Search for: silica
Total 422 records
Investigation on Effects of Nanoparticles Presence on Hydrate Formation Characterization During Drilling, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Mohammadi, Ali Asghar ; Zarenezhad, Bahman ; Ramazani, Ahmad
In past two decades, the direction of oil and gas exploration has moved towards deep water drilling. The pressure and temperature in these zones are ideal for gas hydrate formation that can cause serious and sometimes uncontrollable issues during drilling operations. Gas hydrate formation while drilling can cause problems such as occurrence of kick and blowout, plug chock and kill line, and change in rheology of drilling mud. On the other hand, nowadays, nanotechnology has created an evolution in engineering sciences and because of the wide range of this science, drilling industry is affected like other industries. In the meantime, because of high yield, high stability and various methods of...
Electrophoretic Deposition of Ni/SiO2 Nanocomposite Coating: Fabrication Process and Tribological and Corrosion Properties, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Ghorbani, Mohammad
Ni/SiO2 nanoparticle composite coatings were prepared by electrophoretic deposition (EPD) and their hardness, wear and corrosion resistance were examined. Additionally, the morphology of the coatings was observed. In the first phase, the feasibility of coating with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) as well as X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Energy Dispersive Spectra (EDS) techniques was evaluated. After finding the effect of concentration of nanoparticles on coating characteristics and the results of using SEM, optimum conditions for uniform coating, acceptable adhesion at 20V and concentrations of 10 g/L for Ni, 1.2 g/L for SiO2, and choosing NiCl2 as additive with a concentration of 0.2 g/L...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Khaloo, Alireza
The research shows that the compressive strength of concrete reduced by replacing crumb rubber in concrete mix design compared to normal concrete mix design. However, there have been a couple of utilizations investigated to date for the structural utilization of these materials. Crumb rubber is usually provided from recycled rubber from automotive and truck scrap tires. During the recycling process steel and triviality are removed, leaving tire rubber with a granulose cohesiveness. The additional crumb-rubber aggregate has a significant effect on concrete mix porosity which affects both the plastic state workability and hardened state mechanical properties. This research depicts an...
Experimental Investigation of Mechanical Behavior of Structural Concrete with Combination of Waste Glass and Silica Fume, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Khaloo, Ali Reza
Concrete is the second most structural material in the world. So attention and promotion of the concrete mix design with respect to variable issues and requirements, is very important. On the other hand, these days environment and its pollution has become very popular discussion. Waste-glass which is produced by human products is one of the environmental pollutants. In this thesis it replaces some aggregate in concrete and it can reduce the level of this material in the world. Also we study effects of silica-fume as cement replacement and properties enhancer in our concrete mix design and see how it can ...
3D Bioprinting of Amniotic Membrane-Based Nanocomposite for Tissue Engineering Applications: Evaluation of Rheological, Mechanical and Biological Properties, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Simchi, Abdolreza ; Tamjid, Elnaz ; Niknejad, Hassan
3D bioprinting is an additive manufacturing method that facilitates the deposition of the desired cells and biomaterials at any pre-defined location. This technique also enables control over the internal structure and external dimensions of printed constructs. Among various biomaterials used as bioinks, the bioinks derived from decellularized extracellular matrixes (dECMs) have attracted significant attention due to their bioactivity and being a rich source of biochemical cues. Here in this study, the decellularized amnion membrane (dAM) has been selected as the main component of the bioink formulation because of its biocompatibility, low immunogenicity, antibacterial property, abundance,...
studying the Effect of Adding Nanoparticles in Polymer/salt Aqueous Two Phase Systems for Separating of Alpha-amylase Enzyme
Sharif University of Technology
The effects of adding nanoparticles in partitioning of α-amylase in polymer/salt aqueous two phase system (ATPS) was studied in this research. First the binodal curves of magnesium sulfate salt with PEGs 2000,3000,4000,6000 and 10000 at 23 ° C has been plotted and the suitable system which was PEG 6000/ magnesium sulfate has been selected for studying the partitioning of enzyme. Thereupon the partition coefficient of α-amylase was measured and then effect of adding silica and graphene oxide nanoparticles was investigated. It was observed that nanoparticles caused a dramatic increase in partition coefficient and yield recovery (of top phase). For further investigation the partitioning of...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Samadfam, Mohammad ; Sepehrian, Hamid
In this research, a review on fluoride adsorption revealed that the modification of the adsorber surface with ions like Ca2+ results in great enhancement of the fluoride adsorption. It seems that the enhancement in fluoride adsorption by the modified adsorber, is mainly due to the selective chemical binding of the fluoride ion with the surface-bound ion (Ca2+), regardless of the base material itself. In order to confirm this hypothesis, two different adsorber materials namely, γ-alumina (a material, conventionally used for fluoride removal from water and wastewater) and Micro-silica (a mineral with small adsorption capacity for fluoride) were selected for further study. It was found that the...
Synthesis of Copper Oxide Nano Particles by Supercritical Hydrothermal Method and Study on Their Adsorption Properties for uptake of Elemental Iodine and Radioactive Ions, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Otukesh, Mohammad ; Ahmadi, Javad ; Samadfam, Mohammad
I-131 isotope is one of the most significant radio medicines for treatments of the thyroid cancer and nuclear tomography of thyroid. As for purification of this radioisotope several methods have been developed among which adsorption-desorption on metallic copper is the most promising. The current study is aimed at elaboration of the kinetics behavior of the different types of metallic copper for adsorption of iodine vapor. The used copper samples included plain and silica-supported Cu nanoparticles as well as micronized copper. The silica-supported Cu nanoparticles were prepared by impregnation of highly porous silica (≈500 m2/g) in Cu(NO3)2 solution, heating of the solution to above...
A Study on the Simultaneous Effects of the Nanosilica, Microsilica and the Water-cement Ratio on the Compressive Strength of Concrete, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi
Nowadays, concrete is considered as one of the most important and useful engineering construction materials. Different concrete with diverse characteristics are used in various designs every day. One of the main considered parameters in concrete usage is its compressive strength. So far, many additives are used to increase the compressive strength of concrete most important of which are Nano-Silica and Micro-Silica. In addition, some of concrete characteristics such as water-to-cement ratio have significant effects on the concrete strength. Many experiments and investigations are conducted so far to study the effects of each of mentioned factors separately on the concrete strength. However...
Fabrication of Superhydrophobic Coating to Reduce Drag force with Anti-Corrosion and Anti-biofouling Properties, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Mousavi, Ali
Growth of the fuel consumption in the world and the greenhouse effect of its pollution get industrial managers and environmental activities attention. Skin drag force has a significant role in energy uses. The drag reduction property of superhydrophobic surfaces shows a new approach for investigators to reduce energy uses. Surface with 150° contact angle called superhydrophobic surface.In this project, a superhydrophobic coating is developed based on acrylic hydroxyl resin by silica nanoparticles. This coating can be sprayed on any surface. Using the Iron oxid particles and silica nanoparticles together produces hierarchical micro-nano structures. This coating has a 160.1° contact angle on...
Fabrication of Superhydrophobic Surfaces to Decrease Pressure Drop through the Galvanized Pipe and Study about Feasibility of the Fabricated Surface to Use for Non-newtonian Fluid, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Mousavi, Ali ; Nouri boroojerdi, Ali
Nowdays, one of the most important concerns for scientists is increasing CO2 emmisions and global warming. To overcome this problem, a large number of studies have been carried out to improve energy system performance and reducing the overall energy consumption. One solution to this problem is using the superhydrophobic surfaces with contact angle larger than 150°.In this study, we try to reduce the pressure drop through the galvanized pipes. So, by reducing the pressure drop, power required for pumps can be reduced. To this end, two different coatings by silica nano-particles which were modified with first hydrophobic agent are used. In first coating which is named as PS coating, stearic...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Mousavi, Ali ; Asghari, Mohsen
This thesis is a research corresponding to Super-Hydrophobic condensation substrates with Nanometer texture. In this study, the foresaid surfaces are fabricated by two methods that are Nano-composite paint and Electrophoretic coating. As a summary for the first method (the Super-Hydrophobic Nano-composite paint), the hybrid coating contains two mineral and organic phases; The organic phase is a two-part clear-coat polyurethane and plays the role as a polymer matrix in Nano-composite structure. Silica Nano-particles are the mineral phase and the two phases of Nano-composite have made connection with silane compounds. Also, surface-modification in Nano-particles for giving hydrophobicity...
Experimental Studies and Finite Element Analysis of Polymer Nanocomposites Reinforced with Graphene Sheets under Impact Loading, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Naghdabadi, Reza ; Sohrabpour, Saeed
In the experimental approach, graphene and Graphene Oxide (GO) were synthesized through a chemical method. In order to study the quality of GO, characterization tests were performed. Then, reinforced polymer with GO and graphene was made. Moreover, tension, compression and Split- Hopkinson pressure bar tests were performed on standard samples of reinforced polymer nanocomposite. The experimental data show that nanoparticles have a destructive effect in very low and high percentages for extension test as well as in high percentages for compression test. On the other hand, graphene is more effective than GO on improving material properties. Furthermore, comparison of compression results in...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Naghdabadi, Reza ; Bagheri, Reza
The improved properties of nanocomposites are not achievable with conventional composites. Scale effect is one the most important parameters in the physical and mechanical properties of polymeric nanocomposites. One of the physical phenomena, which can be related to the scale effect, is the very large interface between the nanoparticles and the polymeric matrices. Motional behavior and conformation of polymeric chains change near the nanoparticles surfaces. Due to high interface of the nanoparticles with the polymeric matrices the amount of these types of changes in the polymeric chains are so large that can change the physical and mechanical properties of polymeric nanocomposites. In this...
Experimental and Analytical Study of Warpage Reduction in Polypropylene 3d Printing by using Recycled Silica Nanoparticles, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Pircheraghi, Gholamreza ; Tavakoli, Rohollah
Creating sustainable development in today's society is essential, and one of the most important elements to achieve this is the phenomenon of recycling. Lead-acid batteries are one of the sources of environmental pollution, and their separators contain 50% recyclable silica nanoparticles. In this research, impurities in these separators were removed using two methods: washing with water and sandblasting. The purity of recycled nanoparticles was 85.5% in the first method and 98% in the second method. In addition to the importance of recycling, finding a suitable use for recycled materials is also critical. FDM 3D printing is a new method of producing parts, but polypropylene is not commonly...
Investigation on Effect of Additives on the Synthesis of Mesoporous Silica Nano Particles for Drug Delivery Applications, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Nemati, Ali ; Akbari, Hmid ; Khoobi Shourkaei, Mahdi
In recent years, the use of mesoporous silica nanoparticles as carriers of biological agents has increased. The use of nanometer dimensions in intra-body applications not only hides the particles from the view of macrophages and the body's immune system, but also causes the particles to enter the cells more easily through endocytosis. Template removal method is the most common method in the synthesis of mesoporous silica. In this method, the orderly arrangement of pattern-forming molecules is used to form pores. Until now, various types of organic materials have been used as pattern materials. The main goal is the synthesis of nanoparticles with the largest size of holes and the largest...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Afshar, Abdollah
It has always been a challenge to make self-cleaning coatings based on super-hydrophobic properties that can provide the necessary features to be operational in the industry. One of these necessary features is the ability to easily apply the coating on the substrate and reduce the cost by finding the optimal amount of consumables. Therefore, in this research, at first, it was tried to produce silica nanoparticles with a particle size of less than 011 nm using the Stober method, and then the surface of the synthesized nanoparticles was coated with HDTMS (Hexadecyltrimethoxysilane) to make the silica particles, which are hydrophilic in nature, hydrophobic. According to the conducted studies,...
Synthesis of Fe3O4@ SiO2 Core-shell Magnetic Nanoparticles with Porous SiO2 Shell Extracted from Rice Husk Ash, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Nemati, Ali
Magnetic nanoparticles, especially magnetic nanoparticles with silicate coatings, have attracted the attention of many researchers; Mainly because the silica shell can be functionalized with different molecules and functional groups and used in biological applications as targeted drug carriers. This study aimed to synthesize Fe3O4 core-shell nanoparticles with continuous and porous SiO2 shells on the surface of Fe3O4 particles. So that the coating is done evenly and with a strong connection. The procedure was as follows: core nanoparticle individual nanoparticles were made by the single-step method. To extract silica from rice husk, rice husk was subjected to heat treatment to obtain rice...
Recycling of Silica from Spent Lead-Acid Battery Separators and Reusing in FSPCM for Thermal Energy Storage, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Pircheraghi, Gholamreza
To reduce material consumption needed in production as well as avoiding thousands of tons of contaminations produced by spent materials in the battery industry, recycling was taken into consideration. In this study silica was recycled from spent lead-acid battery separators by the pyrolysis process. silica along with high-density polyethylene (HDPE), can be used as supporting material for fabricating form-stable phase change materials (FSPCM). FSPCMs are of great ability to be used as thermal energy storage (TES) in different parts of a building e. g. wallboards to reduce energy consumption. In this line, an eutectic mixture of lauric acid, palmitic acid and paraffin with the melting point...
Processing and Characterization of Fracture Behavior of Hybrid Epoxy Nanocomposite Modified with Polycarbonate, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Bagheri, Reza
Epoxy resins have good mechanical and thermal properties, high chemical resistance and low shrinkage during cure but in spite of these good properties,they are brittle and this limits the usage of them. Adding a second, soft or rigid, phase has been always an effective strategy to improve the toughness of epoxy. Rigid phase used in resins are divided into organic and inorganic. The aim of this study is to increase epoxy toughness, maintaining mechanical properties and study effect of silica and polycarbonate on fracture toughness simultaneously. Mechanical properties including yield strength and elastic modulus are evaluated by pressure test. Additionally fracture toughness and three...