous polymeric... 

    Synthesis of Cationic Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles as a Carrier for the Deliveryof Nucleic Acids

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kermanshah, Leyla (Author) ; Vosoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Arpanaei, Ayyoob (Supervisor) ; Javadi, Hamid Reza (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNP) have attracted lots of attentions because of their particular characteristics. Physical characteristics such as structure, morphology, porosity, and size of these nanoparticles have strong impact on their function and it can be conceived a wide range of applications for them by manipulating these characteristics. In this research, monodispersed MSNPs with a controllable size in the range of 50-130 nm and pore size in the range of 4-24 nm were synthesized and positively functionalized in order to develop a carrier for the delivery of nucleic acids (siRNA and pDNA). The MSNPs were synthesized by the template removing method.In this method, sodium... 

    Synthesis of Silica Nanoparticles Modified with Alumina and Its Performance in Compressive Strength of Concrete

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karbalaee, Omid (Author) ; Sajadi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Ghanbari, Bahram (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Silica nanoparticles is one of the most important mineral particles. In this study, Sodium silicate, Sulfuric acid and Sodium aluminate is used in order to synthesis of the modified Silica nanoparticles. The effects of temperature, reaction time and the molar ratio of regents were tested and optimized. Synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by use of XRD, FT-IR and SEM techniques. The results show that by controlling the reaction conditions, nanoparticles with an average size of 26.2 nm is obtained. The increase of temperature and reaction time alters the structure of the particles of amorphous state to a crystalline needles. The particle surface modification process was performed by... 

    Oxidative Deprotection of Trimethylsilyl Ethers and Coupling of Thiols to Disulfides by Cr (VI) and Fe (III) Heterogeneous Nanocatalysts

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kakeshpour, Tayeb (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Rajabi, Fateme (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Considering the advantages of heterogeneous catalysts for the easy work up procedure, being eco-friendly, and the reusability, herein, two projects are carried out by metal-supported SBA-15 catalysts. The first one is the oxidative deprotection of trimethylsilyl ethers catalyzed Cr (VI) in the presence of TBHP as oxidant. In this project, trimethylsylil ethers are oxidized in good to high yields. The second project is the oxidative coupling of thiols to disulfides catalyzed by Fe (III) in the presence of hydrogenperoxide. This catalyst/oxidant system convets different aromatic thiols to corresponding disulfides efficiently  

    Imprinting Technology in Tumor Marker Detection

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kazemi Ahmadabadi, Roya (Author) ; Abdekhodaie, Mohammad Jafar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Tumor markers are substances that are naturally found in blood and other fluids in body, but in abnormal conditions such as cancer and metastasis, their level increase. The aim of researching about tumor markers is to find a way for discovering cancer only with a blood test and replace with the current methods such as ELISA, and any type of cancer can be detected by these tests. In this study, molecular imprinted polymers were synthesized with biomolecules. To do that, silica microparticles were used as solid base and after functionalizing their surface, a thin film of polymer was synthesized on them. To optimize the components concentrations and the polymer thickness on the silica surface,... 

    Investigation on Wettability Alteration of Reservoir Rocks by Functionalized Silica Nanoparticles using Molecular Dynamics Simulations

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sepehrinia, Kazem (Author) ; Mohammadi, Aliasghar (Supervisor) ; Seyfkordi, Aliakbar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The properties of 3 nm-diameter fluorinated silica nanoparticles with different coverage percent of CF3 groups as water and oil repellents were investigated at the water-rock and decane-rock interface using molecular dynamics simulation. Simulating a pore of rock in presence of water and decane molecules separately, resulted in liquid bridging for both of liquids. The density profiles of liquids in the pore clearly show several highly ordered layers packing of the molecules close to the rock surface. Distribution of liquid molecules around the nanoparticles is much influenced with increasing CF3 groups on the nanoparticle surface. Results show that adsorption of functionalized silica... 

    Fabrication of Superhydrophobic Surfaces to Decrease Pressure Drop through the Galvanized Pipe and Study about Feasibility of the Fabricated Surface to Use for Non-newtonian Fluid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Pakzad, Hossein (Author) ; Mousavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Nouri boroojerdi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowdays, one of the most important concerns for scientists is increasing CO2 emmisions and global warming. To overcome this problem, a large number of studies have been carried out to improve energy system performance and reducing the overall energy consumption. One solution to this problem is using the superhydrophobic surfaces with contact angle larger than 150°.In this study, we try to reduce the pressure drop through the galvanized pipes. So, by reducing the pressure drop, power required for pumps can be reduced. To this end, two different coatings by silica nano-particles which were modified with first hydrophobic agent are used. In first coating which is named as PS coating, stearic... 

    Experimental Investigation of Improvement of Stability and Performance of Foam Using Nano-particles to Enhance Oil Recovery

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Veyskarami, Maziar (Author) ; Ghazanfari, Mohammad Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Using foam for reducing undesirable effects of fingering and gravity segregation in enhanced oil recovery through gas injection has attracted a rapidly increasing interest in recent years. Lack of stability of foam often limits its application. However there is a lack of systematic study of effects of unmodified and in-situ modified silica nano-particle on foam stability and foam behavior in the presence and absence of oil and also polymer effects from the prospective of analysis of foam dynamic stability, size of foam bubbles, and foam flow behavior in Hele – Shaw cell. Main objectives of this study are mechanistic investigation of effects of polymer – surfactant systems and in-situ... 

    Targeted Delivery of Curcumin by Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticle Coated with Liposome

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hedayati, Mohammad Hassan (Author) ; Abdekhodaie, Mohammad Jafar (Supervisor) ; Akbari, Hamid (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Several studies based on anti- cancer, anti- metastatic and anti- tumor effects of curcumin have been reported . Besides these benefits, the therapeutic efficacy of curcumin is limited due to its poor aqueous solubility, extensive first-pass metabolism, inadequate tissue absorption and degradation at alkaline pH, which severely diminishes its bioavailability. In this project we seek to solve some of the problems with nanoscience to work more effectively. In the past decade, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) have found widespread application as controlled drug delivery systems. Recent reports on the design of capped and gated MSN-based systems have shown promise in preventing premature... 

    Pore-Scale Investigation of the Effect of Fracture and Mineralogy on Formation Damage Caused by Drilling Fluid

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nikbin, Hadi (Author) ; Mahani, Hassan (Supervisor) ; Masihi, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Formation damage in petroleum engineering is an important and fundamental phenomenon. During drilling operation, penetration of either the solid phase of drilling fluid or the base-fluid into the porous medium, reduces the permeability of the formation. While most experiments in the literature have focused on core-scale and beyond, there is lack of pore-scale studies. Moreover, presence of fractures has an undeniable effect on the extent of formation damage. Thus, the main objective of this dissertation is to investigate the effects of fractures on the severity of formation damage caused by the water-based drilling fluid and the mechanisms of formation damage at the pore scale, using glass... 

    Recycling of Silica from Spent Lead-Acid Battery Separators and Reusing in FSPCM for Thermal Energy Storage

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nemati, Shervin (Author) ; Pircheraghi, Gholamreza (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    To reduce material consumption needed in production as well as avoiding thousands of tons of contaminations produced by spent materials in the battery industry, recycling was taken into consideration. In this study silica was recycled from spent lead-acid battery separators by the pyrolysis process. silica along with high-density polyethylene (HDPE), can be used as supporting material for fabricating form-stable phase change materials (FSPCM). FSPCMs are of great ability to be used as thermal energy storage (TES) in different parts of a building e. g. wallboards to reduce energy consumption. In this line, an eutectic mixture of lauric acid, palmitic acid and paraffin with the melting point... 

    A Study on the Simultaneous Effects of the Nanosilica, Microsilica and the Water-cement Ratio on the Compressive Strength of Concrete

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nazari Kolahjoub, Hassan (Author) ; Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, concrete is considered as one of the most important and useful engineering construction materials. Different concrete with diverse characteristics are used in various designs every day. One of the main considered parameters in concrete usage is its compressive strength. So far, many additives are used to increase the compressive strength of concrete most important of which are Nano-Silica and Micro-Silica. In addition, some of concrete characteristics such as water-to-cement ratio have significant effects on the concrete strength. Many experiments and investigations are conducted so far to study the effects of each of mentioned factors separately on the concrete strength. However... 

    Preparation of Magnetically Recyclable Silica Supported Oxovanadium Nanocatalyst and its Application in the Oxidation of Sulfides

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Navi, Hossein (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Current study reports a state-of-the-art approach for synthesis of nanocatalyst based on Oxo-vanadium Schiff base complex which itself is, covalently, immobilized on core-shell magnetic nanoparticles of silica-modified magnetite (Fe3O4@SiO2) and the substantial potential it offers as heterogeneous catalyst in selective oxidation of sulfides.Synthesized materials and complexes in this project were characterized by means of modern spectral devices such as FT-IR, XRD and SEM.Unlike routine process of the preparation of heterogeneous catalysts that requires further modification of the core-shell nanoparticles with capping agents, here we have been capable of cutting some time-consuming steps... 

    Investigation of Formation Damage with Oil-Based Mud (Invert Emulsion) Using Microfluidic Method

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Madanchi, Parham (Author) ; Mahani, Hassan (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Formation damage is one of the most important challneges in hydrocarbon production; drilling mud invasion is one of its common types. This damage is caused by the penetration of the drilling fluid into the porous media, which its filtrate and solid pareticles block the pores and cause permeability reduction. The main purpose of this thesis is to investigate the pore-scale mechanisms of the formation damage induced by invert-emulsion drilling fluid and to investigate the effect of adding nanoparticles to the drilling fluid on the severity of the damage using microfluidic technique. According to the latest published articles, there has not been any research conducted at the pore-scale with... 

    Design of Drug Nanocarriers Based on Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles Coated with Smart Polymers

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mazaheri Tehrani, Zahra (Author) ; Pourjavadi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles have broad application in drud delivery systems due to their porous structure, functionalization, biocompatibility, high surface area and pore volume. Neverthless, pure mesoporous silica nanoparticles without functionality were not smart material and could not release drug in triggered and controlled manner. For this reason, using smart polymeric coating would be considered. Polymer shells also provide colloidal stability, improved blood circulation lifetime and reduced toxicity which are crucial for efficient in vivo drug delivery. Inflammatory and tumor tissue have low pH and high temperature as compared to health tissue. Therefore, using pH and...