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    3D Bioprinting of Amniotic Membrane-Based Nanocomposite for Tissue Engineering Applications: Evaluation of Rheological, Mechanical and Biological Properties

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Kafili, Golara (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor) ; Tamjid, Elnaz (Supervisor) ; Niknejad, Hassan (Co-Supervisor)
    3D bioprinting is an additive manufacturing method that facilitates the deposition of the desired cells and biomaterials at any pre-defined location. This technique also enables control over the internal structure and external dimensions of printed constructs. Among various biomaterials used as bioinks, the bioinks derived from decellularized extracellular matrixes (dECMs) have attracted significant attention due to their bioactivity and being a rich source of biochemical cues. Here in this study, the decellularized amnion membrane (dAM) has been selected as the main component of the bioink formulation because of its biocompatibility, low immunogenicity, antibacterial property, abundance,... 

    PVDF/SiO2 Nanocomposite Coating with Different Wettability in Contact with Oil and Water for phase Separation Propose

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hassani, Mohammad Ebrahim (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor)
    increased cohesion up to 4H pencil. Results of immersion test in water showed stability of coatings. Polarization test in naphtha and water mixture for stainless steel, copper and aluminum meshes demonstrated 98.89%, 86.25% and 66.6% protection efficiency respectively. In order to study of oil and water separation efficiency, mixtures of water and naphtha with different content of naphtha were used. Separation test for 200μm St.St mesh in different slopes demonstrated that changing of slop increase separation efficiency up to 95.5% for water and up to 100% for naphtha. Separation test for meshes with different pore size demonstrated that meshes with small pore size are more appropriate for... 

    Superhydrophobic Materials as Nanosorbents for Extraction Methodologies

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Baktash, Mohammad Yahya (Author) ; Bagheri, Habib (Supervisor)
    In the first work, a superhydrophobic polystyrene hollow fiber (PS–HF) was synthesized by electrospinning and used in microextraction of trazine herbicides from aquatic media followed by gas chromatography mass spectrometric (GC–MS) determination. Effects of different parameters influencing the extraction efficiency including the solvent extraction and its amount, the desorbing solvent and its amount, extraction time and ionic strength were optimized. The characteristic properties of the hollow fiber were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The limits of detection and quantification of the method under optimized condition were 2 and 6 ng L-1, respectively. The relative standard... 

    Investigation on Wettability Alteration of Reservoir Rocks by Functionalized Silica Nanoparticles using Molecular Dynamics Simulations

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Sepehrinia, Kazem (Author) ; Mohammadi, Aliasghar (Supervisor) ; Seyfkordi, Aliakbar (Supervisor)
    The properties of 3 nm-diameter fluorinated silica nanoparticles with different coverage percent of CF3 groups as water and oil repellents were investigated at the water-rock and decane-rock interface using molecular dynamics simulation. Simulating a pore of rock in presence of water and decane molecules separately, resulted in liquid bridging for both of liquids. The density profiles of liquids in the pore clearly show several highly ordered layers packing of the molecules close to the rock surface. Distribution of liquid molecules around the nanoparticles is much influenced with increasing CF3 groups on the nanoparticle surface. Results show that adsorption of functionalized silica... 

    Study of 131I Adsorption Behavior on Nanoporous Silicates Modified with Elements of Ag, Cu, Zn, Ni

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rohani, Ramezan (Author) ; Sayf Kordi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Sepehrian, Hamid (Supervisor)
    One of the common methods used for treatment of gaseous radioactive wastes in nuclear waste management is adsorption process. Nanoporous materials have found great utility as sorption media because of their large internal surface area and more adsorption sites than other adsorbents, which caused the increasing attention of researchers to use them in the nuclear waste management. Hence in this study, the surface of nanoporous silicates of SBA-15 and MCM-41 modified with d-block elements of the periodic table such as silver, copper, zinc and nickel by wet impregnation method. After characterization by different techniques such as X-ray diffraction, nitrogen gas porosimetry, Fourier... 

    Experimental Studies and Finite Element Analysis of Polymer Nanocomposites Reinforced with Graphene Sheets under Impact Loading

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zarei Darani , Sajad (Author) ; Naghdabadi, Reza (Supervisor) ; Sohrabpour, Saeed (Supervisor)
    In the experimental approach, graphene and Graphene Oxide (GO) were synthesized through a chemical method. In order to study the quality of GO, characterization tests were performed. Then, reinforced polymer with GO and graphene was made. Moreover, tension, compression and Split- Hopkinson pressure bar tests were performed on standard samples of reinforced polymer nanocomposite. The experimental data show that nanoparticles have a destructive effect in very low and high percentages for extension test as well as in high percentages for compression test. On the other hand, graphene is more effective than GO on improving material properties. Furthermore, comparison of compression results in... 

    Experimental Investigation of Improvement of Stability and Performance of Foam Using Nano-particles to Enhance Oil Recovery

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Veyskarami, Maziar (Author) ; Ghazanfari, Mohammad Hossein (Supervisor)
    Using foam for reducing undesirable effects of fingering and gravity segregation in enhanced oil recovery through gas injection has attracted a rapidly increasing interest in recent years. Lack of stability of foam often limits its application. However there is a lack of systematic study of effects of unmodified and in-situ modified silica nano-particle on foam stability and foam behavior in the presence and absence of oil and also polymer effects from the prospective of analysis of foam dynamic stability, size of foam bubbles, and foam flow behavior in Hele – Shaw cell. Main objectives of this study are mechanistic investigation of effects of polymer – surfactant systems and in-situ... 

    Experimental Investigation of a Nnanofibrous Membrane Preparation for Dye Removal from Colored Wastewater

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hosseini, Abolhassan (Author) ; Vossoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Mahmoodi, Niyaz Mohammad (Supervisor)
    In this research, an adsorptive affinity membrane has been prepared based on the combination of the nanofiber structure’s intrinsic characteristic in the dye adsorption and its membrane filtration properties. Electrospinning method has been used to prepare chitosan/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) nanofibers. The morphology and properties of the prepared nanofibrous membranes were characterized using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), image processing, atomic force microscopy (AFM), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Also, the major drawback of electrospun nanofibrous membranes (ENMs) is their low mechanical resistance. So,... 

    studying the Effect of Adding Nanoparticles in Polymer/salt Aqueous Two Phase Systems for Separating of Alpha-amylase Enzyme

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Dehnavi, Mohsen (Author) ; Vossoughi, Manoochehr (Supervisor) ; Pazuki, Gholamreza (Supervisor)
    The effects of adding nanoparticles in partitioning of α-amylase in polymer/salt aqueous two phase system (ATPS) was studied in this research. First the binodal curves of magnesium sulfate salt with PEGs 2000,3000,4000,6000 and 10000 at 23 ° C has been plotted and the suitable system which was PEG 6000/ magnesium sulfate has been selected for studying the partitioning of enzyme. Thereupon the partition coefficient of α-amylase was measured and then effect of adding silica and graphene oxide nanoparticles was investigated. It was observed that nanoparticles caused a dramatic increase in partition coefficient and yield recovery (of top phase). For further investigation the partitioning of... 

    Modeling of Crumb Rubber Concrete for a Structural Column by Evaluating the use of FRP

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghaznavi Doozandeh, Soheil (Author) ; Khaloo, Alireza (Supervisor)
    The research shows that the compressive strength of concrete reduced by replacing crumb rubber in concrete mix design compared to normal concrete mix design. However, there have been a couple of utilizations investigated to date for the structural utilization of these materials. Crumb rubber is usually provided from recycled rubber from automotive and truck scrap tires. During the recycling process steel and triviality are removed, leaving tire rubber with a granulose cohesiveness. The additional crumb-rubber aggregate has a significant effect on concrete mix porosity which affects both the plastic state workability and hardened state mechanical properties. This research depicts an... 

    Nanocarbon-based Nanocatalyst Design & Synthesis for Hydrogen Sulfide Removal from Gas Feed

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Kamali, Farnoush (Author) ; Baghalha, Morteza (Supervisor) ; Eskandari, Mohammad Mehdi (Supervisor)
    well known metal-free nanostructure carbon-based catalyst, mesoporous graphitic carbon nitride, with diverse morphologies were synthesized by using ethylendiamine/carbontetrachloride as a precursor, SBA-15 and SBA-15 nanorod as hard templates. We have investigated morphology effect on the catalytic performance. The catalysts were characterized by means of low angle and wide angle XRD, BET, FT-IR, CHNOS, FE-SEM analysis. Because of high surface area, pore volume and high nitrogen content, which acts as lewis basic site, for the first time, carbon nitride is chosen for selective catalytic oxidation of hydrogen sulfide to sulfure. Reaction was taken place in a fixed-bed reactor and at... 

    Design and Construction of Alginate-Silica Nanocomposite and Its Application for Mammalian Cell Culture

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadi Fard, Hossein (Author) ; Vossughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor) ; Arpanaei, Ayyoob (Supervisor) ; Kabir Salmani, Maryam (Co-Advisor)
    Three sizes of silica nanoparticles (160±7, 450±10 and 600±25) were sythetized via template-removing method. The synthetized nanoparticles were functionalized with N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyl trimethoxy-silane (EDS) to provide a positive charge on the surface of nanoparticles. BET analysis showed that the average pore diameter, surface area and pore volume of nanoparticles were 2.3 nm, 769 m2.g-1 and 0.44 cm3.g-1, respectively. showed that the Amine-functionalized silica nanoparticles were used to enhance the application of alginate polymer for 3D encapsulation of mammalian cells. Incorporating of silica nanoparticles can be suitable for the bead integrity and attachement of mammalian... 

    Design of Drug Nanocarriers Based on Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles Coated with Smart Polymers

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mazaheri Tehrani, Zahra (Author) ; Pourjavadi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Mesoporous silica nanoparticles have broad application in drud delivery systems due to their porous structure, functionalization, biocompatibility, high surface area and pore volume. Neverthless, pure mesoporous silica nanoparticles without functionality were not smart material and could not release drug in triggered and controlled manner. For this reason, using smart polymeric coating would be considered. Polymer shells also provide colloidal stability, improved blood circulation lifetime and reduced toxicity which are crucial for efficient in vivo drug delivery. Inflammatory and tumor tissue have low pH and high temperature as compared to health tissue. Therefore, using pH and... 

    Design of Methods for Synthesis and Immobilization of Nitrogen Ligands Such as Pyridine onto the Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles and Design of Pharmaceutical Structures Based on Amino Acids and Carbohydrates to Inhibit Polymerase Η for the Treatment of Leukemia and their Applications In Resins and Ionic Liquids

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Kalhor, Sepideh (Author) ; Matloubi Moghaddam, Firouz (Supervisor) ; Fattahi, Alireza (Supervisor)
    1- Mesoporous silica materials have been found to possess pore sizes ranging from 2 -10 nm alongside 2D-hexagonal and 3D-cubic structural features. The specific properties of nanoparticles of the mesoporous silica family, such as the collected size, porosity, morphology, and high chemical stability, make them among the best drug delivery systems and catalysts. Designing the catalysts with advanced structures that effectively locate the transition metals and create active centres onto the surfaces of mesoporous silica materials has attracted extraordinary attention. According to many studies, mesoporous silica materials without organic functional groups cannot be used as catalysts in chemical... 

    Synthesis and Characterization of Nanocluster Polyoxometalates as Catalysts in Oxidation and Coupling Reactions

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Hosseini, Hadigheh Sadat (Author) ; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    In this study, a series of polyoxometalates nanoclusters is synthesized and their catalytic properties have been investigated in oxidation and coupling reactions. In the first and second sections, {Mo36} nanoclusters are primarily prepared. Then, the mesoporous silica, as a solid surface with a regular chanals and cavities through electrostatic interactions between polyoxo anions and amine functional groups with positive charge, is used to stabilize the nanocluster as well as the final structure of SBA-15-NH3 +•{Mo36}- formed. As a green and environmentally friendly substrate, natural zeolite is used to stabilize the nanoclusters and the {Mo36}@zeolite obtained. Both heterogeneous catalysts... 

    Synthesis of SiO2/Gd(OH)CO3/TiO2 Core/Shell Nanocomposite for Biological Applications

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khakzadian Abarghouei, Jafar (Author) ; Hosseini, Madaah (Supervisor)
    Inthisresearch,silicananoparticleswere synthesized ymicroemulsionmethod. Thengadoliniumcarbonatewascoated onsilicananoparticles by depositiontechnique.After thatTiO2wascoatedbydeposition techniqueonsilica/gadolinium carbonatenanoparticles.The results of infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) on silica/gadolinium carbonatesamples showed carbonate bonds. The results of X-ray diffraction (XRD) test on samples of silica/gadolinium carbonatethat had been calcined at 600 0C for 2 h, showed that silica and gadolinium carbonate phases are amorphous and with increasing calcination temperature, gadolinium oxide crystalline phase is formed. For TiO2 coatings process, the effect of TBOT concentration, the... 

    Synthesis of Silica Nanosheets Using Droplet-based Microfluidics

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tamtaji, Mohsen (Author) ; Mohammadi, Aliasghar (Supervisor)
    The main purpose of this project is synthesis of the silica nano-sheets by means of microfluidic techniques. Continuous process, precise control of reaction condition, and higher production rate can be considered as main pros of silica nano-sheets synthesized by microfluidic platforms. General method can be explain as follow: first two oleic and aqueous phase are injected to the microfluidic system, then oleic phase breaks down in aqueous phase drop-wisely and by performing sol-gel reaction on the oil-water interface a silica crust is made on oil droplets. Eventually, oil droplets are left the system and broken down and silica nano-sheets are made. FESEM and microscopic images of... 

    Synthesis of Fe3O4@ SiO2 Core-shell Magnetic Nanoparticles with Porous SiO2 Shell Extracted from Rice Husk Ash

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Aharipour, Nazli (Author) ; Nemati, Ali (Supervisor)
    Magnetic nanoparticles, especially magnetic nanoparticles with silicate coatings, have attracted the attention of many researchers; Mainly because the silica shell can be functionalized with different molecules and functional groups and used in biological applications as targeted drug carriers. This study aimed to synthesize Fe3O4 core-shell nanoparticles with continuous and porous SiO2 shells on the surface of Fe3O4 particles. So that the coating is done evenly and with a strong connection. The procedure was as follows: core nanoparticle individual nanoparticles were made by the single-step method. To extract silica from rice husk, rice husk was subjected to heat treatment to obtain rice... 

    Synthesis of Silica Nanoparticles Modified with Alumina and Its Performance in Compressive Strength of Concrete

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karbalaee, Omid (Author) ; Sajadi, Ali Akbar (Supervisor) ; Ghanbari, Bahram (Supervisor)
    Silica nanoparticles is one of the most important mineral particles. In this study, Sodium silicate, Sulfuric acid and Sodium aluminate is used in order to synthesis of the modified Silica nanoparticles. The effects of temperature, reaction time and the molar ratio of regents were tested and optimized. Synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by use of XRD, FT-IR and SEM techniques. The results show that by controlling the reaction conditions, nanoparticles with an average size of 26.2 nm is obtained. The increase of temperature and reaction time alters the structure of the particles of amorphous state to a crystalline needles. The particle surface modification process was performed by... 

    Synthesis of Amphiphilic Nanoparticles with Different Alkyl Chains and their Application in Enhanced Oil Recovery

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rajabi, Vahid (Author) ; Mohammadi, Ali Asghar (Supervisor)
    Important features of the nanoparticles properties are their high superficial area and being able to reform their surface. In this study, the repairable property used to reform surface of silica nanoparticles (Those are used more frequently than other nanoparticles). Repairing of surface are doing to use nanoparticles as a surface-active material in enhanced oil recovery. Silane compounds with different chain length are used to create hydrophobic nanoparticles and PEG compounds are used to create hydrophilic nanoparticles. Also amphiphilic nanoparticles are created with a combination of both hydrophilic and hydrophobic compounds. To investigate the usefulness of nanofluids are made up of the...