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    Aerodynamic Analysis of Dual Rotors Using Potential Method and Free Wake Modeling

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Yeylaghi, Shahab (Author) ; Hejranfar, Kazem (Supervisor)
    Potential flow solvers simplify the mathematical formulation and achieve efficient solutions. The prediction of aerodynamic of dual rotor systems using computational fluid dynamic methods is difficult task due to the interference effects between the wakes shed from the rotors. In the present work, a free wake vortex lattice method is used to predict the vertical wake and blade loading of dual rotors in hover. In this approach the blades are modeled as flat plates with zero thickness and ring vortices are distributed on the surface of each blade. When the blades rotate, vortices are shed into the wake and freely move with a local velocity induced by the effects of the vortices on the blades... 

    Investigation of Effective Parameters on Propulsion in a Vortex Engine

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Golbafian, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Mozafari, Ali Asghar (Supervisor) ; Saidi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Ghafourian, Akbar (Supervisor)
    Vortex flow is one of the most sophisticated fluid movements in nature which has great industrial and scientific importance. In this dissertation, in order to study the combustion process due to a vortex flow, a new experimental model of a cold wall vortex engine, was designed, fabricated and tested with oxidizer issuing tangentially toward the end of the chamber. The cold wall effect in these chambers is a result of the cool layer of oxidizer which significantly reduces the amount of heat transfer to the chamber’s wall. This experimental model was designed to withstand the massive temperature rise resulting from the usage of Polyethylene as fuel and Nitrous oxide as oxidizer. In a series of... 

    Numerical Modeling of Bidirectional Swirling Flow in Vortex Engine

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Keshavarz Mohammadain, Poorya (Author) ; Saidi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor)
    Detecting of coherent structures in bidirectional vortex combustion chamber is the original aim of this project. For this aim a numerical simulation is performed by using OpenFOAM, open-source CFD software. Also influence of fuel nozzle places in formation of coherent structures is analyzed. Effects of combustion in these structures and differences in cold and hot flows are analyzed too. There are papers that present influence of coherent structures in vortex burners and other applications, but based on reviews that are performed in this work, it seems that influence of coherent structures have not seen in bidirectional vortex chambers. So it can be one of innovations of this work. Swirl... 

    Investigation of the Leading Edge Flap Effects on the Aerodynamic Coefficients of a Cranked Arrow Delta Wing

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimshahian Bidgoli, Alireza (Author) ; Soltani, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    In this study, investigated the simulation flow over a double-delta wing. The flow field was simulated by three dimension grid and RANS flow equation by K-ω-SST model. In order to investigate effect of AOA and leading edge flap simulated variable AOA and leading edge flap angle. The results shows created two vortex in inside and outside the wing. The vortex burst at high AOA and the Lift decrease after vortex bursting. The using leading edge flap effect on the vortex power and postpone vortex bursting and increasing wing lift coefficient in the high AOA. Also the leading edge flap effect on the pitch moment coefficient and change the pitch moment coefficient curve slope. The other effects of... 

    Effect of Superhydrophobic Materials Application on the Car Body to Reduce Drag

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Valizadeh, Mahsa (Author) ; Moosavi, Ali (Supervisor) ; Khodaygan, Saeed ($item.subfieldsMap.e)
    Considering the importance of environmental issues and the limitation of fuel supplies in the world, car issues have become one of the most important debates of the day. The methods used to reduce fuel consumption and emissions of greenhouse gases are primarily aimed at changing vehicle structure to reduce drag. An external body shape has been developed to reduce drag forces over the years. Due to the existence of limitations in the actual conditions of the theory, such as the beauty and convenience production, other methods should be examined. In this study, the structure of superhydrophobic properties materials with the emphasis on innovation has been considered. In order to investigate... 

    Vibration Analysis of Tension Leg Platform’s Tendon

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hedayatpour, Reza (Author) ; Tabeshpour, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor) ; Mehdigholi, Hamid (Co-Advisor)
    Tension leg platforms (TLPs) are well-known structures for oil exploitation in deep water. Tethers are one of the most important component of these structures. Nonlinear response of TLP tethers under the combined action of wave and current was investigated in the present issue. Both the quadratic damping due to fluid resistance and parametric excitation due to top tension variations are included in the mathematical model. Only the vortex-induced transverse oscillations under lock on conditions were examined. A fourth order runge-kutta method was used to solve the equations of motion of tendons. The effects of surge motion coupling on the heave motion, the effects of tendon's oscillation on... 

    Simulation of Cooling System for ER24PC Locomotive Diesel Engine and Investigation of the Effect of Ambient Condition on the Cooling System Performance

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Niroomand, Reza (Author) ; Saeedi, Mohammad Hassan (Supervisor) ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, Siamak (Co-Advisor)
    Nowadays, computer simulations have an important role in the investigation of the thermal performance of the systems. In this thesis, a software program was developed for simulation of cooling system of an ER24PC Locomotive diesel engine. For this purpose, the C + + programming language is applied. One of the most important components in the cooling system is the radiator. In order to model the radiator, a relationship must be used to determine the heat transfer coefficient for coolant side and air side of the radiator. This relationship can be based on experimental, analytical, or numerical solutions. Offset strip fins are used in radiator of ER24PC locomotives. With application of... 

    Harness Aquatic Clean Energy from Vortex Induced Vibration

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nemati Kourabbasloo, Navid (Author) ; Abbaspour, Madjid (Supervisor) ; Afshin, Hossein (Co-Advisor)
    Transverse Vortex-Induced Vibration(VIV) and Flow-Induced Vibration(FIV) of a rigid, circular, elastically mounted single degree of freedom cylinder is scrutinized in range 3×104≤ Re ≤12×104 by means of Computational Fluid Dynamics(CFD). ANSYS CFX, based on FV, is employed to simulate VIV and FIV in different system parameters such as stiffness and mass ratio. Firstly, the minimum structured, hexahedron computational cell required to simulate VIV and FIV by means of Finite Volume (FV) method is provided. Then, the appropriate size for computational domain to simulate VIV and FIV accurately is discussed concisely. Approximated amplitude and frequency ratio are compared to experimental data... 

    Critical Current Density Improvement in Type II Superconductors by Modifying the Type, Size and the Patterns of Pinning Centers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nazifi Takantapeh, Rana (Author) ; Vesaghi, Mohammad Ali (Supervisor) ; Fardmanesh, Mehdi (Supervisor)
    Motion of magnetic flux, as a result of exerting electrical current, causes dissipation and voltage difference in the type II superconducting slab. So fixing these vortices by pinning centers will increase the critical current . Enhancing the critical current by different kinds of pinning centers is interesting for a lot of theoretical and experimental research groups. At first in this project dynamics of vortices in a triangular lattice is investigated by changing the pinning force. For the case of fp=2f0 we have seen two phase transition in velocity-force plot. And also a practical pinning array of parallel lines is presented. The effect of pinning force, pinning potential width and the... 

    An Experimental Investigation of Unsteady Flow Over a Delta Wing in Supersonic Regime

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nazifi, Mohammad (Author) ; Soltani, Mohammad Reza (Supervisor)
    Focusing on unsteady flow field over delta wings due to vacuity of researches in this branch on one hand and requiring of modern aircrafts designers to this science on the other hand, expresses necessity of accomplishing present investigation. Scrutiny of pressure distribution of low aspect ratio wings in unsteady state and determination of aerodynamic characteristics of these wings in variant conditions, can be beneficial to plan aircrafts need to fly with high maneuverability in high speeds. This issue becomes important when in supersonic regime, with respect to emerged shock waves and vortices, develop complicated pressure distributions on the wing surface in unsteady state that affect... 

    Model Predictive Control for Fast Descending Maneuver of Quadrotor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nazeri Astanjin, Ahmad (Author) ; Fallah Rajabzadeh, Famida (Supervisor) ; Zohoor, Hassan (Supervisor) ; Nejat Pishkenari, Hossein (Co-Supervisor)
    Quadrotors have limitation in performing fast descending maneuver due to entering a dangerous region in velocity space called Vortex Ring State(VRS) which cause considerable loss of lift that may lead to fall. The purpose of this project is to reduce time of fast descending maneuver without entering VRS region by using model predictive control. First, appropriate nonlinear dynamic model of quadrotor obtained by considering important aerodynamics effect. Then by considering velocity constraints in order to avoid entering the VRS region, a nonlinear model predictive controller(NMPC) has designed. This controller successfully reduce the time of the maneuver up to than ordinary descending.... 

    Numerical Investigation of Nitrogen Condensation in a Two-phase Vortex Tube

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mirjalili, Mohamad Reza (Author) ; Ghorbanian, Kaveh (Supervisor)
    The Ranque-Hilsch vortex tube (RHVT) has no moving parts through which a high-pressure fluid gains on rotational velocity by passing radially through the inlet nozzles and then enters the vortex chamber. Subsequently, the high-pressure fluid becomes divided into two relatively distinctive hot and cold axial flows. Today, while RHVT is of great industrial interest due to its simplicity in manufacturing and operation; however, the mechanism of energy dissociation, which is dominated by the complex coupled interaction of the viscous thermo-fluid characteristics and geometrical properties, is not fully understood and no clear theory has been proposed to explain the energy dissociation so far.... 

    Development of Optimization Algorithm for Low Speed UAVs Propellers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Miraghaei Jafari, Zahra Sadat (Author) ; Mazaheri, Karim (Supervisor)
    Aerodynamic shape optimization has been always of great importance in aerospace design. Recent advancements in computational algorithms and hardware, has made it feasible to have advanced optimization as a standard part of desing procedure. Here we have promoted aerodynamic optimization of air propeller.
    Propeller optimization process requires a propeller performance analysis program and an efficient optimization algorithm. A vortex lattice model is used for the propeller performance analysis and a computer program is developed based on it. Experiment and litritures are used for validation of VLM code. In order to optimize the propeller peformance, propeller efficiency is applied as cost... 

    Numerical Modeling of Terrestrial Planet Temperature Distribution Effect on Polar Vortex Forming: Venus Modeling

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Molaverdikhani, Karan (Author) ; Darbandi, Masoud (Supervisor)
    A global rotating atmosphere with polar vortex and super rotation is simulated using a simplified Venus General Circulation Model (GCM). The polar vortex is maintained strongly by meridional circulation develops in the form of a simple Hadley cell, extending from the equator to the pole in both hemispheres and rotation terrestrial planet. Venus Total Polar Vortex Parameter (PVP) was defined like globally integrated super-rotation but at polar skullcaps (60-90 deg). Venus Polar Vortex Parameter is PVP=1.5 that’s qualitatively similar to observed polar vortex. Then with study in terrestrial planet and Titan modeling, we appointed the Polar Vortex Parameter and critical limit of Polar Vortex... 

    Numerical Investigation of Bidirectional Swirl Flow’s Structure in Vortex Engine

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mehrdad, Mohammad (Author) ; Saidi, Mohammad Hasan (Supervisor)
    Numerical investigation of flow field and determination of velocity components in swirl flow are novel and important subjects in combustion chamber of swirl flow. The exact understanding of vortex phenomena and flow structures in vortex engine results in better design and control in terms of stability, geometry, cooling, and combustion efficiency. Although, numerical approaches are computationally complex, they are worthwhile and efficient. The aim of this work is to study the velocity field in a bidirectional swirl flow within the combustion chamber using numerical approaches. The investigation of flow field has been performed in the cold chamber. Four different models (RSM and LES) have... 

    Wind Harvesting via Vortex Induced Vibration for Electricity Generation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moradi Gharghani, Farshad (Author) ; Behshad Shafii, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Mousavi, Ali (Supervisor)
    There is a need for renewable energy sources to be more feasible. The purpose of this project is to develop a compact device that is able to harvest wind energy and transform it into electrical energy using the concept of vortex shedding. When calibrated correctly, the vortex shedding will induce resonant oscillation. Electricity would be collected from this oscillation using a magnet and coil assembly. This method was proven to work in water, but has not been applied to air currents. Our group designed and built a small-scale prototype to be tested in closed circuit wind tunnel. The wind harvester works at a moderate wind range of 3 to 5 m/s. Data was collected on the amplitude and... 

    Aerodynamic Control of Flow Around a Rigid Wing in Flapping Motion Using Geometry Modification Methods

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohammadi, Mohammad Hossein (Author) ; Ebrahimi, Abbas (Supervisor) ; Farahani, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    The physics of the flow around the wing in the oscillatory motion of the wing has various patterns, including the leading edge vortex, the tip vortex and trailing edge vortex escape. The interaction of these vortices forms a complex flow structure around the wing, which will have a direct effect on the aerodynamic performance of the wing. Therefore, controlling these structures can be considered as a way to improve the performance of the flapping wing. One of the passive flow control techniques that has recently been taken into consideration is a leading-edge protuberance method. Another type of passive flow control is geometric correction, using corrugation method. According to studies, two... 

    Gas Condensate Separation by Using Vortex Tube

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mohammadi, Samira (Author) ; Farhadi, Fatolah (Supervisor)
    A brass vortex tube (VT) with changeable parts is used to investigate the effect of nozzle intakes number and diameter, distance between cold end orifice and nozzle intakes, cold end orifice diameter, main tube length and diameter on inlet, cold and hot exit temperature difference, isentropic efficiency and Coefficient of Performance. A series of experiments conducted to investigate the inlet pressure and cold fraction effect on VT performance and an optimum amount for this parameter is found. The separation performances of a VT for a hydrocarbon mixture is also investigated. Effects of nozzle intakes number and cold fraction on the gas species separation at specific inlet pressure in a VT... 

    Vortex Shedding Control behind Helicopter Rotor Blades, using Thin Oscillating Plates- Application to Helicopter Noise Reduction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohseni, Mohammad Hassan (Author) ; Javadi, Khodayar (Supervisor)
    The interaction of the vortices and helicopter’s blades is the most significant source of generating the main rotor’s noise, especially in landing and rising. The kind of this noise is broadband and it is produced because of establishing the vortices behind the forward blade, their interaction with backward blade, changing their structures and creating turbulency loading. The known method for modeling of the interaction of the vortices structures and solid surfaces is the simple compounding the rod and airfoil. In this project, by using this method, the noise of the interaction of vortex and blade is modeled in the Reynolds number of 48000 with LES and FW-H Analogy as a hibrid method in... 

    Experimental Study on Extracting Clean Energy from Vortex Induced Vibration

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mohtat, Pouya (Author) ; Abbaspour, Majid (Supervisor)
    Two experimental models were designed and tested to extract energy from vortex induced vibrations of a elastically mounted one degree of freedom rigid cylinder in the Reynolds range of 120000 < Re <220000. In the first model the amplitude and frequency of the movement was measured then a second model was designed to be tested in the Emam Hossein marine laboratory. The model was designed in a way that many of its properties like mass ratio, spring constant and damping coefficient were able to be altered. In this study the vortex induced vibration of an elastically mounted cylinder was scrutinized in high Reynolds and very low mass ratios for the first time and an amplitude ratio of 2.49 were...